The Effect of Endophytic Fungi on Nematode Populations in Summer-dormant and Summer-active Tall Fescue

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Journal of Nematology

Society of Nematologists

Subject: Life Sciences

GET ALERTS DONATE

ISSN: 0022-300X
eISSN: 2640-396X

DESCRIPTION

20
Reader(s)
58
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Related articles

VOLUME 48 , ISSUE 2 (June 2016) > List of articles

The Effect of Endophytic Fungi on Nematode Populations in Summer-dormant and Summer-active Tall Fescue

JAMES K. ROGERS * / NATHAN R. WALKER / CAROLYN A. YOUNG

Keywords : endophyte, host-parasite relationship, lesion nematode (Pratylenchus spp.), ring nematode (Criconemella spp.), spiral
nematode (Helicotylenchus spp.)
, stunt nematode (Tylenchorhynchus spp.), summer active, summer dormant, tall fescue.

Citation Information : Journal of Nematology. Volume 48, Issue 2, Pages 87-94, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2017-013

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 09-November-2015 / Published Online: 21-July-2017

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Summer-active (continental) and summer-dormant (Mediterranean) tall fescue morphotypes are each adapted to different
environmental conditions. Endophyte presence provides plant parasitic nematode resistance, but not with all endophyte
strains and cultivar combinations. This study sought to compare effects of four nematode genera on continental and Mediterranean cultivars infected with common toxic or novel endophyte strains. A 6-mon greenhouse study was conducted with continental cultivars, Kentucky 31 (common toxic) and Texoma MaxQ II (novel endophyte) and the Mediterranean cultivar Flecha MaxQ (novel endophyte). Endophyte-free plants of each cultivar were controls. Each cultivar 3 endophyte combination was randomly assigned to a control, low or high inoculation rate of a mixed nematode culture containing stunt nematodes (Tylenchorhynchus spp.), ring nematodes (Criconemella spp.), spiral nematodes (Helicotylenchus spp.), and lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.). Endophyte infection had no effect on nematode population densities. The cultivar 3 endophyte interaction was significant. Population densities of stunt nematode, spiral nematode, and ring nematodes were higher for Flecha MaxQ than other cultivar 3 endophyte combinations. Novel endophyte infection enhances suitability of Flecha MaxQ as a nematode host.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

