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Short Communication | 28-December-2016

Expiration Date Prediction of Biocontrol Agent Prepared with Bacillus subtilis B579 Using the Accelerated Aging Method

The expiration date of biopesticidal products is an essential feature of their use and storage. In the present work, the expiration date of biocontrol agent was predicted using the accelerated aging method. The available bacteria in Bacillus subtilis B579 biocontrol agent were 3.7 ± 0.2 × 1011 CFU/g. It is calculated that the expiration date of the agent was about 17 months at 25°C. During this period, the available bacteria retained more than 90% of the value in the initial

Yu Zheng, Xiaoyang Jiao, Fang Chen, Xuelian Wang, Min Wang

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 461–464

original-paper | 31-May-2021

Isolation, Identification, Biocontrol Activity, and Plant Growth Promoting Capability of a Superior Streptomyces tricolor Strain HM10

thinghirensis strain TG26 99.62 4 Streptomyces sp. strain HM4 (Actino5) Streptomyces sp. E4N275g 99.46 5 Streptomyces sp. strain HM6 (Actino8) Streptomyces sp. SYP-A7193 99.23 6 Streptomyces panayensis strain HM7 (Actino9) Streptomyces panayensis 99.54 7 Streptomyces sp. strain HM8 (ActinoMS9) Streptomyces sp. strain 16K303 99.46 8 Streptomyces tricolor strain HM10 (Actino12) Streptomyces tricolor strain AS 4.1867 99.77 Screening Streptomyces isolates for their biocontrol activity. Fungal


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 245–256

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Distribution and Identification of Endophytic Streptomyces Species from Schima wallichii as Potential Biocontrol Agents against Fungal Plant Pathogens

The prospective of endophytic microorganisms allied with medicinal plants is disproportionally large compared to those in other biomes. The use of antagonistic microorganisms to control devastating fungal pathogens is an attractive and eco-friendly substitute for chemi­cal pesticides. Many species of actinomycetes, especially the genus Streptomyces, are well known as biocontrol agents. We investigated the culturable community composition and biological control ability of endophytic

Ajit Kumar Passari, Vineet Kumar Mishra, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Ratul Saikia, Bhim Pratap Singh

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 319–329

Original Paper | 07-June-2016

Biocontrol of Gray Mold Decay in Pear by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Strain BA3 and its Effect on Postharvest Quality Parameters

The economic losses caused by postharvest fruits diseases have attracted global attention. Traditional chemical fungicide could not meet the need of humans. In recent years, microbial agent which has begun to take the place of chemical fungicide comes into people’s vision. The aim of this paper was to investigate the potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain BA3 for its biocontrol capability on gray mold decay of pears and its effect on postharvest quality of pears. Compared with

Hui Qu, Longyu Zhao, Fengchun Zhao, Yufang Liu, Zhengyou Yang

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 2, 171–176

research-article | 30-November-2020

Evaluation of indigenous entomopathogenic nematodes in Southwest China as potential biocontrol agents against Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are obligate parasites of insect hosts and cause host mortality within 24–48 hr after infection (Griffin et al., 2005). To date, around 100 valid species of Steinernema and 21 species of Heterorhabditis have been identified from different countries of the world (Bhat and Askary, 2020). EPNs are promising candidates for biocontrol of insects due to their ability to search for hosts, safety to non-target organisms and the environment, high reproductive potential

Bingjiao Sun, Xiuqing Zhang, Li Song, Lixin Zheng, Xianqin Wei, Xinghui Gu, Yonghe Cui, Bin Hu, Toyoshi Yoshiga, Mahfouz M. Abd-Elgawad, Weibin Ruan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–17

Research Article | 03-September-2018

An Agent-Based Metapopulation Model Simulating Virus-Based Biocontrol of Heterodera Glycines

With recently discovered soybean cyst nematode (SCN) viruses, biological control of the nematodes is a theoretical possibility. This study explores the question of what kinds of viruses would make useful biocontrol agents, taking into account evolutionary and population dynamics. An agent-based model, Soybean Cyst Nematode Simulation (SCNSim), was developed to simulate within-host virulence evolution in a virus-nematode-soybean ecosystem. SCNSim was used to predict nematode suppression under a

Safyre Anderson, Chinmay Soman, Sadia Bekal, Leslie Domier, Kris Lambert, Kaustubh Bhalerao

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 79–90

Research Article | 22-May-2019


Metschnikowia spp. are extensively studied “non-conventional” yeasts. Strains belonging to these genera are considered as non-pathogenic and safe. The unique properties of Metschnikowia spp. allow us to look at these microorganisms as a promising subject for evolutionary genetics, taxonomy, ecology, as well as a natural biocontrol agent in biotechnology. This article provides a synthesis of the systematics, morphology, ecology and physiology of Metschnikowia spp., with special

Ewelina Pawlikowska, Dorota Kręgiel

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 405–415

Mini Review | 26-August-2016

Microbial Products and Biofertilizers in Improving Growth and Productivity of Apple – a Review

but mediate the process of producing crops and foods naturally. This method avoids the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers and genetically modified organisms to influence the growth of crops. In addition to their role in enhancing the growth of the plants, biofertilizers can act as biocontrol agents in the rhizosphere at the same time. Biofertilizers are very safe for human, animal and environment. The use of Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Pseudomonas, Acetobacter, Burkholderia, Bacillus

Walid Fediala Abd El-Gleel Mosa, Lidia Sas-Paszt, Mateusz Frąc, Paweł Trzciński

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 243–251

research-article | 17-March-2020

Fungal communities associated with Heterodera glycines and their potential in biological control: a current update

survival structures or cysts, which consist of the female bodies containing hundreds of eggs protected by a melanized layer of cuticle, are an important target stage for biocontrol. The eggs in cysts can survive up to 10 years or longer in soil and can produce viable and infective second-stage juvenile nematodes (J2) when conditions are favorable. Thus, reducing the egg numbers in cysts in soil will ensure significant reduction in nematode inoculum. The idea of using biological agents to control

Deepak Haarith, Kathryn E. Bushley, Senyu Chen

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

research-article | 30-November-2019

Infection parameters of Heterorhabditis amazonensis (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) in different stages of Hibiscus pink mealybug

organisms (San-Blas et al., 2015), which are currently available in small quantities for biological control programs (San-Blas, Luzardo, Larreal, Portillo and Bastidas, 2017, San-Blas, Luzardo, Portillo, Fuenmayor and Bastidas, 2017) and production of these biocontrol agents is expected to rise shortly (San-Blas et al., 2019). Currently, the growing interest in controlling hemipterans such as PHM has led to experiments aimed at controlling several species using EPN. For example, Dysmicoccus vaccinn

Yvan Fuenmayor, Edgar Portillo, Brynelly Bastidas, Mayamarú Guerra, Ernesto San-Blas

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Postembryonic Ventral Nerve Cord Development and Gonad Migration in Steinernema carpocapsae

Steinernema carpocapsae is an entomopathogenic nematode widely studied for its properties as a biocontrol agent in insect pest management and as a model for understanding bacterial symbioses. Less attention has been given to the development of specific anatomical structures within S. carpocapsae. A better understanding of entomopathogenic nematode development and anatomy may lead to improved biocontrol efficacy. We recently demonstrated that the neuroanatomy of S. carpocapsae IJs differs from

Hung Xuan Bui, Nathan E. Schroeder

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 27–32

original-paper | 31-October-2019

Molecular Identification of Vibrio alginolyticus Causing Vibriosis in Shrimp and Its Herbal Remedy


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 429–438

minireview | 21-June-2021

Emerging Applications of Bacteriocins as Antimicrobials, Anticancer Drugs, and Modulators of The Gastrointestinal Microbiota

include bacteria such as Streptomyces venezuelae, Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus, Burkholderia sp., Azospirillum brasilense, P. protegens, Pseudomonas putida, among others. Most of these formulations have been traded to promote plant growth and not fight plant pathogens (Cesa-Luna et al. 2020). Therefore, little efforts have been focused on applying of bacteriocins for plant disease biocontrol, and hence their production by PGPR is poorly understood. Some examples of bacteriocins applied to


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 143–159

Article | 24-July-2017

The Effects of Nutrient Concentration, Addition of Thickeners, and Agitation Speed on Liquid Fermentation of Steinernema feltiae


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 126–133

short-communication | 19-March-2021

Growth Inhibition of Phytopathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes by Basidiomycete Irpex lacteus and Identification of its Antimicrobial Extracellular Metabolites

increased their resistance to several agrochemicals used to fight them (Sparks and Lorsbach 2017), so they have become less effective. Therefore, the use of alternative plant protection biocontrol methods has been intensively explored during the last decades. Biocontrol methods include both preparations containing living microorganisms and bioactive metabolites obtained from organic or aqueous extracts of different taxa, which may be specific to those that need to be controlled and have low toxicity to


