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Research paper | 01-June-2011


In this paper, composition analysis using scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (SEM-EDX) and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for particulate matter in diesel exhaust is presented. Conventionally, scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) has been widely used to obtain particle size distribution of the suspended particles. However, real-time analysis of the composition of diesel particulate matter is difficult because of the small sized particles

S. Ikezawa, M. Wakamatsu, T. Ueda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 174–188

Article | 24-July-2017

Discopersicus n. gen., a New Member of the Family Tylenchidae Örley, 1880 with Detailed SEM Study on Two Known Species of the Genus Discotylenchus Siddiqi, 1980 (Nematoda; Tylenchidae) from Iran

Discopersicus iranicus n. gen., n. comb., previously described from Iran as a new species under the genus Discotylenchus, is illustrated using light microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations and further studied using molecular characters. SEM studies revealed the newly proposed genus has oblique amphidial apertures on the lateral sides of the lip region. SEM images are also provided for two species of Discotylenchus, namely D. discretus and D. brevicaudatus, as the first


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 214–221

Research Article | 27-December-2017


Semiconductive nanometer-size material ZnCo2O4 was synthesized by a solution combustion reaction of inorganic reagents of Zn(NO3)3. 6H2O, Co(NO3)3.6H2O and glycine as a fuel. The process was a convenient, environment friendly, inexpensive and efficient preparation method for the ZnCo2O4 nanomaterial. The synthesized materials were characterized by TG/DTA, XRD, EDX, SEM, and TEM. Conductance responses of the nanocrystalline ZnCo2O4 thick film were measured by exposing the film to reducing gases

S. V. Bangale

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 178–195

research-article | 03-June-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Labronema montanum sp. n. (Dorylaimida, Dorylaimidae) from Spain

80i (Nikon, Tokio, Japan) microscope with differential interference contrast (DIC) optics, a drawing tube (camera lucida) and a Nikon Digital Sight DS-U1 camera. Photographs were edited using Adobe® Photoshop® CS software. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Specimens preserved in glycerine were selected for observation under SEM according to Abolafia (2015). They were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol–acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed

R. Peña-Santiago, J. Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

Article | 21-July-2017

A Third New Species of Aporcelinus Andrassy, 2009 (Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam, with the First SEM Study of a Representative of the Genus

, and male absent. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) study, the first of a representative of the genus, shows a lip region pattern significantly different from that observed in the typical aporcelaimid taxa.


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 104–108

Original Paper | 28-June-2017

Intracellular Siderophore Detection in an Egyptian, Cobalt-Treated F. solani Isolate Using SEM-EDX with Reference to its Tolerance

An Egyptian, plant pathogenic Fusarium solani isolate was grown on cobalt concentrations of 0, 50, 200, 500, 800, and 1000 ppm. The iso­late survived concentrations up to 800 ppm, however failed to grow at 1000 ppm. Morphology and elemental analysis of the isolate under the investigated Co concentrations were studied using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The isolate reserved its morphology up to a concentration of 200 ppm. Morphological

Farrag M. Rasha

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 235–243

Article | 21-July-2017

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from Vietnam (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae)

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from evergreen forest soil in Vietnam is described, including scanning electron micrograph (SEM) observations and D2-D3 LSU rDNA analysis. The new species is characterized by its 3.12 to 5.80mmlong body, lip region offset by deep constriction and 21 to 23 mm broad, mural tooth 13 to 14 mm long at its ventral side, 940 to 1,112 mm long neck, pharyngeal expansion occupying 61% to 69% of total neck length, uterus a long simple tube-like structure 292 to 363


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 95–103

research-article | 30-November-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Oscheius saproxylicus sp. n. (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) From Decaying Wood in Spain, With New Insights into the Phylogeny of the Genus and a Revision of its Taxonomy

De Ley et al. (1995) and Abolafia and Peña-Santiago (2017), respectively. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Specimens preserved in glycerine were selected for observation under SEM according to Abolafia (2015). They were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany). DNA Extraction, PCR and Sequencing Nematode DNA was extracted from single

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

research-article | 01-October-2021

Redescription and phylogenetic analysis of the type species of the genus Panagrellus Thorne, 1938 (Rhabditida, Panagrolaimidae), P. pycnus Thorne, 1938, including the first SEM study

characterized molecularly and used for phylogenetic analyses. In the present paper, a cultured population of P. pycnus collected in Italy and used as food for carnivorous tardigrades is studied providing new LM and SEM illustrations and molecular data. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and culture The nematodes were initially obtained from rotting pears on the ground in Borgata Città, Bologna, Italy (44°34′42.7″N 11°10′26.6″E; 27th October 2019; leg. Matteo Vecchi). Other than nematodes, the

Joaquín Abolafia, Matteo Vecchi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–20

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Description of Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), and Proposal for a New Combination

One new and one known species of the genus Aphelenchoides from Iran are studied. Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. is mainly characterized by having five lines in the lateral fields at mid-body, and a single mucro with several tiny nodular protuberances, giving a warty appearance to it, as revealed by detailed scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies. The new species is further characterized by having a body length of 546 to 795 μm in females and 523 to 679 μm in males, rounded lip region

Farzad Aliramaji, Ebrahim Pourjam, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 437–452

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Spinocephalus tessellatus n. gen., n. sp. (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae) from Iran, a nematode with a new morphological pattern at lip region

, Kirjanoviinae), is described from SEM studies to compare the morphology of the two species. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and processing The nematodes were extracted with a modified Baermann tray method (Whitehead and Hemming, 1965), killed and fixed by hot FPG (4:1:1, formaldehyde: propionic acid: glycerol), processed to anhydrous glycerol (Grisse, 1969), and mounted on glass microscope slides. Light microscopy (LM) Photomicrographs were taken with a Nikon Eclipse 80i (Nikon, Tokyo, Japan

Joaquín Abolafia, Manouchehr Hosseinvand, Ali Eskandari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

Article | 30-July-2021

Comparison of traditional orthodontic polishing systems with novel non-orthodontic methods for residual adhesive removal

of orthodontic brackets. After debonding, residual adhesive was removed with a 12-fluted titanium carbide bur. The teeth were randomly divided into seven groups (N = 5 per group) and the enamel surface was polished with one of seven products. All samples were re-scanned for surface roughness and subjectively evaluated via SEM. Results: There was no significant difference in enamel surface roughness between the groups when compared using surface profilometry. Visual observations from the SEM

John Andrews, Joseph L. Hagan, Paul C. Armbruster, Richard W. Ballard

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 41–47

Research Article | 15-February-2020

NTC Thermistors of Y-Al-Mn-Fe-Ni-Cr-O Ceramics for Wide Temperature Range Measurement

NTC thermistors of Y-Al-Mn-Fe-Ni-Cr-O systems were fabricated by using normal ceramic processing for wide temperature range measurement. Pt-Rh alloy as electrodes was inserted into the body during the forming process to increase the reliability of high temperature and to decrease the contact resistance. The properties were analyzed by XRD, SEM and resistance measurement. There are no distinct XRD patterns between Y0.2Al0.1Mn0.27Fe0.16Ni0.27Ox and Y0.2Al0.1Mn0.264Fe0.16 Ni0.264Cr0.012Ox because

Woonyoung Lee, Jinseong Park

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 14-October-2020

Rheological Properties of Pullulan and Aloe Vera Nanofiber Solutions

distance of 20 cm and a flowrate of 7.2 µl/mine. B. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) A Zeiss Auriga Focused ION FE SEM (Oberkochen, Germany). All materials were coated with gold nanoparticles for one minute using a Leica EM MED020 (Wetzlar, Germany) under vacuum. Analysis was carried out at 2.00 kV EHT, and estimation of the dimensions of the fibers was performed using ImageJ and DiameterJ. C. Rheological Properties Prepared mixture was loaded between two 50mm-diameter parallel plates with a gap

Haifa El-sadi, Shady Sally, Alex Bossart, Dilhan Kalyon

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 9–15

research-article | 30-November-2018

Updated description of Paratylenchus lepidus Raski 1975 and P. minor Sharma, Sharma and Khan, 1986 by integrating molecular and ultra-structural observations

et al., 2008, 2009; Van den Berg et al., 2014) have been successfully utilized in pin nematode taxonomy. Recently, several new and known species of nematodes were described based on combined morphological, molecular, and SEM observation (Maria et al., 2018b; Zhuo et al., 2018). Moreover, DNA studies have significant advantages to precisely identify morphologically similar species, such as cryptic species. In an attempt to document the ectoparasitic nematodes from Zhejiang Province, China, two

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Weimin Ye, Jingwu Zheng

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2019

Additional notes on the morphology and molecular data of the Kikuyu root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne kikuyensis (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae)

infected roots. Specimens were prepared for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) by sequential fixation and freeze-drying (Eisenback, 1987). Stylets were extracted in 45% lactic acid as previously described (Eisenback et al., 1980). Perineal patterns were made as described by Hartman and Sasser (1985) and observed according to Eisenback (2010). Whole specimens prepared for light microscopy (LM) were mounted on 4% water agar blocks (Eisenback, 2012). They were photographed with a Nikon D300 DSLR camera

J. D. Eisenback, P. Vieira

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

Research Article | 13-December-2017


ridge structure. Structural characterization of the fabricated structures were investigated using optical microscope and SEM.

P.K. Dey, B. Pramanick, A. RaviShankar, P. Ganguly, S. Das

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 118–129

research-article | 18-March-2020

Cyberbullying: relationship with developmental variables and cyber victimization

= 0.70). The latter was used to measure repressive emotion in the present study. Analyses The proposed model was analyzed by the structural equation modeling (SEM) in LISREL 8.71. Before the analysis, the data were examined for the assumptions of SEM. The two-stage approach in which the measurement and the structural models are tested separately was preferred in SEM (76). Sample size, missing values, outliers, multicollinearity, linearity and homoscedasticity assumptions were met. Since the data

Gülendam Akgül, Müge Artar

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 25–37

original-paper | 31-May-2021

Isolation, Identification, Biocontrol Activity, and Plant Growth Promoting Capability of a Superior Streptomyces tricolor Strain HM10

colony characteristics, pigment color, areal hyphae, the opacity of colony, colony consistency, fragmentation pattern, and growth under the surface of liquid media. Otherwise, for visualization of aerial hyphae, hypha, and spore characteristics under the scanning electron microscope (SEM), S. tricolor strain HM10 was grown for 48 h in a growth medium. The bacteria were harvested at 6,000 rpm by centrifugation for 10 min and subjected to the method of a critical drying point (Dhanjal and Cameotra 2010


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 245–256

Original Research | 11-December-2017

Description of Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. (Cephalobidae: Rhabditida) in South Korea

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Joong-Ki Park

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 162–167

Article | 01-June-2012


short response time and large recovery time. Physical and structural properties of the film material were studied by SEM, TEM, XRD and UV spectroscopy.

N. K. Pawar, D. D. Kajale, G. E. Patil, V. G. Wagh, V. B. Gaikwad, M. K. Deore, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 441–457

Article | 01-September-2012


Nanocrystalline sensors having the general formula ZnO + x wt% CeO2, where x = 0, 2, 4 and 6 were prepared by chemical precipitation method and sintered at 400, 600 and 800 oC for 2h in static air atmosphere. The crystal structure and the morphology of the prepared samples were investigated and characterized by using XRD, IR, SEM and TEM techniques. The investigation revealed that the average crystallites size increases with increasing the sintering temperature. The electrical conductivity is

A. M. El-Sayed, F. M. Ismail, M. H. Khder, M. E. M. Hassouna, S. M. Yakout

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 606–623

Article | 01-September-2012


Nanocrystalline ZrO2 (Zirconia) has been synthesized by a conventional precipitation method. The structural, morphological, microstructural, optical and gas-sensing properties of ZrO2 were investigated by using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis spectroscopy and static gas sensing unit, respectively. X-ray diffraction pattern and TEM of the synthesized product reveal their nano-crystalline nature with grain size

Pratap G. Patil, D. D. Kajale, V. P. Patil, G. E. Patil, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 673–684

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Simultaneous Biodegradation of Phenol and n-Hexadecane by Cryogel Immobilized Biosurfactant Producing Strain Rhodococcus wratislawiensis BN38

g/l n-hexadecane (40 cycles). The alkanotrophic strain R. wratislawiensis BN38 preferably degraded hexadecane rather than phenol. SEM revealed well preserved cells entrapped in the heterogeneous super-macroporous structure of the cryogel which allowed unhindered mass transfer of xenobiotics. The immobilized strain can be used in real conditions for the treatment of contaminated industrial waste water

Alexander E. Hristov, Nelly E. Christova, Lyudmila V. Kabaivanova, Lilyana V. Nacheva, Ivanka B. Stoineva, Petar D. Petrov

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 287–293

research-article | 30-November-2019

Study on the suitability of ZnO thin film for dynamic pressure sensing application

microstructure, morphology, film thickness and composition using the methods, namely, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), etc. X-ray diffraction studies (XRD, Bruker D8 Advance Diffractometer, Model No: A18-A100/D76182) with Nickel filtered Cu Kα radiation, λ  =  0.15406 nm, in the 2θ range 20o to 90o were conducted to evaluate the structural properties. Surface morphology and cross-section of the thin films were analyzed using field emission

Suma M. N., Venkateswarlu Gaddam, M. V. N. Prasad, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research paper | 13-December-2017


M. Shafiei, K. Kalantar-zadeh, W. Wlodarski, E. Comini, M. Ferroni, G. Sberveglieri, S. Kaciulis, L. Pandolfi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 771–783

research-article | 30-November-2018

The morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of Pratylenchus vulnus Taiwan strawberry isolate

1000X magnification with compound microscope and SEM. Molecular analysis of the ribosomal RNA and mitochondrial gene sequences of the extracted nematodes confirmed their species as P. vulnus (Table 1). The rDNA LSU region (D2A/D3B: ACAAGTACCGTGAGGGAAAGTTG/TCGGAAGGAACCAGCTACTA) (Nunn, 1992), rDNA ITS region (TW81/AB28: GTTTCCGTAGGTGAACCTGC/ATATGCTTAAGTTCAGCGGGT) (Amiri et al., 2002; Subbotin et al., 2001), rDNA SSU region (SSU18A/SSU26R: AAAGATTAAGCCATGCATG/CATTCTTGGCAAATGCTTTCG) (Eyualem and

Yu-po Lin, Wan-chun Lee, Pei-che Chung, Jiue-in Yang

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

Article | 01-March-2012


ZnO nanorods with different sizes and shapes have been successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal route, using zinc acetate and Cetyltriammonium bromide (CTAB) as the reactants. The thick films of as prepared ZnO were prepared by screen-printing technique in desired pattern. The films are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The gas sensing properties of the materials have been investigated for various

Sarika D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, D. V. Ahire, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 57–70

Article | 04-December-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characteristics of Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n., a New Species of Root–Lesion Nematodes Associated with Carrot in Vietnam


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 276–285

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Annealing Effect on the Structural and Optical properties of SiOx films deposited by HFCVD

J. A. Luna López, A. Benítez Lara, G. García Salgado, D. Hernández de la Luz, M. Pacio, A. Morales Sanchez, S. A. Perez Garcia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research paper | 13-December-2017


Subha Chakraborty, A. Bhattacharya, Ashesh Ray Chaudhuri, T.K. Bhattacharyya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 94–107

research-article | 30-November-2019

On the identity of Eucephalobus oxyuroides (de Man, 1876) Steiner, 1936 (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae), with an updated taxonomy of the genus and notes about its phylogeny

microscopy (SEM) Specimens preserved in glycerine were selected for observation under SEM according to the methods of Abolafia (2015). They were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany). Phylogenetic analyses For phylogenetic relationships, analyses were based on 18S and 28S rDNA gene sequences available in GenBank. The sequences were aligned using

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–20

Article | 01-March-2012


images show nano-particles as clusters with size in the range of 10-20 nm. Electron diffraction pattern of nano-powders annealed at 900oC temperature shows a well distribution of spherical particles due to the effect of citric acid as surfactant in chemical process. Thick films prepared by screen printing technique from zinc oxide nano-powders annealed at different temperatures (500–900 oC), characterized by SEM analysis and tested for various gases. The film prepared from ZnO powder annealed

Sarika D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, V. G. Wagh, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 277–294

Short Communication | 28-June-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Phoma complanata, a New Causal Agent of Archangelica officinalis Hoffm. in Poland

Beata Zimowska, Ewa Dorota Zalewska, Ewa Dorota Król, Agnieszka Furmańczyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 281–285

research-article | 24-April-2020

Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

as template to redraw in CorelDRAW® software version 2018. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) For SEM, the nematodes mounted on permanent slides were cleaned and hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany) (Abolafia, 2015). DNA extraction, PCR reaction, and gel electrophoresis DNA extraction and PCR conditions followed Rashidifard et al. (2019

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

original-paper | 05-December-2019

Structural Changes of Bacillus subtilis Biomass on Biosorption of Iron (II) from Aqueous Solutions: Isotherm and Kinetic Studies

/qt, respectively. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) analysis. Morphology and elemental composition of biosorbent before and after biosorption with Fe(II) ions were examined by the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) (CARL ZEISS SUPRA 55 GEMIN-German Technology Jena, Germany). Biomass samples were glutaraldehyde fixed, attached to 10 mm alumina-based mounts and sputtered with gold particles by using sputter coater (SC7620 ‘Mini


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 549–558

Article | 01-September-2012


Thick film technique is popular because of low cost, simple for construction and better sensing surface area, hence for resistive gas sensor thick films of pure ZrO2 powder were prepared by Standard screen printing technique. The material was characterized by X-Ray diffraction pattern, surface morphology was observed by SEM, elemental composition were observed by EDAX and optical properties were studied with UV spectroscopy Techniques, electrical properties were studying with different applied

S. B. Deshmukh, R. H. Bari, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, G. H. Jain, L. A. Patil

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 540–558

Research Article | 27-December-2017

Pure and Cupricated BaSnO3 thick film resistor: Synthesis, Characterization and studies on its gas sensing performance

for gas concentration of 50 ppm with film dipped for 10 min. time interval. The characterization of the films was done by XRD, SEM and TG-DTA. Crystallite size, texture coefficient, specific surface area, electric properties and gas sensitivity of the films were measured and presented.


International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 433–447

research-article | 07-January-2020


procedure [26], density test – in accordance with EN 12350-6:2000 [27], air content – the pressure method according to EN 12350-7:2001 [28]. The compressive strength of concrete was investigated according to EN 12390-3 [30]. The microstructure and porosity of hardened concrete P1, P2, P1A6b, after 28 days curing in water, were investigated using the following methods: porosity structure parameters are investi-gated according to PN-EN 480-11 [29], the microstructure of concrete according to SEM (Scanning


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 61–71

research-article | 30-November-2018

New data on known species of Hirschmanniella and Pratylenchus (Rhabditida, Pratylenchidae) from Iran and South Africa

. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Specimens preserved in glycerine were selected for observation under SEM according to Abolafia (2015). The nematodes were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany). Statistical analysis Principal component analysis and the correlation of morphometric data using the Pearson method was done by XLSTAT (Addinsoft, 2007

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Joaquín Abolafia, Phatu William Mashela, Nafiseh Divsalar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–26

Research Article | 15-February-2020

As-growth and Annealing Porous Silicon Mirrors for Optical Applications in the UV

this case for multilayer as-growth, and subsequently a dry oxidation was performed to observe the change in refractive index and reflectance. A model that contains the refractive index of silicon, air and silicon oxide is used for predicting the behavior of the reflectance spectra. With this model is possible to control the width of the reflectance spectrum of the band pass or also called Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR), DBR were characterized and measured by SEM and UV-VIS spectroscopy

F. Morales Morales, G. García Salgado, J. A. Luna López, T. Díaz, E. Rosendo, H. Juárez, K. Monfil Leyva, D. Hernández de la Luz

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 30-July-2021

Influence of facial types on sliding mechanics

-treatment appliance surfaces were examined by SEM. Results: BF patients recorded a significantly higher sliding time, lowest retraction rates, and greatest final Ra and RMS (p < 0.001). A comparison of total treatment time and final SK and SS values yielded no significant differences. Significant positive correlations between sliding time and final Ra were identified in both groups. Conclusions: Compared with DF subjects, BF patients registered higher friction between the orthodontic components

María Cadenas-Llano, Raquel Castillo-Oyagüe, Alejandro Iglesias-Linares, Rosa María Yáñez-Vico, Enrique Solano, Daniel Torres-Lagares

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 48–56

Article | 21-July-2017

Coronostoma claireae n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditida: Oxyuridomorpha: Coronostomatidae) from the Indigenous Milliped Narceus gordanus (Chamberlain, 1943) (Diplopoda: Spirobolida) in Ocala National Forest, Florida


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 159–169

research-article | 27-May-2019

Description of Geocenamus vietnamensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Merliniidae) from Vietnam

using the ZEN lite software on ZEISS Axiocam ERc5s digital camera. Raw photographs were edited with Adobe Illustrator CS 3. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) After examination and identification, good specimens were selected for SEM imaging, following the protocol of Abolafia (2015). The nematodes were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol and acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin Scanning Electron Microscope. Molecular

Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–12

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Incidence of Oscheius onirici (Nematoda: Rhabditidae), a potentially entomopathogenic nematode from the marshlands of Wisconsin, USA

mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (CoxI) genes revealed this as Oscheius onirici, a species recently described from a karst cave soil of central Italy. The species belongs to the dolichura-group and is characterized by its DNA sequences; hermaphroditic reproduction; and males not found. A Bacillus-like bacterium appears to be associated with this nematode based on our microscopic and SEM observations; however its identity and persistent association with the nematode has not been confirmed

Weimin Ye, Shane Foye, Ann E. MacGuidwin, Shawn Steffan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 9–26

research-article | 16-April-2020

A new stunt nematode, Geocenamus chengi n. sp. (Nematoda: Merliniinae) in the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis) from Zhejiang Province, China

possesses unique characters and needs to be considered as a new member of the genus. Therefore, this study describes a new Geocenamus species with the following objectives: to provide an integrative morphological and molecular characterization of the new species; to elucidate important morphological details through SEM observations; and to study the phylogenetic relationships of these species with other merlinid and related nematodes. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and morphological study

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

research-article | 22-February-2021

Rotylenchus wimbii n. sp. (Nematoda: Hoplolaimidae) associated with finger millet in Kenya

Kenya. The potential importance of this nematode as a pest of finger millet was evidenced by its dense population in the soil sample and its presence observed in the finger millet root system (revealed by the fuchsin staining method). Nematode characterization was carried out based on morphological information obtained from light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. Illustrations, morphometrics, and molecular information of ITS, 18S, and 28S of rDNA and COI of mtDNA are

Phougeishangbam Rolish Singh, Gerrit Karssen, Kelvin Gitau, Cecilia Wanjau, Marjolein Couvreur, Njira Njira Pili, Godelieve Gheysen, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

research-article | 30-November-2020

Laimaphelenchus africanus n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) from South Africa, a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study, with an update to the diagnostics of the genus

with all species placed in this genus revealed that it belongs to a new species and is described herein as Laimaphelenchus africanus n. sp. This is the second report of a native species of the genus from the African continent. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) images and molecular sequences are provided for the new species as well as an update to the diagnostics of the genus, focused mainly on the nature of the stalk at the tail end. Materials and methods Sampling, nematode extraction and

Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Milad Rashidifard, Joaquín Abolafia, Miloslav Zouhar, Hendrika Fourie, Majid Pedram

Journal Of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Article | 30-July-2021

A comparative evaluation of ion release from different commercially-available orthodontic mini-implants – an in-vitro study

(EDAX) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), respectively. Ten mini implants were immersed for 30 days in Fusayama-Meyer artificial saliva solution and the release of titanium, aluminium and vanadium ions was detected with Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for multi-variate analysis. In order to determine the significant differences between the groups on independent samples, the Mann-Whitney U test (bi-variate analysis) was

Venkateswaran Ananthanarayanan, Sridevi Padmanabhan, Arun B. Chitharanjan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 165–174

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Filenchus pseudodiscus n. sp. from east Golestan province, north Iran; with an updated phylogeny of Malenchus Andrássy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae)

Malenchus (Malenchus) (Andrássy, 1968) and Malenchus (Telomalenchus) (Geraert, 2008; Qing and Bert, 2017; Siddiqi, 2000). There are currently available molecular data for representatives of Filenchus and Malenchus (e.g. Atighi et al., 2013; Qing et al., 2017). The genus Discotylenchus was originally established based upon traditional criteria, and SEM and molecular data of the type populations of its six known species sensu Geraert (2008) are not available. The only available SEM images of the genus

Parnaz Mortazavi, Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Pablo Castillo, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

research-article | 30-November-2018

Serendipitous identification of Pratylenchus curvicauda from the grainbelt of Western Australia

Pingelly with typical P. curvicauda features were fixed in 4% formaldehyde solution and sent to an expert taxonomist in the UK for further characterization. The detailed morphometric measurements obtained were compared with those taken in Australia. Preparation of nematode samples for scanning electron microscopy Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to further characterize P. curvicauda. To do this, single nematodes were fixed in 3% glutaraldehyde in 0.025 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) overnight

Farhana Begum, John Fosu-Nyarko, Shashi Sharma, Bill Macleod, Sarah Collins, Michael G. K. Jones

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–15

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