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research-article | 30-November-2018

New data on known species of Hirschmanniella and Pratylenchus (Rhabditida, Pratylenchidae) from Iran and South Africa

; (ii) to study of morphological variations among different P. hippeastri populations, and (iii) to determine the phylogenetic position of H. anchoryzae from Iran using 28S rDNA and P. hippeastri from South Africa using rDNA and mtDNA genes. Materials and methods Nematode materials In 2015, Hirschmanniella specimens were collected from the rhizosphere of Mentha aquatica in Royan (Mazandaran Province, Iran) and Pratylenchus specimens were collected from rhizosphere soil samples of Cape Willow trees

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Joaquín Abolafia, Phatu William Mashela, Nafiseh Divsalar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–26

research-article | 11-March-2021

Morphological and molecular characters of Scutellonema brachyurus (Steiner, 1938) Andrássy, 1958 from South Africa

South Africa (Van den Berg and Heyns, 1973; Van den Berg et al., 2013). The present paper reports S. brachyurus from natural areas of South Africa. The aims of the study were (1) to study new populations of S. brachyurus using morphology, and (2) to study the phylogenetic position of South African S. brachyurus using 28 S rDNA and mtDNA. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and processing Rhizosphere soil samples were collected from the natural grass from North West and Limpopo provinces of

Ebrahim Shokoohi

journal of nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

Article | 21-July-2017

Steinernema biddulphi n. sp., a New Entomopathogenic Nematode (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) from South Africa

A new species of entomopathogenic nematode (EPN), Steinernema biddulphi n. sp., was isolated from a maize field in Senekal, Free State Province of South Africa. Morphological and molecular studies indicated the distinctness of S. biddulphi n. sp. from other Steinernema species. Steinernema biddulphi n. sp. is characterized IJs with average body length of 663 mm (606–778 mm), lateral fields with six ridges in mid-body region forming the formula 2,6,2. Excretory pore located anterior to mid

HARUN CIMEN, VLADIMI´R PU°zA, JIRI NERMUT, JUSTIN HATTING, TSHIMA RAMAKUWELA, SELCUK HAZIR

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 148–158

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of Meloidogyne hapla on kiwifruit in South Africa

Worldwide, the kiwi (Actinidia spp.) fruit trees are increasingly being cultivated in temperate regions. The genus Actinidia comprises more than 70 species (Peng et al., 2019), with A. deliciosa being the most popular across the world. At Magoebaskloof, Limpopo Province, South Africa, kiwifruits are produced in subtropical regions much closer to the tropical regions in the Southern hemisphere. The location has a high altitude that confers temperate climatic conditions, which are suitable for

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Phatu W. Mashela

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Prionchulus jonkershoekensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mononchida), a new predatory species from South Africa

of species from type material. Species lists of the Prionchulus have been revised and updated by different scientists in the last decade (Andrássy, 2006; Ahmad and Jairajpuri, 2010; Jana et al., 2010). Members of the family Mononchidae, to which the genus Prionchulus belongs, have been poorly studied in South Africa. Only one species, Prionchulus muscorum (Dujardin, 1845) Cobb, 1916 has previously been reported from the Kowynspas (Coetzee, 1968) in the Gauteng Province, South Africa. The genus

Candice Jansen van Rensburg, Hendrika Fourie, Samad Ashrafi, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

research-article | 14-December-2020

Nematodes and the effect of seasonality in grassland habitats of South Africa

(Archidona-Yuste et al., 2016). This is especially true for many habitats in South Africa since most nematode-related studies are focused on agricultural systems and nematodes of economic importance (i.e. crop pests) (Procter, 2012; Fourie et al., 2017). Grasslands, for example, host diverse soil ecosystems, represent more than 40% of Earth’s terrestrial surface area and provide essential ecosystem services including the provision of food, storage of carbon, mitigating droughts and floods, and erosion

Chantelle Girgan, Gerhard du Preez, Mariette Marais, Antoinette Swart, Hendrika Fourie

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–22

research-article | 26-March-2021

Morphological and molecular characterization of Butlerius butleri Goodey, 1929 (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) from South Africa: First report

from vermicompost in Iran and presented the first molecular characterization of the species. In South Africa the genus Butlerius was first reported in 1961 (Heyns, 1961) and are commonly found in soil samples (Dr Marais, ARC-PHP, personal communication). However, populations of the genus are very rarely formally reported in the country. Species of the genus are yet to be reported or described from South Africa. During sampling of compost matter from two different localities in Potchefstroom, North

Chantelle Girgan, Gerhard Du Preez, Hendrika Fourie, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

research-article | 09-April-2020

Examine medicinal plants from South Africa for suppression of Meloidogyne incognita under glasshouse conditions

In South Africa (SA), the majority of the rural and peri-urban populations depend for their daily dietary food needs on vegetables, grains, and leguminous crops produced mainly in household and community gardens, and on smallholder farms (Aliber, 2009). In this resource-poor agricultural sector, available land is often limited and, therefore, frequently re-used, which not only degrades the quality of the soil but also aggravates soil disease and pest problems (Aliber, 2009). Plant-parasitic

