I-PD CONTROL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS IN AN ISLANDED MICROGRID SYSTEM

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic

GET ALERTS

eISSN: 1178-5608

DESCRIPTION

37
Reader(s)
122
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 (December 2017) > List of articles

I-PD CONTROL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS IN AN ISLANDED MICROGRID SYSTEM

S. D. Panjaitan * / R. Kurnianto * / B.W. Sanjaya * / M. C. Turner *

Keywords : smart grid, microgrid, voltage control, distributed generator, energy control

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 935-954, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijssis-2018-026

License : (BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 05-August-2017 / Accepted: 12-November-2017 / Published Online: 01-December-2017

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Voltage and frequency control is very important especially to face the migration from conventional to smart grid. In conventional way, voltage and frequency are regulated from the main power plant. However, in a smart grid system, the controller can be distributed into sub-system. A microgrid as a key sub-system must have independent control especially in islanded or stand-alone mode. This paper presents an approach named Integral-Proportional Derivative (I-PD) to control the three-phase voltage in a microgrid. In the simulation using MATLAB, a distributed energy resource unit applying voltage-source converter in order to have three-phase voltage from a DC-source is taken into account. Using system identification to simplify the controller design generates a linear model of the system. The compensated system shows a very good reference tracking capability during set point and load changes. It also reduces the coupling effect due to active and reactive power.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

