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Mini Review | 28-December-2016

Viral Infection of the Heart: Pathogenesis and Diagnosis

Viral infections of the heart cause serious clinical problems, either as infectious myocarditis, which usually is a consequence of acute infection or as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, resulting rather from a chronic infection. This minireview presents an up-to-date view on patho­mechanisms of viral infection of the heart tissues, the role of immune system in controlling infectious process at its various stages and current possibilities of recognizing viral infection of the heart with

Mateusz Kuffner, Agnieszka Pawlak, Maciej Przybylski

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 391–398

Mini Review | 30-March-2017

From Latent Tuberculosis Infection to Tuberculosis. News in Diagnosticsb (QuantiFERON-Plus)

It is estimated that one third of the world’s population have latent tuberculosis infection and that this is a significant reservoir for future tuberculosis cases. Most cases occur within two years following initial infection. The identification of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection is difficult due to the lack of an ideal diagnostic assay and incomplete understanding of latent infection. Currently, there are three tests: the oldest tuberculin skin test, T-SPOT.TB and the

Dagmara I. Borkowska, Agnieszka M. Napiórkowska, Sylwia A. Brzezińska, Monika Kozińska, Anna T. Zabost, Ewa M. Augustynowicz-Kopeć

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 5–8

research-article | 30-November-2020

Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Micrococcus luteus Bloodstream Infection in A Chinese Tertiary-Care Hospital

hepatic and brain abscess, native valve endocarditis, bacteremia, and septic arthritis in immunosuppressive patients (Wharton et al. 1986; Peces et al. 1997; Andreopoulos et al. 2000; Erbasan 2018; Ianniello et al. 2019). It indicates that M. luteus should be considered as a clinically potential opportunistic pathogen. However, few studies have focused on M. luteus infection, especially in bloodstream infections (BSI), because of its low pathogenicity and incidence. A Medline search revealed only

MINGHUI ZHU, QIANG ZHU, ZHEN YANG, ZHIXIN LIANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , 1–6

Short Communication | 28-December-2016

The Usefulness of Biosynthetic Vascular Graft Omniflow II and Autologous Veins for the Treatment of Massive Infection of Dacron Vascular Graft with Enterococcus faecalis HLAR

Infections of vascular grafts are the most severe complications in vascular surgery. We present the case of a 73-year-old male with infection of a dacron prosthesis with a strain of Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was treated with replacement of a full prosthesis with a combined graft constructed from Biosynthetic Vascular graft Omniflow and autologous veins. This graft is recommended for implantation in patients with a higher risk of infection. Our case is one of the first reported usage of

Witold Woźniak, Robert Bajno, Michał Świder, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 471–474

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

Cytomegaloviruses are common worldwide, with variable frequency of infections. The infection in pregnancy may lead to pregnancy loss or serious sequelae for the child. To understand the risk posed by CMV in Poland we conducted cross-sectional study on women aged 15–49 basing on existing serum bank. Age dependent CMV incidence, the rates of congenital infection and sequelae were modelled from sero-prevalence, literature and demographic data. The overall anti-CMV IgG prevalence was 81.9

Joanna Siennicka, Milena Dunal-Szczepaniak, Agnieszka Trzcińska, Paulina Godzik, Magdalena Rosińska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 425–432

Research Article | 24-May-2019

THE ROLE OF CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI INFECTION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

of infection is poorly cooked poultry meat. Despite numerous cases of campylobacteriosis, its pathogenesis is not fully understood. However, the role of bacterial motility, adhesion, ability to invade hosts intestinal epithelial cells and secretion of toxins have been found significant. In addition to developing gastrointestinal infections, C. jejuni is firmly established as a causative agent of Guillain-Barré Syndrome, which is an autoimmune-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathy of

Maria Walencka, Agnieszka Matusiak, Magdalena Chmiela

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 260–269

Article | 15-October-2019

THE PREVALENCE OF SYMPTOMATIC DERMATOPHYTOSES IN DOGS AND CATS AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS

1. Introduction Dermatomycoses are skin diseases caused by an infection of its surface layers and other keratinized structures such as hair and nails by fungi referred to as dermatophytes [106]. Based on their adaptation to life, these eukaryotic microorganisms may be divided into three groups: those that attack people, referred to as anthropophilic, those associated with animals – zoophilic and those that live in the soil – geophilic ones [35, 44]. Dermatophytes belong to eurybiotic organisms

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 2, 165–176

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

IgG Avidity: an Important Serologic Marker for the Diagnosis of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Infection

A total of 52 serum samples from patients with symptoms suggestive of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection and positive IgM and/or IgG antibodies were tested for IgG avidity. Acute/recent TBEV infection was confirmed by low/borderline avidity index (AI) in 94.8% IgM positive/IgG positive samples, while in 5.2% high AI was found indicating persisting IgM antibodies. Majority of IgM negative/IgG positive samples (78.6%) showed high AI consistent with past TBEV infection. However, in

Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Goranka Petrovic, Gordana Mlinaric-Galinovic

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 119–121

original-paper | 09-April-2019

Dengue Outbreaks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan in 2017: An Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSRS)-Based Report

populated region of the country (Khan et al. 2017). Data collection. The study was a retrospective epidemic report regarding DF virus infection cases from fifteen districts of KPK, Pakistan. The data was collected from the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSRS) Directorate General Health Services, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan with the prior approval of data by the statistical officer of IDSRS. Clinical manifestations. The indoor patients admitted in different hospitals of the province

ABDULLAH, SHER ALI, MUHAMMAD SALMAN, MISBAHUD DIN, KACHKOL KHAN, MUNIB AHMAD, FAISAL HAYAT KHAN, MUHAMMAD ARIF

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 115–119

Case report | 25-January-2018

Does duration and sampling of external ventricular drainage systems influence infection rate?

diagnose external drainage related bacterial meningitis at an early stage. Nurses are routinely instructed to collect cerebrospinal fluid from ventricular catheters for analysis. Does the way in which sampling occurs relate to increased infection? This literature review will discuss that prophylactic frequent cerebrospinal fluid sampling is of no benefit and increases infection risk and should be limited. It will also provide evidence that duration of the external ventricular drain (EVD) systems does

Nomathemba Moyo

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, 7–14

Research Article | 24-May-2019

VACCINES AGAINST ROTAVIRUS INFECTION

vaccines are available all over the world. After the introduction of rotavirus vaccination, the number of infections decreased significantly and the number of deaths due to rotavirus gastroenteritis in children decreased over 50% globally. However, despite confirmed safety and effectiveness of the RV1 and RV5 vaccines, fear of vaccination against rotavirus infection still exists. It can be related to the bad reputation of the previous rotavirus vaccines, which were withdrawn from the market or were

Marta Prygiel, Klaudia Brodzik, Aldon Wiatrzyk, Małgorzata Główka, Katarzyna Woźnica, Karol Wdowiak, Urszula Czajka, Aleksandra A. Zasada

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 4, –

original-paper | 19-March-2021

Campylobacter fetus Induced Proinflammatory Response in Bovine Endometrial Epithelial Cells

