SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT
Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 161-173, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijssis-2017-433
License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Received Date : 30-March-2011 / Accepted: 19-May-2011 / Published Online: 01-June-2011
This paper presents the impact of utilizing a biased energy distribution (BED) scheme for clustering sensor networks. In clustering sensor networks, some of the nodes are elected as aggregators and they compress the data from their cluster members before sending the aggregated data to the sink. Existing clustering routing protocols assume that all the nodes are provided with equal amount of energy but this shortens the network lifetime and makes the network unstable. This paper proposes a solution prioritizing the network into higher and lower energy nodes. The aim of this approach is to ensure well balanced energy consumption in order to maximize network lifetime. It is shown by simulation that the proposed technique exhibits better performance when compared to existing clustering routing techniques in terms of throughput, network lifetime and energy consumption.
 Mohammad Ilyas (Editor) and Imad Mahgoub (Editor), Handbook of Sensor Networks: Compact Wireless and Wired Sensing Systems, CRC Press, LLC, pp. 120-138, 2005.
 I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirci, Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey, Elsevier Computer Networks Journal, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp. 393-422, 15 March 2002.
 A. F. Salami, F. Anwar and A. U. Priantoro, An Investigation into Clustering Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks, Sensors and Transducers Journal, Volume 105, Issue 6, June 2009.
 A. F. Salami, S. M. S. Bari, F. Anwar and S. Khan, Feasibility Analysis of Clustering Routing Protocols for Multipurpose Sensor Networking, Proceedings of the 2010 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Computational Intelligence (ICMCI 2010), 29-30 September, 2010.
 K. Akkaya and M. Younis, A Survey on Routing Protocols For Wireless Sensor Networks, Elsevier Ad Hoc Network Journal, Volume 3, pp. 325-349, 2005.
 Jamal N. Al-Karaki and Ahmed E. Kamal, Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey, IEEE Wireless Communications Journal, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp. 6-28, December 2004.
 W. R. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan, Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol For Wireless Microsensor Networks, in Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS ‘00), Volume 2, 10 pp., 4-7 January 2000.
 A. Manjeshwar and D. P. Agarwal, TEEN: A Routing Protocol For Enhanced Efficiency In Wireless Sensor Networks, in Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Parallel Distributed Computing, pp. 2009-2015, April 2001.
 A. Manjeshwar and D. P. Agarwal, APTEEN: A Hybrid Protocol for Efficient Routing and Comprehensive Information Retrieval in Wireless Sensor Networks, in Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium on Parallel Distributed Computing, pp. 195-202, 2002.
 Y. Xu, J. Heidemann and D. Estrin, Geography-Informed Energy Conservation For Ad Hoc Routing, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Rome, Italy, pp. 70-84, 2001.
 A. Boukerche, R. W. N. Pazzi and R. B. Araujo, HPEQ – A Hierarchical Periodic, Event-driven and Query-based Wireless Sensor Network Protocol, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, pp. 560-567, 15-17 November 2005.
 A. Boukerche and A. Martirosyan, An Energy-Aware and Fault-Tolerant Inter-cluster Communication based Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks, in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM ‘07), pp. 1164-1168, 26-30 November 2007.