[1] P. Visconti, A. Lay-Ekuakille, P. Primiceri, and G. Cavalera, “Wireless Energy Monitoring System of Photovoltaic Plants with Smart Anti-Theft Solution Integrated with Control Unit of Household Electrical Consumption,” International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 681-708, June 2016.
[2] Y. Zhao, V. Gies, and J. Ginoux, “WSN based Thermal Modeling: A New Indoor Energy Efficient Solution,” International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 869-895, June 2015.
[3] S.D. Panjaitan and A. Hartoyo, “A lighting control system in buildings based on fuzzy logic,” TELKOMNIKA, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 423-432, April 2013.
[4] S.D. Panjaitan, N. Fratama, A. Hartoyo, and R. Kurnianto, “Telemonitoring Temperature and Humidity at Bio-energy Process using Smart Phones,” TELKOMNIKA, Vol. 14, No.2, pp. 762-771, June 2016.
[5] D.E. Olivares, A. Mehrizi-Sani, A.H. Etemadi, C.A. Canizares, R. Iravani, M. Kazerani, A.H. Hajimiragha, O. Gomis-Bellmunt, M. Saeedifard, R. Palma-Behnke, G.A. Jimenez-Estevez, and N.D. Hatziargyriou, “Trends in microgrid control,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 5, pp. 1905-1919, July 2014.
[6] F. Katiraei, M.R. Iravani, and P.W. Lehn, “Micro-grid autonomous operation during and subsequent to islanding process,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 20, pp. 248-257, Jan. 2005.
[7] H. Karimi, H. Nikkhajoei, and R. Iravani, “Control of an electronically-coupled distributed resource unit subsequent to an islanding event,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 23, pp. 493-501, Jan. 2008.
[8] H. Bevrani, M. Watanabe, and Y. Mitami, Power system monitoring and control, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
[9] J.A.P. Lopes, C.L. Moreira, and A.G. Madureira, “Defining control strategies for microGrids islanded operation,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 21, pp. 916-924, May 2006.
[10] M.B. Delghavi and A. Yazdani, “An adaptive feedforward compensation for stability enhancement in droop-Controlled inverter-Based microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 26, pp. 1764-1773, July 2011.
[11] P. Li, X. Wang, W. Lee, and D. Xu, “Dynamic power conditioning method of microgrid via adaptive inverse control,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 30, pp. 906-913, April 2015.
[12] M.J. Hossain, H.R. Pota, M.A. Mahmud, and M. Aldeen, “Robust control for power sharing in microgrids with low-inertia wind and PV generators,” IEEE Tran. Sustain. Energy, vol. 6, pp. 1067-1077, July 2015.
[13] Q. Zhong and G. Weiss, “Synchronverters: inverters that mimic synchronous generators,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, pp. 1259-1267, April 2011.
[14] Q. Zhong, G. Konstantopoulos, B. Ren, and M. Krstic, “Improved synchronverters with bounded frequency and voltage for smart grid integration,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol. PP, No. 99, 2017.
[15] H. Zhang, S. Kim, Q. Sun, and J. Zhou, "Distributed Adaptive Virtual Impedance Control for Accurate Reactive Power Sharing Based on Consensus Control in Microgrids," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1749-1761, July 2017.
[16] Y. S. Kim, E. S. Kim, and S. I. Moon, "Distributed Generation Control Method for Active Power Sharing and Self-Frequency Recovery in an Islanded Microgrid," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 544-551, Jan. 2017.
[17] X. Sun, B. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Zhang, Y. Zhu, and B. Wang, "Frequency-based power management for photovoltaic/battery/fuel cell-electrolyser stand-alone microgrid," IET Power Electronics, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 2602-2610, October 2016.
[18] L. Guo, W. Liu, X. Li, Y. Liu, B. Jiao, W. Wang, C. Wang, and F. Li, "Energy Management System for Stand-Alone Wind-Powered-Desalination Microgrid," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1079-1087, March 2016.
[19] S.M. Ashabani and Y.A.I. Mohamed, “New family of microgrid control and management strategies in smart distribution grids-analysis, comparison and testing,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 29, pp. 2257-2269, Sept. 2014.
[20] Y.A.I. Mohamed and A.A. Radwan, “Hierarchical control system for robust microgrid operation and seamless mode transfer in active distribution systems,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 2, pp. 352-362, June 2011.
[21] Y. Han, P. Shen, X. Zhao, and J. M. Guerrero, "Control Strategies for Islanded Microgrid Using Enhanced Hierarchical Control Structure With Multiple Current-Loop Damping Schemes," IEEE Trans. on Smart Grid, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1139-1153, May 2017.
[22] M. Cucuzzella, G.P. Incremona, and A. Ferrara, “Design of robust higher order sliding mode control for microgrids,” IEEE J. on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, vol. 5, pp. 393-401, Sept. 2015.
[23] M. Babazadeh and H. Karimi, “μ-synthesis control for an islanded microgrid with structured uncertainties,” 37th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, pp. 3064-3069, 2011.
[24] D.Q. Dang, Y. Choi, H.H. Choi, and J. Jung, “Experimental validation of a fuzzy adaptive voltage controller for three-phase PWM inverter of a standalone DG unit,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. 11, pp. 632-641, June 2015.
[25] H.M. Hasanien and M. Matar, “A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous operation of a voltage source converter-based distributed generation system,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 6, pp. 158-165, Jan. 2015.
[26] I. Sefa, N. Altin, S. Ozdemir, and O. Kaplan, “Fuzzy PI controlled inverter for grid interactive renewable energy systems,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 9, pp. 729-738, Sept. 2015.
[27] A.H. Etemadi, E.J. Davison, and R. Iravani, “A decentralized robust control strategy for multi-DER microgrids-part I: fundamental concepts,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 27, pp. 1843-1853, Oct. 2012.
[28] M. Babazadeh and H. Karimi, “Robust decentralized control for islanded operation of a microgrid,” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, pp. 1-8, 2011.
[29] A. Kahrobaeian and Y.A.I. Mohamed, “Suppression of interaction dynamics in DG converter-based microgrids via robust system-oriented control approach,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 3, pp. 1800-1811, 2012.
[30] H. Karimi, E.J. Davison, and R. Iravani, “Multivariable servomechanism controller for autonomous operation of a distributed generation unit: design and performance evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 25, pp. 853-865, May 2010.
[31] B. Bahrani, M. Saeedifard, A. Karimi, and A. Rufer, “A multivariable design methodology for voltage control of a single-DG-unit microgrid,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. 9, pp. 589-599, May 2013.
[32] A.H. Etemadi and R. Iravani, “Overcurrent and overload protection of directly voltage-controlled distributed resources in a microgrid,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 5629-5638, Dec. 2013.
[33] IEEE PES Society, “IEEE recommended practice for monitoring electric and power quality”, IEEE Standard 1159TM – 2009.
[34] IEEE, “Standard for interconnecting distributed resources with electric power systems”, IEEE Standard 1547– 2003.
[35] P. March and M.C. Turner, ”Anti-windup compensator design for nonsalient permanet-magnet synchronous motor speed regulators,” IEEE Trans. Industry Applications, Vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1598-1609, Sept. 2009.
[36] K. Ogata, Modern control engineering, fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, Pearson, 2010.
[37] T. Wildi, "Electrical Machines, Drives and Power Systems", 6th Edition, Pearson Education Limited, August 2013.
[38] H. Hu, C.X. Mao, M.L. Ji, and Y.X. Yu, “The torque oscillation study in the motor soft starting process with discrete variable frequency method”, International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), pp. 1686-1690, 2008.
[39] I.J. Nagrath and D.P. Kothari, “Electric Machines”, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2006.
[40] A. Garge and A. Tomar, “Starting Time Calculation for Induction Motor”, J. Electr. Electronic System, vol. 4, no. 149, 2015.
[41] S.D. Panjaitan, “Development process for distributed automation systems based on elementary mechatronic functions,” Shaker-Verlag, Aachen-Germany, 2008.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS