Reproduction and Damage Potential of Five Geographical Ditylenchus africanus Populations on Peanut


Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Journal of Nematology

Society of Nematologists

Subject: Life Sciences


ISSN: 0022-300X
eISSN: 2640-396X





Volume / Issue / page

Related articles

VOLUME 48 , ISSUE 2 (June 2016) > List of articles

Reproduction and Damage Potential of Five Geographical Ditylenchus africanus Populations on Peanut


Keywords : Arachis hypogaea, Ditylenchus africanus, peanut, pod nematode, resistance.

Citation Information : Journal of Nematology. Volume 48, Issue 2, Pages 72-78, DOI:

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 01-December-2015 / Published Online: 21-July-2017



Ditylenchus africanus affects peanut quality, which leads to downgrading of consignments and economic losses for producers.This nematode is difficult to control and host-plant resistance may be the most effective way to control it. Recently, the peanut breeding line PC254K1 has been identified as resistant to a D. africanus population from Vaalharts and will be included into the peanut breeding program. The objectives of our study were to compare the reproduction potential of D. africanus geographic populations from five different areas in the peanut production area of South Africa and to assess whether PC254K1 is resistant to all five D. africanus populations. Reproduction of the D. africanus populations was evaluated on peanut callus in growth cabinets at 218C, 288C, and 358C. The peanut cv. Sellie was included in the study as the D. africanus-susceptible reference genotype in the greenhouse and microplots. Reproduction potential of all five of the D. africanus populations was similar. Resistance of PC254K1 was confirmed to all five D. africanus populations. The resistance trait of a D. africanus-resistant cultivar developed from PC254K1 should, therefore, be sustainable over the five localities tested during this study.