-Salloom et al. 2003; Zheng et al. 2008; Eucker et al. 2014). Hence in this study, the cytokine expression patterns induced in bovine endometrial epithelial cells by infection with C. fetus subsp. fetus were evaluated, to establish the role of inflammation in diseases produced by this species in the bovine reproductive tract. Experimental Materials and Methods Bacterial strains and growth conditions. C. fetus subsp. fetus ATCC 27374 (Salama et al. 1995) was grown at 37°C for 48 h under

LIZETH GUADALUPE CAMPOS-MÚZQUIZ, ESTELA TERESITA MÉNDEZ-OLVERA, MONIKA PALACIOS MARTÍNEZ, DANIEL MARTÍNEZ-GÓMEZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 99–106

Article | 21-July-2017

Agamermis (Nematoda: Mermithidae) Infection in South Carolina Agricultural Pests

methods and assigned to family Mermithidae, genus Agamermis. This study reports mermithid nematode infection in immature M. cribraria for the first time and provides the first mermithid host record for the stink bugs Chinavia hilaris, Euschistus servus, and another Euschistus species, and a grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in South Carolina. The same Agamermis species infected all hosts. The broad host range and prevalence suggests that Agamermis may be an important contributor

FRANCESCA L. STUBBINS, PAULA AGUDELO, FRANCIS P. F. REAY-JONES, JEREMY K. GREENE

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 4, 290–296

original-paper | 26-August-2020

Determining Risk Factors for Dengue Fever Severity in Jeddah City, a Case-Control Study (2017)

). Although most of the dengue infections appear as undifferentiated viral fever or end in asymptomatic infection, some of these result into fluid leakage and bleeding manifestations that cause dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) (Azhar et al. 2015). Dengue fever disease is diagnosed based on the existence of many symptoms, including: fever, arthralgia, myalgia, frontal headache, and a cutaneous rash, usually self-limited to one week. Asymptomatic or mild infections are often

WAJD A. ABUALAMAH, HUSSAIN S. BANNI, HUSSAIN A. ALMASMOUM, YONIS A. ALLOHIBI, HASAN M. SAMARIN, MOHAMMED A. BAFAIL

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 331–337

original-paper | 04-June-2020

Performance Evaluation of Different Commercial Serological Kits for Diagnosis of Acute Hepatitis E Viral Infection

Introduction Hepatitis E is the infection of the liver caused by a virus known as the hepatitis E virus (HEV) and has posed severe public health hazards around the world. HEV has four major genotypes (1–4) that are globally distributed into different epidemiological patterns based on socioeconomic factors and ecology (Lu et al. 2006). HEV genotypes 1 and 2 infect humans solely (Ahmad et al. 2011). Generally, genotype 1 accounts for the epidemics in some parts of Asia, while genotype 2 is more

QIANG ZHANG, XIAOLONG ZONG, DONGMING LI, JING LIN, LIHUA LI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 217–222

original-paper | 15-May-2020

The Resurgence of Measles Infection and its Associated Complications in Early Childhood at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan

Introduction Measles is a highly contagious systemic viral infection caused by the Measles virus (MeV). This virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family, has ssRNA genome and a lipid envelope. It spreads through respiratory droplets and also through conjunctiva contact (Khan et al. 2013). Its diagnostic criteria include high-grade fever (38°C lasting for > 3 days), generalized maculopapular rashes, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis (WHO 2018a). Measles viral infection is the leading cause of

MUHAMMAD ILYAS, SUMERA AFZAL, JAMSHAID AHMAD, SAAD ALGHAMDI, MUHAMMAD KHURRAM

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 177–184

Research Article | 23-May-2019

PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUS – CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARISON OF SELECTED PROPERTIES OF HCOV-SARS AND HCOV-MERS

; 2000 ill, > 700 deaths) although its intensity decreased. Both viruses are zoonotic and require at least two “host jumps” for the transmission of the infection to humans: for HCoV-SARS – from bat to palm civet and then to human; for HCoV-MERS – from bats to camels and subsequently to humans. Primary mode of transmission is droplet in close contact (< 1 m), but both viruses remain active in aerosol (up to 24 h), so infection can be also spread by air (ventilation). The

Katarzyna W. Pancer

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 22–32

minireview | 09-March-2021

Epidemiology and Pathogenesis of Staphylococcus Bloodstream Infections in Humans: a Review

al. 2014). As opportunistic pathogens, staphylococci exhibit saprophytic characteristics under physiological conditions, but the bacteria become severe pathogens under additional infection-facilitating conditions. Staphylococci are etiological agents of diseases with various localizations, manifestations and/or courses of infection. The most frequent infections are local infections, and the bacteria can cause lesions in various anatomical tissues. Overall, the infections are grouped into skin and

KLAUDIA LISOWSKA-ŁYSIAK, RYSZARD LAUTERBACH, JACEK MIĘDZOBRODZKI, MAJA KOSECKA-STROJEK

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 13–23

Article | 21-July-2017

Characterization of Lilium longiflorum cv. ‘Nellie White’ Infection with Root-lesion Nematode Pratylenchus penetrans by Bright-field and Transmission Electron Microscopy

to multiply lilies and follow the nematode infection over time. Phenotypic reactions of roots inoculated with P. penetrans were evaluated from 0 to 60 d after nematode infection. Symptom development progressed from initial randomly distributed discrete necrotic areas to advanced necrosis along entire roots of each inoculated plant. A major feature characterizing this susceptible host response to nematode infection was the formation of necrosis, browning, and tissue death

PAULO VIEIRA, JOSEPH MOWERY, JAMES KILCREASE, JONATHAN D. EISENBACK, KATHRYN KAMO

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 2–11

Case report | 25-January-2018

The Life and Trials of a Pseudomeningocoele.

undergone multiple procedures in New Zealand including long term intravenous (IV) antibiotics resulting from an infection previously undiagnosed. Nursing considerations will be discussed throughout the case study including peri and postoperative care for neurosurgical patients with pseudomeningoceles, complications to be aware of, and holistic support for patients - physical, emotional and psychological.