  1. Ayoub, S. M. 1980. Plant nematology: An agricultural training aid. Sacramento, CA: NemaAid Publications.
  2. Bacetty, A. A., Snoopk, M. E., Glenn, A. E., Noe, J. P., Hill, N., Culbreath, A., Timper, P., Nagabhyru, P., and Bacon, C. W. 2009. Toxicity of endophyte-infected tall fescue alkaloids and grass metabolites on Pratylenchus scribneri. Phytopathology 99:1336–1345.
  3. Bouton, J. H., Gates, R. N., Belesky, D. P., and Owsley,M. 1993. Yield and persistence of tall fescue in the Southeastern Coastal Plain after removal of its endophyte. Agronomy Journal 85:52–55.
  4. Bouton, J. H., Latch, G. C. M., Hill, N. S., Hoveland, C. S., McCann, M. A., Watson, R. H., Parish, J. A., Hawkins, L. L., and Thompson, F. N. 2002. Reinfection of tall fescue cultivars with nonergot alkaloid producing endophytes. Agronomy Journal 94:567–574.
  5. Bughrara, S. S., Sleper, D. A., and Krause, G. F. 1991. Genetic variation in tall fescue digestibility estimated using a prepared cellulose solution. Crop Science 31:883–889.
  6. Burns, J. C., and Chamblee, D. S. 1979. Adaptation. Pp. 9–30 in R. C. Buckner and L. P. Bush, eds. Tall fescue: American Society of Agronomy Monograph 20. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America.
  7. Clay, K., and Schardl, C. 2002. Evolutionary origins and ecological consequences of endophyte symbiosis with grasses. The American Naturalist 160:S99–S127.
  8. Crawford, R. J., Forwood, J. R., Belyea, R. L., and Garner, G. B. 1989. Relationship between level of endophyte infection and cattle gains on tall fescue. Journal of Production Agriculture 2:147–151.
  9. Danielson, D. A., Schmidt, S. P., King, C. C., Smith, L. A., and Webster, W. B. 1986. Fescue toxicity and reproduction in beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 63:296 (Abstr.).
  10. Elmi, A. A., West, C. P., Robbins, R. T., and Kirkpatrick, T. L. 1999. Endophyte effects on reproduction of a root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne marylandi) and osmotic adjustment in tall fescue. Grass and Forage Science 55:166–172.
  11. Ferris, H., Carlson, H. L., Viglierchio, D. R., Westerdahl, B. B., Wu, F. W., Anderson, C. E., Juurma, A., and Kirby, D. W. 1993. Host status of selected crops to Meloidogyne chitwoodi. Supplement to Journal of Nematology 25:849–857.
  12. Hopkins, A. A., Young, C. A., Butler, T. J., and Bouton, J. H. 2011. Registration of ‘Texoma’ MaxQ II Tall Fescue. Journal of Plant Registrations 5:14–18.
  13. Hopkins, A. A., Young, C. A., Simpson, W. R., Panaccione, D. G., Mittal, S., and Bouton, J. H. 2010. Agronomic performance and lamb safety of tall fescue novel endophyte combinations in the south central USA. Crop Science 50:1552–1561.
  14. Hoveland, C. S., Schmidt, S. P., King, C. C., Odem, J. W., Clark, E. M., McGuire, J. A., Smith, L. A., Grimes, H. W., and Hollman, J. L. 1983. Steer performance and association of Acremonium coenophialum fungal endophyte on tall fescue pasture. Agronomy Journal 75:821.
  15. Johnson, L. J., de Bonth, A. C., Briggs, L. R., Caradus, J. R., Finch, S. C., Fleetwood, D. J., Fletcher, L. R., Hume, D. E., Johnson, R. D., Popay, A. J., Tapper, B. A., Simpson, W. R., Voisey, C. R., and Card, S. D. 2013. The exploitation of Epichloeae endophytes for agricultural benefit. Fungal Diversity 60(1):171–188.
  16. Kimmons, K. A., Gwinn, K. D., and Bernard, E. C. 1990. Nematode reproduction on endophyte-infected and endophyte-free tall fescue. Plant Disease 74:757–761.
  17. Leuchtmann, A., Bacon, C. W., Schardl, C. L., White, J. F., and Tadych, M. 2014. Nomenclatural realignment of Neotyphodium species with genus Epichloe¨. Mycologia 106:202–215.
  18. Malinowski, D. P., and Belesky, D. P. 2000. Adaptations of endophyte infected cool-season grasses to environmental stresses: Mechanisms of drought and mineral stress tolerance. Crop Science 40:923–940.
  19. Malinowski, D. P., and Pinchak,W. E. 2015. Summer dormancy trait as a strategy to provide perennial cool-season grass forage alternatives in southern latitude environments affected by climate change. Agronomy Journal 107:1227–1234.
  20. Malinowski, D. P., West, C. P., and Belesky, D. P. 2012. The role of endophytes in summer-dormant tall fescue. Pp. 104–106 in C. A. Young, G. E. Aiken, R. L. McCulley, J. R. Strickland, and C. L. Schardl, eds. Epichloae, endophytes of cool season grasses: Implications, utilization and biology. 1st ed. Ardmore, OK: The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
  21. Matches, A. G. 1979. Management. Pp 171–99 in R. C. Buckner and L. P. Bush, eds. Tall fescue: American Society of Agronomy Monograph 20. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America.
