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research-article | 17-April-2021

FEATURES OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRIES WITH HIGH GNI PER CAPITA AND LOWER MIDDLE GNI PER CAPITA ON THE EXAMPLE OF FINLAND AND UKRAINE

of Finland is of great interest for Ukraine as a standard for solving the problem of waste management and turning them into an additional resource for economic development. In Finland, the highly efficient organization of separate collection, recycling and disposal of municipal waste over 10 years (from 2009 to 2018) has reduced 50-fold the amount of waste disposed to landfills. In 2018, 0.7% of municipal waste was send landfill in Finland. Until recently, Ukraine had a simplified municipal waste

Nonna PAVLIUK, Oleksandra MATYUKHINA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 95–106

Case Study | 18-June-2020

INVESTIGATING THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION – CASE STUDY FOR URBAN AND RURAL MUNICIPALITIES IN POLAND

collection, which include transportation costs, personal costs, as well as administrative costs, including fees for using the environment and the fee for waste management at the landfill. The mass from the separate collection increased for three municipalities from 2014, showing a positive impact of the new regulations considering secondary raw materials for recycling. In the five years of the study, the variable purchase prices of recyclable materials adversely affected the economic efficiency of the

Mariusz WALA, Piotr NOWAKOWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 93–105

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