Larissa Engel, Maira Manch

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 33–37

Short Communication | 30-March-2017

Outpatient Antibiotic Consumption Fluctuations in a View of Unreasonable Antibacterial Therapy

Unreasonable antibacterial therapy is suspected to be the main reason of emergence of multi-resistant bacteria. The connection between seasonal variability of antibiotic use and reasonable antibacterial therapy has been described. We examined the issue basing on the data obtained from the primary care system in Szczecin (Poland) in order to verify the situation in this region of Central Europe. Increase in antibiotic consumption in a viral infection season was proved to be statistically

Marcin Ciszewski, Tomasz Czekaj, Eligia M. Szewczyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 119–123

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

Etiologic Agents and Antifungal Susceptibility of Oral Candidosis from Romanian patients with HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus

This is the first Romanian investigation of oral candidosis in patients suffering of HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Candida albicans was the dominant species in both types of isolates: n = 14 (46.7%) in T1DM, n = 60 (69.8%) in HIV. The most frequent non-albicans Candida spp. were Candida kefyr (n = 6; 20%) in T1DM and Candida dubliniensis (n = 8; 9.3%) in HIV. Resistance to fluconazole was detected only in the HIV non-albicans Candida group (n = 8; 9.3%). All isolates were

Bogdan Minea, Valentin Nastasa, Anna Kolecka, Magdalena Mares, Narcisa Marangoci, Irina Rosca, Mariana Pinteala, Monica Hancianu, Mihai Mares

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 123–129

research-article | 30-November-2019

Ultrastructure of Hirschmanniella diversa early-stage infection in browning rhizomes of Indian lotus

H. diversa and invasion of Indian lotus rhizomes, where blackish-brown blotches appear, has not been studied. Preliminary experiments showed that H. diversa is strongly attracted to and penetrates the apex of young lotus rhizomes. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the early infection processes of H. diversa invading the apex of young lotus rhizomes and the resulting changes in host cells using light and electron microscopy. Invading nematodes move rapidly, and most move away from the surface of the

Shigeru Uematsu, Tetsuo Yabu, Mitsuyoshi Yao, Takayuki Kurihara, Hironori Koga

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

short-communication | 28-April-2020

Extensively Drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Belonging to International Clone II from A Pet Cat with Urinary Tract Infection; The First Report from Pakistan

identical clonal lineages as human strains suggesting a common source of infection (Zordan et al. 2011; Puntener-Simmen et al. 2019). Here, we have described a CRAB isolate harboring the blaOXA-23 gene from a pet cat suffering from urinary tract infection. A two-years-old pet cat was brought to our pet clinic with dysuria and hematuria. The urine sample was aseptically collected, which showed significant bacteriuria, and A. baumannii was solely obtained. The cat was having a history of persistent fever

ZEESHAN TAJ, MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT RASOOL, AHMAD ALMATROUDI, MUHAMMAD SAQALEIN, MOHSIN KHURSHID

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 231–234

original-paper | 27-December-2020

Bioinformatics Analysis of Key micro-RNAs and mRNAs under the Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Virus Infection

volar regions of the hands and feet, herpangina, and difficulties in eating and drinking. Severe circumstances can exhibit potentially fatal complications involving the nervous system, such as brain stem encephalitis, or cardiopulmonary systems, such as pulmonary edema. Severe cases may show drastic progression and die from complicated symptoms. There have been limited tools for effective diagnosis of HFMD. Although enterovirus infection triggers various pathological responses, the exact mechanisms

SHENG LIN, LIU YANG, SHIBIAO WANG, BIN WENG, MIN LIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 479–490

original-paper | 27-March-2019

Interferon Gamma Release Assays in Patients with Respiratory Isolates of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria – a Preliminary Study

Introduction The introduction of IGRAs to clinical practice enabled to improve the diagnostic accuracy of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The assessment of LTBI by IGRAs is based on response to specific antigens: early secreted antigenic target 6 kDa (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein 10 kDa (CFP-10), localized in a specific genomic area of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, called the region of difference (RD1) (Borkowska 2011; Demkow 2011). Subsequently, IGRAs have been extensively used to

EWA AUGUSTYNOWICZ-KOPEĆ, IZABELA SIEMION-SZCZEŚNIAK, ANNA ZABOST, DOROTA WYROSTKIEWICZ, DOROTA FILIPCZAK, KARINA ONISZH, DARIUSZ GAWRYLUK, ELŻBIETA RADZIKOWSKA, DAMIAN KORZYBSKI, MONIKA SZTURMOWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 15–19

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

Comparison of Methods Used for the Diagnosis of Epstein-Barr Virus Infections in Children

The accurate diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections is important, as many other infectious agents or diseases can cause similar symptoms. In this study, sera of pediatric patients who were suspected to have an EBV infection, were sent to Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, and investigated by IFA, ELISA, immunoblotting and Real-time PCR. The performances of these tests were compared with IFA. The rates of agreement between ELISA and

Nilgun Kasifoglu, Semra Oz, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Tercan Us, Ozcan Bor, Gul Durmaz, Yurdanur Akgun

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 81–88

mini-review | 27-December-2020

Hepatitis B Virus: From Diagnosis to Treatment

Introduction Although there are effective vaccines and treatment strategies against hepatitis B (HB), it is still a significant health concern worldwide that can present in acute, permanent, severe liver failure and cancer forms resulting in high morbidity and death. Globally, 2 billion people have been infected with HB. There is an estimated more than 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection worldwide. The global HB surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity was estimated to

MERYEM GUVENIR, AYSE ARIKAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 391–399

original-paper | 22-October-2019

Salmonella-Infected Aortic Aneurysm: Investigating Pathogenesis Using Salmonella Serotypes

Introduction A healthy aortic wall is highly resistant to infection. However, when its intima is diseased, such as in patients with atherosclerosis, the wall becomes susceptible to infection. Salmonella, the most common genus of the pathogen associated with infected aortic aneurysms, often infects preexisting atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory, lipid-driven disease. The formation of macrophage foam cells in the arterial intima is a known hallmark of

CHISHIH CHU, MIN YI WONG, CHENG-HSUN CHIU, YUAN-HSI TSENG, CHYI-LIANG CHEN, YAO-KUANG HUANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 439–447

Short Communication | 30-March-2017

Antiviral Resistance of Splenocytes in Aged Mice

We compared the susceptibility to viral infection of splenocytes, isolated from young versus old CBA mice, and evaluated the antiviral actions of lactoferrin in splenocytes infected with Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV). Recombinant mouse lactoferrin (rmLF) and bovine lactoferrin (bLF) were used. There were no differences in the susceptibility to EMCV infection in the studied age categories. Both types of lactoferrins were protective in young and old mice. The study confirmed the undisturbed

Ewa Zaczyńska, Jolanta Artym, Maja Kocięba, Timo Burster, Marian Kruzel, Maria Paprocka, Michał Zimecki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 131–134

Research Article

Social Structural Analysis of Street-Involved Youth in Winnipeg, Canada

In the present study, the social linkages of street-involved youth and correlates of infection with chlamydia and gonorrhea are explored. This is the first study to assess the social linkages of streetinvolved youth using RDS. Eleven street-involved youth aged 14 to 24 were selected as seeds to recruit their peers into the study using RDS (N=169). Study staff administered a questionnaire, obtained a urine specimen, and provided recruitment coupons to participants. A week later, participants

Laura H. Thompson, John Schellenberg, Margaret Ormond, John L. Wylie

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

original-paper | 01-May-2021

Screening of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Newly Diagnosed Tuberculosis Patients in Eastern Sudan

2013). The main components of both HIV and TB programmers’ are early diagnosis and treatment (Getahun et al. 2011). The 2012 updates issued by the World Health Organization on the Guidelines for TB/HIV Collaborative Activities in 2004 recommend HIV testing not only for diagnosed TB patient, but among patients with suspected TB also (WHO 2012). The optimal time to begin antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been carefully evaluated in patients with both TB and HIV infection (Han et al. 2014). Immune

