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Review | 28-June-2019

High resolution ultrasound for imaging complications of muscle injury: Is there an additional role for elastography?

appreciate subtle changes(4–8). In the subacute and chronic stages, ultrasound can be of value to follow up injured muscle during the healing process and identify complications that may require special treatment(4–8). In addition to morphological features, ultrasound imaging combined with strain and shear wave elastography can also provide information on the mechanical properties of intact and diseased muscle tissue, thus allowing assessment of muscle biomechanics in the clinical setting(9–16). Strain

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Christos Sinopidis, Panagiotis Givissis

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 137–144

case-report | 30-November-2017

The complications of jejunostomy tubes for patients receiving Duodopa: New challenges for neuroscience nurses

was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a suspected bowel obstruction and an aspiration pneumonia. Do the benefits of Duodopa eclipse the complications? Duodopa ® has been increasingly accepted as an effective treatment for troublesome motor fluctuations and dyskinesia for patients with advanced Parkinson’s Disease (Lang et al., 2016; Nyholm et al., 2008; Olanow et al., 2014).Oral administration of levodopa leads to variable plasma levels from erratic gastric emptying (Nyholm et al

Rachael Elizabeth Mackinnon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 2, 1–4

research-article | 18-December-2020

The use of high-frequency ultrasonography for the diagnosis of palpable nodules after the administration of dermal fillers

more and more popular. This tendency has been confirmed in a German market report, which notes a marked increase in minimally invasive procedures compared with invasive ones. As expected, the most common minimally invasive procedures in 2015–2026 will be Botox injections followed by the use of soft tissue fillers, which unfortunately carry a risk of complications(1,2). With an increase in the popularity and number of procedures, the number of complications will increase as well, which prompts the

Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda, Ewa Skrzypek, Katarzyna Słoboda, Michał Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 248–253

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of Doppler sonography in aesthetic medicine

Introduction Skin imaging is a relatively new, yet dynamically developing, field of ultrasonography. Advances in ultrasound are correlated with those in imaging technology. The development of aesthetic medicine and the need for safe and effective procedures, as well as the need to diagnose and treat potential complications are also important. The number of publications on the use of sonography in dermatology and aesthetic medicine has grown recently(1). Their authors pointed to the usefulness

Dominika Jaguś, Ewa Skrzypek, Bartosz Migda, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 268–272

original-paper | 15-May-2020

The Resurgence of Measles Infection and its Associated Complications in Early Childhood at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan

infections (LRTI) like bronchial pneumonia, are the leading cause of death in measles cases, particularly among children under 5 years of age (Li et al. 2015). Other serious complications, particularly among immunocompromised and malnourished children, include blindness, acute diarrhea, otitis media, encephalitis, and myocarditis (WHO 2016). One of the fatal complications related to measles is sub-acute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), which is a progressive, disabling, and deadly brain disorder of the

MUHAMMAD ILYAS, SUMERA AFZAL, JAMSHAID AHMAD, SAAD ALGHAMDI, MUHAMMAD KHURRAM

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 177–184

Case report | 09-October-2019

Hematologic complications in a patient with Glycine soja polyagglutination following fresh frozen plasma transfusion

Polyagglutination is a rare and underdiagnosed condition, characterized by agglutination of red blood cells (RBCs) with almost all ABO-compatible adult sera. Polyagglutination can occur when a cryptantigen is exposed on RBCs via microbial enzyme activity. Because nearly all adults naturally produce antibodies against cryptantigens, transfusion of plasma can cause unexpected hemolysis and hematologic complications, such as thrombocytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation, in patients

Ryan P. Jajosky, Lloyd O. Cook, Elizabeth Manaloor, James F. Shikle, Roni J. Bollag

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 51–55

research-article | 18-December-2020

High frequency ultrasound assessment of labial glands simulating small nodules or granulomas after lip augmentation

perilabial area rejuvenation. Unfortunately, due to the lack of an ideal filling substance, a significant increase in the number of procedures and cases when they are performed by unauthorised individuals, there has been a growing number of complications. The most common complications of lip filling procedures include nodules that are deposits of the filling material and foreign body granulomas (FBG). They are very difficult for clinical differentiation, especially since aesthetic medicine clinics offer

Ewa Skrzypek, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 261–267

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

Both acute and chronic infl ammation of the pancreas often lead to complications that nowadays can be resolved using endoscopic and surgical procedures. In many cases,intraoperative ultrasound examination (IOUS) enables correct assessment of the extent of the lesion, and allows for safe surgery, while also shortening its length. Aim of theresearch: At the authors’ clinic, intraoperative ultrasound is performed in daily practice. In this paper, we try to share our experiences in the application

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

case-report | 08-March-2021

A rare complication of cholecystolithiasis: perforation of the gallbladder

Introduction (Acute) cholecystitis is a common reason for reporting to an Emergency Ward. Despite high sensitivity of ultrasound in this disease, the possibility of other complications should be kept in mind in the case of persisting inflammation (especially not treated one). Particular vigilance is needed in oligosymptomatic patients. Case report A 67-year-old patient was referred to an Ultrasound Diagnostic Unit for abdominal examination. She complained of yellowing of the skin of the

Bartosz Migda, Marlena Alicja Gabryelczak, Anna Migda, Katarzyna Prostacka

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 63–66

Article | 20-July-2021

Reducing iatrogenic complications in the treatment of cleft lip and palate

Andrew Savundra, John Fricker

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 110–118

Report | 20-July-2021

Fully guided placement of orthodontic miniscrews – a technical report

Introduction: Orthodontic miniscrews are used to obtain skeletal anchorage during orthodontic treatment and their application is growing due to the simple method of placement and removal, which invites improved patient compliance without significant impact on function and aesthetics. However, complications and risks are reported that underscore the need for a thorough preoperative assessment to enable accurate placement, especially in confined sites. A novel approach is presented which employs

Barbara Kirnbauer, Petra Rugani, Elisabeth Santigli, Philipp Tepesch, Kamran Ali, Norbert Jakse

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 71–74

Review | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Article | 14-October-2020

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia due to anti-HPA-5b (Bra)

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) results from maternal immunization against fetal platelet antigens and can occur during the first pregnancy. The most common complications of NAIT are neonatal thrombocytopenia, intracerebral hemorrhage, and fetal death. Most cases of NAIT in Causasians are caused by anti-HPA-1a (PlA1). Anti-HPA-5b (Bra) accounts for only 4.3 percent of all NAIT cases. NAIT due to anti-HPA-5b is thought to be milder and have fewer complications than NAIT caused by

Sally A. Campbell-Lee, Deirdre DeSantis-Parsons, R. Sue Shirey, Thomas S. Kickler

Immunohematology, Volume 19 , ISSUE 4, 127–131

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 63–70

Article | 30-November-2018

GUT MICROBIOTA IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

complications has been demonstrated [28]. With the use of the established cell lines and animal models, the negative influence of IS on the proximal cells of the renal tubules causing their progressive damage has been proved. Interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis have also been observed [37]. A study conducted by Leong et al. confirmed that in patients with CKD in stages I–IV the risk of the progression of kidney disease associated with high levels of IS is increased [28]. Trimethylamine N-oxide

Magdalena Nalewajska, Jarosław Przybyciński, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Violetta Dziedziejko, Kazimierz Ciechanowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 237–245

Review | 30-June-2017

Can ultrasound be helpful in selecting optimal management methods for pregnancies complicated by placental non-trophpblastic tumors?

Placental chorioangioma is the most common subtype of non-trophoblastic placental tumors. Other subtypes are very rare and usually associated with an uneventful course of pregnancy. Most chorioangiomas are small and of no clinical significance. Giant chorioangiomas may be associated with serious fetal and maternal complications. So far, no established ultrasound guidelines are available for the management of placental non-trophoblastic tumors. This may be attributed to the rarity of the disease

Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Monika Pazura, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 116–122

research-article | 30-November-2019

On track to the stomach! ! Cortrak® for the insertion of nasogastric tubes amongst neuroscience patients – how effective is it?

complications that occurred from this were pneumonia (21%) and pneumothorax (77%). Furthermore, 17% of lung placements led to death; where 20% of these events could have been avoided if medication administration or feeding had not occurred after insertion. Taylor et al (2017) identified that the pre-gastroesophageal junction (Pre-GO) and gastric body flexures must be recognised and the gastric body should be left of the midline. They concluded that a minimum of ten supervised placements must be completed to

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 30 , ISSUE 2, 13–18

Research Article | 29-December-2017

Conjoined twins – role of imaging and recent advances

IntroductionConjoined twins are identical twins with fused bodies, joined in utero. They are rare complications of monochorionic twinning. The purpose of this study is to describe the various types of conjoined twins, the role of imaging and recent advances aiding in their management.Material and methodsThis was a twin institutional study involving 3 cases of conjoined twins diagnosed over a period of 6 years from 2010 to 2015. All the 3 cases were identified antenatally by ultrasound. Only one

Rishi Philip Mathew, Swati Francis, Ram Shenoy Basti, Hadihally B. Suresh, Annie Rajarathnam, Prema D. Cunha, Sujaya V. Rao

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 259–266

Case report | 25-January-2018

The Life and Trials of a Pseudomeningocoele.

. Ms Z’s symptoms started at the age of sixteen. She experienced severe headaches when she coughed or laughed and was seen by a neurologist at the time but no clear diagnosis was made. Her symptoms continued and after multiple medical appointments, a diagnosis of Chiari Malformation was made. She had her first surgery in 2013 after which Ms Z reported her complications began to occur. She moved to New Zealand and started to get more unwell and presented to a rural emergency department (ED). She has

Larissa Engel, Maira Manch

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 33–37

Article | 31-December-2020

An Example of Mild Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn Caused by Anti-Cob

jaundice. The infant experienced no further complications and was discharged.

Nancy B. Steffey, Mary A. Lieb

Immunohematology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 9–10

Case report | 25-January-2018

Support My Spine ASAP. A Rural Tele-health care model for patients being managed with a Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthotic (TLSO).

surveys identified knowledge gaps informing educational packages which were provided with a mobile Telehealth link. Outcome measures: Primary: Number of patients managed under the new model of care. Secondary: Length of stay, travel distance eliminated and complications. Results: 30 patients fitted with TLSO’s and managed under this model of care to date. Length of stay has reduced from 9.14 days pre intervention to 3.8 days post intervention. Approximate savings of $6840 per patient have been

Ryan Gallagher, Jane Morison, Michelle Giles, Judith Henderson, Sarah Zehnder

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 7–9

research-article | 28-September-2020

Perianal lesions as an unusual first manifestation of Crohn’s disease in pediatric patients – case series

findings and basic laboratory abnormalities. Diagnostic imaging is needed to confirm disease locations, extent and intestinal complications. US seems to be the most convenient and fastest modality. Materials and methods Five patients (four boys and one girl) aged from 13 to 16 years, with prolonged pain in the perianal area, which worsened when sitting, were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Medical University of Lublin between 2017 and 2019. Each patient underwent intestinal

Monika Zbroja, Weronika Cyranka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Agnieszka Brodzisz, Magdalena Maria Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 222–225

Article | 20-July-2021

Surgical repositioning of infra-occluded dental implants in the orthognathic management of a Class III open-bite patient

Dental implants placed in the maxillary anterior region have a high risk of aesthetic complications caused by later infra-occlusion and may subsequently require special therapeutic considerations to achieve optimal aesthetic and functional results. Based on the severity, possible treatment options for infra-occluded implants include replacement of the implant restoration, alveolar distraction osteogenesis, repositioning by a segmental osteotomy, or the removal of the implant. The present case

Kyung-A Kim, Kang-Min Kim, Tae-Hee Lee, Tae-Joon Park, Ki-Ho Park

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 210–217

Case report | 29-December-2017

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 299–305

Short Communication | 28-December-2016

The Usefulness of Biosynthetic Vascular Graft Omniflow II and Autologous Veins for the Treatment of Massive Infection of Dacron Vascular Graft with Enterococcus faecalis HLAR

Infections of vascular grafts are the most severe complications in vascular surgery. We present the case of a 73-year-old male with infection of a dacron prosthesis with a strain of Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was treated with replacement of a full prosthesis with a combined graft constructed from Biosynthetic Vascular graft Omniflow and autologous veins. This graft is recommended for implantation in patients with a higher risk of infection. Our case is one of the first reported usage of

Witold Woźniak, Robert Bajno, Michał Świder, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 471–474

case-report | 31-March-2020

Transient venous air embolism after ERCP: worrisome or not?

embolism is a rare complication of ERCP, with only few cases reported so far, usually with good outcomes. It can be associated with the more frequently encountered post-ERCP complications pancreatitis(1) or cholangitis(2). However, it can also be noted with perforation, when surgical exploration is usually necessary(3). Its sometimes-transient nature(4,5) strengthens the rationale for early transabdominal ultrasound, since its presence could be able to herald major post-procedural complications.

Theodor Alexandru Voiosu, Andrada Viorela Gheorghe, Gabriel Lepădat, Radu Bogdan Mateescu, Mihai Rimbaș

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e67–e69

Case Study | 27-June-2018

SUBARACHNOID HAEMORRHAGE AND INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM IN A MILITARY AVIATOR: FACTORS DETERMINING AEROMEDICAL DISPOSITION

recovery of neurological functioning, complications such as seizures, risk of rebleeding, and de novo occurrence of other aneurysms are all significant concerns due to the risk of sudden incapacitation. This paper will examine the aeromedical factors particular to this case that influenced a favorable aeromedical decision-making outcome.

AM Gordon Cable

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 19–21

case-report | 13-November-2017

Improving oral hygiene for stroke patients

Introduction: Oral hygiene is an important aspect of nursing care amongst stroke patients. The benefits of effective oral hygiene include improving cleanliness, removing debris and plaque, preventing complications which would result in increased hospital length of stay (Özden et al, 2013). Patients are able to eat and chew comfortably ensuring adequate nutritional intake with adequate oral hygiene (Chan & Hui-Ling, 2012). However, oral health is poor in this setting due to reduced cognition

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 11–13

case-report | 31-March-2020

Multimodality imaging in a diagnostic and therapeutic process of a patient with infective endocarditis

ultrasound with a sector echocardiography transducer: a triangular area of infarction in the spleen (also seen in computed tomography of the abdomen shown in Fig. 2A) Owing to the size of the vegetation and the presence of embolic complications (including CNS involvement), the patient was deemed eligible for an urgent surgery for aortic valve replacement. The surgery proceeded without complications. At the same time, the results of preoperative blood cultures arrived. They revealed infection with

Maria Binkiewicz-Orluk, Marcin Konopka, Katarzyna Sierakowska-Sitkiewicz, Wojciech Król, Leszek Królicki, Marek Kuch, Wojciech Braksator

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 61–66

Research Article | 27-December-2017

TORQUE MEASUREMENT DURING BODY CAVITY ENTRY USING A THREADED VISUAL CANNULA

Port creation is one of the most common complications associated in endoscopic procedures.The focus of our study was to establish a reproducible method of determining the torque profile generated during body cavity entry using a Threaded Visual Cannula (TVC). A TVC was evaluated on 32 samples of foam media. A torque profile was generated by measuring the torque required to cannulate the foam media. Penetration of the media was captured by a digital imaging system. The 

A. Bakirtzian, A. Ternamian, G. Manson, L. Tremblay, B. Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 537–552

Article | 30-November-2018

ANTIVIRAL DISINFECTION IN THE MEDICAL AREA

Agnieszka Trzcińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 101–110

Review | 29-September-2017

Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

. Nevertheless, they are conducted for early diagnosis, treatment monitoring and identifying complications. This article presents a spectrum of inflammatory changes and discusses the diagnostic value of ultrasonography and mag­netic resonance imaging.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 176–181

case-report | 30-November-2018

Late diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in a 5.5-month-old infant

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Weronika Rygier, Radosław Kunikowski, Michał Buczyński, Danuta Roik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 75–79

Research Article | 23-May-2019

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 138–144

Review | 29-September-2017

Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spon­dylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imag­ing. The first part of the article presents

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 167–175

short-communication | 28-June-2019

Minimally invasive ultrasound-guided parotid gland biopsy in cadavers performed by rheumatologists

glands need a certain degree of surgical experience and are associated with various complications. Labial and parotid glandular tissue have comparable diagnostic potential(3), and adverse events following core needle biopsies of parotid gland masses in non-rheumatological settings are very rare(4). The development of ultrasonography to diagnose and evaluate salivary glands – especially parotid and submandibular glands – is emerging(5). As ultrasonography of the minor labial glands and biopsy of the

Raphael Micheroli, Ulrich Wagner, Magdalena Mueller-Gerbl, Mireille Toranelli, Christian Marx, George A.W. Bruyn, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 125–127

research-article | 09-September-2021

Ultrasonography-guided sialolithotomy and stricture dilations of the major salivary glands: a preliminary study

baskets is one of the minimally invasive methods which are easy to access and cost efficient. Although the retrieval of stones with baskets is reported to require fluoroscopic guidance, successful basket retrieval under ultrasound guidance has also been reported(3). To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there are no studies or case series presenting postoperative complications or satisfaction analyses after sialolith removal performed with this method. The presented case series reports the

Kaan Orhan, Poyzan Bozkurt, Zeynep Serap Berktaş, Mehmet Hakan Kurt

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 237–243

Review | 31-August-2018

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

of aneurysm size and detection of potential complications in cases that are ineligible for treatment. The type of treatment depends on the size of an aneurysm, the course of the disease, risk of rupture and risk associated with surgery or endovascular procedure. Endovascular treatment is preferred in most cases. Aneurysms are excluded from the circulation using embolization coils, ethylene vinyl alcohol, stents, multilayer stents, stent grafts and histoacryl glue (or a combination of these

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Review | 18-May-2018

Cerebral hypoperfusion in autism spectrum disorder

inflammation may explain a part of the hypoperfusion. There is also evidence of a lack of normal compensatory increase in blood flow when the subjects are challenged with a task. Some studies propose treatments that can address the hypoperfusion found among individuals diagnosed with an ASD, bringing symptom relief to some extent. This review will explore the evidence that indicates cerebral hypoperfusion in ASD, as well as the possible etiological aspects, complications, and treatments.

Geir Bjørklund, Janet K. Kern, Mauricio A. Urbina, Khaled Saad, Amira A. El-Houfey, David A. Geier, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier, Jyutika A. Mehta, Jan Aaseth

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 21–29

research-article | 31-December-2019

Color Doppler ultrasound of spiral artery blood flow in mid first trimester (4–8 weeks) in cases of threatened abortion and in normal pregnancies

chances of pregnancy loss up-to 15% when compared with general population(1,2). Due to the high prevalence of spontaneous miscarriage in this group of patients, a method that could predict pregnancy outcome in early gestation would be of great clinical advantage. The introduction of high-frequency transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography with spectral analysis has allowed evaluation of uteroplacental circulation in early pregnancy, abnormalities of which have been linked to pregnancy complications

Rohit Bhoil, Sushruti Kaushal, Reena Sharma, Jaswinder Kaur, Tanupriya Sharma, Rohini Thakur, Rakesh Sharma

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 255–260

Case report | 12-March-2020

Role for serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy: case report

trimester (week 7) of her second pregnancy. Interval measurements of the serologic antibody titers were performed during the next 26 weeks. The untreated serum (IgM and IgG) titer increased from a baseline of 4 to 16 during that interval, while the 2-ME (presumed IgG component) titer remained stable at 4. Responding to ultrasound findings suspicious for fetal anemia, the child was delivered without complications at 34 weeks’ gestation. At birth, the DAT was negative and there was no evidence of

Walter J. Linz, Judith T. Fueger, Steven Allen, Susan T. Johnson

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 8–10

Article | 14-December-2020

Primary immune response to blood group antigens in burned children

changes could not be demonstrated for the remaining eight patients. The conclusion was that a DHTR may be caused by a primary immune response in burned children more often than expected, but DHTR signs and symptoms are often not apparent due to the complications of burn trauma.

Nancy E. Bacon, Ethel D. Patten, Janet L. Vincent

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 8–11

research-article | 30-November-2020

An overview of technologies and devices against COVID-19 pandemic diffusion: virus detection and monitoring solutions

R. de Fazio, A. Sponziello, D. Cafagna, R. Velazquez, P. Visconti

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–28

review-article | 08-March-2021

High-resolution ultrasound of spigelian and groin hernias: a closer look at fascial architecture and aponeurotic passageways

grounds regardless of the experience of the examining physician, a prompt diagnosis of the latter is crucial, as femoral hernias are associated with higher rates of acute complications(29). US imaging has been reported to be highly accurate in differentiating between femoral and inguinal hernias if the examination is performed with an appropriate scanning technique and in experienced hands(30,31). Since the risk for strangulation of femoral hernias accounts for 22% and 45% over three and twenty-one

Riccardo Picasso, Federico Pistoia, Federico Zaottini, Sonia Airaldi, Maribel Miguel Perez, Michelle Pansecchi, Luca Tovt, Sara Sanguinetti, Ingrid Möller, Alessandra Bruns, Carlo Martinoli

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 53–62

research-article | 15-June-2020

Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

the Mannheim consensus(3–6) published in 2007 and later revised, atherosclerotic plaque is defined as a focal structure that builds up into the arterial lumen to at least 0.5 mm or 50% of the surrounding intima-media thickness. The ability to evaluate plaque formation dynamics and its complications (including rupture and displacement) is a very important and not yet well-explored problem. Most patients with atherosclerotic plaque present no signs of vascular disorders, which means that most

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e135–e145

Review | 20-March-2020

Lutheran

glycoproteins, which are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily of adhesion molecules and receptors, bind isoforms of laminin with α5 chains, components of the extracellular matrix abundant in vascular endothelia. The primary function of the Lutheran glycoproteins on RBCs could involve the transfer of maturing RBCs from the bone marrow to the peripheral circulation. They could also be involved in vascular occlusion and thrombotic events as complications of sickle cell disease and polycythemia vera

Geoff Daniels

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 4, 152–159

Article | 15-April-2020

Update on HDFN: new information on long-standing controversies

Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) results from maternal IgG antibodies that cross the placenta to the fetal circulation during gestation and cause RBC destruction and complications before birth (HDF), or anemia and hyperbilirubinemia after birth (HDN), or both. In its most severe form,HDF produces hydrops fetalis,which is characterized by total body edema,hepatosplenomegaly,and heart failure and can lead to intrauterine death. Before discovery of Rh immunoglobulin (RhIG), HDFN

Anne F. Eder

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 4, 188–195

Editorial | 31-March-2017

Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

remission. Finally, we also discuss MRI of the spine in rheumatoid arthritis, which may help assess the presence of active inflammation and complications.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Current knowledge on the use of ultrasound measurements of fetal soft tissues for the assessment of pregnancy development

Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason

Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 50–55

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

White matter injury is an important cause of functional disability of the brain. We comprehensively analyzed a modified endothelin-1 (ET-1) injection-induced white matter injury model in the rat which is very valuable for investigating the underlying mechanisms of subcortical ischemic stroke. ET-1 was stereotactically injected into the internal capsule of the rat. To avoid complications with leakage of ET-1 into the lateral ventricle, the safest trajectory angle to the target was established

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 212–224

research-article | 01-June-2020

Purposeful collaboration: Enriching lives for people with Parkinson’s disease

Vincent Carroll, Kirsten Deutschmann, Jessica Andrews

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 32–43

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in the monitoring of laser treatment of acne scars

years, there has been an increase in the incidence of acne in the age group >20 years(3). Acne vulgaris is a condition of complex, multifactorial etiology. It may be also associated with complications in the form of skin lesions, such as vascular and pigmented lesions, atrophic and hypertrophic scars, as well as keloids(2). Atrophic scars, which are usually found on the face, account for the majority of complications associated with collagen degradation. Hypertrophic scars, which most often appear

Sylwia Malinowska, Dominíka Jaguś, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 279–283

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Significance of Infections in Implant Loss After Breast Reconstruction in the Course of Breast Cancer Treatment

et al. 2006). The frequency of such treatments in Poland is much lower. However, there is a lack of accurate data on the above problem on a national scale. The previous studies, which are yet not numerous, have shown that a percentage of the patients undergoing mastectomy and breast reconstruction may reach 22.4% (Tarkowski et al. 2017). However, the complications that accompany the introduction of the implant (expander, final prosthesis) remain a major challenge for oncological surgeons. The

MARIA SZYMANKIEWICZ, TOMASZ NOWIKIEWICZ, MARTA BIEDKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 343–351

Article | 30-November-2018

PARECHOVIRUSES – UNDERESTIMATED RISK

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 301–315

Report | 01-December-2019

Directed blood donor program decreases donor exposure for children with sickle cell disease requiring chronic transfusion

In children with sickle cell disease (SCD), primary and secondary prevention of strokes require indefinite regular blood transfusion therapy. The risks associated with repeated transfusions include alloimmunization and increased donor exposure. The Charles Drew Program is a directed blood donor program designed to lower donor exposure, decreasing the associated complications of transfusion; however, no evidence exists demonstrating the magnitude of the benefit to the recipient. Further, the use

Dionna O. Roberts, Brittany Covert, Terianne Lindsey, Vincent Edwards, Lisa McLaughlin, John Theus, Ricardo J. Wray, Keri Jupka, David Baker, Mary Robbins, Michael R. DeBaun

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 1, 7–12

research-article | 08-March-2021

Role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of paediatric acute osteomyelitis

laboratory parameters and imaging in order to establish diagnosis in the early phase and avoid complications. In our study, we evaluated the role of ultrasonography (USG) in the early diagnosis of paediatric AOM, and also correlated the findings with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results. Aim The aims of our study were to evaluate cases of extremity pain or swelling in paediatric patients using USG to diagnose AOM, and to correlate USG findings with MRI findings. Material and methods A total of 18

Amit Kumar Paliwal, Ravinder Sahdev, Ankur Deshwal, Birma Ram

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 34–40

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Selecting patients for embolization of varicoceles based on ultrasonography

veins (2.2%). There were no complications in any of the patients. Conclusions: Ultrasound is the preferred method in the diagnosis of varicoceles and selection for their treatment. Testicular vein embolization is a minimally invasive procedure characterized by high efficacy and safety.

Łukasz Światłowski, Krzysztof Pyra, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Michał Sojka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Pech, Maciej Powerski, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 90–95

Article | 10-November-2020

Transfusion-associated circulatory overload in orthopedic surgery patients: a multi-institutional study

-morbidities including myocardial or coronary disease. Transfusion-related complications and comorbidities were identified and reviewed by transfusion experts. Patients were excluded from consideration if non-transfusion factors such as myocardial disease could have contributed to the development of acute pulmonary edema. Four (3 females, 1 male) patients (1.05%) developed TACO postoperatively. Mean age of these patients was 84 years (range, 75–101) versus 77 years for non-TACO. The mean

Mark A. Popovsky, Anne-Marie Audet, Chester Andrzejewski, Jr.

