Alloimmunization of patients by blood units harboring distinct DEL variants

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Immunohematology

American National Red Cross

Subject: Medical Laboratory Technology

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ISSN: 0894-203X
eISSN: 1930-3955

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VOLUME 29 , ISSUE 4 (December 2013) > List of articles

Alloimmunization of patients by blood units harboring distinct DEL variants

Maryse St-Louis / André Lebrun / Mindy Goldman / Marianne Lavoie

Keywords : DEL, RHD variant, alloimmunization, transfusion reaction

Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 29, Issue 4, Pages 136-140, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-136

License : (Transfer of Copyright)

Published Online: 01-December-2019

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

The alloimmunization potential of many RHD variants is unknown, and it can be explored by lookback and traceback studies. Héma-Québec (HQ) investigated the RHD status of 3980 D– repeat blood donors. Thirteen were found to be RHD positive: 4 RHD*ψ, and 1 RHD*487delACAG, which show a D– phenotype; and 1 RHD*885T and 7 RHD*(93–94insT) causing a DEL phenotype when C antigen is present. Lookback studies were done to verify the alloimmunization potential of these eight DEL donors. Coincidentally, Canadian Blood Services (CBS) performed a traceback study by investigating the RHD status of donors after a D– recipient developed anti-D after transfusion of two D– red blood cell (RBC) units. Donor genotyping was done either manually (HQ) or using the Progenika Bloodchip platform (CBS). Donations were traced through computer records. Letters were sent to hospital blood bank physicians to verify the presence of anti-D in recipients and to donors to request repeat samples. A total of 118 RBC units were transfused, 82 to D– recipients. Anti-D was found in three patients transfused with RHD*(93– 94insT) DEL red blood cells. One donor presenting the same DEL variant was involved in the traceback study. Even without strong evidence clearly demonstrating the alloimmunization potential of DEL variants, whenever HQ or CBS identifies a donor harboring a DEL phenotype, his or her D status will be changed from D– to D+ to protect against the potential alloimmunization risk.

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