Content not available PDF Share



  1. Agudelo, P., Robbins, R. T., Steward, J. McD., and Szalanski, A. L.2005. Intraspecific variability of Rotylenchulus reniformis from cotton-growing regions in the United States. Journal of Nematology 37:105–114.
  2. Basson, S., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1990. An evaluation of crop plants as hosts for Ditylenchus destructor isolated from peanut. Nematropica 20:23–29.
  3. Basson, S., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1991. Population dynamics of D. destructor on peanut. Journal of Nematology 23:485–490.
  4. Basson, S., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1992. Effect of host plant age on population development and pathogenicity of Ditylenchus destructor on peanut. Journal of Nematology 24:310–314.
  5. Basson, S., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1993. Survival of Ditylenchus destructor in soil, hulls and seeds of peanuts. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 16:79–85.
  6. Blok, V. C., Ehwaeti, M., Fargette, M., Kumar, A., Phillips, M. S., Robertson, W. M., and Trudgill, D. L. 1997. Evolution of resistance and virulence in relation to the management of nematodes with different biology, origins and reproductive strategies. Nematologica 43:1–13.
  7. Bolton, C., De Waele, D., and Basson, S. 1990. Comparison of two methods for extracting Ditylenchus destructor from hulls and seeds of peanut. Revue de Nematologie 13:233–235.
  8. Cook, R., and Evans, K. 1987. Resistance and tolerance. Pp. 179–231 in R. H. Brown, and B. R. Kerry, eds. Principles and practice of nematode control in crops. New York, NY: Academic Press.
  9. Cook, R., and Starr, J. L. 2006. Resistant cultivars. Pp. 392–431 in R. N. Perry, andM.Moens, eds. Plant nemtology. Cambridge, UK: CABI Publishing.
  10. DeWaele, D., DeWaele, E., and Wilken, R. 1987. Effect of root mass on the efficacy of methods for extracting root-lesion nematodes from maize roots. Phytophylactica 19:473–474.
  11. De Waele, D., Jordaan, E. M., and Basson, S. 1990. Host status of seven weed species and their effects on Ditylenchus destructor infestation on peanut. Journal of Nematology 22:292–296.
  12. De Waele, D., Jones, B. L., Bolton, C., and Van den Berg, E. 1989. Ditylenchus destructor in hulls and seeds of peanut. Journal of Nematology 21:10–15.
  13. DeWaele, D., Venter, C., and Mc Donald, A. H. 1997. The peanut pod nematode Ditylenchus africanus. Nematology Circular No. 218. March/ April. Agricultural Research Council, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
  14. De Waele, D., and Wilken, R. 1990. Effect of temperature on the in vitro reproduction of Ditylenchus destructor isolated from peanut. Revue de Nematologie 13:171–174.
  15. Dickson, D. W., and De Waele, D. 2005. Nematode parasites of peanut. Pp. 393–436 in M. Luc, R. A. Sikora, and J. Bridge, eds. Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture, ed. 2. Oxfordshire, UK: CABI Publishing.
  16. Government Gazette, 2005. Regulations relating to the grading, packing and marking of groundnuts intended for sale in the Republic of South Africa.
  17. Jones, B. L., and De Waele, D. 1988. First report of Ditylenchus destructor in pods and seeds of peanut. Plant Disease 72:453.
  18. Jones, B. L., and De Waele, D. 1990. Histopathology of Ditylenchus destructor on peanut. Journal of Nematology 22:268–272.
  19. Mc Donald, A. H., Loots, G. C., Fourie, H., and DeWaele, D. 2005. A microplot study on Ditylenchus africanus population densities and damage symptoms on groundnut in relation to commercial yields. Nematology 7:647–653.
  20. Noe, J. P. 1992. Variability among populations of Meloidogyne arenaria. Journal of Nematology 24:404–414.
  21. Roberts, P. A. 2002. Concepts and consequences of resistance. Pp. 23–42 in J. L. Starr, R. Cook, and J. Bridge, eds. Plant resistance to parasitic nematodes. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.
  22. Roberts, P. A., and May, D. M. 1986. Meloidogyne incognita resistance characteristics in tomato genotypes developed for processing. Journal of Nematology 18:353–359.
  23. South Africa. 1990. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. Ontwikkelingsprogram vir grondbone. Olie- en Proteı¨ensadesentrum, Navorsingsinstituut vir Graangewasse, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
  24. Sree Latha, M., Sharma, S. B., Gour, T. B., and Reddy, D. D. R. 1998. Comparison of two populations of Meloidogyne javanica based on morphology, biology and pathogenicity to groundnut. Nematologia
    Mediterranea 26:189–194.
  25. Starr, J. L., Bridge, J., and Cook, R. 2002. Resistance to plantparasitic nematodes: History, current use and future potential. Pp. 1–22 in J. L. Starr, R. Cook, and J. Bridge, eds. Plant resistance to parasitic nematodes. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.
  26. Steenkamp, S., Mc Donald, A. H., and De Waele, D. 2010. Resistance to Ditylenchus africanus present in peanut breeding lines. Journal of Nematology 42:159–165.
  27. Svamv, P. M., and Narasimhareddy, S. 1977. Changes in the leakage of electrolytes from groundnut seeds (Arachishypogaea) during after-ripening. Seed Science and Technology 5:654–648.
  28. Swanevelder, C. J. 1997. Grondbone – Altyd ‘n wenner. Tegniese publikasie. Landbounavorsingsraad-Instituut vir Graangewasse, Potchefstroom, South Africa, Agricultural Research Council.
  29. Thies, A. J., and Ferry, R. L. 2002. Host plant resistance as an alternative to Methyl Bromide for managing Meloidogyne incognita in pepper. Journal of Nematology 34:374–377.
  30. Trudgill, D. L. 1986. Concepts of resistance, tolerance and susceptibility in relation to cyst nematodes. Pp 179–189 in F. Lamberti, and C. E. Taylor, eds. Cyst nematodes. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
  31. Van der Merwe, P. J. A., and Joubert, H. L. N. 1992. Tolerance of groundnut cultivars to the potato-rot nematode (Ditylenchus destructor). Proceedings of the 10th South African Maize Breeding Symposium
    1992:Technical communication 238.
  32. Van der Walt, P. C. W., and De Waele, D. 1989. Mass culture of the potato rot nematode Ditylenchus destructor on groundnut callus tissue. Phytophylactica 21:79–80.
  33. Venter, C., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1991. Reproductive and damage potential of Ditylenchus destructor on peanut. Journal of Nematology 25:59–62.
  34. Venter, C., De Waele, D., and Meyer, A. J. 1993. Reproductive and damage potential of Ditylenchus destructor on six peanut cultivars. Journal of Nematology 25:59–62.
  35. Venter, C., De Waele, D., and Van Eeden, C. F. 1992. Plant-parasitic nematodes on field crops in South Africa. 4. Groundnut. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 15:7–14.
  36. Venter, C., Van Aswegen, G., Meyer, A. J., and De Waele, D. 1995. Histological studies of Ditylenchus africanus within peanut pods. Journal of Nematology 27:284–291.
  37. Windham, G. C., and Williams, W. P. 1987. Host suitability of commercial corn hybrids to Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita. Journal of Nematology 2:25–28.
  38. Windham, G. C., and Williams, W. P. 1988. Reproduction of Meloidogyne javanica on corn hybrids and inbreds. Annals of Applied Nematology 2:25–28.