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Research Article | 22-May-2019


frame flanked by two untranslated regions (5’UTR and 3’UTR). The polyprotein is proteolytically cleaved by viral and host proteases resulting in the formation of mature viral proteins. It is well established that BVDV strains show considerable genetic diversity. BVD viruses are classified as two species: BVDV-1 and BVDV-2. Quite recently, a new putative species, BVDV-3, was detected. The viruses exist as one of two biotypes: cytopathic or non-cytopathic, based on their activity in cell

Paweł Mirosław, Aleksandra Antos, Mirosław Polak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 389–394

Article | 24-March-2021


for years since the 1960s but how long they had existed is not known. Commonly they cause mild disease, but some highly pathogenic strains do occur that are noted by being given a distinct name after causing an outbreak. COVID-19 is the current pandemic the whole world is fighting. The pathogenesis of this novel virus is still unclear. In this article, we aim to discuss the transmission, pandemic, genetic diversity, and antiviral treatments, and precautionary measures against COVID-19. 2

Muhammad Yameen, Sara Sattar, Ayesha Khalid, Muhammad Aamir Aslam, Nishat Zafar, Muhammad Hassan Saeed, Muhammad Haseeb Arif, Muhammad Jahangeer, Azka Qadeer, Shoukat Hussain, Muhammad Aamir, Sania Mukhtar, Huma Nasir, Asif Shahzad

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 60 , ISSUE 1, 13–20

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Molecular Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Colonizing the Upper Respiratory Tract of Residents and Staff in A Nursing Home

diversity, whereas MRSA outbreaks are usually caused by only a few different MRSA clones (Goering et al. 2008). Therefore, analyzing the genetic relatedness of colonizing MSSA strains in nursing homes might result in a better understanding of S. aureus epidemiology. We aimed at determining the genetic diversity and relatedness of MSSA and MRSA strains colonizing the upper respiratory tract of nursing home residents and staff using the MLVF (multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat fingerprinting


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 371–376

research-article | 24-April-2020

Genetic intraspecific diversity of Meloidogyne javanica parasitizing vegetables in southern Iran

methods for the identification species of RKNs are considerably time consuming and there is a lot of ambiguity, using species-specific primers could be a rapid method for detection (these primers listed in Cunha et al., 2018). The genetic diversity among M. javanica populations has been inferred by different markers (reviewed in Blok and Powers, 2009; Mokaram Hesar et al., 2011). Statistical analysis of the morphological characters and RAPD markers demonstrated 86 and 93% similarity among 21

Reza Ghaderi, Ali Asghar Dehghan, Abbas Mokaram Hesar, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

Short Communication | 27-September-2017

Clonal Analysis of Clinical and Environmental Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates from Meknes Region, Morocco

Itto Maroui, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Asmae Aboulkacem, Hanane Elhafa, Khadija Ouarrak, Mohammed Sbiti, Lhoussain Louzi, Mohammed Timinouni, Abdelhaq Belhaj

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 397–400

research-article | 17-March-2020

Molecular and morphological characterization of the alfalfa cyst nematode, Heterodera medicaginis, from Utah

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Saad L. Hafez, Mihail R. Kantor, Maria N. Hult, Stephen A. Rogers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

Case report | 16-October-2019

A delayed and acute hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-c in a patient with variant RH alleles

The Rh system is the most complex of the human blood groups. Of the 55 antigens that have been characterized, the system’s principal antigens D, C, E, c, and e are responsible for the majority of clinically significant Rh antibodies. In the last few years, advancements in molecular testing have provided a wealth of information on the genetic diversity of the Rh locus. This case report describes a patient with variant RHD*DAR alleles inherited in conjunction with two compound heterozygote

Tiffany K. Walters, Thomas Lightfoot

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 3, 109–112

original-paper | 27-December-2020

Identification and Characterization of a Novel Recombinant Porcine Astrovirus from Pigs in Anhui, China


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 471–478

research-article | 30-November-2020

Phylogenetics and genetic variation of Heligmosomoides thomomyos in Western pocket gophers (Thomomys spp.)

tentative morphological identification of Heligmosomoides species, to evaluate the potential for cryptic species, and to elucidate intraspecific relationships. A haplotype analysis and statistical analyses were conducted to examine geographic patterns. Lastly, population differentiation statistics were calculated to better understand the genetic diversity within and among populations. Materials and methods Specimen collection One-hundred and sixteen Thomomys specimens were collected between March 2018

