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Research Article | 03-December-2018

Samplings of Millipedes in Japan and Scarab Beetles in Hong Kong result in five new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae)

The authors describe five new species of Pristionchus from Japan and Hongkong. Scarab beetle samplings in Hongkong identified P. hongkongensis sp. n. and P. neolucani sp. n., representing the first beetle-associated Pristionchus species from China. Surprisingly, samplings of millipedes in Japan revealed a previously unknown association of Pristionchus nematodes with these arthropods. Specifically, the authors found three previously known Pristionchus species, P. arcanus, P. entomophagus, and P

Natsumi Kanzaki, Matthias Herrmann, Kohta Yoshida, Christian Weiler, Christian Rödelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 587–610

research-article | 24-April-2019

Two new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) include the Gonochoristic Sister Species of P. fissidentatus

. was isolated from Holotricha sp. (Coleoptera: Melolonthinae) in Japan and belongs to the lheritieri-species-complex. P. paulseni sp. n. was isolated from Taiwan and represents the gonochoristic sister species of P. fissidentatus. This species exhibits a mouth dimorphism found in many Pristionchus species, suggesting that mouth-form plasticity is an ancestral character in the genus. Most importantly, P. paulseni sp. n. and P. fissidentatus form a new species group of the genus that represents the

Matthias Herrmann, Natsumi Kanzaki, Christian Weiler, Kohta Yoshida, Christian RÖdelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–14

original-paper | 28-March-2019

Biodiversity of Bacteria Associated with Eight Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) P. Kumm. Strains from Poland, Japan and the USA

zones (PB63S, PBo6S, PxS, P234, P112 – Poland; PB7’96, PB8 – Japan, PUSAS – the USA) of P. ostreatus were analyzed. All strains were shared by the Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Mushroom Technology at the University of Life Sciences in Lublin. According to our knowledge, the strains analyzed were never cultivated on media containing antibiotics. Before experiments the fungal strains were cultivated for seven days in 28°C on Petri dishes with onion medium (onion extract 1000 ml (150 g of chopped

MARIUSZ ADAMSKI, STANISLAW J. PIETR

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 71–81

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Two nematodes (Nematoda: Diplogastridae, Rhabditidae) from the invasive millipede Chamberlinius hualienensis Wang, 1956 (Diplopoda, Paradoxosomatidae) on Hachijojima Island in Japan

Millipedes may cause unexpected damage when they are introduced to new locations, becoming invaders that leave behind their old parasites and predators. Therefore, it was interesting to find numerous rhabditid nematodes within the gut of the invasive phytophagous millipede Chamberlinius hualienensis Wang, 1956 (Diplopoda, Paradoxosomatidae) from Hachijojima (Japan) in November, 2014. This millipede originated in Taiwan but was discovered in Japan in 1986. The nematodes were identified as

L. K. Carta, W. K. Thomas, V. B. Meyer-Rochow

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 479–486

Research Article | 17-October-2018

High Mitochondrial Genome Diversity and Intricate Population Structure of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Kyushu, Japan

Mitogenomic diversity and genetic population structure of the pinewood nematode (PWN) Bursaphelenchus xylophilus inhabiting Kyushu, Japan were analyzed. A method for performing long PCR using single nematodes and sequencing nematode mitochondrial genomes individually is presented here. About 8 kb (∼55%) of the complete mitochondrial genome was successfully obtained from 285 individuals collected from 12 populations. The 158 single nucleotide polymorphisms detected corresponded to 30 haplotypes

Hanyong Zhang, Erika Okii, Eiji Gotoh, Susumu Shiraishi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 281–302

research-article | 30-November-2020

Pristionchus trametes n. sp. (Diplogastridae) isolated from the mushroom Trametes orientalis in Kyoto, Japan

and methods Nematode isolation and culturing attempts No special permit was required for the material collection at the collection site, and no endangered or protected species was involved in the present study. Several fruiting bodies of T. orientalis on a dead log were collected from Uji, Kyoto, Japan in July 2020. The wood substrate could not be identified because the bark was lost and the wood was partially decomposed. The fruiting bodies were enclosed in a plastic bag, transported to the

