case-report | 30-November-2018
Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) is a cyanotic heart defect. TAPVD accounts for around 1.5% of all congenital heart defects(1) (1:10 000 live births(2)). Depending on morphological variants of the pulmonary venous drainage to the heart, four types of the defect may be distinguished: supracardiac (the most common, around 45% of reported cases(1,3)), intracardiac, infracardiac and mixed.
Cyanosis, which accompanies TAPVD, depends on the effectiveness of the collateral
Maciej A. Karolczak,
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 75–79