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research-article | 15-June-2020

High-resolution ultrasonography of the sural nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

covariates. Irregularities innerve conduction tests, which are frequently subclinical, appear to be the first objective quantitative indication of the condition(2). DPN severity is highly correlated with the severity and duration of diabetes mellitus(3). Chronic hyperglycemia and associated metabolic disorders are assumed to be involved in its pathogenesis(4). The initial effect of the degenerative process is thought to occur in the cutaneous nerve fiber endings(5). Sural nerve involvement is common in

Kunwar Pal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Nilanshu Kataria, Vijinder Arora, Nimisha Nagpal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e83–e89

Research Article | 29-December-2017

High resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Aim of the studyHigh-resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve is a fast and non invasive tool for diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Our study was aimed at finding out the correlation of the cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerve with the presence and severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Material and methods75 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus clinically diagnosed with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analysed, and the

Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta1, Sukhdeep Kaur

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 246–252

research-article | 15-June-2020

Sonoelastic response of median nerve to rehabilitation in carpal tunnel syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common type of neuropathy with a prevalence estimated at between 0.1–0.5%(1). The condition involves the entrapment of the median nerve under the flexor retinaculum, causing weakness, paresthesia and pain at the wrist and hand, and thus decreasing the quality of life. The severity of the disorder and effectiveness of any therapeutic intervention are typically determined by physical examination involving functional, performance and pain

Yasemin Durum Polat, Elif Aydın, Fikriye Sinem Ince, Mehmet Bilgen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e90–e94

research-article | 30-November-2020

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the median nerve: normal and variant anatomy and appearance

Aim of the study The aim of this study is to perform a systemic review of the available literature and current knowledge on the normal, variant and pathological anatomical course patterns and visual presentations of the median nerve in ultrasound examination. The goal of this article is to introduce readers to the basics of ultrasonography (US) of the peripheral nerves of the upper extremity with a focus on the median nerve. The common and important anatomic variations will be reviewed

Kitija Nulle, Aija Jaudzema

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 318–325

Case report | 31-March-2017

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion: Conservative treatment with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion is not common and most previous patients were treated with excisional surgery. We treated a case conservatively with needle aspiration using ultrasonography, after a nerve conduction study. A 77-year-old man presented with impaired active finger extension of the left metacarpophalangeal joints. The nerve conduction study revealed conduction block of the left radial nerve near the elbow. Ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic mass

Yasuhiro Seki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 73–75

case-report | 08-March-2021

Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report

Introduction There are a myriad of causes for upper thoracic and medial scapular pain. Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy (DSNEN) is a rare cause of this symptom(1,2). We report a case of dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy that was managed successfully with ultrasound-guided hydrodissection. Based on our knowledge, we believe this to be the first such case reported in the literature. Case report A 40-year-old male presented with 3 years’ history of unilateral localised pain

Gaurav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 74–76

research-article | 30-November-2020

Palsy of the posterior interosseous nerve treated by targeted ultrasound-guided perineural hydrodissection

Introduction Palsy of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) is rare. The PIN is the terminal branch of the radial nerve and is principally a motor nerve. It has two main terminal branches: the medial recurrent branch and the lateral descending branch. Palsy of the descending branch of the PIN manifests the loss of function of the abductor policis longus, extensor pollicis brevis, extensor pollicis longus, and extensor indicis proprius. The management of an isolated PIN palsy remains

Shohei Tsujino, Yasuhiro Seki, Manabu Maehara, Shinichi Shirasawa

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 357–360

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve using high-resolution ultrasonography

surrounded by a hyperechoic rim(1). High-resolution ultrasonography provides a cost-efficient and accurate imaging modality in the diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions(4). The variability in cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements is helpful in investigating pathologies of the peripheral nerves(3). The cross-sectional area (CSA) tends to be symmetrical in both lower limbs, and it is larger in the lower limb motor nerves than in the sensory nerves at similar sites(5). Recent imaging techniques allow for

Kunwar Pal Singh, Prabhjot Singh, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e95–e104

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

confirmed diabetic peripheral neu­ropathy and 60 had no diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the upper limbs. Age, sex, height and weight were recorded and the cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at every predetermined site. Results: The cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at six sites (mid-humerus, inlet of the cubital tunnel, outlet of the cubital tunnel, upon the medial epicondyle, 6 cm upon the wrist crease and Guyon tunnel). The ulnar nerve in two measuring sites

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of normal radial nerve at two levels using high-resolution ultrasonography

Introduction Clinical and electrodiagnostic evaluations of peripheral nerves are widely used nowadays to assess the severity of trauma to the peripheral nerves. However, a major limitation is that these approaches are not able to determine the extent of damage to the nerve fibers in the first 6 weeks post trauma(1). Another disadvantage is that CT and MRI scans for neurographic studies are not always readily available and prove to be costly. High-resolution ultrasonography, on the other hand

Kunwar Pal Singh, Achal Singh Goindi, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e112–e126

case-report | 18-June-2021

Infraspinatus atrophy due to Bennett lesion causing suprascapular nerve palsy

dislocations or subluxations. As the clinical setting suggested suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome, conventional shoulder MR and later CT examinations were performed to confirm the diagnosis and look for etiology. MR results (Fig. 1, Fig. 2) revealed atrophy and fatty infiltration as well as mild muscle edema, depicted on water-sensitive sequences, features consistent with subacute-chronic denervation of the infraspinatus muscle. Isolated denervation of the infraspinatus muscle oriented that the nerve

Juan Miranda Bautista, Javier Fernández-Jara, Santiago Miranda Bautista, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, María Valencia Mora, Begoña Gutiérrez San José, Mateo González Estévez, Blanca Mur Molina, Patricia Patilla Vázquez

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e177–e181

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Investigation of tissue bioimpedance using a macro-needle with a potential application in determination of needle-to-nerve proximity

Our research is concentrated on development of a ‘smart’ needle which will improve the safety of ultrasoundguided peripheral nerve block (USgPNB) by providing the clinician with bioimpedance data to identify the type of tissue the needle tip is in contact with. This paper outlines a feasibility study performed to determine the electrical bioimpedance of a number of different tissue types and the extent to which they can be differentiated from each other based on this variable factor

Lisa Helen, Walter Messina, Eric Moor, Brian O'Donnell

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

neuropathies of the following peripheral nerves: median, ulnar, common peroneal, digital, cutaneous in the deltoid area, mental, PIN and RSNR. In 21 patients, nerve injuries were partial, and in 24 – complete. In 2 cases, the nerve was entrapped between bony fragments. 17 of 21 patients with partial nerve injuries (80.95%) underwent an EMG examination. No functional tests were conducted in the cases of complete injuries when ultrasound imaging had confi rmed the result of the clinical examination. All

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 15–28

research-article | 09-September-2021

Shear wave elastography in optic neuritis: diagnostic accuracy of the optic nerve and adjacent fat tissue values

Introduction Optic neuritis (ON) is defined as inflammation of the optic nerve. It is mostly idiopathic, but can be associated with variable causes (demyelinating lesions, autoimmune disorders, infectious and inflammatory conditions)(1,2). Patients occasionally experience unilateral loss of vision, periocular pain, and impaired color vision. The inflammatory process usually occurs in a portion of the retrobulbar optic nerve, so the optic disc might be normal in adults(3,4). Therefore, the

Mustafa Devran Aybar, Onder Turna

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 194–199

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

High-frequency ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome:assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment

median nerve compression at the level of the carpal tunnel in all of the examined patients. This was further confi rmed during surgical procedures. The mean value of the cross-sectional area at the proximal part of the pisiform bone was 17.45 mm2 (min. 12 mm2, max. 31 mm2). Nerve hypoechogenicity proximal to the nerve compression site was visible in all 62 patients (100%). Increased nerve vascularity on the transverse section was present in 50 patients (80.65%). Conclusions: Ultrasonography with the

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 283–291

research-article | 09-September-2021

Response to the “Comments on ‘Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report’”

We highly appreciate the time taken out by King Hei Stanley Lam, Chen-Yu Hung and Daniel Su to review our article in such depth and give their detailed views on it. In response to the comments submitted by Lam et al.(1) to our article “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report”, we reviewed our work again(2). Unfortunately, the authors do not agree with Lam et al.’s diagnosis of notalgia paraesthetica. The patient presented in our

Guarav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 270–270

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Increased short-term food intake after external lateral parabrachial subnucleus lesions in rats

food intake (Molina and Puerto, 1986; Schwartz, 2000). The peripheral neural mechanism responsible for this process appears to particularly involve the sensory component of the vagus nerve (Mordes et al., 1979; González and Deutsch, 1981; Smith et al., 1981; Altschuler et al., 1989; Sengupta and Gebhart, 1994; Phillips and Powley, 1998; Schwartz et al., 1999; Schwartz, 2000; Zafra et al., 2003; Berthoud, 2008; Czaja et al., 2008; Peters et al., 2013), a cranial nerve whose afferents are widely

Antonio D.R. Agüera, María A. Zafra, Filomena Molina, Amadeo Puerto

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 101–111

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

basis of the collected data, the author has performed multiple analyses to confirm the usefulness of ultrasound imaging for postoperative evaluation of CTS treatment efficacy.ResultsAmong all 62 patients, 3 months after surgical median nerve decompression: in 40 patients, CTS symptoms subsided completely, and sonographic evaluation did not show median nerve entrapment signs; in 9 patients, CTS symptoms persisted or exacerbated, and ultrasound proved nerve compression revealing preserved flexor

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

research-article | 09-September-2021

Comments on “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report”

We have read with great interest the manuscript titled “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report” by Gaurav Kant Sharma and Rajesh Botchu(1). We appreciate the fact that the authors have pointed out dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) entrapment as one of the common causes of interscapular upper thoracic pain, and the usage of high-resolution ultrasound to visualize DSN entrapment in the interscapular regions. The manuscript is well

King Hei Stanley Lam, Chen-Yu Hung, Daniel Su

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 267–269

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Postembryonic Ventral Nerve Cord Development and Gonad Migration in Steinernema carpocapsae

the dauer stage of Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we used in vitro cultures of S. carpocapsae to examine the early development of the ventral nerve cord (VNC). Similar to C. elegans, S. carpocapsae hatches as a J1 with a VNC containing only a fraction of the neurons found in later developmental stages. During J1 development, S. carpocapsae adds additional cells to the VNC to establish the complete set of neurons. During our examination of the VNC, we also noted variable gonad arm development among

Hung Xuan Bui, Nathan E. Schroeder

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 27–32

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided injections in pelvic entrapment neuropathies

Introduction Entrapment neuropathy is caused either by extrinsic nerve compression (mass, inflammation, scarring etc.) or intrinsic nerve abnormality (neurogenic tumor, intraneural ganglion cyst etc.)(1,2). The condition presents as a shooting or burning sensation associated with tingling and numbness in the cutaneous innervation area. Symptoms usually worsen during the night or in the morning due to static limb position for a prolonged period of time. In the early stages, the symptoms are

Urša Burica Matičič, Rok Šumak, Gregor Omejec, Vladka Salapura, Žiga Snoj

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e139–e146

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of postoperative neuropathies

treatment of the median nerve (1), after surgical treatment of the ulnar nerve (2) and other postoperative neuropathies (3). All patients underwent the interview, physical examination and ultrasound examination. The ultrasound examinations were performed with Esaote MyLab 50 and MyLab 60 systems. Based on the clinical and US examinations, the patients were qualified for either surgical (51 cases) or conservative treatment (20 cases). An EMG examination was also performed in certain patients (60 cases

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 151–163

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided treatment of Morton’s neuroma

pain reduction(2). Microscopic changes in MN include demyelination and fibrotic lesions with epineural hylinization of the interdigital nerve, vascular degeneration, and increase in sympathetic nerve fibers, typically at the third intermetatarsal space (IMS) along with interneural edema, and less frequently at the second and rarely at the fourth IMS(3–5). Patients with MN present with significant burning or sharp metatarsalgia either on the plantar or dorsal side of the foot, which can be

Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, George A. Kakkos, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e134–e138

Review | 30-June-2017

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

profundus tendons, flexor pollicis longus, flexor carpi radialis tendon, median nerve and flexor retinaculum; in the carpal tunnel as well as proximally and distally to it: the ulnar nerve, ulnar artery and veins; the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle; carpal joints.