Natsumi Kanzaki, Keiko Hamaguchi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Description of Xiphinema parachambersi sp. n. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from Imported Ornamental Plants in Japan with a Key to Xiphinema Species in Group 1

Xiphinema parachambersi n. sp. recovered in Ningbo, China, from the rhizosphere of ornamental plants (Gardenia jasminoides and Euonymus hamiltonianus) imported from Japan is described. The new species is characterized by a long female body 1,830 to 2,109 μm long, odontostyle 105 to 116 μm long, reproductive system mono-opisthodelphic, vulva located anteriorly at 25.2 to 27.7% of total body, long ovary 119 to 292 μm with simple uterus and Z-organ absent, female tail elongated conoid with a

Munawar Maria, Weimin Ye, Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 369–386

Review | 09-October-2019

Rare donor program in Japan

Yoshihiko Tani

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 49–50

research-article | 30-November-2018

Nematicidal activity of fipronil against Pratylenchus zeae in sugarcane

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) is an economically important crop in subtropical and tropical regions. Okinawa is located in the subtropical region in Japan and half of its farmland acreage is used for sugarcane cultivation. Many remote islands in Okinawa are economically reliant on sugarcane-related industries. Plant-parasitic nematodes are one of the major yield limiting factors of sugarcane production (Cadet and Spaull, 2005). Previous studies revealed that 20 to 30% sugarcane yield

Masanori Kawanobe, Koki Toyota, Takashi Seko, Koshi Gunjima

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–14

research-article | 30-November-2018

A draft genome for a species of Halicephalobus (Panagrolaimidae)

), parthenogenesis may have evolved twice independently in these two genera. Consequently, the genome for a Halicephalobus species may reveal illuminating parallelisms in how asexuality influences genomic evolution. Here, we have sequenced the genome of a Halicephalobus strain (NKZ332) isolated from termites in Japan. Because of the paucity of reliable diagnostic morphology for the genus (Anderson et al., 1998), combined with the inability to test species boundaries through crossing experiments, assignment of a

Erik J. Ragsdale, Georgios Koutsovoulos, Joseph F. Biddle

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–4

research-article | 30-November-2018

Developing a real-time PCR diagnostic method for a potential threat to chrysanthemum, Paratylenchus dianthus

One of the most popular flowers in Japan is chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.), that is used on ornamental purposes in many occasions especially for new year’s and religious ceremonies, and even recognized as an edible plant in Japan. The total production of chrysanthemum in Japan in 2016 was 68bn yen (ca. $620m), which consisted one-third of the total cut-flower production and was the number one product of all the cut-flower categories (Statistics by the Japanese Ministry of

Masanori Kawanobe, Koki Toyota, Hidehito Uchihara, Mikoto Takae

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

Article | 01-April-2020

Differences in ABO antibody levels among blood donors: a comparison between past and present Japanese,Laotian,and Thai populations

Passively transfused blood group antibodies cause clinical problems. High titers of anti-A and anti-B seem to be one reason for hemolytic transfusion reactions and for ABO HDN. In Japan,anti-A and anti-B titers notably decreased in the 15 years between 1986 and 2001. At present,titers of more than 100,as measured using the saline method,are rare. Differences in the level of anti-A and anti-B among ethnic populations have been reported; these differences were found to be the result of

Toshio Mazda, Kenji Tadokoro, Ryuichi Yabe, Oytip NaThalang, Te Thammavong

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 38–41

research-article | 30-November-2019

A proposal of Bursaphelenchus uncispicularis Zhuo, Li, Li, Yu & Liao, 2007 as a junior synonyms of B. yongensis Gu, Braasch, Burgermeister, Brandstetter & Zhang, 2006

Prefecture, Japan. The molecular sequences of 28 S D2/D3 region (AM396581) and ITS1/2 (AM180513) were almost identical to those of the Chinese population. However, Kanzaki et al. (2010) provided several morphological differences in male tail and female reproductive tract. A pair of minute P4 were found at the base of the bursa. Although P1 was not described, it could be seen in Figure 1D (Kanzaki et al., 2010). In females, a three-celled structure, which was not mentioned in the original description, was