  22. Meyer, S. L. F., Nyczepir, A. P., Rupprecht, S. M., Mitchell, A. D., Martin, P. A. W., Bush, C. W., Chitwood, D. J., and Vinyard, B. T. 2013. Tall fescue ‘Jesup (Max-Q)’: Meloidogyne incognita development in roots and nematotoxicity. Agonomy Journal 105:755–763.
  23. Moon, C. D., Miles, C. O., Jarlfors, U., and Schardl, C. L. 2002. The evolutionary origins of three new Neotyphodium endophyte species from grasses indigenous to the southern hemisphere. Mycologia 94:694–711.
  24. Nyczepir, A. P. 2011. Host suitability of an endophyte-friendly tall fescue grass to Mesocriconema xenoplax and Pratylenchus vulnus. Nematropica 41:45–51.
  25. Panaccione, D. G., Kotcon, J. B., Schardl, C. L., Johnson, R. D., and Morton, J. B. 2006. Ergot alkaloids are not essential for endophytic fungus-associated population suppression of the lesion nematode, Pratylenchus scribneri, on perennial ryegrass. Nematology 8:583–590.
  26. Read, J. C., and Camp, B. J. 1986. The effects of the fungal endophyte Acremonium coenophialum in tall fescue and animal performance, toxicity and stand maintenance. Agronomy Journal 78:848.
  27. Rogers, J. K., Young, C. A., Mosali, J., Norton, S. L., and Hopkins, A. A. 2014. Stockpiled forage yield and nutritive value of summer-dormant and summer-active tall fescue in a marginal environment. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.2134/FG-2014-0065-RS.
    [CROSSREF]
  28. Schmidt, S. P., King, Jr., C. C., Hoveland, C. S., Clark, E. M., Smith, L. A., Grimes, H. W., and Holliman, J. L. 1983. Cow-calf performance as affected by fungus infestation of Kentucky-31 tall fescue pastures. Journal of Animal Science 57(Suppl 1):295(Abstr.).
  29. Sleper, D. A., and Buckner, R. C. 1995. The fescues. Pp. 345–356. in R. F. Barnes, D. A. Miller, and C. J. Nelson, eds. Forages, 5th ed., Vol. I. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.
  30. Smith, S. R., Schwer, L., and Keene, T. C. 2009. Tall fescue toxicity for horses: Literature review and Kentucky’s successful pasture evaluation program. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2009-1102-02-RW.
    [CROSSREF]
  31. Strickland, J. R., Brown, K. R., Aiken, G. E., Klotz, J. L., and Flythe, M. D. 2012. Ergot alkaloids: Toxicokinetics and vascular effects. Pp. 14–19 in C. A. Young, G. E. Aiken, R. L. McCulley, J. R.Strickland, and C. L. Schardl, eds. Epichloae, endophytes of cool season grasses: Implications, utilization and biology. 1st ed. Ardmore,OK: The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
  32. Takach, J. E., Mittal, S., Swoboda, G. A., Bright, S. K., Trammell, M. A., Hopkins, A. A., and Young, C. A. 2012. Genotypic and chemotypic diversity of Neotyphodium endophytes in tall fescue from Greece. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78:5501–5510.
  33. Takach, J. E., and Young, C. A. 2014. Alkaloid genotype diversity of tall fescue endophytes. Crop Science 54:667–678.
  34. Timper, P. 2009. Nematodes. Pp. 151–156 in H. A. Fribourg, D. B.Hannaway, and C. P. West, eds. Tall fescue for the twenty-first century. American Society of Agronomy Monograph 53. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy Publisher.
  35. Timper, P., and Bouton, J. 2012. Variable response of non-ergotproducing strains of Neotyphodium coenophialum in tall fescue lesion nematodes. Pp. 40–43 in C. A. Young, G. E. Aiken, R. L. McCulley, J. R.
    Strickland, and C. L. Schardl, eds. Epichloae, endophytes of cool season grasses: Implications, utilization and biology. 1st ed. Ardmore, OK: The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
  36. Timper, P., Gates, R. N., and Bouton, J. H. 2005. Response of Pratylenchus spp. in tall fescue infected with different strains of the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum. Nematology 7:105–110.
  37. Tucker, C. A., Morrow, R. E., Gerrish, J. R., Nelson, C. J., Garner, G. B., Jacobs, V. E., Hires, W. G., Shinkel, J. J., and Forwood, J. R. 1989. Forage systems for beef cattle: Effects of winter supplementation and forage system on reproductive performance of cows. Journal of Production Agriculture 2:217.
  38. Young, C. A., Charlton, N. D., Takach, J. E., Swoboda, G. A., Trammell, M. A., Huhman, D. V., and Hopkins, A. A. 2014. Characterization of Epichloe¨ coenophiala within the U.S.: Are all tall fescue endophytes created equal? Frontiers in Chemistry, Chemical Biology doi: 10.3389/fchem.2014.00095.
    [CROSSREF]
  39. Young, C. A., Hume, D. E., and McCulley, R. 2013. Fungal endophytes of tall fescue and perennial ryegrass: Pasture friend or foe? Journal of Animal Science 91:2379–2394.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS