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International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic


eISSN: 1178-5608



VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 (June 2008) > List of articles


I M Woodhead * / I Platt / J H Christie / S Krenek

Keywords : coaxial probe, spectroscopy, calibration, broadband, network analyser.

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 459-469, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijssis-2017-301

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 13-December-2017



The electrical properties of many materials are closely related to their composition and to their moisture content in particular. For sensor development, characterising the response of a particular volume of material over a broad frequency range is desirable, since separate measurements could generate errors due to spatial variability. A coaxial probe has been designed for measurement of the permittivity of smooth and flat, solid or liquid samples over the frequency range from 1 Hz to 6 GHz. Although the probe is capable of a very wide frequency range, separate instruments are generally required, and here we focus on measurements above 1MHz. We demonstrate measurements in the frequency domain using a vector network analyser, and in the time domain using a broadband oscilloscope. For switching, we employed a coaxial switch and demonstrate how that is included within the instrument calibration. Calibration of the probe used three references: an open circuit, short circuit (indium foil) and a reference liquid, ideally chosen for a permittivity similar to that of the sample. The sample complex permittivity was calculated by a numerical model which used as inputs, the measured reflection coefficient and physical measurements of the probe geometry.

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