Jianfeng Gu, Kan Zhuo, Jinling Liao

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

Article | 16-April-2018

Japanese People with Vision Disabilities Rate their Experiences with Information Resources Pertaining to Guide Dogs

This study investigated the experiences of men and women with vision disabilities knowing about and participating in information programs provided by guide dog organisations; and investigated the way information programs affect people’s perceptions and attitudes towards guide dogs in Japan where people are hesitant to acquire a guide dog. The results suggest that the information programs had been widely publicised and were familiar to participants. Younger women were the most experienced

Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Koji Matsumoto, Mitsuaki Ohta, Nobuyo Ohtani

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 70–82

research-article | 17-April-2021

HOTELS IN OBJECTS OF ADAPTIVE ARCHITECTURE: DESIGN AS A MEANS OF TRANSFERRING THE IMAGE OF THE PAST

in the building of the former Ford Motor Company plant Preserved elements of old architecture and equipment – concrete columns; – tape industrial glazing; – terrazzo floors; – canopy for a freight train; Design techniques – painting of brick and concrete surfaces; – emphasized preservation of traces of aging on individual surfaces; Design experience of Japanese designers to transform marine warehouse in Hiroshima (Japan) into a modern hotel for cyclists is also

Iryna BONDARENKO, Xingyi HE

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 5–14

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Ultrasonographic study of the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population

subjects resident in Nnewi, including 167 males and 154 females, were randomized. A written consent was obtained from all patients. The subjects were aged between 18 and 35 years. This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Thyroid glands were scanned using a 2-dimensional ultrasound machine with a 7.5 MHz transducer; model Siemens Sonoline Prima which was made in Japan for Siemens Medical System Incorporated, ultrasound Group, Issaquah, WA, 98029-7002, USA. Results: The study revealed no incidence

Lotanna Somtoo Akudu, Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha, Jervas Ekezie, Chinwe Clarice Ukoha

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 290–295

Research Article | 15-February-2020

The Three-Dimensional Temperature Indication for the Reactor Core by Using Multiple Thermocouples

containment building and the cooling of the core meltdown in the reactor. Confirming the progressive state of diagnosis and the cooling of the reactor core when the serious accident occurs is a very important factor in the development of response strategies after the accident. Japan has taken various measures to deal with accidents after the nuclear accident of Fukushima. Strengthening the reliability of the instrumentation system is also included in the counterstrategies. Therefore, this paper presents

Song Hae Ye, Sooill Lee, Heetaek Lim, Joon Lyou, Sungjin Kim

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 06-July-2017

CHANGING MORTALITY DISTRIBUTION IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FROM 1970 TO 2010: LOOKING AT AVERAGES AND BEYOND THEM

the variation in the mean length of life while the changes in within-country inequality reduced this effect. At the same time, huge alterations in the within-country mortality rankings can be observed. Australia, Japan, Taiwan, Austria and Luxembourg may be said to be the “winners” while most of the post-communist countries are among the “losers”.

Adam Szulc

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 3, 467–496

Article | 09-November-2020

A modified PCR-RFLP genotyping method demonstrates the presence of the HPA-4b platelet alloantigen in a North American Indian population

The diallelic HPA-4 (Pen/Yuk) platelet alloantigen system is polymorphic in Asian populations and accounts for the majority of cases of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia in Japan. At the molecular level, the HPA-4a/4b dimorphism is associated with an arginine/ glutamine substitution at amino acid 143 of the gene encoding platelet glycoprotein IIIa. Unlike the five other major diallelic human platelet antigen systems (HPA-1, -2, -3, -5, and -6), the nucleotide substitution corresponding to

Alexander P. Reiner, Gayle Teramura

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 2, 37–43

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidorinae) from the Rhizosphere of Japanese Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.), a Cryptic Species Related to Xiphinema bakeri Williams, 1961

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp., isolated in Ningbo, China, from the rhizosphere of Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) imported from Japan is described. The new species belongs to Xiphinema non-americanum group 7 and is characterized by medium body length (3.0–3.7 mm), total stylet length 190–201 μm, vulva located anteriorly (V = 30.5%–35.3%), two equally developed female genital branches without uterine differentiation (no Z or pseudo-Z organ and/or spines in the uteri), short tail, convex-conoid

LIRONG ZHAO, WEIMIN YE, MUNAWAR MARIA, MAJID PEDRAM, JIANFENG GU

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 404–417

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Two New Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) from Taiwan and the Definition of the pacificus Species-Complex Sensu Stricto

Asia has emerged as a hotspot of Pristionchus speciation and recent samplings have therefore focused on Islands and mainland settings in East Asia. Here, we describe in a series of three publications the results of our sampling efforts in Taiwan, Japan, and Hongkong in 2016 and 2017. We describe a total of nine new species that cover different phylogenetic species-complexes of the Pristionchus genus. In this first publication, we describe two new species, Pristionchus sikae sp. n. and Pristionchus

Kohta Yoshida, Matthias Herrmann, Natsumi Kanzaki, Christian Weiler, Christian Rödelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 355–368

Article | 30-July-2021

Application of Pont's index to a Pakistani population: a digital stereomicroscopic study

Objective: To investigate the applicability of Pont’s index for predicting maxillary and mandibular dental arch widths in a Pakistani population. Materials and methods: A Hirox digital stereomicroscope (SM) (HIROX KH7700 Japan) was used to construct digital models of fabricated plaster casts. Gender differences in the measured totals of the incisor widths, arch widths and expansion indices were evaluated. Pont’s correlations were computed between measured and predicted arch widths

Fazal Shahid, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis, Grant Clement Townsend

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 236–248

research-article | 14-September-2020

Comparing Gender Homophily among the Multilayer Media Social Networks of Face-to-Face, Instant Messenger and Social Networking Services: A Case Study of a High School Classroom

segregation is important because it creates gender stereotypes and strengthens traditional gender roles. Second, it prevents people from understanding each gender and makes romantic relationships more complex. Third, interactions of both genders enhance the social capital of women. Based on fieldwork in a high school classroom in Japan, the present study examines differences in the degree of gender homophily among various social network layers of communication media, considering, as mentioned above

Naoki Maejima

Connections: The Quarterly Journal, Volume 40 , ISSUE 1, 77–97

Article | 28-April-2020

Persistent anti-Dra in two pregnancies

The Drori (Dra) antigen is one of the ten high-prevalence antigens of the Cromer blood system, which are carried on decayaccelerating factor (DAF, CD55). The Dr(a–) phenotype was first described in a 48-year-old Jewish woman from Bukhara. Her serum contained an antibody to a high-prevalence antigen named anti-Dra. Most known individuals with the Dr(a–) phenotype are Jews from the geographic area of Bukhara, but individuals from Japan have also been described. Antibodies in the

Naomi Rahimi-Levene, Abraham Kornberg, Gabriela Siegel, Valery Morozov, Eilat Shinar, Orna Asher, Cyril Levene, Vered Yahalom

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 3, 126–128

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

Aim:The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques.Material and method:34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan) ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1–6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Case report | 10-January-2018

Effectiveness of the Sitting Position Without Back Support

Purpose: In the field of neuroscience nursing in Japan, the “sitting position without back support” (SB) has promoted earlier ambulation, improved level of consciousness, and prevented disuse syndrome in patients with disturbance of consciousness and impaired mobility. This research was conducted with the aim of examining if respiratory function improved using SB on acute patients on ventilation in ICU. Method: The research design involved daily administration of

Nobuko Okubo

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 31–39

research-article | 30-November-2019

Intraspecific variation in phenotypic and phylogenetic features among Pratylenchus penetrans isolates from Wisconsin, USA

, Vernon Co. Vernon-a soybean Pp1 MT527050 MT528232 USA, Wisconsin, Waushara Co. Waushara-c kidney beans Pp1 MT527017 MT528188 USA, Nebraska, Otoe Co. – apple Pp1 MK877987b – USA, Nebraska, Phelps Co. – corn Pp1 MK877993b – Japan, Chiba CA193a wild carrot Pp1 KY817024a EU130857c The Netherlands, Zoetermeer T181a grasses Pp1 KY817007a Colombia, San Vicente T666a cape gooseberry Pp1 KY816982a KY828351a Colombia, San Vicente T677a cape gooseberry Pp1 KY816981a KY828350a

Kanan Saikai, Ann E. MacGuidwin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

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