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 123–128

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the shoulder

placed in the short axis of the LHBTT to visualize the tendon in the intertubercular groove. B. The corresponding ultrasound image shows the needle (arrows) inserted into the LHBTT sheath (asterisk) with the in-plane approach and lateral-to-medial direction Suprascapular nerve block The suprascapular is a mixed nerve that provides sensory innervation to the ACJ and GHJ, and motor innervation to the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. It arises from the upper primary trunk of the brachial

Silvia Tortora, Carmelo Messina, Salvatore Gitto, Vito Chianca, Francesca Serpi, Angelo Gambino, Luigi Pedone, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e162–e168

Article | 15-August-2021

Skeletal effects of the alteration of masseter muscle function

Aim: To investigate the effects of muscle denervation and the introduction of the β2-adrenoceptor agonist, formoterol, on the relationship between muscles and underlying skeletal growth. Method: Thirty-one (4-week-old) male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to four groups: Surgical Sham; Denervated; Denervated + β2-agonist; and β2-agonist only. The Surgical Sham group had the left masseteric nerve exposed but not sectioned. Both of the denervated groups had the left masseteric

Robert J. Mayne, Chris van der Poel, Michael G. Woods, Gordon S. Lynch

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 184–194

Article | 11-January-2021

Deep Capsule Network Handwritten Digit Recognition

I. INTRODUCTION In our daily life, handwritten numbers are very common, but in many areas of work, the part about numbers is sometimes very cumbersome, such as data collection, which is a time-consuming, large amount of work. At this time, the function of handwriting recognition technology is reflected, which brings convenience and efficiency to human. The proposal of nerve capsule comes from a assumption of Hinton[1]: instead of using a group of coarse coding or single neurons to represent the

Yuxing Tan, Hongge Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2018

Description of Ektaphelenchus koreanus n. sp. (Nematoda: Ektaphelenchidae) with morphometrical notes on the Ektaphelenchus species

metacorpal valve. Pharyngo-intestinal junction is located one metacorpal valve length posterior to metacorpus. Nerve ring ca is one metacorpal length posterior to metacorpus. Pharyngeal gland lobe is well developed, overlapping intestine dorsally. Excretory pore is located at the same level or slightly posterior to the nerve ring. Hemizonid is immediately posterior to excretory pore. Single ovary is ventrally located and is outstretched, developing oocytes arranged in 1 to 2 rows with several well

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–13

case-report | 16-February-2019

Ictal asystole with reduced cardiac sympathetic function in new-onset symptomatic epilepsy

). Nevertheless, ictal bradycardias and asystoles are of relevance for the affected patients, since they usually go along with syncopes, often accompanied by falls and risk of injury. A higher risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in these patients has been widely discussed but could not be proven yet. The pathophysiology underlying ictal bradyarrhythmias is not entirely clear, however, a key role is attributed to an imbalance in the autonomic nerve system (Sforza et al., 2014). In patients with

Julia Matzen, Friedhelm C. Schmitt, Michael C. Kreissl, Jürgen Voges, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Imke Galazky

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 43–47

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Coumarins as potential supportive medication for the treatment of epilepsy

., 2012), hepatoprotective (Zhang et al., 2011), anticoagulant and antimicrobial properties (Rosselli et al., 2007). The neuroprotective effects of osthole are related to an increase in neuronal conduction in the hippocampus. Osthole affects the membrane receptors by increasing the release of glutamate from rat hippocampal nerve terminals. It facilitated 4-aminopyridine (4-AP-)-evoked glutamate release by activating N- and P/Q-type Ca2+ channels through a signaling cascade involving protein kinase C

