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research-article | 30-November-2020

Device-to-device and mobile user communication with queuing in NOMA-based network

mutual interference exists, appropriate power control methods need to be implemented to ensure signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) is above a certain threshold level for guaranteed quality of service (QoS). Another factor that is influenced due to the presence of D2D pairs and mobile users simultaneously is a delay or the latency, which is an important factor for time-sensitive applications. If both physical layer and latency need to be improved together, the channel state and queuing at

Vipin Balyan, Dhiraj Gupta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–6

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Functional correlates of brain aging: beta and gamma components of event-related band responses

unknown. The effect of aging on beta (β1: 12.5–20; β2: 20.5–30 Hz) and gamma (γ1: 30.5–49; γ2: 52–69 Hz) band components of ERP was studied in an auditory discrimination task (low-frequency and high-frequency tone) at frontal, central, parietal and occipital cortical locations at short latency (post-stimulus interval 0–250 ms; putative sensory processing) and long latency (250–600 ms; putative cognitive) periods. Beta1 component of the short

Mario Christov, Juliana Dushanova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 98–109

Short Communication | 06-February-2018

Effect of ethanol on the visual-evoked potential in rat: dynamics of ON and OFF responses

The effect of acute ethanol administration on the flash visual-evoked potential (VEP) was investigated in numerous studies. However, it is still unclear which brain structures are responsible for the differences observed in stimulus onset (ON) and offset (OFF) responses and how these responses are modulated by ethanol. The aim of our study was to investigate the pattern of ON and OFF responses in the visual system, measured as amplitude and latency of each VEP component following acute

Redas Dulinskas, Rokas Buisas, Valentina Vengeliene, Osvaldas Ruksenas

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 190–197

Research Article | 01-June-2011

Vedic Mathematics Based 32-Bit Multiplier Design for High Speed Low Power Processors

P. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. Dandapat, P. Bhattacharyya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 268–284

Research Article | 01-September-2017


of Virtex4 family. Implementation was done for both signed and unsigned number systems, having bit width of operands vary as an exponential function of 􀀂􀀃, where 􀀃=2 to 5. Performance parameters have been calculated in terms of clock frequency, FPGA slice utilization, latency and power consumption. Implementation results indicate that multiplicative based algorithm is superior in terms of latency, while digit recurrence algorithms are consuming low power along-with less area overhead.

D. Kumar, P. Saha, A. Dandapat

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 630–645

research-article | 30-November-2020

Experimental chronic sleep fragmentation alters seizure susceptibility and brain levels of interleukins 1β and 6

, expressed as percentage; latency period – time between lindane administration and first convulsion and seizure severity – modified descriptive scale with grades from 0 to 4. The grades were defined as in our previous studies (Stanojlović et al., 2009): 0 – no convulsive behavior; grade 1 – head nodding, lower jaw twitching; grade 2 – myoclonic body jerks (hot plate reaction), bilateral forelimb clonus with full rearing (Kangaroo position); 3 – progression to generalized clonic convulsions followed by

Željko Grubač, Nikola Šutulović, Djudja Jerotić, Sonja Šuvakov, Aleksandra Rašić-Marković, Djuro Macut, Tatjana Simić, Olivera Stanojlović, Dragan Hrnčić

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 96–109

research-article | 05-September-2020

Testing the Rip Van Winkle Effect: Sleep Extension following Nominal and Restricted Sleep

nights of extended sleep (>9 h) in the laboratory. The authors reported that auditory vigilance (7–9), complex motor performance (9), sleepiness (10), and mood (7) significantly worsened following extended sleep nights compared to control nights. Further, Roehrs et al. (11) observed that after 1–3 nights of sleep extension, sleep latency tested 2 hours after waking was reduced in a group of alert participants (baseline sleep latency ≤ 16 min). Together, these studies suggest that oversleeping or

CJ Hilditch, WC Dement, MA Carskadon

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 2–17

research-paper | 30-November-2020

Role of NR2B/ERK signaling in the neuroprotective effect of dexmedetomidine against sevoflurane induced neurological dysfunction in the developing rat brain

of a 120 cm circular pool with a depth of 50 cm filled with about 450 L warm water. A hidden circular platform was placed 1.5 cm below the water surface. Each rat was placed in the maze from four random points of the tank and released to find the hidden platform for 2 min. The time of rat taken to reach the hidden platform (latency) was recorded. If the rat did not reach the platform within 2 min, the rat was gently placed on the platform and left for the 20 s. All rats have received training

Guohua Li, Fang Cao, Yanwu Jin, Yu Wang, Dawei Wang, Limin Zhou

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 3, 271–278

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

The impact of returning to a daytime schedule on sleep, performance and mood after simulated fixed and rotating split shift schedules

(p<0.001). Stage R sleep was not significantly different to BL upon RTDS, however amount of N3 sleep upon RTDS was significantly reduced compared to BL in the Fixed B condition. For all conditions, sleep onset latency, N2 onset latency and N3 onset latency were significantly longer during RTDS compared to baseline (p<0.05). Consistent with previous litera-ture, split shift schedules did not result in cumulative impairments to sleep and performance. However, findings suggest that workers may

Stephanie Centofanti, Michelle Short, Cassie J Hilditch, Jillian Dorrian, Mark Kohler, Siobhan Banks

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 39–56

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Differences in spatio-temporal distribution of the visual P3b event-related potential between young men and women

topography of the P3b potential is consistently determined in both the standard and three-stimulus oddball tasks and in visual modality. Maximum amplitude of this potential, measured on the scalp surface via EEG electrodes, can be observed at parietal regions with a broad peak around 300–450 ms after the onset of the stimulus (Polich, 2007; Volpe et al., 2007; Lafuente et al., 2017). The latency of the P3b potential is shorter over frontal regions and longer over parietal regions (Polich, 2007). The P3b

Karina Maciejewska, Zofia Drzazga

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 25–38

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Protective effects of M8-B, a TRPM8 antagonist, on febrile- and pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures

to control for hyperthermia. All experiments were videotaped and the latency to the first sign of febrile seizure, including increased frequency of urination and tonic-clonic contraction, was recorded. For induction of PTZ-induced seizure, PTZ was administrated at a dose of 80 mg/kg, 30 min after administration of normal saline (10 ml/kg), diazepam (3 mg/kg), or M8-B (3, 6, and 9 mg/kg). The experiments were videotaped and the following parameters were recorded: stage 2 (S2L) and stage 4 (S4L

Nazanin Zandi, Nosaibeh Riahi Zaniani, Ali Moghimi, Ali Roohbakhsh

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 86–91

research-article | 15-June-2020

High-resolution ultrasonography of the sural nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

recorded for all the diabetic patients. Ultrasonography parameters, including cross sectional area (cm2), maximum thickness of nerve fascicle (cm) and thickness/width ratio, were recorded for all the cases and controls. Nerve conduction was evaluated using three parameters: amplitude (µV), conduction velocity (cm/s) and latency, (ms) in the cases and controls. CSA, MTNF and T/W ratio as well as amplitude, latency and velocity were compared between group A and group B using the t-test. Furthermore, the

Kunwar Pal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Nilanshu Kataria, Vijinder Arora, Nimisha Nagpal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e83–e89

Article | 07-May-2018

The Remote Control System Based on the Virtual Reality

Aiming at the issues of random delay and delay uncertainty of the control information network, a kind of network remote closed-loop control structure based on virtual reality simulation is proposed. The method in accordance with the idea of open-loop system to achieve closed-loop control make the influence of network latency excluded real-time little closed-loop control system of controlled object value and no effect on the characteristics of the controlled object. Simulation results show that

Su Xiaohui, Dong Qiyu, Huang Mengyao, Xu Shuping

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 22–27

research-article | 30-November-2021

Optimising data visualisation in the process control and IIoT environments

Introduction Digital transformation creates a need for protocols convergence to ensure cross-system data exchange (Bassi, 2017) and efficient machine-to-machine communication. OPC UA, MQTT, and COAP are some protocols that facilitate cross-system data exchange in the fast-changing data environment. These protocols are functionally achieving common goals in terms of data interoperability but have significant differences in their make in both overheads and data latency. In the IIoT and the 4IR

Robin Maharaj, Vipin Balyan, Mohammed Tariq Khan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 1–14

Article | 30-November-2018

Research of Network Closed-loop Control System Based on the Model Predictive Control

Delay to 0, that is without delay, adjust the PID parameters (how much) to get the response curve satisfied. Secondly, to maintain the constant of the PID parameters, increase the network delay value gradually when the network delay value is set to 0.02s to get feedback curve in Figure 2 (a), the performance of the system compared with without delay gradual deterioration this time, when the network latency increased to 0.05s, the feedback curve in Figure 2 (b), system becomes a oscillation system

Xu Shuping, Wang Shuang, Guo yu, Su Xiaohui

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 30–37

Research paper | 29-September-2017

Narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder show different slow wave activity dynamics

using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS), and objectively using the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT). All subjects underwent polysomnography (PSG) on the two consecutive nights. The data from the second night was analysed. The slow wave activity (SWA, 1–4 Hz) was calculated for the three consecutive sleep cycles, and topographic delta power maps were plotted. In contrast to narcoleptics, psychiatric hypersomniacs had undisturbed nocturnal sleep, high sleep

Ewa Walacik-Ufnal, Anna Justyna Piotrowska, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Marcin Ufnal, Marek Kabat, Marcin Wojnar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 147–156

Article | 01-December-2014


experiences which may support other researchers to achieve success without wasting resources are reported. Moreover, presented research analyses of some unusual observations made in a proto-typed smart home monitoring system have been discussed. Packet delivery ratio (PDR) and latency are among a few reliability issues that have been analysed and addressed in this article to make the system more robust.