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 131–136

research-article | 30-November-2018

Conspecific pheromone extracts enhance entomopathogenic infectivity

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) in the genera Heterorhabditis and Steinernema are potent biocontrol agents that are used to control a wide variety of economically important insect pests (Shapiro-Ilan et al., 2017, 2018). The nematodes occur naturally in the soil and kill arthropod hosts with the aid of symbiotic bacteria (Xenorhabdus spp. bacteria are associated with steinernematid nematodes and Photorhabdus spp. bacteria are associated with heterorhabditid nematodes). Despite the commercial

David I. Shapiro-Ilan, Fatma Kaplan, Camila Oliveira-Hofman, Paul Schliekelman, Hans T. Alborn, Edwin E. Lewis

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Multi-locus phylogenetic analyses uncover species boundaries and reveal the occurrence of two new entomopathogenic nematode species, Heterorhabditis ruandica n. sp. and Heterorhabditis zacatecana n. sp.

cadavers in search for new prey (Somvanshi et al., 2012). Given this peculiar lifestyle, this deadly symbiotic pair is commonly used as a biocontrol agent in agricultural settings (Kajuga et al., 2018; Paddock et al., 2021; Toepfer and Zellner, 2017; Zhang et al., 2019). In addition, given the enormous biosynthetic capacity of Photorhabdus bacteria, they are of great medical, agricultural, and biotechnological importance (Blackburn et al., 1998; Bode, 2009; Hill et al., 2020; Joyce and Clarke, 2003

Ricardo A.R. Machado, Aashaq Hussain Bhat, Joaquín Abolafia, Arthur Muller, Pamela Bruno, Patrick Fallet, Carla C.M. Arce, Ted C.J. Turlings, Julio S. Bernal, Joelle Kajuga, Bancy Waweru, Stefan Toepfer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–42

research-article | 30-November-2020

Induction of defence-related proteins by selected plant growth regulators and biocontrol agents against guava root knot nematode, Meloidogyne enterolobii

, Licor Inc, Nebraska, USA) Stomatal conductance – Portable photosynthesis system (LI-6400XT, Licor Inc, Nebraska, USA) Chlorophyll fluorescence – Chlorophyll fluorescence meter (Opti-sciences OS5p) Total phenols – Malick and Singh (1980) Peroxidase Rad et al. (2007) Polyphenol oxidase Mayer et al. (1966) Acid phosphatase Dickerson et al. (1984) Phenylalanine ammonia lyase Dickerson et al. (1984) Effect of different biocontrol agents against root knot nematode

N. Ashokkumar, K. Poornima, P. Kalaiarasan, P. Jeyakumar, D. Uma, M. Kavino, S. Dharani, S. Kothai

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–15

research-article | 30-November-2018

Temporal expression patterns of Pasteuria spp. sporulation genes

limitation of host-specificity. Maintaining an heterogenous population of Pasteuria spores in a field setting may allow increased parasite fitness and efficacy as a biocontrol agent. In Bacillus spp. and other endospore formers, Sigma-G is active late in sporulation. It is expressed during the process of spore core and spore coat formation, and the formation of inner and outer forespore membranes (Fimlaid and Shen, 2015). We characterized Sigma-G as a maker to identify the final stage of sporulation and

Ruhiyyih Dyrdahl-Young, Weiming Hu, Peter DiGennaro

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–8

research-article | 19-March-2020

Natural occurrence and distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes (Steinernematidae, Heterorhabditidae) in Viti Levu, Fiji Islands

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species belonging to the genera Steinernema Travassos, 1927 and Heterorhabditis Poinar, 1975 and their symbiotic bacteria from genera Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus, respectively, are lethal parasites of soil inhibiting insects (Shapiro-Ilan et al., 2017). Globally, EPNs are being widely researched as promising biocontrol agents for wide range of agricultural pests (Lacey et al., 2015). Because of the increasing awareness of EPN as an effective non-chemical

Sumeet Kour, Uma Khurma, Gilianne Brodie, Selcuk Hazir

journal of nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

original-paper | 28-June-2019

An Investigation of Petrol Metabolizing Bacteria Isolated from Contaminated Soil Samples Collected from Various Fuel Stations

-naphthylamine. In this study, only 11% of isolated bacteria were naphthylamidase-positive. The ρ-nitrophenyl-nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminide (NAG) test was carried out to detect glucosaminidase enzyme, which hydrolyzes p-nitrophenyl substituted glycoside and releases ρ-nitrophenol. In our study, 33% of the isolates were found positive for glucosaminidase. Many studies have reported the use of glucosaminidase as biocontrol agents and in the production of important biological compounds (Scigelova and Crout 1999


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 193–201

short-communication | 05-July-2019

Evaluation of The Pathogenic Potential of Insecticidal Serratia marcescens Strains to Humans

pathogenesis is the colonization of epithelial cells. After adhesion to the cells, the bacteria produce potential virulence factors, including extracellular toxins which are probably the most common factors of S. marcescens pathogenicity (Grimont and Grimont 2006). The pathogenicity of S. marcescens to insects makes these bacteria an interesting tool in the search of the new biological control preparation applied in plant protection. Liquid culture of S. marcescens had potential use as a biocontrol factor


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 185–191

research-article | 06-March-2020

Control of the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) larvae in laboratory using entomopathogenic nematodes from subtropical environment

essential biocontrol agents used for controlling insect pests (Grewal and Georgis, 1999). These EPNs are capable of penetrating and killing their hosts within 24–48 h of nematode invasion, which is caused by their mutualistic relationship with bacteria and of the genera Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus that are carried in the intestine of Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae, respectively (Akhurst and Boemare, 1990; Husin, 2017). EPNs were reported to control T. absoluta but the use of sub-tropical EPN

Bonginkhosi E. Dlamini, Nelisiwe Dlamini, Michael T. Masarirambi, Nxumalo Kwanele A.

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2020

Laboratory virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci

. tabaci nymphs (Head et al., 2004). Thus, further research is needed to determine if our results on host plant effects extend to field conditions. Toward the development of H. floridensis in a biocontrol program for MEAM1, the nematode has several positive attributes as well as challenges. H. floridensis has shown high levels of virulence to other arthropod pests such as Rhipicephalus microplus Canestrini (Acari: Ixodidae) (Singh et al., 2019). Additionally, H. floridensis possesses broad temperature

Yinping Li, George N. Mbata, David I. Shapiro-Ilan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2020

Ecological Characterisation of Native Isolates of Heterorhabditis indica from Viti Levu, Fiji Islands

biocontrol agents, a knowledge of their ecology is of paramount importance (Salame et al., 2010). Since, EPNs are extracted from soil samples using insect baits, only a few species have been isolated from natural insect hosts; our understanding, of their biology and ecology is very limited (Nguyen and Buss, 2011; Pilz et al., 2008). Many of these isolates currently being cultured in laboratories around the world remain ecologically undescribed. Taxonomic identification of new species or strains or

Sumeet Kour, Uma Khurma, Gilianne Brodie

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–20

Article | 21-July-2017

Evaluation of Pochonia chlamydosporia and Purpureocillium lilacinum for Suppression of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Tomato and Banana

, when initial infestation level was low (500 nematode eggs per plant), but tested strains were not effective under a moderate infestation level (5,000 eggs per plant). Under all infestation levels tested in this work, gall and egg mass indexes (MI) did not differ from the untreated controls, bringing concerns related to the practical adoption of this control strategy by farmers. In our opinion, if the fungi P. chlamydosporia and P. lilacinum are to be used as biocontrol tools toward M


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 77–85

research-article | 01-April-2021

First record of Oscheius myriophilus (Poinar, 1986) (Rhabditida: Rhabditidae) from Iran; and its efficacy against two economic forest trees pests, Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Hyphantria cunea (Drury, 1773) (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) in laboratory condition

for use of EPNs in biological controlling programs was reviewed by Shapiro-Ilan et al. (2006). Also, application of EPNs for biocontrol of insect pests at above and below ground; and their commercialization were reviewed by Lacey and Georgis (2012). The family Rhabditidae (Örley, 1880) is one of the richest groups of free-living nematodes that are found in all kinds of habitats including decaying bacteria-rich substances such as decaying plants and cadavers or are associated with different animals

Reihaneh Gholami Ghavamabad, Ali Asghar Talebi, Mohammad Mehrabadi, Mohammad Ebrahim Farashiani, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

research-article | 30-November-2020

Intraspecific virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes against the pests Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) in the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis are excellent biocontrol agents against many arthropod species (Campos-Herrera, 2015; Lacey et al., 2015). They are naturally distributed in the soil in the form of infective juvenile (IJ), which has to survive while searching for a host (Kaya et al., 2006). Once the victim is located, the IJs penetrate and release the mutualistic bacteria of the genera Xenorhabdus for steinernematids and Photorhabdus for

Raquel Campos-Herrera, Ignacio Vicente-Díez, Magda Galeano, Maryam Chelkha, María del Mar González-Trujillo, Miguel Puelles, David Labarga, Alicia Pou, Javier Calvo, José Eduardo Belda

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

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