THE TRANSFORMER WINDING TEMPERATURE MONITORING SYSTEM BASED ON FIBER BRAGG GRATING

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic

GET ALERTS

eISSN: 1178-5608

DESCRIPTION

59
Reader(s)
129
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 (March 2015) > List of articles

THE TRANSFORMER WINDING TEMPERATURE MONITORING SYSTEM BASED ON FIBER BRAGG GRATING

Danping Jia * / Zuoying Yao * / Chunhua Li *

Keywords : FBG, transformer winding, temperature, FBGA demodulation, LabVIEW.

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 538-560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijssis-2017-771

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 22-October-2014 / Accepted: 24-January-2015 / Published Online: 01-March-2015

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

High temperature is one of the important reasons causing the fire in power system. Therefore, the early warning could be told by monitoring the temperature and effective measures could be taken. The corresponding accidents will be reduced. The traditional transformer winding temperature monitoring methods are electrical signal measurement and infrared measurement. Such electrical signal sensors are vulnerable to the interference of electromagnetic field, so the result of measurement is bad. Multiplexing optical path is unable to be realized by fluorescence thermometry. The optical fiber Bragg grating technology is used on temperature monitoring of transformer winding in this paper. The transformer winding temperature monitoring system based on optical fiber Bragg grating includes three parts: Temperature monitoring program based on the LabVIEW programming language, a fiber Bragg grating wavelength demodulation system and FBG temperature sensor. When the temperature of the transformer windings changes, the central wavelength of the fiber Bragg grating changes accordingly. Broadband ASE light source emits light, which is transmitted from the optical circulator into the fiber Bragg grating. The reflected light gets into the wavelength demodulation module again through the optical circulator. Wavelength demodulation module could transmit the center wavelength of the spectral reflectance information, peak power information to the computer. The computer analyzes, processes the information and displays the data with XY graph by calling the LabVIEW program. The program can get center wavelength values at the same time then get temperature by fitting function and display temperature on the front panel of the program. The fitting line of linearity between center wavelength of optical fiber Bragg grating sensor and temperature is above 0.95. The function reveals a good linearity which fitting the wavelength changes of the optical fiber Bragg grating during this temperature range. The experimental results show that the system has high accurate measurement which meeting high precision requirements of transformer winding temperature.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