H. Ghayvat, A. Nag, N. K. Suryadevara, S.C. Mukhopadhyay, X. Gui, J. Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1997–2013

Article | 01-December-2015


that our proposed algorithm achieves a better performance in terms of the delivery ratio and average latency than the other three protocols.

Jianbo Li, Shan Jiang, Youmei Song, Jixing Xu, Yan Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2136–2158

Article | 01-December-2016


Due to node’s mobility, Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs) feature the nonexistence of end-to-end path between source and destination, frequent topology partitions and extremely high delivery latency, thus posing great challenges to successful message transmission. To improve routing performance and provide high quality communication service, nodes’ social characteristics are exploited to routing design recently. Hence, a social popularity based routing algorithm is proposed, named SPBR which takes

Youmei Song, Jianbo Li, Chenglong Li, Fushu Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 1687–1709

Research paper | 22-August-2018

Administration of muscarinic antagonists induce changes in passive avoidance learning and in synaptic transmission in the CA1 area of the hippocampus

in the CA1 region under chloral hydrate anaesthesia to record the field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) in response to Schaffer collateral stimulation. Selective M2 receptor antagonists methoctramine and selective M1 receptors antagonist pirenzepine were intraperitoneally injected immediately after training. The effects on memory retention were examined using passive avoidance training. We measured latency of the first entry into a dark compartment of the chamber. fEPSP amplitude and

Yulia V. Dobryakova, Olga Y. Ivanova, Vladimir A. Markevich

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 2, 132–139

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Acute cold allodynia induced by oxaliplatin is attenuated by amitriptyline

). Antiallodynic activity of intraperitoneal amitriptyline was assessed for doses of 1, 2.5 and 10 mg/kg. A statistically significant decrease in latency time to pain reaction was detected for all temperatures applied, but the earliest response (i.e., 2 h post-injection) was noted at 2.5°C. In all experimental groups early-phase cold allodynia was fully developed 3 h after oxaliplatin injection and it was maintained until the end of the observation period (7 days). Early-phase cold allodynia induced by

Anna Furgała, Robert Sałat, Kinga Sałat

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 315–321

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Omitted Stimulus Potential depends on the sensory modality

somatosensory stimuli were applied. Twenty healthy young college volunteers completed within-subjects trials with sensory stimuli at a fixed frequency of 0.5 Hz that ceased unpredictably. These passive trials required no behavioural response and were administered to measure the complete set of OSP (i.e., the rate of rise, amplitude and peak latency). OSPs showed a faster rate of rise for auditory stimuli compared to visual or somatosensory stimuli. Auditory stimuli also produced a shorter time to peak and

Oscar Hernando Hernández, Karla María Hernández-Sánchez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 297–304

Original Paper | 02-April-2015

The ILAE definition of drug resistant epilepsy and its clinical applicability compared with “older” established definitions

fulfillment of all other definitions did not differ. Fifty percent of all patients experienced a seizure free period of _1 year prior to being classified as drug resistant, 13% entered another 1-year remission after fulfilling any criteria for drug resistance. Conclusion. We conclude that the ILAE definition identifies drug resistant epilepsy, with similar latency like two of three formerly used definitions. It is an easy applicable tool to minimize the delay of referral to a specialized center

Alexandra Rohracher, Judith Dobesberger, Claudia A. Granbichler, Julia Höfler, Giorgi Kuchukhidze, Martin Ortler, Iris Unterberger, Gerald Walser, Aljoscha Thomschewski, Eugen Trinka

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 39–44

research-paper | 12-August-2019

The effects of moderate running exercise and L-tyrosine on penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in rats

. The ECoG signals were amplified using a BioAmp and transferred to a Power Lab 8/SP (both from AD Instruments, Australia; bioamp range, 5 mV; low pass, 120 Hz; high pass, 0.03 s; notch, 50 Hz) data recording system. Fig. 1. Experimental application process performed in the present study. The ECoG activity was continuously recorded for 180 min, displayed, and stored using a computer. The frequency (min–1) and amplitude (mV) values of spike/wave complexes and the latency (s) of onset of the first

Yildirim Kayacan, Emin Can Kisa, Babak Elmi Ghojebeigloo, Suleyman Emre Kocacan, Mustafa Ayyildiz, Erdal Agar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 148–154

research-article | 15-October-2020

Diazepam and electrical stimulation of paleocerebellar cortex inhibits seizures in pentylenetetrazol-kindled rats

