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Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 33, Issue 2, Pages 60-63, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-009
License : (Transfer of Copyright)
Published Online: 09-October-2019
Rh is a complex blood group system with diverse genotypes that may encode weak and partial D variants. Standard serologic analysis may identify clinically significant D variants as D+; nevertheless, individuals with these D variants should be managed as D– patients to prevent antibody formation to absent D epitopes. Variant identification is necessary during pregnancy to allow for timely and appropriate Rh immune globulin (RhIG) prophylaxis for hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) as D alloimmunization can occur with some D variants. Here, we describe two cases of the RHD*DAU5 allele associated with maternal alloanti-D in patients of African ancestry. Two obstetric patients were initially serologically classified as D+ with negative antibody detection tests on routine prenatal testing. Repeat testing at delivery identified anti-D in both patients with no history of RhIG administration or transfusion. DNA sequencing revealed that both patients possessed the RHD*DAU5 allele. Cord blood testing on both infants revealed positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) results with anti-D eluted from the red blood cells (RBCs) of one of the infants. Despite the positive DAT, neither infant experienced anemia or hyperbilirubinemia. We document two cases of pregnant women whose RBCs expressed a partial D variant and were classified as D+ on the basis of standard serologic testing, resulting in subsequent failure to provide RhIG prophylaxis. Both cases were associated with alloanti-D formation but without significant HDFN. To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of maternal alloanti-D associated with the RHD*DAU5 partial D variant.