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research-article | 27-August-2018

Ketogenic diet in epilepsy: an updated review

and their family or even sudden death. A diagnosis of refractory epilepsy forces the physician to resort to therapies other than pharmacological: resective surgery, vagus nerve stimulator (VNS), depth electrode stimulation or the ketogenic diet (KD). In patients whose seizures are related to a localised epileptic focus, neurosurgery is considered the first-line treatment. In patients who do not qualify for neurosurgery, VNS implant or the KD are considered. Compared to VNS, the KD is easier to use

Magdalena Dudzińska

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1-2, 27–47

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Energy-dense diet triggers changes in gut microbiota, reorganization of gut-brain vagal communication and increases body fat accumulation

Obesity is associated with consumption of energy-dense diets and development of systemic inflammation. Gut microbiota play a role in energy harvest and inflammation and can influence the change from lean to obese phenotypes. The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is a brain target for gastrointestinal signals modulating satiety and alterations in gut-brain vagal pathway may promote overeating and obesity. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that high-fat diet-induced changes in gut microbiota

Alexandra C. Vaughn, Erin M. Cooper, Patricia M. DiLorenzo, Levi J. O’Loughlin, Michael E. Konkel, James H. Peters, Andras Hajnal, Tanusree Sen, Sun Hye Lee, Claire B. de La Serre, Krzysztof Czaja

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 18–30

case-report | 21-November-2019

Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) – delayed diagnosis and treatment. A case report

, and affects the exercised limbs. Some patients may also have epileptic seizures, most commonly childhood absence epilepsy. Mild intellectual disability may also occur. In some patients a macrocytic hemolytic anemia has been described. Under chronic brain glucose deprivation caused by GLUT1-DS, exogenous or endogenous substrates (i.e., ketone bodies and fatty acids) may serve as alternative fuels to maintain neural function. The ketogenic diet is proved to be effective in controlling seizures and

Piotr Bogucki, Ewa Nagańska, Marta Jurek, Dorota Hoffman-Zacharska, Anna Kutkowska-Kaźmierczak, Ewa Obersztyn, Urszula Fiszer

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 49–54

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

A behavioural modification intervention to reduce snack food consumption focusing on external situational cues: The case study you can't read between meals without ruining your appetite!

Currently, obesity is a leading threat to optimal health and wellbeing in Australia. Offsetting risks of acute and chronic disease and disability, a balanced diet offers a sound investment against premature morbidity and mortality commonly associated with obesity. Demonstrated empirically to lead to weight gain, consumption of snack foods lacking in nutritional value (“indulgences”) threatens a healthy lifestyle and is as prevalent as 90% in some populations. Thus, finding strategies

Nicola Brewer

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 65–71

original-paper | 01-May-2021

Comparative Analysis of the Microbiota Between Rumen and Duodenum of Twin Lambs Based on Diets of Ceratoides or Alfalfa

intricate microbial communities predominated by bacteria (Sirohi et al. 2012). The bacteria systematically decompose plant cell materials (Flint and Bayer 2008) and break down plant biomass, serving as a link between the sheep and the nutrients absorbed by the sheep. The succeeding rumen fermentation manufactures ammonia and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), including acetate, butyrate, and propionate. In a previous study, we found that diet directly impacts the microbiota structure of the rumen and

ZACCHEAUS PAZAMILALA AKONYANI, FENG SONG, YING LI, SUDE QIQIGE, JIANGHONG WU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 175–187

research-article | 30-November-2018

In vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes using Galleria mellonella: costs and effect of diets on nematode pathogenicity

is imperative to find alternative solutions to economically rear the insects. Few experimental diets have been entirely successful in replacing their natural diet (Cohen, 2004). In addition to an assessment of the cost, it is important to know whether the diet influences the effectiveness of EPN emerging from an infected diet-reared host to kill and multiply in the target pest species. According to Zhen et al. (2018), the quality of the insect host can affect the efficacy or persistence of EPN

Régina Kotchofa, Hugues Baimey

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–15

research-article | 30-November-2019

Salt and sugar detection system using a compact microstrip patch antenna

S. N. Njokweni, P. Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

research-article | 30-November-2018

The Role of Maternal Social Networks on the Outcomes of a Home-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Pilot Intervention*

that individuals’ diet, activity, and weight status are influenced by their social connections and the characteristics of their social networks; and that obesity ‘diffuses’ through networks such that an individuals’ risk for excess weight is greater when their social connections are obese (Zhang et al., 2018). Obesity appears to be influenced by our social networks because of multiple social functions that may or may not be provided by our social connections: (a)social support, whereby social

Kayla de la Haye, Brooke M. Bell, Sarah-Jeanne Salvy

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 7–28

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

) aged 13 to 22 years were examined. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used for measuring mental health problems, in the form of total symptom scores and impact on daily life. Participation in sports was categorized as follows: 1) not participating; 2) participating in noncompetitive sports; and 3) participating in competitive sports. Sports were divided into individual and team sports. Weekly exercise, healthy diet, and number of friends were investigated as mediating factors

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Article | 20-July-2021

Orthodontic patient co-operation: a review of the clinician’s role in predicting and improving patient compliance

This systematic narrative review outlines factors associated with patient co-operation during orthodontic treatment. The co-operation of orthodontic patients, related to oral hygiene, appliance wear, diet and appointment attendance, can be highly influential on treatment outcome and the development of a number of potential adverse effects. While each patient is an individual with unique variations, patient age, gender, socio-economic status, parental relationships and psychological factors have

Fiona Firth, Florence Bennani, Suzan Stacknik, Mauro Farella

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

Research Article | 20-May-2019

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

intestinal microbiota can be modified by applying a specific type of diet.