GADA MUSTAFA AHMED MUSTAFA, MUSTAFA ELTIGANI YASSIN, ASHWAG SHAMI, SAMAH ABDU RAHIM

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 201–206

review-article | 26-March-2021

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

unexplored route of transmission. On the other hand, to date there is no evidence on the identification of intrauterine infection or mother-to-child transmission (Chen et al., 2020). It is essential to mention that people of all ages are generally susceptible, however the bulk of patients are concentrated in the group of 30 to 79 years, which represents 86.6%. Patients with underlying diseases are more susceptible (Yuan et al., 2020), compared to men, women not only have fewer symptoms, but also have a

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

Case report | 10-January-2018

Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow: Best Practice for CSF Sampling of an EVD to Minimise Patient Risk

Managing raised intracranial pressure (ICP) with the use of an external ventricular drain (EVD) is a common occurrence in a neurosurgical setting. A central role of the neuroscience nurse in managing that EVD is to monitor the patient for signs and symptoms of infection otherwise known as ventriculitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling from an EVD has historically been completed as a daily routine specimen to monitor for any signs of infection. However, in more recent times there has been

Ruby Crane, Nicole King

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 7–11

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

Antimicrobial Effects of Platelet-rich Plasma against Selected Oral and Periodontal Pathogens

Reham L. Aggour, Lina Gamil

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 31–37

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

Rapid Detection of Bloodstream Pathogens in Oncologic Patients with a FilmArray Multiplex PCR Assay: a Comparison with Culture Methods

Maria Szymankiewicz, Beata Nakonowska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 103–107

original-paper | 30-November-2018

New Insight into Genotypic and Phenotypic Relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus Strains from Human Infections or Animal Reservoirs

Introduction A common human and animal opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus occurs mostly in the skin and/or nose vestibule mucous membrane as consistent of natural microflora in healthy individuals. Colonization can lead to an invasive mode of infection under particular conditions of a host organism, mostly immunodeficiency, surgical interventions or longitudinal hospitalization of patients (Malachowa et al. 2011; O’Gara 2017). The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

KLAUDIA LISOWSKA-ŁYSIAK, MAJA KOSECKA-STROJEK, JOANNA BIAŁECKA, ANDRZEJ KASPROWICZ, KATARZYNA GARBACZ, LIDIA PIECHOWICZ, VLADIMIR KMET, VINCENZO SAVINI, JACEK MIĘDZOBRODZKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 93–104

Article | 12-October-2020

SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE VAR. BOULARDII PROBIOTIC YEASTS AS ETIOLOGICAL AGENTS OF OPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HUMANS

Katarzyna Roeske, Aleksandra Zasuń, Justyna Cieślik, Marta Wróblewska, Tomasz Jagielski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 59 , ISSUE 3, 291–303

Research paper | 13-December-2017

SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF NONLINEAR AUTOREGRESSIVE MODELS IN MONITORING DENGUE INFECTION

H. Abdul Rahim, F. Ibrahim, M. N. Taib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 783–806

Research Article | 20-May-2019

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

Discovering interactions between the etiology of the infection and diabetic patients’ immune system activity may be essential for the relevant clinical diagnosis. The dynamics of colonization of the nasal vestibule by Staphylococcus aureus and the development of the prevention strategies against infection are different for various populations. Moreover, the colonization of the nasal vestibule might involve both molecular and epidemiological ctorsfa. Researchers have reported that the

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 166–178

research-article | 20-March-2020

Elimination of Tobacco rattle virus from viruliferous Paratrichodorus allius in greenhouse pot experiments through cultivation of castle russet

Corky ringspot disease (CRS), also commonly referred to as “spraing” in Europe, is an important potato necrotic tuber syndrome caused by Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) infection. This viral pathogen is vectored by stubby root nematodes (SRNs) (Paratrichodorus and Trichodorus spp.) in the Trichodoridae family that reside in the soil as obligate ectoparasites (Robinson and Harrison, 1989). Symptoms of viral infection include the development of rust-colored necrotic lesions resembling concentric rings

Richard A. Quick, Launa Cimrhakl, Hassan Mojtahedi, Vidyasagar Sathuvalli, Maximilian J. Feldman, Charles R. Brown

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

original-paper | 05-August-2020

Molecular Identification and Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii in Erbil City, Northern Iraq

Introduction Parasitic infections are endemic to most tropical and subtropical regions of developing countries (WHO 1997). Entamoeba histolytica, a protozoan parasite that inhabits the human gastrointestinal tract, causes asymptomatic infections in about 90% of infected people playing a significant role in spreading the parasite. Prolonged asymptomatic infection can lead to invasive amoebiasis, whose symptoms may include bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence, nausea, and vomiting. In some

SHLER AKRAM FAQE MAHMOOD, HAWRI MUSTAFA BAKR

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 263–272

Article | 10-June-2019

NEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA IN HUMAN INFECTIONS

1. Introduction More frequent and wider application of quick methods for identifying microorganisms based on new technologies in microbiological diagnostics has led to the appearance of descriptions of bacterial infection cases in literature which have been so far disregarded due to the impossibility of their description or have been considered to be scarcely virulent or non-pathogenic. New methods include, among others, mass spectrometry or infrared spectrometry. These methods are highly

Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 29–34

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Campylobacter fetus is Internalized by Bovine Endometrial Epithelial Cells

has been studied regarding its pathogenicity mechanisms. However, considering the pathogenesis of infection by this organism, it must possess characteristics that allow it to colonize or invade tissues and evade the immune system response. Several virulence factors, such as adhesins, secretion systems, and anti-phagocytic layers, have been identified in the genome of C. fetus (Kienesberger et al. 2014). Nonetheless, it is still necessary to investigate C. fetus interactions with animal hosts. When

LIZETH GUADALUPE CAMPOS-MÚZQUIZ, ESTELA TERESITA MÉNDEZ-OLVERA, BEATRIZ ARELLANO-REYNOSO, DANIEL MARTÍNEZ-GÓMEZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 217–224

research-article | 30-November-2020

First Isolation of Exiguobacterium aurantiacum in Serbia

produce acid from fructose and salicin, and hydrolyse starch, casein and gelatin. They form orange-yellow pigmented colonies on blood agar (Takemura et al. 2009). E. aurantiacum has been very rarely reported to cause infections in humans worldwide, such as bacteremia in the UK, corneal ulcers in India, and pneumonia in China (Pitt et al. 2007; Chen et al. 2017; Jain and Kamble 2018), however, in most works, the origin of the infection is still unclear. So far, E. aurantiacum, was unidentified from

VERA P. GUSMAN, DEANA D. MEDIĆ, ANIKA DJ TRUDIĆ, PAVLE Z. BANOVIĆ, NATAŠA M. NIKOLIĆ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , 1–3

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Influence of Temperature on Susceptibility of CVS. Tifguard and Georgia-06G Peanut to Meloidogyne arenaria

Tifguard was released in 2008 as a peanut cultivar with a high level of resistance to Meloidogyne arenaria. Our objective was to determine the role of temperature on infection and development of M. arenaria in Tifguard compared to that in the nematode susceptible cultivar, Georgia-06G. Temperature affected the rate of nematode infection and development in both Tifguard and Georgia-06G (P ≤ 0.05). In Georgia-06G, egg-laying females were observed 25, 20 or 25 days after inoculation at 28°C, 31°C

Weimin Yuan, C. C. Holbrook, Y. Chu, P. Ozias-Akins, D. W. Dickson

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 33–40

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Gastric Microbiota Alteration in Klebsiella pneumoniae-Caused Liver Abscesses Mice

Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae as one of the most important pathogens leads to many infections including nosocomial and community-acquired infections. K1 or K2 serotype K. pneumoniae-caused pyogenic liver abscess (KLA) is a highly invasive community-acquired infection and often develops serious complications (Siu et al. 2012). Previous studies show that liver abscess infection can be caused by many pathogens and that K. pneumoniae causes less than 10% liver infection (Lee et al. 1991

NAN CHEN, TONG-TONG JIN, WEN-NING LIU, DONG-QING ZHU, YING-YING CHEN, YUE-LIANG SHEN, ZONG-XIN LING, HONG-JIE WANG, LI-PING ZHANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 247–254

Article | 30-November-2018

POSSIBILITIES OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HUMAN CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTIONS INCLUDING NEW DRUGS AND COMPOUNDS WITH POTENTIAL APPLICATION

1. Introduction – epidemiology of hCMV infections and prophylaxis schemes The human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) classified as human herpesvirus 5 (Human herpesvirus 5; HHV-5) belongs to the Herpesviridae family and is common in the human population. Based on the seroepidemio-logical tests, it was found that the infection can be observed in 60–100% of people, depending on the studied population. The rate of seroconversion depends on the geographical region and is particularly high in the developing

Anna Majewska, Beata Młynarczyk-Bonikowska, Magdalena Malejczyk, Sławomir Majewski, Grażyna Młynarczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 291–299

Article | 16-April-2018

Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

Historically, acute infections by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) were not considered problematic in children and adults. Congenital infections caused concern due to effects on the developing foetus. Unless severe, symptoms such as chorioretinitis often only appeared later with periodic reactivation of chronic infection. Current thinking about the role of T. gondii has changed substantially. Researchers now believe that acute infections in children and adults, and their periodic reactivation once

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 73–78

Case report | 29-June-2016

Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report

Aleksandra Krasowska-Kwiecień, Jolanta Goździk, Magdalena Woźniak, Wojciech Czogała

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 204–209

Original Paper | 04-September-2018

Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii from Air and Patients of Intensive Care Units

MEIJIE JIANG, YUNQING MU, NING LI, ZHIJUN ZHANG, SHULIN HAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 333–338

research-article | 30-November-2018

Maternal Stress Reduces the Susceptibility of Root-Knot Nematodes to Pasteuria Penetrans

D. magna genotypes were raised under low-food conditions, their offspring showed varying levels of resistance to parasites. Pasteuria penetrans is an obligate bacterial pathogen of root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. The infection process of P. penetrans has multiple steps during which the nematode could resist infection. The first step is attachment of endospores to the cuticle of the second-stage juvenile (J2). Individuals within a root-knot nematode population have been shown to vary in

Chang Liu, Pingsheng Ji, Patricia Timper

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–8

research-article | 16-April-2019

First report of cultivated Cretan mountain tea (Sideritis syriaca) as a host of Meloidogyne hapla and M. javanica in Crete, with some additional records on the occurrence of Meloidogyne species in Greece

was established in an area that had not been cultivated before and had been cleaned by natural vegetation, before planting Malotira and other aromatic-medical plants. The seed for the Malotira crop came from cultivated plants but the initial material for starting the first cultivation, had been collected from native plants of Crete, a couple of years ago. In August 2017, some more plants from the same area were uprooted and checked for nematode infection. The roots had small galls, typical of RKN

Emmanuel A. Tzortzakakis, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Maria Kormpi, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–4

Article | 30-November-2018

PARECHOVIRUSES – UNDERESTIMATED RISK

nucleotide sequence of the viral genome led to the creation of a new genus in the Picornaviridae family – Parechovirus, which initially included two types, HPeV-1 and HPeV-2 [36, 44, 68, 83]. Infections caused by parechoviruses are common in people all over the world and, like enterovirus infections, are mostly asymptomatic. If the infection occurs, it usually manifests itself through mild symptoms in the digestive and respiratory systems and is almost exclusively limited to the population of young

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 301–315

research-article | 24-April-2020

Differences in parasitism of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on oilseed radish and oat

counts extracted from roots/initial number of nematodes (1,000 J2) inoculated to plants at the beginning of experiment. zHost status was determined as follows; Rf < 0.1, nonhost (highly resistant); 0.1 ≤ Rf < 1, poor host (resistant); 1 ≤ Rf < 2, maintenance host (susceptible); and Rf ≥ 2, good host (Highly susceptible). A histopatological examination was also conducted to evaluate the response of Carwoodi and Eco-Till radish and Tachiibuki and Pratex oat to nematode infection. Two to three

Negin Hamidi, Abolfazl Hajihassani

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

Research Article | 23-May-2019

GAMMAHERPESVIRAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH IMMUNOLOGICAL DISORDERS

Human herpes virus type 4 (HHV-4), commonly known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8) are members of Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. They both develop latent infections in B lymphocytes. Infection with these viruses in immunocompetent patients is usually mild and self-limiting, but it can have more severe course in immunocompromised individuals. Failure of the immune system often leads to oncogenesis related to gammaherpetic infection. Thus, immunocompromised

Anna Żuk-Wasek, Natalia Żeber, Grażyna Młynarczyk, Maciej Przybylski, Tomasz Dzieciątkowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 145–155

Research Article | 21-May-2019

PATHOGENICITY OF LACTOBACILLUS SP. – RISK FACTORS, IDENTIFICATION, ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

Lactobacilli are found in the mucous membrane of the mouth, in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and in the genitourinary tract. It is known that lactobacilli have a beneficial effect on our health and are used in the production of fermented milk, yoghurts, cheese, and probiotics. However, in this article I show that lactic acid bacteria also cause many diseases. Lactobacilli produce lactic acid which acidifies the environment. There are some factors increasing the risk of infection caused by

Marta Kłos

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 180–186

research-article | 25-June-2021

CORONAVIRUSES – HOW PROTEIN INTERACTIONS CHANGED OUR PERCEPTION OF THE WORLD

Jolanta Bratosiewicz-Wąsik, Tomasz J. Wąsik

Advancements of Microbiology – Postepy Mikrobiologii, Volume 60 , ISSUE 2, 121–135

Short Communication | 30-March-2017

Susceptibility of Vascular Implants to Colonization in vitro by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Witold Woźniak, Aleksandra Kozińska, Piotr Ciostek, Izabela Sitkiewicz

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 125–129

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Microbiology and Drug Resistance of Pathogens in Patients Hospitalized at the Nephrology Department in the South of Poland

MIKOŁAJ MICHNO, ANTONI SYDOR, MARTA WAŁASZEK, WŁADYSŁAW SUŁOWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 517–524

research-article | 30-November-2019

Mortality of Phyllophaga vetula larvae by the separate and combined application of Metarhizium anisopliae, Steinernema carpocapsae and Steinernema glaseri

an alternative solution that is being tested to improve the effectiveness of the microbial pesticides used in integrated pest management programs (Wakil et al., 2017). It is believed that by the action mode of EPF, their previous application on the insect hosts increases their susceptibility to EPN infection (Ansari et al., 2008; Shaurub et al., 2016). However, in combination with nematophagous fungi, a reduction in the EPN and EPF activity has been reported (Bueno-Pallero et al., 2018). The

Jaime Ruiz-Vega, Carlos I. Cortés-Martínez, Teodulfo Aquino-Bolaños, Pastor T. Matadamas-Ortíz, Cipriano García-Gutiérrez, José Navarro-Antonio

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

A Special Risk Group for Hepatitis E Infection: The First Record of North Cyprus

KAYA SÜER, MERYEM GÜVENIR, ASLI AYKAÇ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 525–528

Research Article | 23-May-2019

TICK-BORNE PATHOGENS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1) INFECTION

Renata Welc-Falęciak, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan, Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 251–259

Case report | 01-December-2019

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria: a case report

A 15-month-old white male child was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, increased somnolence, pallor, jaundice, fever, and decreased activity level. The purpose of this case study is to report the clinical findings associated with the patient’s clinical symptoms and differential laboratory diagnosis.

Scott C. Wise, Sheila H. Tinsley, Lloyd O. Cook

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 118–123

Article | 12-October-2020

COVID-19 – DISEASE CAUSED BY SARS-COV-2 INFECTION – VACCINE AND NEW THERAPIES RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT

Elżbieta Nowakowska, Sylwia Sulimiera Michalak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 59 , ISSUE 3, 227–236

Article | 21-July-2017

The Effect of Endophytic Fungi on Nematode Populations in Summer-dormant and Summer-active Tall Fescue

.). Endophyte infection had no effect on nematode population densities. The cultivar 3 endophyte interaction was significant. Population densities of stunt nematode, spiral nematode, and ring nematodes were higher for Flecha MaxQ than other cultivar 3 endophyte combinations. Novel endophyte infection enhances suitability of Flecha MaxQ as a nematode host.

JAMES K. ROGERS, NATHAN R. WALKER, CAROLYN A. YOUNG

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 87–94

research-article | 30-November-2019

Infection parameters of Heterorhabditis amazonensis (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) in different stages of Hibiscus pink mealybug

., 2015; Nomakholwa et al., 2016; Stokwe and Malan, 2017; Guide et al., 2018). As EPNs have shown potential to become biological control agents of the above mentioned hemipterans, the objective of this work was to evaluate the pathogenicity, virulence, and infection rates of Heterorhabditis amazonensis Andaló et al. (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) against different stages of PHM under laboratory conditions. Materials and methods PHM breeding PHM-Infected fruits of Annona cherimola Mill. (Magnoliales

Yvan Fuenmayor, Edgar Portillo, Brynelly Bastidas, Mayamarú Guerra, Ernesto San-Blas

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

Short Communication | 30-June-2018

Development and Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination Test for the Identification of Francisella tularensis Subspecies Pathogenic for Human

Francisella tularensis are highly infectious bacteria causing a zoonotic disease called tularemia. Identification of this bacterium is based on antigen detection or PCR. The paper presents a latex agglutination test (LAT) for rapid identification of clinically relevant F. tularensis subspecies. The test can be performed within three minutes with live or inactivated bacteria. The possibility to test the inactivated samples reduces the risk of laboratory acquired infection and allows performing

WALDEMAR RASTAWICKI, KAMILA FORMIŃSKA, ALEKSANDRA A. ZASADA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 241–244

Case report | 06-December-2020

Case report: serologic confirmation of paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria

A child with a history of recent viral infection entered the hospital with severe anemia, hemoglobinuria, and suspected autoimmune disease. Serologic findings included a positive direct antiglobulin test and incompatible crossmatches. Extensive studies, including a Donath-Landsteiner test, confirmed paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria. The child was transfused several times with washed red blood cells compatible by prewarm technique. Although hemolysis continued after each transfusion, he stabilized

Carol A. Putnam

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 19–21

research-article | 30-November-2019

Effect of seed-applied fluopyram on Meloidogyne incognita infection and maturity in cotton and soybean

. incognita suppression and protecting cotton lint and soybean grain yield potential (Lawrence et al., 2016; Hurd et al., 2017; Jackson, et al., 2017; Faske et al., 2018). Further characterization of root protection by seed-applied fluopyram is needed to understand the variability in nematode suppression. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of seed-applied fluopyram on M. incognita penetration, infection, and maturity of young cotton and soybean roots, and determine the depth of

Tracy Hawk, Travis R. Faske

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

Mini Review | 26-August-2016

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Secondary Infections in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

barrier contributing to a chronic inflammation of the atopic skin lesions. The S. aureus species also releases proinflam­matory proteins, including enzymes that cause tissue damage. When initiating treatment it is particularly important to properly assess that the onset of the secondary bacterial infection is caused by S. aureus and thus justifying the inclusion of antibiotic therapy. Depending on the severity and extent of the staphylococcal infection, topical antibiotics are used, usually

Aneta Buda, Jacek Międzobrodzki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 253–259

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

Non-invasive Diagnostic of Helicobacter pylori in Stools by Nested-qPCR

followed by qPCR of the ureC gene of H. pylori was carried out. We evaluated the presence of H. pylori, in 103 females and 40 males, mean (± SD) age of 56.5 ± 14.18. The sensitivity of RUT to detect the infection was 67.0% (95% C.I.: 57.2 – 75.8) and specificity was 92.3% (95% C.I.: 76.5 – 99.1). Histology by Giemsa stain, commonly used as a reference for H. pylori detection, showed a sensitivity of 98.6% (95% C.I.: 92.5 – 100.0) and a specificity of 89.7% (95% C.I.: 72.7 – 97.8). In contrast

María I. Taborda, Gisela Aquea, Yenny Nilo, Karla Salvatierra, Nicolás López, Sergio López, Gustavo Bresky, Juan A. Madariaga, Vittorio Zaffiri, Sergio Häberle, Giuliano Bernal

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Original Paper | 10-August-2017

Antenatal corticosteroid treatment for the prevention of peri-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns: a retrospective cohort study using transfontanelle ultrasonography

cycle per week. The diagnosis of periintraventricular haemorrhage was based on transfontanelle ultrasonography, using the Papile’s classification. The following risk factors for peri-intraventricular haemorrhage were assessed: birth weight, gestational age at delivery, type of delivery, newborn’s sex, surfactant administration, premature rupture of membranes and previous history of infection during the current pregnancy. The student’s t-test and chi-square test were used for

