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research-article | 30-November-2020

Potential of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) for management of root-knot nematode in tomato

Non-chemical approaches to combat various pests and pathogens in agriculture including plant-parasitic nematodes are desirable as they are safer to humans and the environment. However, use of chemical fumigants, especially combinations of 1,3-D and chloropicrin are the standard practice in Florida tomato (Solanum Lycopersicon L.) fields to combat the problem of both RKN and soilborne pathogens (Santos et al., 2006; Minuto et al., 2006; Desaeger et al. 2017). When available, host resistance is

Homan Regmi, Noor Abdelsamad, Peter DiGennaro, Johan Desaeger

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

research-article | 06-March-2020

Control of the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) larvae in laboratory using entomopathogenic nematodes from subtropical environment

Tomato plants are among the world’s most cultivated crops and they are cultivated by both smallholder and commercial farmers in the Kingdom of Eswatini (FAO, 2012). Tomatoes are targeted by a vast number of insect pests and diseases including bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum), fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) and tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Tomato leaf miner is one of the most consequential lepidopteran pests that affect tomato plants (Husin, 2017

Bonginkhosi E. Dlamini, Nelisiwe Dlamini, Michael T. Masarirambi, Nxumalo Kwanele A.

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2020

Endophytic Beauveria bassiana increases galling of ‘Rutgers’ tomato roots with Meloidogyne incognita

; Ownley et al., 2008; Parsa et al., 2013), cowpea (Maketon et al., 2013), fava bean (Akutse et al., 2013), and soybean (Russo et al., 2015). Endophyte colonization of solanaceous crops by Bb has been documented in potato, tomato (Gurulingappa et al., 2010; Leckie, 2002; Ownley et al., 2008; Resquín-Romero et al., 2016), and tobacco (Russo et al., 2015), as well as solanaceous jimsonweed (Jones, 1994). Endophyte colonization of two fiber crops, cotton (Gurulingappa et al., 2010; Jones, 1994; Ownley et

Shalini Yerukala, Ernest C. Bernard, Kimberly D. Gwinn, David M. Butler, Parwinder S. Grewal, Bonnie H. Ownley

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

Isolation and Characterization of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria from Mushroom Residues and their Effect on Tomato Plant Growth Promotion

produced indole acetic acid (61.5%), and six isolates produced siderophores (46.2%). Three highest phosphate-dissolving bacterial isolates, namely, M01, M04, and M11, were evalu­ated for their beneficial effects on the early growth of tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L. Wanza 15). Strains M01, M04, and M11 significantly increased the shoot dry weight by 30.5%, 32.6%, and 26.2%, and root dry weight by 27.1%, 33.1%, and 25.6%, respectively. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and

Jian Zhang, Pengcheng Wang, Ling Fang, Qi-An Zhang, Congsheng Yan, Jingyi Chen

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 57–65

research-article | 30-November-2020

Meloidogyne incognita management by nematicides in tomato production

The production of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a very important industry in the United States with 10 billion kg tomatoes worth $1.6 billion United States dollars (USD) produced in 2019 (USDA-NASS, 2020). Florida produces 54% of fresh market tomatoes, an industry that produced 646 million kg worth $705 million (USD) nationwide in 2019 (USDA-NASS, 2020). Meloidogyne incognita (southern root-knot nematode, SRKN) is a major pest in tomato production, and there are relatively few management

Zane J. Grabau, Chang Liu, Rebeca Sandoval-Ruiz

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

Article | 21-July-2017

Efficacy of Various Application Methods of Fluensulfone for Managing Root-knot Nematodes in Vegetables

growth-chamber experiment, the systemic activity and phytotoxicity of fluensulfone were also evaluated on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), eggplant (Solanum melongena), cucumber, and squash (Curcurbita pepo). At the seedling stage, foliage of each crop was sprayed with fluensulfone at 3, 6, and 12 g a.i./liter, oxamyl at 4.8 g a.i./liter, or water (nontreated control). Each plant was inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita juveniles 2 d after treatment. There were six replications per treatment and the


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 65–71

research-article | 15-April-2019

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide induced resistance against root-knot nematode Meloidogyne hapla is based on increased tomato basal defense

Root-knot nematodes (RKNs; Meloidogyne spp.) are sedentary endoparasitic nematodes that can infect a wide range of plant species worldwide, which results in approximately $70 billion in crop losses annually (Caboni et al., 2012). Meloidogyne spp. is ranked within the top 10 most economically devastating plant-parasitic nematodes, with Meloidogyne incognita, M. arenaria, M. hapla, and M. javanica as the four major crop-damaging species (Jones et al., 2013). In tomato, yield loss due to RKNs

Noor Abdelsamad, H. Regmi, J. Desaeger, P. DiGennaro

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2019

Mixtures of fluopyram and abamectin for management of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato

Nematodes are important parasites of crops. The economic losses caused by nematodes worldwide exceed 157 billion US dollars annually (Abad et al., 2008). Root-knot nematodes have a wide host range and are especially harmful to plants in the Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae (Nicol et al., 2011). Tomato is extensively cultivated worldwide and highly susceptible. When the southern root-knot nematode (RKN) Meloidogyne incognita infects tomato, the second-stage juveniles (J2) penetrate young roots

Qing-Qing Li, Jing-Jing Li, Qi-Tong Yu, Ze-Yu Shang, Chao-Bin Xue

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 06-March-2021

Effects of fluopyram and azadirachtin integration with sunn hemp on nematode communities in zucchini, tomato and sweet potato in Hawaii

Increasing food self-sufficiency is a critical objective for the State of Hawaii that imports 90% of its food from the global market (Department of Business Economic Development and Tourism DBEDT and Hawaii Department of Agriculture HDOA, State of Hawaii, 2012). Currently, the value of vegetables, melons, potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) grown by local farmers is $85 million annually plus $6 million in greenhouse tomato sales in Hawaii (United States Department

Philip Waisen, Koon-Hui Wang, Jensen Uyeda, Roxana Y. Myers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–15

Article | 24-July-2017

Methyl Bromide Alternatives for Control of Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) in Tomato Production in Florida

The following work was initiated to determine the scope of application methodology and fumigant combinations for increasing efficacy of 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) and metam sodium for management of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Florida. A series of five experiments were set up during spring and fall seasons to evaluate the potential of different fumigants, alone or in combination, in polyethylene film tomato production. The most promising chemical alternatives to methyl bromide, in


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 140–149

research-article | 30-November-2020

Laboratory virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci

et al., 2004; Cuthbertson and Walters, 2005; Cuthbertson et al., 2007a, 2007b, 2008; Qiu et al., 2008; Ruiz-Platt and Cabello, 2009). For example, the application of S. feltiae Filipjev (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) resulted in high mortality of B. tabaci nymphs on tomato [Solanum lycopersicum L. (Solanales: Solanaceae)] under both controlled laboratory (> 90%) and glasshouse (> 80%) conditions (Cuthbertson et al., 2007b). However, the efficacy of EPN against B. tabaci was not consistently high

Yinping Li, George N. Mbata, David I. Shapiro-Ilan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

Article | 21-July-2017

Evaluation of Pochonia chlamydosporia and Purpureocillium lilacinum for Suppression of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Tomato and Banana

control efficacy in vitro. In experiments in which 10,000 nematode eggs were inoculated per plant, reductions in the number of eggs after 12 months were seen in three of four treatments in banana plants, reaching 34% for P.chlamydosporia var. catenulata. No significant reductions were seen in tomato plants after 3 mon. In another experiment with tomato plants using either P. chlamydosporia var. catenulata or P. lilacinum, the number of eggs was reduced by 34% and 44%, respectively


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 77–85

research-article | 19-March-2020

Effect of an Alltech soil health product on entomopathogenic nematodes, root-knot nematodes and on the growth of tomato plants in the greenhouse

conditions can make the applied nematicide ineffective against nematodes. Multiple management strategies such as use of organic amendments, soil solarization, and nematicide application were also adopted to protect tomato plants against the Meloidogyne species (Terefe et al., 2009). Among these strategies, nematicides were successful up to certain extent, but they were very expensive and led to soil pollution problems. Youssef and Eissa (2014) have studied the role of biofertilizers in the management of

Anusha Pulavarty, Karina Horgan, Thomais Kakouli-Duarte

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

Article | 24-July-2017

Grafting and Paladin Pic-21 for Nematode and Weed Management in Vegetable Production

Two years of field trials conducted in a Meloidogyne incognita-infested field evaluated grafting and Paladin Pic-21 (dimethyl disulfide:chloropicrin [DMDS:Pic] 79:21) for root-knot nematode and weed control in tomato and melon. Tomato rootstocks evaluated were; ‘TX301’, ‘Multifort’, and ‘Aloha’. ‘Florida 47’ was the scion and the nongrafted control. A double crop of melon was planted into existing beds following tomato harvest. Melon


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 4, 231–240

research-article | 30-November-2020

Intraspecific virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes against the pests Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

critical thrips species associated with many greenhouse crops. Besides cosmetic injury that reduces value, they transmit viral diseases such as tomato spotted wilt virus (Moritz et al., 2004). The cryptic behavior, quick reproduction, and ability to develop resistance to insecticides make them a challenging pest (Gouli et al., 2008). Similarly, T. absoluta is the most serious insect pest of tomato grown in greenhouses or in the field, widely distributed in America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and

Raquel Campos-Herrera, Ignacio Vicente-Díez, Magda Galeano, Maryam Chelkha, María del Mar González-Trujillo, Miguel Puelles, David Labarga, Alicia Pou, Javier Calvo, José Eduardo Belda

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Oat, Wheat, and Sorghum Genotype Reactions to Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica

infested with 5,000 eggs of the studied nematodes. Tomato (cv. Rutgers) plants were used as the standard for nematode susceptibility. The evaluations were conducted 60 d after inoculation. Gall and egg-mass indexes were obtained according to a 0–5 scale. Plants with a reproduction factor higher than 1.0 were classified as susceptible (S) and lower than 1.0 as resistant (R). Wheat and oat genotypes did not allow M. incognita and M. javanica reproduction, proving resistance to these organisms. Sorghum


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 386–389

Research Article | 03-December-2018

A novel in vitro chemotaxis bioassay to assess the response of Meloidogyne incognita towards various test compounds

quantitatively defined the concentration gradient formation of acid fuchsin on the assay plate. Using this novel assay method, the authors have accurately measured the nematode response (attraction or repulsion) to various volatile (isoamyl alcohol, 1-butanol, benzaldehyde, 2-butanone, and 1-octanol) and non-volatile (root exudates of tomato, tobacco, and marigold) compounds. Isoamyl alcohol, 1-butanol, and 2-butanone were attractive to J2s through a broad range of concentrations. On the contrary, J2s were

Tagginahalli N. Shivakumara, Tushar K. Dutta, Uma Rao

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 487–494

research-article | 30-November-2018

Hatching and Mortality of Meloidogyne enterolobii Under the Interference of Entomopathogenic Nematodes In vitro

The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is one of the most cultivated oleraceous in Brazil, with a total area of 54,051 hectares and a production of 3,472.55 tons, with the states of São Paulo and Goiás being the largest producers (IBGE, 2016). In view of the socioeconomic importance of the crop and the need for controlled environmental conditions for cultivation, the tomato plants were grown in a protected environment, allowing an increase in production. However, it favored the development of

Alixelhe Pacheco Damascena, Júlio César Antunes Ferreira, Marylia Gabriella Silva Costa, Luis Moreira de Araujo Junior, Silvia Renata Siciliano Wilcken

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–8

research-article | 09-April-2020

Examine medicinal plants from South Africa for suppression of Meloidogyne incognita under glasshouse conditions

nematodes, especially root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.), are worldwide an extremely important limiting factor in vegetable production (Hallmann and Meressa, 2018). Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) is one of the most common vegetables grown in SA (FAO, 2017). Tomato can be infected by a wide variety of plant-parasitic nematodes but predominantly by root-knot nematodes which can cause significant yield losses (Jones et al., 2017). A nematode survey in rural and peri-urban households, community and

Mbokota Candy Khosa, Zakheleni Dube, Dirk De Waele, Mieke Stefanie Daneel

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

research-article | 12-August-2021

Temperature: a driving factor for Meloidogyne floridensis migration toward different hosts

described by Handoo et al. (2004), parasitizing M. incognita- and M. javanica-resistant peach rootstocks in Florida (Nyczepir and Thomas, 2009; Smith et al., 2015). The nematode was given the common name peach root-knot nematode. Further studies have shown that several other horticultural crops, e.g. tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) (Brito et al., 2015; Stanley et al., 2009), are hosts for this root-knot nematode species, while marigold (Tagetes spp.) was reported as a nonhost (Kokalis-Burelle and Nyczepir

Diego A. H. S. Leitão, Elvira M. R. Pedrosa, Donald W. Dickson, Ana Karina S. Oliveira, Mario Monteiro Rolim

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

research-article | 24-April-2019

DNA barcoding evidence for the North American presence of alfalfa cyst nematode, Heterodera medicaginis

. eggs and infective second-stage juveniles (J2), as well as 325 Meloidogyne hapla Chitwood, 1949 J2/100 cm3. The soil was placed into 450-cm3 D40 Deepots (Stuewe and Sons Inc., Tangent, OR) and planted to either Kansas common alfalfa, an undetermined hybrid of corn, Flyer soybean, or Rutgers tomato. Nematode reproduction was determined after one and two months under greenhouse conditions. Heterodera females and cysts were dislodged from roots with water spray and collected on a 250-μm-pore sieve

Thomas Powers, Andrea Skantar, Tim Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Peter Mullin, Saad Hafez, Zafar Handoo, Tim Todd, Kirsten Powers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–17

research-article | 06-November-2020

The potential of eugenol as a nematicidal agent against Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) Chitwood

undeveloped eggs, (iii) the hatch inhibition activity of eugenol in egg masses, (iv) the effect of contact and vapor activity of eugenol on M. javanica infectivity, and (v) the effect of sublethal doses of eugenol on M. javanica infectivity. Materials and methods Nematode cultures A population of M. javanica was reared on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Belladonna in a greenhouse in Agricultural University of Athens, Greece and all seedlings were maintained in a greenhouse (25 ± 2°C, 16 hr

Eleni Nasiou, Ioannis O. Giannakou

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

Research Article | 17-October-2018

First Report of the Yellow Nutsedge Cyst Nematode, Heterodera cyperi, in Georgia, U.S.A.

population from Spain (AF274388). COI sequence of H. cyperi showed 89% similarity (98% coverage) with that of H. guangdongensis (MF425735), and 88% similarity (83% coverage) with that of H. elachista (KC618473). The pathogenicity of H. cyperi was examined under greenhouse conditions using tobacco cv. K340, tomato cv. Tribute, cucumber cv. Thunder, and yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.). 3-wk-old seedlings of the test plants were transferred into Deepot D25L cell containers (5-cm-diam. × 25.4-cm deep

Abolfazl Hajihassani, Bhabesh Dutta, Ganpati B. Jagdale, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 456–458

research-article | 30-November-2020

Isolation and characterization of endophytic bacteria from tomato foliage and their in vitro efficacy against root-knot nematodes

. The most extensively studied endophytic bacteria include Pseudomonas spp., Bacillus spp., Serratia spp. and Enterobacter spp., which all have been reported as biocontrol agents against plant parasitic nematodes (Munif et al., 2000; Vetrivelkalai et al., 2010). The potential use of endophytic bacteria isolated from cucumber, tomato and cotton such as Aerococus viridans, Bacillus megaterium, B. subtilis, Pseudomonas chlororaphis, P. vasicularis, Serratia marcescens and Spingomonas pancimobilis can

Binita Basumatary, Debanand Das, B. N. Choudhury, Pranab Dutta, Ashok Bhattacharyya

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

research-article | 30-November-2019

Evaluation of fluopyram for the control of Ditylenchus dipsaci in sugar beet

Alan Storelli, Andreas Keiser, Reinhard Eder, Samuel Jenni, Sebastian Kiewnick

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 21-January-2022

Susceptibility of Flordaguard peach rootstock to a resistant-breaking population of Meloidogyne floridensis and two populations of Meloidogyne arenaria

pathogen because of its ability to reproduce on RKN resistant plant species, including peach (RMia and RMja genes), peach-almond hybrid rootstocks, pepper (N gene), tomato (Mi-1 gene), and tobacco cv. NC 95 (Rk1 gene) (Stanley et al., 2009; Maquilan et al., 2018a; Marquez et al., 2021). Meloidogyne arenaria was also found infecting Flordaguard peach trees in established orchards in Florida. The nematode was causing severe root galling, plant dieback, and stunted growth (Brito et al., 2016; Dickson and

Sai Qiu, Mary Ann D. Maquilan, Jose X. Chaparro, Janete A. Brito, Thomas G. Beckman, Donald W. Dickson

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

Original Paper | 07-June-2016

Prevalence of Parasitic Contamination in Salad Vegetables Collected from Supermarkets and Street Vendors in Amman and Baqa’a – Jordan

contaminated with different parasites. Of the 30 lettuce, 33 tomato, 42 parsley and 28 cucumber samples examined the prevalence of Ascaris spp. eggs was 43%, 15%, 21% and 4%; Toxocara spp. eggs was 30%, 0%, 0% and 4%; Giardia spp. cysts was 23%, 6%, 0% and 0%; Taenia/Echinococcus eggs was 20%, 0%, 5% and 0%; Fasciola hepatica eggs was 13%, 3%, 2% and 0%; and E. histolytica cysts was 10%, 6%, 0% and 0%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of parasite in salad vegetables

Yazan Ismail

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 2, 201–207

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