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Mini Review | 30-March-2017

Application of Metagenomic Analyses in Dentistry as a Novel Strategy Enabling Complex Insight into Microbial Diversity of the Oral Cavity

The composition of the oral microbiome in healthy individuals is complex and dynamic, and depends on many factors, such as anatomi­cal location in the oral cavity, diet, oral hygiene habits or host immune responses. It is estimated at present that worldwide about 2 billion people suffer from diseases of the oral cavity, mainly periodontal disease and dental caries. Importantly, the oral microflora involved in local infections may spread and cause systemic, even life-threatening infections

Aleksandra Burczyńska, Łukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Strużycka, Marta Wróblewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 9–15

Book Review | 26-October-2020

BOOK REVIEW: Eat Right for Your Type: The Individualized Diet Solution to Staying Healthy, Living Longer and Achieving Your Ideał Weight

William C. Sherwood

Immunohematology, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 127–128

Review | 10-October-2018

Role of food-drug interactions in neurological and psychological diseases

insufficiencies may occur. Recent studies show that diet can have a strong influence on gut microbiota and thus, alter drug pharmacokinetics. Therefore, microbiota alterations should also be considered while assessing food-drug interactions. Knowledge of food-drug interactions is critical for improving health of patients with neurological and psychological diseases, and also for improving effectiveness of treatments.

Makbule Gezmen-Karadağ, Elif Çelik, Fatma Zehra Kadayifçi, Özge Yeşildemir, Yasemin Ertaş Öztürk, Duygu Ağagündüz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 187–197

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Effects of ascorbic acid on anxiety state and affect in a non-clinical sample

evaluated a small sample with narrow sociodemographic characteristics, composed mainly of healthy young females (> 94%) enrolled in post-graduation courses, without controlling diet, physical activity, and formal psychiatric diagnosis. Conclusions: Despite the sample size limitation, this study provides the first evidence of an acute anxiolytic effect of ascorbic acid. Broader population studies are required to evaluate the clinical relevance of presented data.

Bettina Moritz, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Ricardo Guarnieri, Alexandre Paim Diaz, Ana Lúcia S. Rodrigues, Alcir Luiz Dafre

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 362–372

research-article | 30-November-2019

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery triggers rapid DNA fragmentation in vagal afferent neurons in rats

are expressed early after injury (Shortland et al., 2006; Czaja et al., 2008), we aimed to evaluate neuronal damage in vagal afferent gut-brain connection 24 h after RYGB surgery. METHODS Animals Sprague-Dawley male (n=25; 300g) and female rats (n=20; 250 g; Envigo, Indianapolis, IN) were housed individually in conventional polycarbonate shoe-box cages in a temperature-controlled vivarium with ad libitum access to standard pellets of rat chow (PicoLab rodent diet 20, product #5053, Fort Worth

Dulce M. Minaya, Patricia M. Di Lorenzo, Andras Hajnal, Krzysztof Czaja

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 432–444

short-communication | 05-July-2019

Evaluation of The Pathogenic Potential of Insecticidal Serratia marcescens Strains to Humans

suspended in 1 ml of 0.85% NaCl. Five different volumes: 2.5 μl, 5 μl, 10 μl, 20 μl, 40 μl of the suspension were spread on pieces (5 mm diameter, 3 mm hight) of semisynthetic diet for S. exigua rearing as described by McGuire et al. (1997). The pieces of diet were placed separately in transparent polystyrene multi-well plates. Caterpillars in L1 instar were placed onto the diet – one larva per one well with one diet piece. Each S. marcescens CFU number was tested against 30 larvae (three replications

EDYTA KONECKA, JOANNA MOKRACKA, SYLWIA KRZYMIŃSKA, ADAM KAZNOWSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 185–191

research-paper | 30-November-2018

Prevention of cadmium-induced neurotoxicity in rats by essential nutrients present in nuts

suggested method for providing protection against cadmium-induced toxicity. The toxicity of cadmium has also been reduced in rats by pre-treatment with vitamin E, which reduced cadmium-induced lipid peroxidation and enhanced the antioxidant defense system (Paunović et al., 2017). Supplementation with a plant-based diet, at suitable levels, has been shown to protect against cadmium toxicity. For example, administration of a diet rich in soybean, tomato, garlic, ginger, onion, green tea, curry leaf and

Zehra Batool, Faiza Agha, Saiqa Tabassum, Tuba Sharf1 Batool, Rafat Ali Siddiqui, Saida Haider

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 169–183

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