[1]Pradhan, M.K. and Ramu, T.S. , “Estimation of The Hottest Spot Temperature (HST) in Power Transformers Considering Thermal Inhomogeniety of the Windings”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2004, pp. 1704-1712.
[2]Jia Danping, San Hongli and Lin Yingwen, “Current Transformer Based on Optical Fiber Thermometry”, Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society, Vol. 23, No. 10, 2008, pp. 47-52.
[3]Jia Danping, Yuan Zhuo, San Hongli and Wei Quankang, “Research of DC Current Transformer Based on Optical Fiber Thermometry”, Journal of nanoelecteonics and optoelecteics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2012, pp. 128-131.
[4]Jiang Taosha, Li Jian, Chen Weigen, Sun Caixin and Zhao Tao, “Thermal Model for Hot Spot Temperature Calculation in Oil-immersed Transformers”, High Voltage Engineering, Vol. 35, No. 7, 2009, pp. 1635-1640.
[5]Ma Hongzhong and Li Zheng, “ Transformer Overheating Fault and Synthesis Diagnosis”, High Voltage Engineering, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2005, pp. 9-11.
[6]Dongfeng Xie, Huawei Liu, Baoqing Li, Qianwei Zhou and Xiaobing Yuan, “Target Classification Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors in Unattended Wild Ground Environment”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2013, pp. 2119-2135.
[7]Baihua Shen and Guoli Wang, “Distributed Target Localization and Tracking with Wireless Pyroelectric Sensor Networks”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2013, pp. 1400-1418.
[8]Liu Yuan, Zhang Yong, Lei Tao, Su Meikai and Liu Tongyu, “The Application of Distributed Optical Temperature Sensing Technology in The Surveillance of Electrical Cable Temperature”, Shandong Science, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2008, pp. 50-54.
[9] Jia Danping, Yuan Zhuo, San Hongli and Lin Yingwen, “The Development of DC Current Measurement Technique Based on Optical Fiber Thermometry”, Acta Methrologica Sinica, Vol. 33, No. 6A, 2012, pp. 11-14.
[10]Yongjiao Wang, Bin Yang and Lei Liang,“Measurement and Analysis of High Temperature Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2014, pp. 1595-1612.
[11] Danping Jia, Ting Jia and Yingwen Lin, “Non-Exponential Component of Fluorescence Decay and its Processing”, Chinese Journal of Scientific Instrument, Vol. 29, No.12, 2008, pp. 2581-2586.
[12]Danping Jia, Zhuo Yuan and Limin Zhao, “Study on Temperature Measurement Technology of Oil Immersed Transformer and Associated Prony Algorithm”, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol.511-512, 2013, pp.311-314.
[13] Danping Jia, Ximeng Gao and Chunhua Li, “Study on Algorithms of Oil Immersed Transformer Temperature Measurement Technology”, Cybernetics and Information Technologies,
Vol.14, 2014, pp. 88-97.
[14]Liu Xiaohong, Wu Huaiyu, Ren Jishuang, Xie Qifeng, Fu Rongguo and Zhuo Li, “Temperature Monitoring System Based on Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Transformer Winding”, Modern Electronics Technique, Vol. 36, No.3, 2013, pp.168-170.
[15]Deng Jiangang , Guo Tao, Xu Qiuyuan, Nie Dexin, Cheng Zao and Cheng Lin, “Design and Performance Test for Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors of Transformer Winding Temperature Measurement”, High Voltage Engineering, Vol.38, No.6, June 30, 2012, PP.1348-1355.
[16]Qian Zheng, Sun Jiaode, Yuan Kedao and Sun Diansheng , “On-line Monitoring of Hot-spot Temperature in Transformer Winding”, High Voltage Engineering, Vol.29, No.9, 2003, PP.26-29.
[17]K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in Optical Fiber Waveguides: Application to Reflection Filter Fabrication”, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 32, No. 10, 1978, pp. 647- 649.
[18]Meltz G , Morey WW and Glenn WH, “Formation of Bragg Gratings in Optical Fibers by A Transverse Holographic Method”, Optics Letters, Vol. 14, No. 5, 1989, pp.823-825.
[19]Davis,D. D., Gaylord, T. K., Glytsis, E. N., Kosinski,S. G., Mettler,S. C. and Vengsarkar,A. M., “Long-period Fibre Grating Fabrication with Focused CO2 Laser Pulses”, Electronics Letters,Vol. 34, No. 3, 1998, pp. 302-303.
[20]Ouellette F, “Dispersion Cancellation Using Linearly Chirped Bragg Grating Filters in Optical Waveguides”, Optics Letters, Vol. 12, No. 10, 1987, pp. 847-849.
[21]Agrawal, G.P. and Radic, S., “Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Gratings and Their Application for Wavelength Demultiplexing”, Photonics Technology Letters,Vol. 6, No. 8, 1994, pp. 995-997.
[22] T. Erdogan and J.E. Sipe, “Tilted Fiber Phase Gratings”, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 13, No. 82, 1996, pp. 296-313.
[23] Dennis Snelders and Arjen Boersma , “Development of Thermostable FBG Optical Sensor for Oil and Gas Applications”, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Sensing Technology, Sep. 2-4, 2014, pp. 278-281.
[24] A. S. Guru Prasad, M. Anitha, K. S. Nanjunda Rao and S. Asokan, “Measurement of Stress-strain Response of A Rammed Earth Prism in Compression Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, September 2011, pp 376-387.
[25] M.Iwahara, S.C.Mukhopadhyay, S.Yamada and F.P.Dawson, "Development of Passive Fault Current Limiter in Parallel Biasing Mode", IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 35, No. 5, pp 3523-3525, September 1999.
[26] A.Mukherjee, S.C.Mukhopadhyay, M.Iwahara and S.Yamada and F.P.Dawson, A Numerical Method for Analyzing a Passive Fault Current Limiter Considering Hysteresis", IEEE Transactions of Magnetics, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp 2048-2050, July 1998.
[27] A.Mukherjee, S.C.Mukhopadhyay, M.Iwahara and S.Yamada, "Transient Simulation of a Transformer Core Demagnetization Scheme", Journal of Magnetic Society of Japan, Vol.22, No.4-2, pp 729-732, 1998.
[28] S.C.Mukhopadhyay and S.K.Pal, "Temperature Analysis of Induction Motors Using a Hybrid Thermal Model with Distributed Heat Sources", Journal of Applied Physics, June 1998, Vol 83, No. 1, pp 6368-6370.
[29] Xixin Jiang, Zude Zhou and Guangrong Bian, “A Rotating Cantilever Beam for Dynamic Strain Measurement and Vibration Analysis Based on FBG Sensor ”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2013, pp. 2277-295.
[30] Zhang Yanjun, Kang Ruixue, Lou Junbo, Wei Bo, Li Jin, Chen Lingjun and Su Yuling, “Distributed Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Grating of Cable”, Laser & Infrared, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2010, pp.405-409.
[31] Jin Yongxing, Liu Tao, Fang Tao, Kang Juan and Shen Weimin, “Experimental Study of Temperature Sensor Systems for FBG based on LabVIEW”, Laser Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2009, pp 32-33.
[32] Liu Jieyan, Wu Lei and Gong Haigong, “Utility Based Data Gathering in Mobile Sensor Network”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2013, pp. 953-972.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS