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Article | 04-September-2019

DECOMPOSITION OF GENDER WAGE GAP IN POLAND USING COUNTERFACTUAL DISTRIBUTION WITH SAMPLE SELECTION

In the paper, we compare income distributions in Poland taking into account gender differences. The gender pay gap can only be partially explained by differences in men’s and women’s characteristics. The unexplained part of the gap is usually attributed to the wage discrimination. The objective of this study is to extend the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition procedure to different quantile points along the income distribution. We use the RIF-regression method to describe differences

Joanna Małgorzata Landmesser

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 171–186

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Concurrent adversities and deliberate self-harm among indigenous Sami and majority Norwegian adolescents: the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study

conditions.Results:DSH last year was reported by 22.3% of the adolescents, and by more girls (28.8%) than boys (15.9%). All 12 concurrent adversities were related strongly to DSH last year. Deliberate self-harmers reported twice as many concurrent adversities as non-DSHs, and a large effect size (Cohen’s d = 0.80) indicated a strong multiple additive relationship, but among DSHs no ethnic or gender differences were found. Multivariately, among Sami youth sexual abuse [odds ratio (OR), 8.4] was strongly related to

Bjørn Reigstad, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 92–103

research-article | 14-September-2020

Comparing Gender Homophily among the Multilayer Media Social Networks of Face-to-Face, Instant Messenger and Social Networking Services: A Case Study of a High School Classroom

alone. If there is a difference in the strength of homophily between offline and online social networks, studies regarding homophily that examine only the offline or online environment will fail to depict the strength of homophily in a social group. In this study, I aim to reveal the differences in gender homophily among communication media through a case study of a high school classroom. To address the ‘offline vs. online’ question in a modern setting, it is necessary to consider that nowadays

Naoki Maejima

Connections: The Quarterly Journal, Volume 40 , ISSUE 1, 77–97

Article | 27-August-2018

SENIOR COHOUSING IN CROSS-CUTTING RESEARCH

This paper concerns the issues of senior cohousing with a particular emphasis on the residents’ gender. Senior cohousing is an alternative way of living for older people in the 21th century. It is referred to as a community or cooperative, which is created by people aged 50+, who have already retired and those professionally active, who, for various reasons, want to live with people with similar views and co-decide about what their living environment looks like. Literature review shows

Agnieszka LABUS

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 21–31

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Differences in spatio-temporal distribution of the visual P3b event-related potential between young men and women

the inferior parietal lobe, prefrontal, and cingulate cortices were found to be involved in the generation of target-elicited P3b (Bocquillon et al., 2011; Volpe 2007). Gender is one factor that may influence ERP waveforms related to attention processes. However, despite the wide range of studies, there is still no consensus regarding gender-related differences in the P3b waveform. In a normative study of P3a and P3b from a large sample using a visual three-stimulus ERP oddball paradigm, Conroy

Karina Maciejewska, Zofia Drzazga

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 25–38

Article | 16-March-2019

THE COMPARISON OF INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS FOR WOMEN AND MEN IN POLAND USING SEMIPARAMETRIC REWEIGHTING APPROACH

In this paper, we compare the income distributions for women and men in Poland. The gender wage gap can only be partially explained by different men’s and women’s characteristics. The unexplained part of the gap is usually attributed to the wage discrimination. The objective of the study is to extend the OaxacaBlinder decomposition procedure for the pay gap along the whole income distribution. To describe differences between two distributions of incomes we use a semiparametric

Dominika Marta Urbańczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Landmesser

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 4, 711–723

Article | 15-March-2019

THE COMPARISON OF INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS FOR WOMEN AND MEN IN POLAND USING SEMIPARAMETRIC REWEIGHTING APPROACH

In this paper, we compare the income distributions for women and men in Poland. The gender wage gap can only be partially explained by different men’s and women’s characteristics. The unexplained part of the gap is usually attributed to the wage discrimination. The objective of the study is to extend the OaxacaBlinder decomposition procedure for the pay gap along the whole income distribution. To describe differences between two distributions of incomes we use a semiparametric

Dominika Marta Urbańczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Landmesser

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 4, 711–723

Original Paper | 22-December-2016

The interrelationship between clinical and immunity variables in epilepsy

Introduction. The role of cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of epilepsy, as an interaction between immunity and clinical and neurobiological variables is not properly understood. Aim. The aim of the current study was to investigate the possible relationship between epilepsy forms, gender, focus localization, lateralization, handedness and cellular immunity with seizures frequency, their severity and length of therapeutic remission in partial forms of epilepsy. Material and methods. Ninety

Vladimir V. Kalinin, Kirill Y. Subbotin, Natalia G. Yermakova

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 95–104

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Immigrant Preadolescents and Risk of Emotional Distress

preadolescents with distinct types of emotional problems in a multiethnic sample in Norway and to investigate associations with immigrant status after controlling for other demographic and risk factors related to emotional problems.Preadolescents between the ages of 10 and 12 years (n = 1042) completed a questionnaire that assessed emotional problems and sociodemographic factors such as gender, grade level, city, economic hardship, school hassles, and parental achievement values. LCA was used to identify

Daniele E. Alves, Heather L. Corliss, Espen Roysamb, Henrik D. Zachrisson, Brit Oppedal, Kristin Gustavson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 41–51

Original Paper | 03-April-2013

Neurobiological and clinical predictors of remission and antiepileptic treatment efficacy in partial epilepsies

Introduction. The current knowledge of significance of some neurobiological and clinical variables in the prediction of remission length and seizures reduction in partial epilepsies remains sparse and even controversial. Aim. The current study has been carried out in order to evaluate the possible relationship between epilepsy forms, gender, focus lateralization and handedness with therapeutic remission and seizures reduction during antiepileptic treatment in persons with partial forms of

Vladimir V. Kalinin, Anna A. Zemlyanaya, Elena V. Zheleznova, Lyudmila V. Sokolova

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 1, 15–25

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Indirect Self-Harm Among Danish High School Students

students in the Copenhagen area (N = 5650; response rate 53%; females 60.8%).A total of 21.5% of the survey respondents had engaged in NSSI (lifetime prevalence), and 16.2% had practiced NSSI within the previous year. Gender differences in NSSI methods were identified. A total of 53.9% of the students had engaged in one or more types of indirect self-harm. The correlation between NSSI and indirect self-harm is twice as high for males (0.44; P < .001) as compared with females (0.20; P < .001

Bo Møhl, Peter la Cour, Annika Skandsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Impairment in Young Preschool Children with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Co-occurring Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder

We have limited knowledge of the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the daily functioning of young preschool children.This study investigated the level of impairment related to symptoms of ADHD in different functional domains. It also addressed how impairment caused by ADHD was related to ADHD subtype, symptom load, gender, and the co-occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, or both.Participating children (N = 807) who were 3.5 years old

Bothild Bendiksen, Heidi Aase, Elisabeth Svensson, Svein Friis, Anne Margrethe Myhre, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Pål Zeiner

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 95–105

Review | 04-May-2018

Developmental neurotoxicants and the vulnerable male brain: a systematic review of suspected neurotoxicants that disproportionally affect males

is the male preponderance. This review considers the issue of male preponderance by reviewing the gender-specific neurotoxic effects of recognized neurotoxicant chemicals to assess their possible etiology in NDs. This investigation consisted of a systematic literature review of original studies published from 1970–2016 on suspected neurotoxicants, to examine whether they have a disproportionate adverse effect based on gender. Based on that review, the neurotoxicants exhibiting consistent gender

Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Kristin G. Homme, Paul G. King, Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 269–296

Research Article | 22-December-2016

Experiences of victimization among adolescents with Substance Abuse Disorders in Sweden

Background:Adolescents who initiate treatment for substance abuse often have a history of victimization in the form of physical, psychological, or sexual abuse. These experiences can have serious adverse consequences that may affect their lives and social functioning.Objective:This article describes and analyzes victimization among adolescents who are in outpatient treatment for substance abuse disorders with respect to gender, social circumstances, alcohol and drug abuse, and mental

Mats Anderberg, Mikael Dahlberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 123–131

Article | 20-July-2021

Developmental stage specific ANB reference values based on a longitudinal sample of untreated Caucasian subjects

Objectives: The study aimed to assess the longitudinal changes in the ANB angle before and after adolescence, and determine Class I normative values for childhood and adolescent Caucasian patients based on cervical vertebral maturation stages (CVMS) and gender. Setting and sample population: The sample included 71 (41 females and 30 males) untreated Caucasian subjects who took part in a growth study between 1959 and 1976. Materials and methods: Lateral cephalometric radiographs were analysed at

Margaret Hostage, Mathew T. Silver, Stephanie C. Finn, Benjamin Canary, Alpdogan Kantarci, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Negin Katebi, Mohamed I. Masoud

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

research-article | 30-November-2018

The shortened version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S; Sweden): a validation study in United Kingdom adolescents

validity of the ASQ-S (11). Specifically, ASQ-S scores were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and invariance testing by gender, stage of school of participants (junior versus middle high school), and type of school attended by participants (grammar [a more academic setting] versus secondary [a more vocational setting]). Further, construct validity was assessed by examining correlations between ASQ-S scores, and scores on four self-concept measures. Finally, construct validity included an

Michael McKay, James Andretta, John Perry

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 81–87

research-article | 13-July-2021

Prevalence and pattern of permanent tooth agenesis among multiracial orthodontic patients in Malaysia

examined using Syngo Imaging (Siemens), a digital imaging system for radiographic images. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12.0.1 for Windows was used for statistical analysis. The prevalence of hypodontia was compared between gender and ethnic groups using Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test with the significance level set at p < 0.05. Results From a total of 875 records, 813 patients met the inclusion criteria. These consisted of 295 males (36.29%) and 518 females

Nor Nadia Zakaria, Yasmin Kamarudin, Lim Ghee Seong, Nur Shahirra Sulaiman, Siti Aisyah Atirah Anuar

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 79–84

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Prevalence and characteristics of three subtypes of dating violence among Danish seventh-grade students

Background:A high prevalence of adolescent dating violence (ADV) has been documented in recent years. However, the majority of ADV studies have been conducted in North America and moreover, ADV studies have primarily focused on high school or college populations.Objective:To investigate victimization and perpetration of ADV and related gender differences in a sample of Danish seventh-grade students.Method:In total, 2934 seventh-grade students (M = 3.5, SD = 0.5) filled out questionnaires at

Sidsel Karsberg, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Mathias Lasgaard, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 16–27

Article | 15-August-2021

Location and severity of root resorption related to impacted maxillary canines: a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) evaluation

datasets were viewed to determine the location and severity of the lesions. Results: A total of 110 impacted maxillary canine teeth resorbed 120 adjacent teeth, including 14 premolars and one permanent molar. The apical third and palatal surface were commonly involved. Fifty per cent of the resorptive lesions were mild, 20% moderate and 30% severe. There was no significant relation between age or gender on the number, location or severity of resorption. There was a statistically significant correlation

Esma J. Doğramacı, Martyn Sherriff, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Fraser McDonald

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 49–58

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Low self-esteem and high psychological distress are common among depressed adolescents presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department

depression.Results:In 55% of participants, intoxication was by alcohol consumption. Deliberate self-harm was found in 17% of the participants. Of the 138 adolescents, 39% scored positive on the BDI for depressive symptoms, occurring more commonly in girls. Logistic regression showed that the most significant variables associated with depressive symptoms were female gender, high psychological distress, and low self-esteem. Symptoms of depression served as a mediator between gender and self-esteem and the blood

Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 39–49

Article | 30-July-2021

Dental age assessment in Caucasian subjects with third molar agenesis

which group 1 consisted of 350 patients (175 females and 175 males) with third molar agenesis and group 2 (control group) had all third molars present. The control group matched the study group for gender and chronological age (CA). Dental age (DA) was estimated from the OPTs using the Demirjian method for all included subjects. Results: The mean CA and DA in the third molar agenesis group were 13.81 ± 1.60 years and 13.72 ± 1.65 years, respectively (p > 0.05). The mean CA and DA in

Elham S. Abu Alhaija, Aftima A. Derbash, Susan N. Al-Khateeb

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 35–39

review-article | 23-April-2021

Prevalence of depressive symptoms among older children and young adolescents: a longitudinal population-based study

having identified dates of onset and duration. In addition, Lewinsohn et al. recorded an annual first incidence rate of 5.7% for major depressive disorder among high school students. Gender differences Before puberty, boys and girls appear to have similar rates of depression (22, 28). However, gender differences have been reported to emerge between the ages of 13 and 15 years, and the point prevalence of depression after puberty is preponderant in girls (about 2:1) (29, 30). Gender differences in a

Else Marie Lysfjord Juul, Odin Hjemdal, Tore Aune

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 64–72

Article | 15-August-2021

A multi-centre evaluation of multiple supernumerary premolar prevalence

type in a Turkish population. Materials and methods: The clinical records and panoramic radiographs of 10,700 patients (referred to three different university hospitals) were retrospectively examined for the presence of supernumerary premolars. Age, gender, orthodontic malocclusion type, the number of supernumerary premolars (two or more), the distribution, location, position (vertical, horizontal, inverted, mesio-angular), surgical approach, and related complications (pain, cystic changes, root

Kaan Gunduz, Hakan Avsever, Kaan Orhan, Gözde Canıtezer, Aydan Acikgoz, Ulas Oz, Muhammet Midilli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 149–156

Short Communication | 30-June-2018

Sero-epidemiology and Risk Factor Analysis of Measles Among Children in Pakistan

Comparative cross sectional study was conducted on blood samples (n = 231) collected from children of 1 to 10 years of age in Punjab Pakistan through convenient sampling method. Indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) was standardized and used for serodiagnosis and evaluation of humoral immunity against measles. Associated risk factors including age, gender, locale, and vaccination status were analyzed. Geometric mean titre (GMT) of vaccinated individuals was significantly higher (p < 0.001

MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT RASOOL, AHSAN RAFIQ, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN NAWAZ, MUHAMMAD SHAFIQUE, MUHAMMAD SAQALEIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 227–231

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Underidentification of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Females: A Case Series Illustrating the Unique Presentation of this Disorder in Young Women

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed more often in males than females, with the male-to-female gender ratio reported to be around 4.3:1 to 5:1. It is possible that the underrecognition of ASD in females partially contributes to this uneven ratio. Recent attention has been placed on understanding the processes that give rise to this gender difference in ASD prevalence. Socialization may contribute to the unique presentation of ASD in females, which may underlie this condition’s subsequent

Andrea Trubanova, Katharine Donlon, Nicole L. Kreiser, Thomas H. Ollendick, Susan W. White

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 66–76

Research Article | 30-November-2014

The Relationship between Personality Disorders and Quality of Life in Adolescent Outpatients

criteria fulfilled and self-perceived quality of life. Distribution according to gender and age in a clinical sample of adolescent outpatients were also considered.This study included 153 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 17 years who were referred to a mental health outpatient clinic. Personality disorders were assessed using the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality. Quality of life was assessed using the Youth Quality of Life Instrument - Research Version, which is a 41-item questionnaire

Hans Ole Korsgaard, Svenn Torgersen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Randi Ulberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 180–189

Research Article | 22-December-2016

Children’s coping styles and trauma symptoms after an explosion disaster

somatization and negative affectivity.Results:The following variables were associated with a higher degree of trauma symptoms for children in grades 6 through 10 and explained 39% to 48% of the unique variance in these symptoms: female gender; the experience of traumatic events pre-disaster; the destruction of property or danger to life occurring during the disaster; the experience of traumatic events post-disaster; and the use of self-blame, emotion regulation, wishful thinking, and cognitive

Mette Elmose, Christina Duch, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 132–140

Research Article | 30-November-2014

The Influence of Mental Health, Psychosocial Factors, and Educational Skills on the Educational Aspirations of Indigenous Sámi and Non-Indigenous Adolescents in the Arctic

Background:Mental health and psychosocial factors seem to influence the educational aspirations of adolescents, which are also known to be related to educational skills and sociodemographic factors such as gender, ethnicity, religious affiliation, and socioeconomic status. Previously, the relationship between educational aspirations and mental health, psychosocial factors, and educational and sociocultural conditions has not been investigated in Arctic adolescents.Objective:We aimed to

Elisabeth Valmyr Bania, Christian Eckhoff, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 169–179

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound evaluation of the scapholunate ligament and scapholunate joint space in patients with wrist complaints in a rheumatologic setting

] 43.4 (±13.6) [18–60] 64.1 (±6.2) [53–71] 62.7 (±13.1) [30–87] p <0.0001**(Kruskal-Wallis test) Gender, males/females 28/46 4/13 5/13 19/20 Wrists analyzed 128 26 32 70 US grading of SLIL degeneration (mean) 1.1 (±0.63) 0.8 (±0.56) 1.18 (±0.53) 1.15 (±0.67) p <0.034*(Kruskal-Wallis test) Mean US scapholunate diastasis in mm (± SD) [range] 2.67 (±0.66) [1.8–4.6] 2.51 (±0.49) [1.8–3.6] 2.70 (±0.56) [1.9–4.4] 2.69 (±0.7) [1.9–4.6] ns 0.503(Kruskal-Wallis test) Wrists with scapholunate joint

Paolo Falsetti, Edoardo Conticini, Caterina Baldi, Marco Bardelli, Suhel Gabriele Al Khayyat, Roberto D’Alessandro, Luca Cantarini, Bruno Frediani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e105–e111

research-article | 28-February-2020

Academic Collaboration via Resource Contributions: An Egocentric Dataset

years. Each collaborator was discussed separately giving information about gender, scientific degree, nationality, and university department (if possible). See Section 5.1 below. During the interview a network of collaboration among collaborators mentioned in item (1) was reconstructed using cork board, pins, and rubber bands. See the example in Figure 1. Cork boards were photographed and later digitized into edgelist data. See Section 5.2 below. For each collaborator, the respondents were asked

Michał Bojanowski,, Dominika Czerniawska, Wojciech Fenrich

Connections, Volume 39 , ISSUE 1, 1–6

research-article | 17-June-2020

Academic Collaboration via Resource Contributions: An Egocentric Dataset

years. Each collaborator was discussed separately giving information about gender, scientific degree, nationality, and university department (if possible). See Section 5.1 below. During the interview a network of collaboration among collaborators mentioned in item (1) was reconstructed using cork board, pins, and rubber bands. See the example in Figure 1. Cork boards were photographed and later digitized into edgelist data. See Section 5.2 below. For each collaborator, the respondents were asked

Michał Bojanowski,, Dominika Czerniawska, Wojciech Fenrich

Connections, Volume 40 , ISSUE 1, 25–30

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Risk factors for suicide attempts in the total population of Faroese eighth graders

28 % were boys and 72 % were girls. In line with the expectations, the initial comparison showed that adolescents reporting life-time suicide attempt had significantly higher scores on attachment anxiety and negative affectivity, and had significantly lower scores on attachment closeness, and both past and present social support. Further analyses stratified on gender, however, revealed unexpected results, as a high score on negative affectivity only was a significant risk factor for life-time

Tóra Petersen, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 106–114

Article | 26-August-2018

SENIOR COHOUSING IN CROSS-CUTTING RESEARCH

Witold BASIŃSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 21–31

Article | 20-July-2021

Orthodontic patient co-operation: a review of the clinician's role in predicting and improving patient compliance

This systematic narrative review outlines factors associated with patient co-operation during orthodontic treatment. The co-operation of orthodontic patients, related to oral hygiene, appliance wear, diet and appointment attendance, can be highly influential on treatment outcome and the development of a number of potential adverse effects. While each patient is an individual with unique variations, patient age, gender, socio-economic status, parental relationships and psychological factors have

Fiona Firth, Florence Bennani, Suzan Stacknik, Mauro Farella

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

Research paper | 13-December-2018

COMPARISON OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY ONSET TIME OF TWO GROUPS WITH LEFT TRUNCATED AND RIGHT CENSORED DATA

The present paper is concerned with the comparison of the nephropathy onset time of type-2 diabetic patients, grouped on the basis of gender and age at the time of diabetes diagnosis. Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) onset time is assumed to follow Weibull distribution with fixed left truncation. The likelihood ratio test is applied on uncensored cases and Thoman and Bain two sample tests is applied with generated left truncated Weibull distributions. To avoid the model validity issues for left

Alka Sabharwal, Gurprit Grover

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 3, 527–549

Article | 30-November-2018

Stitching the cloths of serial migrant life: The quilts of Barbara James

several identities but systems of categorisation over time. This migratory subject often changes ‘positions’ not only geographically but socially, making us question the static assumptions of social theory with their experiences of diverse approaches to nationality, class, race, ethnicity and gender. Barbara has experienced dramatic shifts in status, career and perceived class position in the several countries she has called home. She is a licensed nurse and citizen of the USA and the UK. She has

Susan Ossman

Borderlands, Volume 18 , ISSUE 1, 88–110

Article | 15-March-2021

DRIVERS' TENDENCIES TO ENGAGE IN ABERRANT DRIVING BEHAVIORS THAT VIOLATE TRAFFIC REGULATIONS IN KUWAIT

sheds light on drivers' tendencies to engage in five maneuvers that fall into the category of behaviors that violate traffic rules and could have detrimental effects on traffic conditions in Kuwait. The tendencies of drivers to engage in such behaviors were elicited through self report questionnaires. The study found that a significant number of drivers in Kuwait display these driving behaviors. The effects of driver gender, driver age, and annual driving distance on the tendency of drivers to

Mahdi SHEHAB, Dawood ALKANDARI

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Latent Classes of Symptoms related to Clinically Depressed Mood in Adolescents

The diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is based only on adult symptomatology of depression and not adapted for age and gender. This may contribute to the low diagnostic specificity and validity of adolescent MDD. In this study, we investigated whether latent classes based on symptoms associated with depressed mood could be identified in a sample of adolescents seeking psychiatric care, regardless of traditionally

Eva Henje Blom, Mats Forsman, Tony T. Yang, Eva Serlachius, Jan-Olov Larsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Article | 15-August-2021

Arch-dimensional changes in non-extraction cases with finishing wires of a particular material, size and arch form

the University of Melbourne (DHEAG no: 1033997.1). All patients had been treated with fixed appliances (0.018 inch, pre-adjusted edgewise) in the early permanent dentition, without premolar extractions, by one experienced orthodontist. Pre- and post-treatment upper and lower arch dimensions were measured from study casts. Correlation coefficients were calculated between these measurements as well as pretreatment cast and vertical cephalometric measurements, gender and the amount of crowding that

Derek Allan, Michael G. Woods

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 26–36

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Psychological Difficulties among Children and Adolescents with Ethnic Danish, Immigrant, and Refugee Backgrounds

found significant differences among the groups, with Danish children reporting lower levels of conduct problems than both immigrant children (P < .01) and refugee children (P < .05). Refugee children also reported more peer problems (P < .05), more symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (P < .01), and more separation anxiety symptoms (P < .05) than the Danish children. No significant differences with regard to age or gender were found among the groups.Our data suggest that

Ingrid Leth, Janni Niclasen, Else Ryding, Yasmine Baroud, Barbara H. Esbjørn

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 29–37

Research Article

Social Structural Analysis of Street-Involved Youth in Winnipeg, Canada

were provided with test results and treatment if necessary. RDS Analysis Tool was used to assess the effectiveness of RDS and define the social linkages. A Fisher‘s Exact test was used to identify any correlates of infection. Gender was the only variable that correlated with infection status (22 percent of females vs. 8 percent of males). A high proportion of male participants had never been tested before. Despite the fact that most female participants had been tested before, high infection

Laura H. Thompson, John Schellenberg, Margaret Ormond, John L. Wylie

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

original-paper | 26-August-2020

Determining Risk Factors for Dengue Fever Severity in Jeddah City, a Case-Control Study (2017)

patients were within the age group 20–29 years. Non-Saudis nationalities were predominant (73.9%), with Egyptian (18.5%) and Pakistani (15.5%) being the most frequent. Table I Demographic profile of the studied sample. Variable No. % Age by year Category (0–9)   10   2.7 (10–19)   32   8.7 (20–29) 110 29.9 (30–39) 102 27.7 (40–49)   70 19.0 (50-older)   44 12.0 Gender Male 313 85.1 Female   55 14.9 Nationality Saudi   97 26.4 Non-Saudi 271 73.6 Type of infection

WAJD A. ABUALAMAH, HUSSAIN S. BANNI, HUSSAIN A. ALMASMOUM, YONIS A. ALLOHIBI, HASAN M. SAMARIN, MOHAMMED A. BAFAIL

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 331–337

Article | 30-July-2021

Three-dimensional computed tomographic assessment of mandibular muscles in growing subjects with different vertical facial patterns

medial pterygoid muscles. These muscle parameters were also assessed in relation to the vertical facial pattern, gender and skeleto-dental form. Results: Significant differences were found in muscular angulation for subjects with different underlying patterns. Greater masseter volumes were associated with increased facial width. Greater intermolar widths were found in brachyfacial subjects, with less acute muscular angulations in relation to horizontal reference lines, compared with dolichofacial

Alwyn Wong, Michael G. Woods, Damien Stella

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 2–17

Article | 15-March-2019

BAYESIAN SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF CHRONIC DISEASES IN ELDERLY CHINESE PEOPLE USING A STAR MODEL

Population Surveys. The findings are as follows: (1) the following covariates have considerable effects on chronic diseases in general, and on specific chronic diseases (hypertension and heart disease) (in descending order): census register (rural or urban), gender, smoking, drinking, province, time, age, cultural activities, years of education, and sports activities; (2) the effect of marital status is negligible; (3) province is a critical factor, with the highest spatial effect appearing in two types

Ping Gao, Hikaru Hasegawa

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 4, 645–670

Article | 09-November-2020

Measurement of red blood cell-bound C3b and C3d using an enzyme-linked direct antiglobulin test

anemia, neoplasia, and collagen diseases. The results were compared with those of standard agglutination tests employing polyclonal and monoclonal antiglobulin reagents. Small amounts of C3b and C3d were detected on RBCs of the healthy individuals only by the ELDAT and probably reflected the continuing low-grade activation of complement necessary for the maintenance of homeostasis of a variety of physiological systems. The quantity did not vary with age or gender. In the patients, increased amounts

J.D. Bellamy, D.J. Booker, N.T. James, R. Stamps, R.J. Sokol

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 123–131

Article | 15-August-2021

Evaluation of the mandibular arch in patients with impacted permanent lower canines

Aim: To determine the features of the mandibular dental arch in subjects presenting with impacted permanent lower canines. Methods: The ‘impaction group’ consisted of 48 Indian subjects with mandibular canine impaction (Females:Males, 1.5:1; mean age, 15.03 ± 0.49 years). The ‘control group’ was comprised of 96 age-, gender- and malocclusion-matched Indians who were randomly selected from subjects initially screened but who had completely erupted mandibular

Shikha Jain, Mamta Agrawal, Sachin Jain, Shweta Jain

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 37–41

Article | 15-August-2021

The effect of the buccal corridor and tooth display on smile attractiveness

incisor show, 6 mm central incisor show, total central incisor show, total tooth show with 2 mm gingival show and total tooth show with 4 mm gingival show). Sixty Iranians (30 males and 30 females) rated the attractiveness of the pictures on a 1–5 point scale. Results: Narrower smiles were preferred in long-faced subjects compared with short-faced subjects. Minimal tooth show was more attractive than excessive gingival display in short-faced subjects. There were no gender specific, statistically

Esfandiar Akhavan Niaki, Sepideh Arab, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Mohammad Moslem Imani

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 195–200

Article | 21-April-2019

The importance of safe space and student voice in schools that serve minoritized learners

Katherine Cumings Mansfield

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 25–38

Research Article | 30-November-2014

Nonverbal Reasoning in Preschool Children: Investigating the Putative Risk of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as a Mediator

, longitudinal study of preschool emotional development were included in this study. Each child’s primary caregiver completed questionnaires and interviews related to childhood psychopathology. SHS exposure was estimated with the use of saliva cotinine values.After adjustment for sociodemographic factors (e.g., age, gender, an income-to-needs ratio) and for ADHD, CD, and ODD symptoms, exposure to SHS was found to be negatively associated with preschool children’s nonverbal reasoning skills. Exposure to SHS

Duneesha De Alwis, Mini Tandon, Rebecca Tillman, Joan Luby

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 115–125

Review | 30-November-2014

Factors that Affect Adolescent Adherence to Mental Health and Psychiatric Treatment: a Systematic Integrative Review of the Literature

information.It appears that an adolescent’s own positive beliefs toward his or her treatment are the main factor that improves his or her adherence to that treatment. Good cohesion with close supportive people appears to be positively related to adherence, whereas sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., race, gender) were not related.By identifying the factors related to the treatment adherence of adolescents, this review article can provide guidance to help improve the quality of care and thus further

Ulla Timlin, Helinä Hakko, Raija Heino, Helvi Kyngäs

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 99–107

original-paper | 06-April-2020

Prevalence of Multi-Drug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – A High Tuberculosis Endemic Area of Pakistan

information software and analyzed using SPSS V.15 (IBM, USA). Sensitivity and specificity were calculated using Medcalc software (https://www.medcalc.org). Results Among 5759 TB suspects, 1969 (34%) were culture-positive, 3121 (54%) were culture-negative, and 344 (6%) were contaminated. The proportion of TB was higher in females (39%) than males (29%), thus, a strong association was observed between the gender and tuberculosis disease (χ (3) = 68.2, p = 0.001). It was observed that the age group of 25

SAJID ALI, MUHAMMAD TAHIR KHAN, ANWAR SHEED KHAN, NOOR MOHAMMAD, MUHAMMAD MUMTAZ KHAN, SAJJAD AHMAD, SADIQ NOOR, ABDUL JABBAR, CANTILLON DAIRE, FARIHA HASSAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 133–137

research-article | 30-November-2019

Difference in lesion formation by male and female Pratylenchus penetrans

Pratylenchus penetrans is an economically important species with a wide geographic distribution in temperate climates. Unlike some other species in the genus, P. penetrans requires females and males for reproduction and, therefore, males are common (Thistlethwayte, 1970; Mamiya, 1971). The gender ratio varies, depending on habitat, hosts, and soil conditions (Patterson and Bergeson, 1967). Both genders are migratory throughout the life cycle, feeding on the root surface as an ectoparasite or in

Kanan Saikai, Ann E. MacGuidwin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

Article | 20-July-2021

Trends in surgical-orthodontic management of Class III malocclusions in Western Australia

surgery. Gender affected surgery type: two-jaw surgery (60% female); maxillary advancement (62% female); mandibular setback (17% female). A greater proportion of females received Class III surgical management in comparison with males (59:41). Conclusion: Two-jaw surgery is the most common procedure for the surgical correction of skeletal Class III malocclusions in Western Australia. Of the single jaw procedures, isolated maxillary advancement surgery is more common than mandibular setback procedures.

Webson Sibanda, Mithran Goonewardene, Christophe Duigou, Steven Naoum

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 62–68

Article | 30-July-2021

Changes in mandibular position in treated Class II division 2 malocclusions in growing and non-growing subjects

malocclusions matched according to age, gender and treatment duration. All completed fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. The changes in the position of point B, Pogonion and Articulare were determined at the end of treatment by superimposing the cephalometric radiographs on Sella-Nasion line at Sella. Thirteen cephalometric parameters including the distance between Basion and Articular (Ba-Art) were measured at each stage. Results: In both groups, SNB angle, SNPog angle and Ba-Art distance showed no

Kazem AL-Nimri, Mohamad Abo-Zomor, Sawsan Alomari

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 73–81

research-article | 06-October-2021

Class II division 1 malocclusion treatment with extraction of maxillary first permanent molars: cephalometric evaluation of treatment and post-treatment changes

–T2. The increments were tested using paired-samples t-tests. The cephalometric variables were compared between the groups (hypodivergent, normodivergent, and hyperdivergent) by applying ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post hoc test. Linear regression was used to examine the effect of facial type (reference is normodivergent facial type), age, and gender (independent variables) on the dependent cephalometric variable. The amount of variance explained by the independent variables was estimated by the R 2

Johan Willem Booij, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Frits A. Rangel, Christos Livas, Yijin Ren, Christos Katsaros, Edwin M. Ongkosuwito

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 294–310

Research paper | 04-August-2017

High-dose 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D supplementation elongates the lifespan of Huntington’s disease transgenic mice

a transgenic mouse model of Huntington’s disease. Methods: Our study was performed on N171-82Q Huntington’s disease transgenic mice in age- and gender-matched groups. We collected data on the motor state and survival of the mice. Results: The results demonstrate that though vitamin D3 had no effect on the motor performance of transgenic mice, but significantly increased the lifespan of transgenic animals (Kaplan-Meier survival curves: vehicle-supplemented group

Máté` Fort Molnár, Rita Török, Evelin Sümegi, László Vécsei, Péter Klivényi, Levente Szalárdy1

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 176–181

Article | 20-July-2021

Prevalence of cervical vertebrae anomalies in patients with cleft lip and palate

normal, fusion, dehiscence and multiple cervical anomalies. The cleft group was subdivided according to the types of cleft (UCLP/ BCLP/ CPO) and gender (male/female). The CVA prevalence was compared between the cleft and non-cleft patients. Results: The prevalence of CVA was 37.7% and 20.7% in cleft and non-cleft patients, respectively. The difference was statistically significant with a p-value <0.01. Of the types of clefts, a left UCLP had the highest prevalence of CVA (47.2%), with fusion (35.8

Om Prakash Kharbanda, Tabassum Qureshi, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 46–52

Article | 30-July-2021

Evaluation of the effects of two different Alt-RAMEC procedures: five weeks versus nine weeks

16 patients (6 females and 10 males; mean age: 11.52 ± 1.29 years) who had an Alt-RAMEC procedure for nine weeks. The parents of the patients were instructed to open the screw twice per day for one week and to close it twice per day for the following week (0.20 mm per turn). Nine angular and 20 linear cephalometric variables were measured. Results: The groups were well matched in relation to patient gender distribution, chronological age and initial cephalometric values. Both Alt-RAMEC

Mevlut Celikoglu, Muhammet Hilmi Buyukcavus

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 249–257

Article | 30-July-2021

Application of Pont's index to a Pakistani population: a digital stereomicroscopic study

Objective: To investigate the applicability of Pont’s index for predicting maxillary and mandibular dental arch widths in a Pakistani population. Materials and methods: A Hirox digital stereomicroscope (SM) (HIROX KH7700 Japan) was used to construct digital models of fabricated plaster casts. Gender differences in the measured totals of the incisor widths, arch widths and expansion indices were evaluated. Pont’s correlations were computed between measured and predicted arch widths

Fazal Shahid, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis, Grant Clement Townsend

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 236–248

research-article | 07-October-2021

Dentofacial changes following treatment with a fixed functional appliance and their three-dimensional effects on the upper airway

orthodontic treatment plan Pre- and post-treatment CBCT scans with imaging of the cranial base, maxilla, mandible and first four cervical vertebrae and associated airways Children between 8 and 15 years of age A pair-matched control group of 73 patients with a class I sagittal jaw (ANB 0-5 degrees14) and Angle class I molar relationship were selected to match the FA group for chronological age, skeletal age,15 gender, mandibular inclination,14 and the time interval between the pre-treatment

Yousef Abdalla, Stavros Kiliaridis, Liselotte Sonnesen

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 284–293

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood: A Case-Control Study

injuries also seems to differ. Gender, intellectual level, and concurrent epilepsy were not predictive of injury risk.Our results lend support to the notion that injuries that require medical attention are not uncommon among an adult population of people diagnosed with IA during childhood, but they are less common than the rate found in a comparison group from the general population. It is proposed that a diagnosis of IA is related to the likelihood of institutional care, which may have a protective

Svend Erik Mouridsen, Bente Rich, Torben Isager

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 88–95

Case report | 10-January-2018

A Neurological Integrated Care Pathway

Objective: To assess the feasibility of service integration for neurological care. Design: Observation study Participants: A total of 104 admissions for 92 neurological patients treated in a major region hospital and suitable for discharge home were eligible for participation. Intervention: A neurological integrated care pathway (NICP) was trialled at a major regional hospital between July 2012 and June 2013. Objective data included patients, gender, age, diagnosis, length of hospital stay

Kathleen McCoy, Harriet Chan

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 25–29

Case report | 25-January-2018

A Neurological Integrated Care Pathway

Objective: To assess the feasibility of service integration for neurological care. Design: Observation study Participants: A total of 104 admissions for 92 neurological patients treated in a major region hospital and suitable for discharge home were eligible for participation. Intervention: A neurological integrated care pathway (NICP) was trialled at a major regional hospital between July 2012 and June 2013. Objective data included patients, gender, age, diagnosis, length of hospital stay

Kathleen McCoy, Harriet Chan

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 38–43

Original Paper | 04-December-2017

Prevalence, Influencing Factors, Antibiotic Resistance, Toxin and Molecular Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA Nasal Carriage among Diabetic Population in the United States, 2001–2004

–0.882) was significant among S. aureus nasal carriage and gender (OR = 3.410, 95% CI, 1.091–10.653) was significant among MRSA nasal carriage. The proportions of staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) A, SEB, SEC, SED, Toxic-shock syn­drome toxin-1, and Panton Valentine Leukocidin toxin among S. aureus strains were 18.75%, 3.13%, 12.50%, 15.63%, 28.13%, and 9.38%, respectively. 63.63% of MRSA strains were community-acquired, 27.27% were hospital-acquired, and 9.09% were non-typeable. Diabetic patients

Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 439–448

Original Paper | 19-December-2016

The quality of life of children with epilepsy in Poland – the opinion of children and their parents

significant difference was found when comparing the assessment scores of children and parents in light of the following variables; child age, gender, illness duration, seizure frequency and treatment effectiveness.

Dorota Talarska, Michał Michalak, Patrycja Talarska

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 105–113

research-article | 30-November-2018

Burden sharing in families to children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD: Analysis of ADHD Helpline in Swedish Clinical Services

develop and individualise interventions and support. The lived experiences of parents may differ depending on the gender of the parent. As noted earlier, the impact of domestic and child care responsibilities may be especially increased in families with children with ADHD. While child rearing and domestic labour in most societies would traditionally be considered women’s responsibilities, this notion has been shown to be counter-acted by changes in gender role ideologies and welfare regime structures

Elina Renhorn, Carl Nytell, Anna Backman, Camilla Ekstrand, Tatja Hirvikoski

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 88–91

research-article | 30-November-2019

The COVID-19 pandemic in South Australia: a survey of RGSSA members

Retired 1 21 2 24 Volunteering 6 6 Multiple adults (no children) Working 1 1 Household with children Working 1 2 3 Other Working 1 1 Total 2 4 36 2 44 Survey sections The survey comprised four sections: RGSSA – related questions. Effects of lockdown. Personal effects. Management of COVID-19. It comprised 21 questions plus four of the respondents’ characteristics (age, gender, etc.). A tabular summary of the results is provided in the Appendix. The following shows

Andrew Lothian

South Australian Geographical Journal, Volume 116 , ISSUE 1, 1–11

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve using high-resolution ultrasonography

, C) and II (images D, E, F) in the left lower limb in a 42-year-old female weighing 52 kg, with a height of 155 cm, and BMI of 21.6. The mean cross-sectional area measured at level I was 0.353 cm2, and at level II it was 0.227 cm2 (RT – right, LT – left, PT – point, VAL – value, yellow arrow – sciatic nerve) The age, gender, height, weight and body mass index obtained for each subject were documented, and then correlation coefficients were calculated by statistically correlating these

Kunwar Pal Singh, Prabhjot Singh, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e95–e104

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of normal radial nerve at two levels using high-resolution ultrasonography

). Studies show that high-resolution ultrasonography is useful for the localization of trauma, entrapment neuropathies, and infectious conditions and neoplasms involving the peripheral nerves(4–6). The present study seeks to obtain high-resolution sonographic images of normal radial nerves to assess potential relationships between the CSA and the age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and hand dominance of the subjects. Material and methods The study was conducted on 200 subjects

Kunwar Pal Singh, Achal Singh Goindi, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e112–e126

Article | 15-August-2021

A comparison of orthodontic treatment outcomes using the Objective Grading System (OGS) and the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index

index, while most cases (62%) failed according to OGS. There was a statistically significant correlation between the unweighted PAR index and the OGS (r = -0.32, p = 0.024). The US and the UK weightings for the PAR were highly correlated (r = 0.90, p < 0.001). Both weighting systems were also highly correlated with the unweighted PAR (p < 0 .001). There were no gender differences found in any of the scoring systems. Conclusions: The current PAR index cannot replace the OGS for evaluating

Orfan Chalabi, Charles Brian Preston, Thikriat S. Al-Jewair, Sawsan Tabbaa

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 157–164

Original Paper | 04-December-2017

Study of Patterns and Markers of Human Immune Deficiency Virus -1 (HIV-1) Progression and Unemployment Rate among Patients from Alexandria, Egypt

other CD4+ readings among the whole cohort and among the treated group. Also, VL at the end of the study; VL(2), was significantly higher than VL(1) among the untreated group. Unemployment rate was 40%. Male gender and obtaining vocational training were significant predictors of employment. It can be concluded that having a family member living with HIV and drug abusers are high risk groups for HIV acquisition. Factors responsible for progression of HIV should be further investigated. Antiretroviral

Faika M. Ghoneim, May M. Raouf, Noha S. Elshaer, Sarah M. Abdelhamid, Reem A. Noor Eldeen

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 519–527

Review Paper | 30-September-2016

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

decreased quality of life. Decreased self-esteem and major stigma are also frequent, linked to social, economic and personal negative consequences. Age also plays a role, younger people being more stigmatized given the interdiction to drive or difficulty in getting a job. In the elderly, seizures may have an impact on mental status, mood and sleep. Gender may also contribute, particularly involving women in childbearing age, linked to the fear or depression due to the possibility of AED-induced

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 167–172

Research Article | 03-March-2021

A latent class analysis on the usage of mobile phones among management students

turned from a technological tool to a social tool. Therefore, the influence of cell phones on young people needs to be thoroughly examined. In this paper, we explore the attitude of young adults towards cell phones and identify the hidden classes of respondents according to the patterns of mobile phone use. The Latent Class Analysis (LCA) serves as a tool to detect any peculiarities, including those gender-based. LCA measures the value of an unknown latent variable on the basis of the respondents

Sunil Kumar, Apurba Vishal Dabgotra

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 22 , ISSUE 1, 89–114

original-paper | 17-September-2021

Fungal Infections in COVID-19 Intensive Care Patients

risk factors in terms of the demographic characteristics (age, gender) of the patients as well as the infection development, the following data were recorded: the number of days of ICU hospitalization and mortality rates, Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, other diseases, antibiotics used within 30 days before Candida species isolation and the microbiological results (blood, urine, tracheal aspirate samples). The Ethics Committee of Health Sciences University

AYŞENUR SÜMER COŞKUN, ŞENAY ÖZTÜRK DURMAZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 395–400

Article | 20-July-2021

A controlled clinical study of the effects of the Ni-Ti Memoria® Leaf Spring Activated Expander

Objective: To evaluate the dental effects of the Ni-Ti Memoria® Leaf Spring Activated Expander (MLSAE) in adolescent orthodontic patients presenting with maxillary transverse constriction. Methods: This retrospective controlled clinical study included 22 patients consecutively treated with the Ni-Ti MLSAE (mean age = 12.72 ± 3.07; range = 6–16 yrs). The sample was compared with 22 untreated controls from the University of Michigan Growth Study. Controls were matched by gender

Kevin S. Manzella, Stephen Warunek, R. Scott Conley, Thikriat Al-Jewair

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 196–204

Research Article | 30-November-2014

Familiality of Quantitative Autism Traits

unaffected siblings. Significant group differences were also found when comparing the fathers of ASD families to control fathers and when comparing the brothers of individuals with ASD to control boys, with male members of ASD families having higher SRS scores. Gender differences were observed in the group of siblings of children with ASD and the group of parents of children with ASD, with males having higher scores than females. In ASD families, a positive trend between child and father QAT was found

Katja Jussila, Kristen Lyall, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Marja-Leena Mattila, Rachel Pollock-Wurman, Tuula Hurtig, Leena Joskitt, Risto Bloigu, Hanna Ebeling, Irma Moilanen, David Pauls

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 126–135

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

, and age, gender, and perceived economic status were controlled for in the analysis.Results:Adolescents participating in either noncompetitive or competitive sports had fewer total symptoms and less impact of problems on their daily life compared with those not participating in sports. In particular, participation in team sports as opposed to participation in individual sports seemed to be associated with fewer mental health problems. Weekly exercise, healthy diet, and number of friends were found

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Research Article | 24-November-2017

The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A): normative data for Flemish adolescents aged 16 to 21 years

substantial inter-cultural differences (d ranged from 0.13 to −1.78).Conclusions:The DAPP-SF-A shows satisfactory reliability in a Flemish community-based sample of adolescents. Furthermore, given the differences between boys and girls, the use of gender-based norms seems appropriate. Finally, substantial differences with the Dutch general population norms warrant the use of separate norms in Flemish adolescents.

Daphne Raaijmakers, Marike G. Polak, Lidia R. Arends, Willemijn M. van Eldik, Peter Prinzie

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 55–63

research-article | 18-July-2020

Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version

benefits for adolescents (7, 10, 22). With regard to gender differences in compassion (27), the findings are inconsistent. Several studies on adults have found that women have slightly lower levels of self-compassion compared to men (9, 17, 28-30) while other studies have found no gender differences (1, 29, 31). In studies of adolescents, the role of gender with regard to compassion is even more unclear (5). Female adolescents, and especially older females, have scored lower on self-compassion than

Eva Henje, Frida Carlberg Rindestig, Paul Gilbert, Inga Dennhag

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 70–80

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of skeletally anchored therapy using miniplates and micro-implants in skeletal Class III treatment

(23 patients). Facemasks with full occlusal coverage acrylic appliances were applied in the FM group (21 patients). Lateral cephalometric radiographs obtained before treatment (T0), after orthopaedic treatment (T1), and after fixed orthodontic treatment (T2) were traced and 31 measurements compared. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the groups related to treatment duration and gender distribution. The mean age was significantly higher in the SA group (11.70

Elçin Esenlik, Gayem Eroğlu Albayrak, Cahide Ağlarcı, Esra Yüksel Coşkun, Yavuz Fındık, Hikmet Orhan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 158–166

Article | 15-August-2021

The effect of smiling on facial asymmetry in adults: a 3D evaluation

two months later to calculate intra observer landmark reproducibility. Results: Mean landmark error was low (0.41 ± 0.07 mm). Mean overall facial asymmetry scores were not significantly gender different (p = 0.5300); therefore, the male and female data were pooled. Mean overall facial asymmetry scores for maximal (0.91 ± 0.16) and natural smile (0.88 ± 0.18) were higher than at rest (0.80 ± 0.17) (p < 0.0001) and were reproducible across (T1–T2) sessions (p

Laura J. Darby, Declan T. Millett, Niamh Kelly, Grant T. McIntyre, Michael S. Cronin

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 132–137

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Serum TSH level in obese children and its correlations with atherogenic lipid indicators and carotid intima media thickness

to HDL cholesterol ratio, LDL cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio, and intima-media thickness. In a multivariate regression analysis, thyroid-stimulating hormone weakly correlated only with intima-media thickness after adjustment for age, gender and Body Mass Index (β = 0.249, p = 0.04). This relationship weakened after considering a lipid profile (β = 0.242, p = 0.058). No relationship was found for free thyroxine. Conclusion: Serum level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in obese children did not

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Majcher, Michał Brzewski, Monika Krawczyk, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 296–301

Article | 30-July-2021

The effect of benzocaine and ketoprofen gels on pain during fixed orthodontic appliance treatment: a randomised, double-blind, crossover trial

intervals (p < 0.05) and there was no gender difference (p > 0.05). Conclusion: A significant pain reduction was observed following the use of ketoprofen when tested against a control gel (placebo). The highest pain scores were experienced in patients administered the placebo and the lowest scores in patients who applied ketoprofen gel. Benzocaine had an effect mid-way between ketoprofen and the placebo. The highest pain scores were recorded 2 hours following force application, which decreased to

Ladan Eslamian, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani, Hadi Gholami

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 64–72

research-article | 12-October-2021

Interlabial gap and freeway space at rest position: a cephalometric study

few comprehensive reports on ILG and FWS evaluated by lateral cephalograms at RP. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the amount of interlabial gap (ILG) and freeway space (FWS) according to gender, age, and skeletal pattern, using cephalometric measurements at MIP and RP to determine changes from MIP to RP relative to the amount of ILG and FWS. The null hypothesis would state that there is no difference between groups related to gender, age, skeletal patterns, or the initial amount of

Ye-Ji Seo, Jae Hyun Park, Na-Young Chang, Hye Young Seo, Jong-Moon Chae

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 237–250

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Child self-report and parent ratings for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Norms and agreement in a Swedish random population sample

children aged 11 to 16 years, 100 per age group, and one of their parents (N=1200) yielded a sampling pool of 1158 participants and a 34.8% response rate, including 175 child–parent pairs and 27 and 26 child/parent singletons. Responses to child and parent versions of the extended SDQ were analyzed by child gender and age. Child–parent agreement was evaluated using the Prevalence- and Bias-Adjusted Kappa and Bland–Altman plots.Results:Older children reported greater difficulties compared with younger

Bojing Liu, Karin Engström, Isabel Jadbäck, Sara Ullman, Anne H. Berman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 13–27

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