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Article | 03-December-2017

Morphological, Morphometric, and Molecular Characterization of Intraspecific Variations within Indian Populations of Meloidogyne graminicola

, Samastipur grouped with M. oryzae and M. graminis. Molecular phylogenetic analysis using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) suggested that in spite of morphological differences, these populations belonged to M. graminicola.


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 254–267

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterizations of Heterodera oryzae in Korea

was stored at −20°C for later use in PCR reactions. PCR amplification ITS region The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region was amplified using 0.5 µl each of primers TW81 [5′-GTTTCCGTAGGTGAACCTGC-3′] and AB28 [5′-ATTGCTTAAGTTCAGCGGGT-3′] (Joyce et al., 1994). In a PCR tube containing 15 µl of PCR mixture ready to use (Ready-2x-Go with Taqplus; NanohelixTM, Daejeon, Korea) was added 2 µl of nematode DNA extract, 32 µl of triple distilled water, and 0.5 µl of each primer making a total volume

Rose Mwesige, Eun-Hwa Kim, Eun-Hyung Park, Hyoung-Rai Ko

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Bitylenchus hispaniensis (Nematoda: Telotylenchidae) from Iran

Abbas Abdolkhani, Sedighe Azimi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) from Northern Iran

anus distance); and elongate, conical tail with pointed tip. Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. is morphologically similar to five known species of the genus, namely Nothotylenchus geraerti, Nothotylenchus medians, Nothotylenchus affinis, Nothotylenchus buckleyi, and Nothotylenchus persicus. The results of molecular analysis of rRNA gene sequences, including the D2–D3 expansion region of 28S rRNA, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rRNA and partial 18S rRNA gene are provide for the new species.

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mohsen Nassaj Hosseini, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 219–228

Article | 21-July-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Gracilacus wuae n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematoidea) Associated with Cow Parsnip (Heracleum maximum) in Ontario, Canada

-stage juveniles lack a stylet, the pharynx degenerated, and can be differentiated into preadult females and males based on the position of the genital primordia. The third-stage juveniles are similar to females but smaller. Phylogenetic studies using the rDNA small subunit 18S, large subunit 28S D2/D3, and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences collectively provide evidence of a grouping with other Gracilacus and some species of Paratylenchus with stylet length of females longer than 41 mm


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 203–213

Original Research | 18-July-2017

Deladenus posteroporus n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from Packaging Wood from Canada and White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from the United States and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

infective forms, by a broadly rounded tail end in mycetophagous females and lateral fields with 11 to 12 lines midbody in both mycetophagous females and males. The partial 18S, complete internal transcribed spacer, and partial 28S D2/D3 rRNA genes were amplified and sequenced. Phylogenetic analyses of the genes grouped the new species with previously sequenced species of Deladenus in a fully supported clade. This is the first report of Deladenus species with a known infective stage to have the excretory

Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye, Rusong Li, Jie He

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 168–176

Article | 21-July-2017

Steinernema biddulphi n. sp., a New Entomopathogenic Nematode (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) from South Africa

-pharynx (D% = 46). Hyaline layer occupies approximately half of tail length. Male spicules slightly to moderately curved, with a sharp tip and golden brown in color. The first generation of males lacking a mucron on the tail tip while the second generation males with a short filamentous mucron. Genital papillae with 11 pairs and one unpaired preanal papilla. The new species is further characterized by sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and partial 28S regions (D2-D3) of the ribosomal


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 148–158

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from USA and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Three populations of neotylenchid nematodes were isolated in Ningbo, P. R. China, from white pine lumber (Pinus monticola) imported from the USA. The nematodes were morphologically intermediate between Hexatylus and Deladenus. The nematodes were molecularly characterized based on sequences of the rDNA small subunit 18S, large subunit 28S D2/D3, and internal transcribed spacer sequences. The phylogenetic inferences placed the nematodes with other neotylenchid nematodes, i.e., Fergusobia and

Qing Yu, Maria Munawar, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 69–76

research-article | 30-November-2020

Characterization of Pterotylenchus cecidogenus in Desmodium ovalifolium cover crop from oil palm plantations in central Colombia

to De Ley et al. (1999). In addition, the partial region of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS), which includes ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2, was amplified using the primers TW81 forward (5′-GTTTCCGTAGGTGAACCTGC-3′) and AB28 reverse (5′-ATATGCTTAAGTTCAGCGGGT-3′), as proposed by Maafi et al. (2003). The PCR conditions for the amplification of both partial regions were initial denaturation for 2  min at 94°C, followed by 40 cycles of 45 s at 94°C, 45 s at 55°C, 1 min at 72°C, and a final extension of 10

Oscar Velandia, Yuri Mestizo, Héctor Camilo Medina, Donald Riascos-Ortiz, Francia Varón De Agudelo, Greicy Andrea Sarria

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Molecular Identification of Entomopathogenic Nematode Isolates from the Philippines and their Biological Control Potential Against Lepidopteran Pests of Corn