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 87–89

Article | 15-August-2021

A multi-centre evaluation of multiple supernumerary premolar prevalence

type in a Turkish population. Materials and methods: The clinical records and panoramic radiographs of 10,700 patients (referred to three different university hospitals) were retrospectively examined for the presence of supernumerary premolars. Age, gender, orthodontic malocclusion type, the number of supernumerary premolars (two or more), the distribution, location, position (vertical, horizontal, inverted, mesio-angular), surgical approach, and related complications (pain, cystic changes, root

Kaan Gunduz, Hakan Avsever, Kaan Orhan, Gözde Canıtezer, Aydan Acikgoz, Ulas Oz, Muhammet Midilli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 149–156

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

performed after hip replacement surgeries is useful in the assessment of hematoma. The randomized study did not reveal statistically significant differ­ences between the group with and without drainage, thus suggesting that this practice can be abandoned, except for selected cases. Due to a short hospital stay, it is recommended to conduct an ultrasound scan in addition to routine radiography and laboratory tests in order to reduce the risk of complications.

Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 149–153

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Ascites Index – an attempt to objectify the assessment of ascites

paracentesis at the median Ascites Index above 290 mm (range: 216–386 mm). In the patients with ovarian carcinoma, the median value of the Ascites Index at which paracentesis was required was 310 mm (range: 273–389 mm). To avoid complications associated with excessive protein loss, 2000 mL of fluid was evacuated at a single occasion. Following the procedure, the median value of the Ascites Index was 129 mm (range: 121–145 mm) in the patients with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and 146 cm (119–220 mm) in

Piotr Szkodziak, Piotr Czuczwar, Krzysztof Pyra, Filip Szkodziak, Tomasz Paszkowski, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 140–147

Review | 30-November-2018

Transesophageal echocardiography

echocardiography Serious complications after TEE are very rare and include spasm, esophageal perforation, massive bleeding from esophageal tumor, and arrhythmia, including cardiac arrest. Deaths associated with TEE were reported in patients with acute aortic dissection, in whom aortic rupture was due to a sudden increase in blood pressure. Patient preparation and laboratory equipment Patient preparation involves providing information about the procedure; obtaining patient consent; collecting medical history

Andrzej Szyszka, Edyta Płońska-Gościniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 62–65

research-article | 18-December-2020

High-frequency ultrasound in the 21st century

complications(4,5,11). The EFSUMB(10) recommendations published a few months ago pointed to several main areas in aesthetic medicine and cosmetology where skin ultrasound is useful. Although it is not a complete list of applications, it indicates major areas of use. The most important applications include: assessment of skin condition and photoaging, followed by monitoring of treatment efficacy. Here, the measurement of SLEB thickness is a useful ultrasound parameter(10,26). ultrasonographic assessment of

Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda, Michał Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 233–241

case-report | 15-September-2020

Zolpidem in treatment resistant adolescent catatonia: a case series

Introduction Catatonia is a psychomotor disorder associated with various mental and neurological disorders. It is characterized by a variety of motor symptoms including stupor, posturing, catalepsy, waxy flexibility, mutism, negativism, mannerisms, stereotypic behaviour, and extreme agitation (1). Catatonia is a psychiatric emergency and it increases the risk of certain medical complications and mortality due to dehydration, immobility, and sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, which are

Pravesh Kumar, Deepak Kumar

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 135–138

Review | 07-September-2016

Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

lesions in whole-body MRI, particularly when the clinical picture is unclear. Also, MRI of the spine and spinal cord is used in order to diagnose synovial joint inflammation, bone marrow edema and spondylodiscitis as well as to assess their activity, location, and complications (spinal canal stenosis, subluxation, e.g. in the atlantoaxial region). This article discusses typical pathological changes seen on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. The role of these two methods for disease monitoring

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 237–251

Research Article | 29-June-2016

Usefulness of ultrasound examination in the evaluation of a neonate's body fluid status

Material and methodsThe study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life). The ultrasound scans

Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 125–134

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