Malorri R. Hughes, Alexandra A. Gibson, Emily R. Wolfe, Cecily D. Bronson, Deborah A. Duffield

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

Report | 09-October-2019

Human platelet antigen allelic diversity in Peninsular Malaysia

) that inhabit Peninsular Malaysia. Combined with previous HPA data collected for Malay subethnic groups, Malays, Chinese, and Indians, our analyses showed high genetic diversity in Peninsular Malaysia, which is consistent with multiple settlements of the region by several founding ancestors (Semang, Senoi, and Proto-Malays) in the last 50,000 years. The gene pools of these ancient populations were then further shaped by various evolutionary pressures such as repeated founder effects, natural

Wan Ubaidillah Wan Syafawati, Zulkafli Zefarina, Zafarina Zafarina, Mohd Nazri Hassan, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Geoffrey Keith Chambers, Hisham Atan Edinur

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 4, 143–160

research-article | 30-March-2020

Characterization of Vittatidera zeaphila (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) from Indiana with molecular phylogenetic analysis of the genus

recovered. Soil samples were submitted to one of us (JF), who extracted the nematode cysts and sent them to the USDA-ARS, Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory (MNGDBL), Beltsville, MD for morphological and molecular identification. Cysts and second-stage juveniles (J2) conformed morphologically and morphometrically to V. zeaphila. We report here the first occurrence of this species in Indiana, thus representing the third state after Tennessee, and Kentucky in the United

Andrea M. Skantar, Zafar A. Handoo, Mihail R. Kantor, Lynn K. Carta, Jamal Faghihi, Virginia Ferris

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular and morphological characterization of the amaryllis lesion nematode, Pratylenchus hippeastri (Inserra et al., 2007), from California

of this species on grapevines in California, thus representing the second report of this nematode in North America. Materials and methods Two soil samples and grapevine roots were sent to the Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD in 2019. The origin of the soil samples was a vineyard from Mosca, Alamosa County, Co. Nematodes were extracted from soil using sugar centrifugal flotation and Baermann funnel methods. Nematodes were fixed in 3% formaldehyde

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Mihail R. Kantor, Saad L. Hafez, Maria N. Hult

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Molecular and morphological characterization of a first report of Cactodera torreyanae Cid del Prado Vera & Subbotin, 2014 (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) from Minnesota, the United States of America

In March 2020, a cyst nematode was discovered during a Pale Potato Cyst Nematode survey conducted by Minnesota Department of Agriculture as part of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) efforts to survey states for the presence of PCN. The soil samples were collected from a potato field, located in Karlstad, Kittson County, Minnesota, USA. The cyst samples were sent to the Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory (MNGDBL) for identification purposes

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Sergei A. Subbotin, Mihail R. Kantor, Maria N. Hult, Michelle Grabowski

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Evaluation of indigenous entomopathogenic nematodes in Southwest China as potential biocontrol agents against Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Bingjiao Sun, Xiuqing Zhang, Li Song, Lixin Zheng, Xianqin Wei, Xinghui Gu, Yonghe Cui, Bin Hu, Toyoshi Yoshiga, Mahfouz M. Abd-Elgawad, Weibin Ruan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–17

Article | 30-November-2018


different types of HPeV (intertype recombination). Recombination contributes to the creation of new variants of the virus, and thus to the increase in the pace of evolution, it leads to the acquisition of genetic differences conditioning the change in virulence. European HPeV-1 isolates recombine on average every 1–3 years [42]. HPeV-3 rarely comes into contact with other parechoviruses in the same cell, hence the limited recombination and lower genetic diversity in comparison to HPeV-1 [10, 40, 98

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 301–315

research-article | 30-November-2020

Characterization of Globodera ellingtonae Populations from Chile Utilizing Whole Genome Sequencing

of G. ellingtonae populations based on geographic location indicating the species has high genetic diversity within Chile. Furthermore, the distal placement of the Oregon population suggests the original introduction source to the United States was not closely related to any of the populations collected in Chile nor the cultured INRAE Antofagasta population. This observation would not have been evident if only the single-locus HSP90 gene was considered. Sequence data for G. ellingtonae isolated

C.N. Hesse, I. Moreno, O. Acevedo Pardo, H. Pacheco Fuentes, E. Grenier, L. M. Dandurand, I. A. Zasada

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

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