Barbara L. Caoili, Romnick A. Latina, Regina Faye C. Sandoval, Joey I. Orajay

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 99–110

research-article | 30-November-2018

Serendipitous identification of Pratylenchus curvicauda from the grainbelt of Western Australia

conserved, or the non-coding internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions which are much more variable between species of the same genera (Mckeand, 1998). Sequencing of the ITS regions has revealed species-specific variations, which can be used as diagnostic markers, so enabling accurate identification of species and studies on the phylogenetic relationships between and within species of Pratylenchus (Waeyenberge et al., 2009; Palomares-Rius et al., 2010). Also, the nucleotide sequences of the D2 to D3

Farhana Begum, John Fosu-Nyarko, Shashi Sharma, Bill Macleod, Sarah Collins, Michael G. K. Jones

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–15

Article | 21-July-2017

Oscheius microvilli n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditidae): A Facultatively Pathogenic Nematode from Chongming Island, China

, joins together anterior to the spicules, and is partially extended and decorated with microvilli. The spicules are incompletely separated, and the tail does not extend beyond the bursa. Phylogenetic trees of 18S rDNA and internal transcribed spacer indicate that the new species belongs to the insectivora group of the genus Oscheius; it is most closely related to O. myriophilus, and the two species can be distinguished on the basis of their different body length, morphological


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 33–41

Article | 04-December-2017

Description of a New Anguinid Nematode, Nothotylenchus phoenixae n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) Associated with Palm Date Trees and Its Phylogenetic Relations within the Family Anguinidae

sac well developed, 15 (14 to 17) mm long, female tail elongate-conoid with pointed terminus; and male with adanal bursa and spicules 21 to 22 mm long (n = 2). The new species comes close in morphology and morphometrics to five known species of the genus, namely N. affinis, N. hexaglyphus, N. persicus, N. taylori, and N. uniformis. Molecular analyses of the partial 18S, D2/D3 expansion segments of the partial 28S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) revealed this as a new species. The sequences


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 268–275

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Characterization of Endolithic Culturable Microbial Communities in Carbonate Rocks from a Typical Karst Canyon in Guizhou (China)

The endolithic environment is a ubiquitous habitat for microorganisms and a critical interface between biology and geology. In this study, a culture-based method and the phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were used to investigate the diversity of endolithic bacteria and fungi in two main types of carbonate rocks (namely dolomite and limestone) from Nanjiang Canyon in Guizhou karst area, China. The results of bacterial diversity indicated that

Yuan Tang, Jian-Zhong Cheng, Bin Lian

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 413–423

research-article | 17-March-2020

Molecular approach to confirm traditional identification of Radopholus similis sampled in Tanzania

Doreen M. Mgonja, Gladness E. Temu, Joseph C. Ndunguru, Magreth F. Mziray, Sylvester L. Lyantagaye, Nessie D. Luambano

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular and morphological characterization of the amaryllis lesion nematode, Pratylenchus hippeastri (Inserra et al., 2007), from California

transcribed spacer (ITS) 1 & 2 rDNA region was amplified with primers TW81 [5’-GTTTCCGTAGGTGAACCTGC-3’] and AB28 [5’-ATATGCTTAAGTTCAGCGGGT-3’] (Skantar et al., 2012), producing a PCR amplicon of 964 bp. The PCR product was cleaned with the Monarch DNA Gel Extraction Kit (NEB, Ipswitch, MA) and then cloned using the Strataclone PCR Cloning Kit (Agilent, Santa Clara, CA). Cloned plasmid DNA was prepared with the Monarch Plasmid Miniprep Kit (NEB) and sequenced by Genewiz, Inc. Mitochondrial cytochrome

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Mihail R. Kantor, Saad L. Hafez, Maria N. Hult

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2019

Hemicycliophora ahvasiensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Hemicycliophoridae), and data on a known species, from Iran

Sedighe Azimi, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–19

original-paper | 05-December-2019

The Composition of Fungal Communities in the Rumen of Gayals (Bos frontalis), Yaks (Bos grunniens), and Yunnan and Tibetan Yellow Cattle (Bos taurs)

techniques can overcome these problems (Pryce et al. 2006). The fungal ribosomal RNA gene includes a gene encoding 28S ribosomal DNA, 18S ribosomal DNA, and 5.8S ribosomal DNA, which in the internal transcribed spacer Region1 evolves rapidly (Sirohi et al. 2013; Elekwachi et al. 2017). The last-mentioned gene has the interspecies specificity and intraspecies conservation, and the length of the sequence is moderate enough to get sufficient information (Pryce et al. 2006; Campa et al. 2008; Bellemain et al


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 505–514

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Incidence of Oscheius onirici (Nematoda: Rhabditidae), a potentially entomopathogenic nematode from the marshlands of Wisconsin, USA

In a search for an entomopathogenic nematode to control cranberry insect pests, three Oscheius populations (Rhabditidae) were recovered through the Galleria-bait method from one sample taken in a wild cranberry marsh in Jackson County, Wisconsin, USA. Morphological studies with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, as well as molecular analyses of the near-full-length small subunit rDNA gene, D2/D3 expansion segments of the large subunit rDNA gene, internal transcribed spacer, and

Weimin Ye, Shane Foye, Ann E. MacGuidwin, Shawn Steffan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 9–26

research-article | 30-November-2018

Data of an Iranian Population of L. proximus Sturhan & Argo, 1983, with taxonomic revision of L. israelensis Peneva, Orion, Shlevin, Bar-Eyal & Brown, 1998 (Nematoda: Longidoridae) and Proposal for a New Synonymy

′-ACAAGTACCGTGAGGGAAAGTTG-3′) and reverse D3B (5′-TCGGAAGGAACCAGCTACTA-3′) (Nunn, 1992) primers. The internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) fragment was amplified using the forward primer rDNA1 (5′-TTGATTACGTCCCTGCCCTTT-3′) and the reverse primer rDNA1.58s (5′-ACGAGCCGAGTGATCCACCG-3′) (Subbotin et al., 2000). PCR was carried out for both the aforementioned fragments in a total volume of 40 μl (12 μl distilled water, 20 μl 2x Master mix (Ampliqon, Denmark), 2 μl of each primer (10 pMol/μl), and 4 μl of DNA template). The

Mazdosht Giti, Leila Kashi, Majid Pedram

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

Article | 21-July-2017

Description of Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp. (Dorylaimida, Nordiidae) from Southern Iran and Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

sequences of 28S rDNA D2/D3 and internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) fragments. Compared to Enchodorus neodolichurus, it has basic differences in tail characters and spicule lengths. Molecular phylogenetic studies using partial sequences of 28S rDNA D2/D3 fragment of the new species and available sequences of Nordiidae members and several other dorylaim species/genera, revealed E. yeatsi n. sp. and E. dolichurus forming a clade with 0.81 Bayesian posterior probability (BPP). This


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 21–26

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Description of Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae) from Iran

. sturhani. The morphological differences of the new species with the aforementioned species are discussed. For all the aforementioned species (except L. protae, currently lacking molecular data) the differences of the new species was also confirmed with differences in molecular sequences of D2-D3 expansion domains of 28S rDNA and the corresponding phylogenetic analyses. The partial sequence of the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) of the new species was also used in phylogenetic analyses. In partial

Farshad Gharibzadeh, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 207–218

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Molecular Characterization and Phylogeny of Ditylenchus weischeri from Cirsium arvense in the Prairie Provinces of Canada

molecular analysis of many D. weischeri specimens from Canada is presented. Individuals from 41C. arvense or yellow pea grain samples with seeds of C. arvense from the Prairie Provinces were sequenced for the internal transcribed spacer (ITS rDNA), large subunit (LSU) D2D3 28S rDNA, partial segment of small subunit (SSU) 18S rDNA, and the heat shock protein Hsp90 gene. The analysis also included D. weischeri individuals from C. arvense from Russia and garlic with D. dipsaci from the Provinces of Ontario

Mehrdad Madani, Mario Tenuta

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 163–182

research-article | 30-November-2018

Meloidogyne aegracyperi n. sp. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing yellow and purple nutsedge in New Mexico

J. D. Eisenback, L. A. Holland, J. Schroeder, S. H. Thomas, J. M. Beacham, S. F. Hanson, V. S. Paes-Takahashi, P. Vieira

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–16

Report | 21-July-2017

First Report of the Spiral Nematode Helicotylenchus microlobus Infecting Soybean in North Dakota

identified as Helicotylenchus microlobus according to morphological and morphometric characteristics (Subbotin et al., 2015). DNA was extracted from single nematodes (n = 8) using the Proteinase K method (Kumari and Subbotin, 2012). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA was amplified with the primers rDNA2/rDNA1.58S (Cherry et al., 1997). The PCR products were then purified and sequenced. The consensus ITS rDNA sequence (accession no. KY271078, 822 bp) that was


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 1–1

Research Article | 17-October-2018

First Report of the Yellow Nutsedge Cyst Nematode, Heterodera cyperi, in Georgia, U.S.A.

extracted from single cysts (n = 3) and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of rRNA and partial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) genes were amplified with primers TW81/AB28 and Het-coxiF/Het-coxiR, respectively (Subbotin et al., 2001; Subbotin, 2015) and sequenced. The resulting sequences were deposited into the GenBank database (Accession no. MG825344 and MG857126) and also subjected to BLAST searches in the database. ITS sequence of H. cyperi showed 100% similarity (100% coverage) with that of a H. cyperi

Abolfazl Hajihassani, Bhabesh Dutta, Ganpati B. Jagdale, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 456–458

research-article | 26-April-2019

First report of Meloidogyne javanica on Ginger and Turmeric in the United States

Abolfazl Hajihassani, Weimin Ye, Brooke B. Hampton

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–3

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