Mbokota Candy Khosa, Zakheleni Dube, Dirk De Waele, Mieke Stefanie Daneel

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

research-article | 24-April-2020

Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

phylogenetic studies have focused specifically on Cephalenchus, investigating several aspects of its evolution including inter- and intraspecies and intragenomic variations, correlation of morphology and phylogeny and biogeography (Pereira and Baldwin, 2016; Pereira et al., 2017). During our recent surveys in South Africa, a population of Cephalenchus with a remarkably short stylet, long pharyngeal overlap, and four lines in the lateral field was recovered from the rhizosphere of grasses near a maize field

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

Laimaphelenchus africanus n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) from South Africa, a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study, with an update to the diagnostics of the genus

delimitation of the species, assist in explaining the tentative synonymies (Pedram et al., 2018) and will further clarify the phylogeny of the genus. The genus is known in South Africa by only one representative, L. patulus (Swart, 1997), which has been described based on the traditional criteria. During the present study, a population of the genus, representing an unknown species, was recovered from wood samples of a dead maritime pine tree in Potchefstroom, North-West province, South Africa. Comparisons

Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Milad Rashidifard, Joaquín Abolafia, Miloslav Zouhar, Hendrika Fourie, Majid Pedram

Journal Of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Research Article | 20-December-2018

South African migrants in Australia: an overview

South Africa is a top migrant source country in Australia and has ranked among the top 10 source countries for settler arrivals since the mid-1990s. It stands out in this list as the only country, besides New Zealand, which is not in Europe or Asia, and one that has received little research attention. Yet South Africans form a major migrant group in Australia; and the drivers of their migration and settlement experiences offer important insight into these processes. This paper presents an

Romy Wasserman

South Australian Geographical Journal, Volume 114 , ISSUE 1, 17–28

Review | 09-October-2019

Rare donor program at Western Province Blood Transfusion Service in South Africa

Ruwayda Soeker

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 57–58

Research Article | 18-March-2020

Change-point detection in CO2 emission-energy consumption nexus using a recursive Bayesian estimation approach

This article focuses on the synthesis of conditional dependence structure of recursive Bayesian estimation of dynamic state space models with time-varying parameters using a newly modified recursive Bayesian algorithm. The results of empirical applications to climate data from Nigeria reveals that the relationship between energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission in Nigeria reached the lowest peak in the late 1980s and the highest peak in early 2000. For South Africa, the slope trajectory

Olushina Olawale Awe, Abosede Adedayo Adepoju

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 1, 123–136

original-paper | 23-November-2020

Biofilm Production Potential of Salmonella Serovars Isolated from Chickens in North West Province, South Africa

chickens reared for food in the North West province, South Africa, which is an agricultural hub of the nation to ensure safety of foods and encourage regional trade. Food poisoning may ensue from consuming contaminated raw, fresh, and minimally processed food commodities. Salmonella borne infection outbreaks have been associated with the ingestion of Salmonella infected livestock products such as eggs, poultry meat and pork (Hur et al. 2012; EFSA-ECDC 2018). In the European Union and the United State

STEPHEN ABIOLA AKINOLA, MPINDA EDOAURD TSHIMPAMBA, MULUNDA MWANZA, COLLINS NJIE ATEBA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 427–439

Article | 21-July-2017

Reproduction and Damage Potential of Five Geographical Ditylenchus africanus Populations on Peanut

. africanus geographic populations from five different areas in the peanut production area of South Africa and to assess whether PC254K1 is resistant to all five D. africanus populations. Reproduction of the D. africanus populations was evaluated on peanut callus in growth cabinets at 218C, 288C, and 358C. The peanut cv. Sellie was included in the study as the D. africanus-susceptible reference genotype in the greenhouse and microplots. Reproduction potential of all five of the D

SONIA STEENKAMP, DIRK DE WAELE, ALEXANDER MCDONALD

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 72–78

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea offers neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury in rats

Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, affecting about 240 people a day in South Africa and leaving survivors with residual disabilities. At the moment, there is no clinically approved neuroprotective product for stroke but the consumption of plant polyphenols has been suggested to offer some protection against stroke. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea (FRHT) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury in

Olusiji Akinrinmade, Sylvester Omoruyi, Daneel Dietrich, Okobi Ekpo

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 94–105

Article | 24-July-2017

First Report of the Fig Cyst Nematode, Heterodera fici Kirjanova, on Fig Tree, Ficus carica, in Ontario, Canada

, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Yugoslavia, China, Georgia, Iran,Turkey, Uzbekistan, Australia, New Zealand, United States (California, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, and Virginia), Brazil,Algeria, and South Africa. It is an exotic pest to Canada. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the occurrence of H. fici in Canada.

FENGCHENG SUN, NEIL HENRY, QING YU

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 131–132

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