Jarosław Bryda, Mirosław Zagaja, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Marta Andres-Mach

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 126–132

research-article | 17-March-2020

Description of Laimaphelenchus sinensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from declining Chinese pine, Pinus tabuliformis in Beijing, China

-intestinal junction is one metacorpal valve length posterior to the base of metacorpus. Nerve ring is less than one body diam. length posterior to metacorpus. Pharyngeal gland lobe is slender, overlapping intestine dorsally. Excretory pore is located slightly posterior to nerve ring. Reproductive tract is mono-prodelphic and located to the right of intestine. Organs are arranged as ovary, oviduct, spermatheca, crustaformeria, uterus, vagina + vulva and post-uterine sac. Single, outstretched ovary

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu, Yong Bian, Xianfeng Chen

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–1

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Impact of recurrent hypoglycemic stress on hindbrain A2 nerve cell energy metabolism and catecholamine biosynthesis: modulation by estradiol

Pratistha Tamrakar, Karen P. Briski

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 31–44

research-article | 30-November-2019

First record of native entomopathogenic nematodes from Montana agroecosystems

length (L), maximum body width (D), tail length (TL), anal body width (ABD), distance from the anterior end to oesophagus (ES), distance from anterior end to excretory pore (EP), and distance from anterior end to nerve ring (NR). In addition, males were observed for spicule length (SP) and Gubernaculum length (GU). The different morphological measurements were recorded using ToupView 3.7 software (Zhejiang, China). According to their morphology, all isolates were placed into different species groups

Ramandeep K. Sandhi, Ratnasri Pothula, Satyendra K. Pothula, Byron J. Adams, Gadi V.P. Reddy

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 14-December-2020

Morphological, morphometrical, and molecular characterization of Metarhabditis amsactae (Ali, Pervez, Andrabi, Sharma and Verma, 2011) Sudhaus, 2011 (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) from India and proposal of Metarhabditis longicaudata as a junior synonym of M. amsactae

 ± 2.3 (14-22) 17.1 ± 2.3 (13-21) 12.8 ± 1.1 (11-15) Stomatal tube width 5.0 ± 0.4 (2.5-3.5) 3.5 ± 0.7 (2.5-5.5) ? Pharyngeal corpus length 74 ± 5.6 (68-98) 68 ± 4.5 (58-76) 35 ± 2.9 (30-42) Metacorpus length 31 ± 3.9 (24-36) 30 ± 2.6 (24-33) 22 ± 2.4 (19-27) Isthmus length 40 ± 5.5 (40-48) 39 ± 2.5 (35-41) 27 ± 2.6 (23-31) Bulb length 29 ± 2.3 (26-34) 29 ± 2.6 (24-35) 16.8 ± 2.8 (12-24) Pharynx length 175 ± 13.3 (156-195) 166 ± 7.3 (141-175) 101 ± 6.5 (88-112) Nerve ring – anterior end

Aashaq Hussain Bhat, Shreyansh Srivastava, Aasha Rana, Ashok Kumar Chaubey, Ricardo A. R. Machado, Joaquín Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–23

Article | 21-July-2017

Description of Aphelenchoides macrospica n. sp. (Nematoda:Aphelenchoididae) from Northwestern Iran

Aphelenchoides macrospica n. sp. is described and illustrated from theWest Azerbayjan province, northwestern Iran. The new species is characterized by its body length of 807 to 963 mm (males) and 792 to 1,094 mm (females), offset cephalic region, lateral fields with four incisures, long stylet with 15 to 16 mm length, and excretory pore situated opposite or behind the nerve ring. Pharyngeal glands overlapping intestine dorsally and extending for 90 to 121 mm, tail terminus

BEHROUZ GOLHASAN, RAMIN HEYDARI, MEHRAB ESMAEILI, ESMAEIL MIRAEIZ

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 67–76

Article | 04-December-2017

A New Species of the Rare Genus Anguillonema Fuchs, 1938 (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) with Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

Abstract: Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 mm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 mm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 mm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with

MAHYAR MOBASSERI, MAJID PEDRAM, EBRAHIM POURJAM

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 286–294

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from USA and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Rubzovinema. Based on the morphology and phylogenetic analysis, this nematode is described herein as Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. The new genus/species is characterized by the female body habitus ranging from nonobese to semiobese and from straight to dorsally curved when heat relaxed, cephalic framework with six unequal sized lip sectors, lateral fields having 10 to 12 lines, 4 to 5 guide rings on the stylet, excretory pore posterior to the nerve ring, spermatheca diminished or absent, vulvar

Qing Yu, Maria Munawar, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 69–76

Research paper | 15-January-2019

A relationship between brainstem auditory evoked potential and vagal control of heart rate in adult women

interaction between the autonomic control of HR and auditory processing in the right ear, suggesting that vagal tone interacts with the cochlear nerve.

Ariany G. Silva, Ana Claúdia F. Frizzo, Eduardo F. B. Chagas, David M. Garner, Rodrigo D. Raimundo, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Vitor E. Valenti

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 305–314

research-article | 07-July-2020

Hypothermia in the course of acute traumatic spinal cord injury

and molecular changes that amplify the injury and enlarge the lesion site. Currently, there are several well-explored secondary mechanisms of SCI (Ramer et al., 2005), negatively affecting not only the cells that survive the primary damage but also the surrounding nerve tissue, thus extending the primary damage (Ramer et al., 2005) (Table I). Subsequent findings and an increased understanding of these processes provided opportunities to actively intervene during their course of development in

Jozef Kafka, Nadezda Lukacova, Igor Sulla, Marcela Maloveska, Zuzana Vikartovska, Dasa Cizkova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 172–178

research-article | 30-November-2019

Description of Deladenus gilanica n. sp. (Hexatylina: Neotylenchidae) isolated from wood of black pine in Northern Iran

The genus Deladenus (Thorne, 1941) belongs to the family Neotylenchidae (Thorne, 1941) with D. durus (Cobb, 1922; Thorne, 1941) as type species. It is characterized by the location of the esophageal-intestinal junction immediately behind the nerve ring, a median esophageal chamber sometimes present, and absence of a post-uterine sac. Two biological forms have been observed in this genus: the free-living form (mycetophagous stage) and the insect-parasitic form (infective stage). The

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mehrab Esmaeili, Weimin Ye, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2019

Aphelenchus yinyuensis n. sp. (Tylenchina: Aphelenchoididae) found in Terminalia sp. in China

times stylet length. Median bulb (metacorpus) is well developed, ovoid, and conspicuous valve plates situated centrally. Dorsal esophageal gland orifice opening into lumen of median bulb mid-way between anterior end of metacorpal valve and anterior end of median bulb. Esophago-intestinal junction located 20 to 25 µm posterior to base of metacorpus, 91 to 114 µm from the anterior end. Esophageal gland lobe is slender, ca 3 times body diam., overlapping intestine dorsally. Nerve ring is located ca one

Gu Jianfeng, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Liu Lele, Xianfeng Chen, Bo Cai

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Research Article | 12-December-2017

1-5 NAPTHALENEDISULPHONIC ACID DOPED POLYPYRROLE THIN FILMS AS COATINGS TO OPTICAL FIBERS FOR ORGANOPHOSPHATE SENSING

Lalitkumar Bansal, Mahmoud. A. El-Sherif

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 230–252

Original Paper | 04-September-2018

Improved Production of Recombinant Human β-NGF in Escherichia coli – a Bioreactor Scale Study

Human nerve growth factor β (β-NGF) is considered a major therapeutic agent for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously reported the optimized conditions for β-NGF overproduction in Escherichia coli in a shake-flask culture. In this study the optimal %DO (dissolved oxygen) and post induction temperature values for improved production of β-NGF were found in the bioreactor scale using response surface methodology (RSM) as the most common statistical method. Also, for further

ZAHRA HAJIHASSAN, POURIA GHOLAMI TILKO, SEYEDEH MAHDIEH SADAT

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 355–363

Case report | 10-January-2018

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

, dysarthria, diplopia and acute para/quadraparesis. Patients can also experience locked in syndrome, where cognitive function is intact but all muscles are paralysed with the exception of eye blinking. CPM gets its name as it occurs when cell dysfunction causes destruction of the myelin sheath of nerve cells in the brain stem, more specifically the pons. It is associated with poor prognosis and prevention is of primary importance. Freddy is a 35 year old freelance graphic designer, fitness

Leigh Arrowsmith, Christopher Tolar

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 15–19

review-article | 18-June-2021

Shoulder ultrasound: current concepts and future perspectives

notch (SGN), glenohumeral joint degeneration, and glenohumeral joint synovitis. The SGN is formed lateral to where the spine extrudes from the scapula and corresponds to the site where the suprascapular nerve passes around the scapula. The nerve can be occasionally compressed at SGN by ganglia arising from the glenohumeral joint (e.g. due to glenoid-labral tears), possibly leading to infraspinatus and supraspinatus progressive fatty degeneration (Fig. 10). Fig. 10. US paralabral cyst (arrows) at

Francesca Serpi, Domenico Albano, Santi Rapisarda, Vito Chianca, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Carmelo Messina

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e154–e161

review-article | 18-June-2021

US-guided high-volume injection for Achilles tendinopathy

formation of new blood vessels, termed neovascularization, has been linked to pain(21), reduced function, and chronicity of tendinopathy(22). When present, these neovessels predominate on the ventral side of the Achilles tendon (Fig. 2). There is evidence that nerve structures of the ventral paratendinous tissue related to the neovessels may be the source of pain in tendinopathy(23,24). Alfredson et al.(23) injected a local anesthetic ventral to the tendon in a cohort of affected individuals, achieving

George A. Kakkos, Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e127–e133

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Spinocephalus tessellatus n. gen., n. sp. (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae) from Iran, a nematode with a new morphological pattern at lip region

to slightly oval, stoma cephaloboid with cheilostom bearing minute and rounded rhabdia. Pharynx cephaloboid with corpus subcylindrical and isthmus unusually very long. Nerve ring and excretory pore at isthmus level. Female monodelphic-prodelphic with spermatheca well developed and post-vulval uterine sac poorly developed. Female tail conoid with rounded terminus. Male monorchic with spicules paired and symmetrical and gubernaculum well-developed. Male tail conical and ventrally curved with

Joaquín Abolafia, Manouchehr Hosseinvand, Ali Eskandari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

research-article | 28-October-2021

Epilepsy and autism: How does age at seizure onset factor in?

). When starting with epileptic cohorts, one also finds a high risk of autism that ranges from 5% to 35% according to the study and the type of epilepsy (Berg et al., 2011; Hesdorffer et al., 2011; Saemundsen et al., 2007). Patients with idiopathic autism remain so after their epilepsy is controlled by anticonvulsants (Wong, 1993; Tuchman, 2000), by vagal nerve stimulation (Danielsson et al., 2008) or by surgery, although their autistic symptoms may be slightly alleviated by these treatments (Nass et

Claude M.J. Braun, Jonathan Elie-Fortier

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 29 , 13–31

research-article | 29-October-2021

Differentiating Electrolyte and Fluid Disorders

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 15–17

Review | 31-January-2019

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

technique (transducer position, transocular technique, paraocular technique) and patient preparation for the examination, and indicates appropriate elements of an examination report. The authors discuss the ultrasound presentation of the orbital structures in physiological conditions and selected orbital pathologies, such as pseudotumor, thyroid orbitopathy, cancerous tumors of the optic nerve, and others. The ultrasonographic characteristics of the presented pathologies are shown taking into account A

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 349–354

Review | 13-September-2016

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

 vein, two small branches of the radial nerve: superfi cial and deep, as well as certain midcarpal ligaments, particularly the scapholunate ligament and lunotriquetral ligament.The paper was distinguished in 2014 as the “poster of the month” (poster number C-1896)during the poster session of the European Congress of Radiology in Vienna. 

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 172–188

research-article | 30-November-2020

Laimaphelenchus africanus n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) from South Africa, a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study, with an update to the diagnostics of the genus

 ± 2.5 (76.5–84.4) 83.6 Anterior end to nerve ring 100 97.0 ± 6.8 (80–106) 82 Anterior end to pharyngeal intestinal junction 82 77.0 ± 5.5 (65–85) 67 Anterior end to posterior of pharyngeal glands 206 192 ± 17.6 (150–217) 143 Overlap 124 115.7 ± 14.2 (83–141) 76 Median bulb width 15 12.0 ± 1.3 (10–15) 10.5 Median bulb length 17 16.0 ± 1.3 (13–18) 15 Diam. at median bulb 15 16.0 ± 0.9 (14–17) ‒ Max. diam. 19 21.0 ± 2.1 (16–25) 16 Median bulb length/diam. ratio 1.1 1.4 ± 0.1 (1.1–1.6

Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Milad Rashidifard, Joaquín Abolafia, Miloslav Zouhar, Hendrika Fourie, Majid Pedram

Journal Of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Case report | 25-January-2018

Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Cerebral spinal fluid tumours.

the meninges to become irritated causing patients to exhibit signs of photophobia, neck stiffness, neurological decline and cranial nerve defects. LC has a significant morbidity and mortality rate with a median survival of 4-6 weeks if untreated and 2-3 months if treated. Diagnosis is based on analysis of the cerebral spinal fluid, through detection of positive cytology of LC tumour cells, elevated protein and CSF pressures. Magnetic resonance imaging findings identify areas of meningeal

Megan Stone

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, 11–14

Review Paper | 10-December-2015

Antiepileptic drugs as a new therapeutic concept for the prevention of cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. Recent advances

authors describe A_-induced hyperexcitability of hippocampal nerve cells as the cause of cognitive deficits, the connection of such activity with an increased risk of seizures and epilepsy in patients with MCI/AD, and finally the efficacy of AEDs: valproic acid (VPA), phenytoin (PHT), topiramate (TPM), lamotrigine (LTG), ethosuximide (ESM) and levetiracetam (LEV) in the prevention of cognitive impairment in experimental models and patients with MCI/AD. Conclusions. The majority of the studied AEDs

Krzysztof Sendrowski, Wojciech Sobaniec

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 139–147

Research Article | 13-December-2017

High-Spatial-Resolution Magnetic-Field Measurement by Giant Magnetoresistance Sensor – Applications to Nondestructive Evaluation and Biomedical Engineering

Sotoshi YAMADA

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 160–175

Research paper | 10-October-2018

Afferent projections of the subthalamic nucleus in the rat: emphasis on bilateral and interhemispheric connections

, lateral and mammillary) thalamic (thalamic reticular nucleus), epithalamic (habenular nucleus), and brainstem structures (superior colliculus, substantia nigra, spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve, red nucleus, dorsal raphe nucleus, pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei). Interhemispheric connections between left and right STN were also observed. The present study fills important gaps in connectivity of the STN. In particular, we report STN connectivity with cortical areas (i.e., piriform, endopiriform

Safiye Çavdar, Merve Özgür, Yusuf Özgür Çakmak, Yasemin Kuvvet, Sıla Kezban Kunt, Gökay Sağlam

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 251–263

Review Paper | 19-January-2015

Neurostimulation, neuromodulation, and the treatment of epilepsies

Introduction. Neurostimulation and neuromodulation are techniques that may be able to affect the course of epilepsy. In the last 20 years, since the approval of VNS, we have observed a surge of studies assessing the potential of other devices and techniques for the treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsies including deep brain stimulation (DBS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), and repetitive transcranial

Lauren B. Bolden, Sandipan Pati, Jerzy P. Szaflarski

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 45–59

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

research-article | 06-April-2020

Investigating the synergic effects of valproic acid and crocin on BDNF and GDNF expression in epidermal neural crest stem cells

Zahra Baharvand, Mohammad Nabiuni, Mohammad Tahmaseb, Elaheh Amini, Sareh Pandamooz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 38–46

Case report | 29-June-2016

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 210–215

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