ANOVA and Newman-Keuls test for latency of seizures; Kruskal-Wallis followed with a post hoc test was used for seizure severity; and “z” criteria for comparing two proportions. The severity of seizures was presented as median (Me) and quartiles – first and third: Me (Q1-Q3). The latency of seizures was presented as a mean value (M) ± sigma deviation (SD). P values <0.05 were considered significant. To avoid the influence of outliers, only observations falling between median ±3.0 SD of the sample

Leonid S. Godlevsky, Oleksii O. Shandra, Mykhailo P. Pervak, Alexey A. Shandra

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 322–330

research-article | 30-November-2019

Acute effect of energy boost dietary supplement on P3 waveform: double blind, placebo controlled study

350-700 ms for visual task and 250-700 ms for auditory task. In addition, we also used a narrower time window: 350-550 ms for visual and 250-450 ms for auditory task. For the P3 latency measurements, 50% area latency was used as the midpoint latency (the time point that divided the area under the curve into two equal halves) within time window 300-500 ms for visual task and 200-400 ms for auditory task, using only positive values (negative values were zeroed). This approach is similar to measuring

Karina Maciejewska, Karolina Grabowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 411–423

research-paper | 30-November-2020

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and nitric oxide contribute to protective effects of rosiglitazone on learning and memory in hypothyroid rats

the dark and light segments of the apparatus. In the second phase, rats were placed inside the lightbox, and the adjoining door was gently opened to allow the rats to access the dark side of the testing box. Upon entry, the door was closed, and the rat received a 2mA shock to the feet (2 s). The third phase was done at 3, 24, and 48 h after the shock (phase 2). In phase 3, rats were placed inside the light segment of the box. After the door was removed, the latency to enter the dark segments, the

Yousef Baghcheghi, Farimah Beheshti, Hossein Salmani, Mahmoud Hosseini

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 3, 218–232

Research paper | 25-July-2017

EEG source activity during processing of neutral stimuli in subjects with anxiety disorders

patients with anxiety disorders committed more errors than the controls, had a short latency of P300 and higher amplitude of ERPs at all steps of stimulus processing. Furthermore, we showed that there was a relationship between the scores of Hamilton Anxiety Scale and Beck Depression Inventory, and amplitudes and latencies of ERPs. The results of LORETA analysis showed that enhanced neural responses were found within circuits mediating visual information processing, sustained

Bartłomiej Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Jan Kamiński, Ewa Drozdowicz, Maciej Kopera, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Waldemar Szelenberger, Marcin Wojnar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 75–85

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a novel Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor, DMNG-3

biological samples was applied to study its pharmacokinetics and tissues distribution. Separation was achieved on C18 column using a mobile phase consisting methanol‑water (70:30, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The intra- and inter-day precisions were good and the RSD was all lower than 1.30%. The mean absolute recovery of DMNG-3 in plasma ranged from 88.55 to 96.45%. Our results showed oral administration of DMNG-3 (10, 25, 50 mg/kg/day) can significantly improve the latency and number of errors and

Xin-Guo Zhang, Fei Kou, Guo-Di MA, Peng Tang, Zhong-Duo Yang

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 117–124

Research Article | 01-December-2017


The advanced monitoring and control applications consider Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) as a promising technology for modern applications like the Internet of Things (IoT), Smart Grid and Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN). The WSN has important features like less cost, low power usage, supportable data rates and complexity. There is a need for continuous research on improving characteristics and abilities of WSN. The reliable performance of WSN depends on the latency necessities depending on

Vikram K, Sarat Kumar Sahoo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 879–902

Article | 30-November-2018


countries. The ability to cause latent infection (latency of the virus in macrophages, T lymphocytes and the endocrine gland cells) and persistent infection (constant replication and secretion of viruses without any clinical symptoms) are phenomena so epidemiologically unfavourable that they allow the rapid spread of the virus in the population. The primary infection most often occurs in childhood and in most cases, similarly to the secondary infections appearing among immunocompetent persons, has an

Anna Majewska, Beata Młynarczyk-Bonikowska, Magdalena Malejczyk, Sławomir Majewski, Grażyna Młynarczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 291–299

research-article | 30-November-2020

Performance evaluation of vertical handover in Internet of Vehicles

. Integration of IoV with advanced wireless communication technologies such as 5G makes it a heterogeneous network (Ndashimye et al., 2020). It composes of Wi-Fi, Long-Term Evolution (LTE), and others. In general, vehicle communication is supported for both safety and non-safety data transmissions. The vehicles use dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) which enables low latency communication for short-distance vehicles. In IoV, vehicles use DSRC for communication; however, due to its shorter range and

Shaik Mazhar Hussain, Kamaludin Mohamad Yusof, Shaik Ashfaq Hussain, Rolito Asuncion

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–16

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