Bianca A. Almeida, Livia T. Rios, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano M. Nardozza, Antonio F. Moron, Marília G. Martins

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 91–95

research-article | 15-June-2020

Lung ultrasound in a Singapore COVID-19 intensive care unit patient and a review of its potential clinical utility in pandemic

and the CT (computed tomography) scanner. This is the first report describing the clinical features and lung ultrasound images of a patient with COVID-19 infection admitted to an intensive care unit in a Singapore regional general hospital. In addition, we provide a brief review of the potential clinical utility, and address the challenges associated with lung ultrasound in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Case report We present the case of a healthy 39-year-old female who complained of 4 days of

Wee Ming Peh, Steffi Kang Ting Chan, Yi Lin Lee, Pravin Shivaji Gare, Vui Kian Ho

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e154–e158

Research paper | 13-December-2017

MODEL ORDER SELECTION CRITERION FOR MONITORING HAEMOGLOBIN STATUS IN DENGUE PATIENTS USING ARMAX MODEL

This paper describes the development of linear autoregressive moving average with exogenous input (ARMAX) models to monitor the progression of dengue infection based on hemoglobin status. Three differents ARMAX model order selection criteria namely Final Prediction Error (FPE), Akaike’s Information Criteria (AIC) and Lipschitz number have been evaluated and analyzed. The results showed that Lipschitz number has better accuracy compared to FPE and AIC. Finally based on Lipschitz number

H. Abdul Rahim, F. Ibrahim, M. N. Taib, R. Abdul Rahim, Y.Mad Sam

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 403–419

Research Article | 21-May-2019

FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS – A DECEITFUL PATHOGEN

virulence of F. tularensis. This review focuses on the main virulence factors of F. tularensis which are involved in intramacrophage replication and its survival mechanisms during infection.

Kamila Formińska, Aleksandra Anna Zasada

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 187–195

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the

KAREEM MORSY, ABEER MAHMOUD BADR, FATHY ABDEL-GHAFFAR, SOMAYA EL DEEB, SAMAR EBEAD

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 427–436

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

Comparative Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A And E Viruses in Blood Donors from Wielkopolska Region, West-Central Poland

history of travel abroad were exposed to HEV. Wielkopolska Region, Poland should be regarded as a new HEV infection-hyperendemic area in Europe.

Maciej Bura, Małgorzata Łagiedo-Żelazowska, Michał Michalak, Jan Sikora, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 113–115

Short Communication | 30-June-2018

Sero-epidemiology and Risk Factor Analysis of Measles Among Children in Pakistan

) than that of non-vaccinated individuals showing that IHA titre of vaccinated individuals was a measure of humoral immune response; whereas, in case of non-vaccinated individuals an indicative of exposure to the measles infection.

MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT RASOOL, AHSAN RAFIQ, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN NAWAZ, MUHAMMAD SHAFIQUE, MUHAMMAD SAQALEIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 227–231

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

Introduction: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk fac­tor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty. Material

Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 149–153

Case report | 13-September-2016

Adrenal abscess in a 3-week-old neonate – a case report

The authors present a case of a 6-year-old boy operated on in the 4th week of life because of adrenal abscess. The diagnosis of an adrenal abscess in the neonatal period is challenging due to its rare occurrence and non-specifi c signs. Adrenal abscesses can develop via two mechanisms: as a result of a hematogenic infection and a spread of bacteria to “normal” adrenal glands or, which is much more common, a complication of an adrenal hematoma. Early and accurate diagnosis is crucial for

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Stanisław Warchoł, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Michał Brzewski, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 429–437

Research Article | 23-May-2019

PAPILLOMAVIRUSES: HPV AS THE ETIOLOGICAL FACTOR OF HEAD AND NECK CANCERS

during birth is also possible. There is evidence linking HPV with laryngeal cancer, leukoplakia, tonsil cancer or Bowen’s disease. HPV vaccines are available to help prevent infection by certain types of the virus, e.g. 9-valent HPV vaccine called Gardasil-9.

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Research Article | 22-May-2019

AMOEBAE OF THE GENUS ACANTHAMOEBA – PATHOLOGICAL AGENTS IN HUMANS

Free living, cosmopolitan amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba present a serious risk to human health. As facultative human parasites, these amoebae may cause health and life-threatening diseases, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and cutaneous acanthamebiasis. AK is a severe, vision-threatening cornea infection with non-specific symptoms and course. GAE is a unique central nervous system disease, almost always leading to death. Cutaneous acanthamebiasis

Marcin Padzik, Edyta B. Hendiger, Lidia Chomicz, Jacek P. Szaflik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 429–439

research-article | 18-December-2020

Primary breast aspergillosis mimicking breast malignancy – a rare case report

Introduction Fungal infections of the breast are very rare(1) except during lactation and in cases of immunodeficiency(2) and are essentially not encountered in healthy subjects. Aspergillosis is an opportunistic infection which commonly involves the lungs. Extrapulmonary locations, such as the skin or breast, are rare(2–4). Case presentation A 73-year-old female with plasmacytoma diagnosed 4 years earlier. She did not remember the names of medications, but she was still under medical control

Jan Faryna, Izabela Łuczyszyn, Andrzej Kleszczewski, Jolanta Kleszczewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 322–324

Article | 09-November-2020

Common variable immunodeficiency: diagnosis by absent ABO reverse type

medical history significant for multiple episodes of infection. Based on the patient’s history and laboratory data, she was diagnosed with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). CVID can cause ABO discrepancy in an adult patient because of an absent ABO reverse type.

Carmen J. Julius, Mindy Wade, Abdul Waheed, Donald L. McNeil, Melanie S. Kennedy

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 80–83

Review | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

of pregnancy and in multiple pregnancies. Pyelectasis during pregnancy rarely causes clinical symptoms and often does not require treatment. Nevertheless, urine retention in the renal pelvicalyceal system is conducive to the development of asymptomatic bacteriuria and may be a risk factor for recurrent urinary tract infections, pyelonephritis and acute kidney failure; it may also cause renal colic. In consequence, this condition can lead to intrauterine infection and premature labor in the

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Case report | 09-October-2019

Hematologic complications in a patient with Glycine soja polyagglutination following fresh frozen plasma transfusion

whose cryptantigens are exposed. We report a case of Glycine soja polyagglutination occurring in a 60-year-old African-American man with disseminated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Prior to transfusion, the patient developed severe anemia of unknown etiology. Following transfusion of 3 units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), his RBC count could not be determined for 24 days because of RBC agglutination in his blood sample. In addition, the FFP transfusion correlated with

Ryan P. Jajosky, Lloyd O. Cook, Elizabeth Manaloor, James F. Shikle, Roni J. Bollag

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 51–55

Research Article | 23-May-2019

IMPLEMENTATION OF WHOLE GENOME SEQUENCING FOR BACTERIA GENOTYPING

molecular microbiology, thus providing modern tools for the identification of sources and routes of infection. Whole genome sequencing and other high-throughput typing methods are becoming increasingly popular and, thanks to their high resolution, they are ideal tools for comparative analysis of bacteria. This study reviews the methods most commonly used in the molecular typing of bacteria, including those which are in the development stage and may be the main tool in microbial typing in the future.

Daria Artyszuk, Tomasz Wołkowicz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 179–193

Research Article | 22-May-2019

NON-PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUSES – CHARACTERISTICS AND DIAGNOSTICS

In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever

Edyta Abramczuk, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut, Bogumiła Litwińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 205–213

original-paper | 31-May-2021

Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry for Identification of Microorganisms in Clinical Urine Specimens after Two Pretreatments

DERU LEI, PEIYING CHEN, XUETING CHEN, YUJIE ZONG, XIANGYANG LI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 207–213

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Drug Susceptibility of Non-tuberculous Strains of Mycobacterium Isolated from Birds from Poland

Abstract Mycobacterioses are a constant problem in backyard poultry, as well as pet birds. To date, no evidence of direct transmission of atypical bacilli between humans has been demonstrated, but it cannot be ruled out that sick animals can be a source of infection for people in their environment. The aim of the study was to identify mycobacteria isolated from birds with diagnosed mycobacteriosis and to determine the susceptibility of mycobacterial isolates from these animals to

ALEKSANDRA LEDWOŃ, AGNIESZKA NAPIÓRKOWSKA, EWA AUGUSTYNOWICZ- KOPEĆ, PIOTR SZELESZCZUK

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 487–492

Research Article | 23-May-2019

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

, including the most infamous pandemic of the Spanish influenza. It took place in the years 1918–1919 and is thought to have been responsible for the death toll of as many as 100 million people. The family also includes Isavirus, responsible for fish anaemia, Quaranjavirus and Thogotovirus, among which there also species causing diseases in humans. For example, a human infection with the Bourbon virus was diagnosed only once, in 2014. These viruses are much more rare then influenza viruse and also

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 138–144

research-article | 30-November-2018

Conspecific pheromone extracts enhance entomopathogenic infectivity

physically restricted (i.e., 2 ml Eppendorf tubes) (Willett et al., 2018). Specifically, to rule out the possibility that increased infection is due to dispersal leading to increased insect host counter, we reduced the distance between nematodes and the insect host. Thus, all the IJs, in the pheromone treated and control arenas had an equal opportunity to access the insect host and invade. The tubes contained 0.650 grams of oven dried sand. Approximately 1,000 IJs of S. carpocapsae or S. feltiae were

David I. Shapiro-Ilan, Fatma Kaplan, Camila Oliveira-Hofman, Paul Schliekelman, Hans T. Alborn, Edwin E. Lewis

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

Research Article | 22-May-2019

SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SPIROCHETES BORRELIA BURGDORFERI SENSU LATO TO ANTIBIOTICS IN VITRO

Empiric therapy has been applied in the treatment of Lyme disease. This therapy is selected following the sensitivity analysis of the proposed drug in all species of bacteria which can cause a similar type of infection and on the basis of the clinical efficacy of antibiotic treatment. Established schemes based on data collected from many centers in the world, including type of antibiotic, dose and duration of his administration, and the stage and form of Lyme disease have been created. Number

Tomasz Chmielewski, Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 3, 335–339

Article | 03-November-2020

Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an IgM autoanti-Ge

A 28-year-old male with a prior history of Hodgkin’s disease and a recent upper respiratory tract infection presented with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). The patient’s red blood cells (RBCs) were spontaneously agglutinated after room temperature and 37°C washes. Dithiothreitol-treated RBCs reacted strongly with anti-C3 and were nonreactive with anti-IgG, -IgM, and -IgA; they reacted with anti-IgM (κ light chains only) by flow cytometry. The patient’s serum was

Thom S. Sererat, Douglas W. Veidt, Patricia A. Arndt, George Garratty

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 26–29

research-article | 30-November-2020

Entomopathogenic nematode-gastropod interactions

Parasitic nematodes infect a variety of invertebrates and are used in biological control. Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs), a guild of insect-parasitic nematodes, have been used with some success in the biological control of insects. These nematodes have been shown to be pathogenic to insects and are considered to have few non-target effects, although it must be noted that specificity studies and non-target infection experiments are few (Bathon, 1996; Piedra-Buena et al., 2015; Sandhi and

Jacob Schurkman, Adler R. Dillman

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

short-communication | 30-November-2018

Evaluation of a Salmonella Strain Isolated from Honeybee Gut as a Potential Live Oral Vaccine Against Lethal Infection of Salmonella Typhimurium

). The most common manifestation of Salmonella infection is gastroenteritis followed by enteric fever and bacteremia (Majovicz et al. 2010; Medalla et al. 2017) The genus Salmonella is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative, facultative anaerobe and a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, it has two species Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori (Kidgell et al. 2002; Coburn et al. 2007); for a review about the taxonomy of the genus Salmonella see Brenner et al. (2000). Division of Salmonella subspecies

HASSAN ZAFAR, SAJJAD UR RAHMAN, SULTAN ALI, MUHAMMAD TARIQ JAVED

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 173–183

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

Deletion of atoR from Streptococcus pyogenes Results in Hypervirulence in a Mouse Model of Sepsis and is LuxS Independent

mouse model of infection. Increased virulence was not due to changes in luxS gene expression.We postulate that short-chain fatty acid metabolism is involved in GAS pathogenesis.

Izabela Sitkiewicz, James M. Musser

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Mini Review | 30-June-2018

Brucella – Virulence Factors, Pathogenesis and Treatment

Brucellae are Gram-negative, small rods infecting mammals and capable of causing disease called brucellosis. The infection results in abortion and sterility in domestic animals (sheeps, pigs, rams etc). Especially dangerous for humans are: Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis, Brucella abortus, and Brucella canis that trigger unspecific symptoms (flu-like manifestation). Brucella rods are introduced via host cells, by inhalation, skin abrasions, ingestion or mucosal membranes. The most important

PATRYCJA GŁOWACKA, DOROTA ŻAKOWSKA, KATARZYNA NAYLOR, MARCIN NIEMCEWICZ, AGATA BIELAWSKA-DRÓZD

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 151–161

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Primary and Secondary Bacteremia Caused by Proteus spp.: Epidemiology, Strains Susceptibility and Biofilm Formation

antibiotic susceptibility test was done using the diffusion method. Biofilm formation was evaluated with microplate method using TTC. Bacteremia caused by Proteus spp. was found in 97 patients, mainly secondary to urinary tract infection. Most of the strains were susceptible to piperacillin with tazobactam (95.9%) and amikacin (86.7%). Elderly patients have a higher risk of mortality after BSIs caused by Proteus spp. A detailed analysis was made for randomly chosen 26 strains isolated from 11 patients

JOANNA KWIECIŃSKA-PIRÓG, KRZYSZTOF SKOWRON, EUGENIA GOSPODAREK-KOMKOWSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 471–478

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