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case-study | 02-November-2018

Multifocal Motor Neuropathy: A clinical case study

Introduction: This case study will examine a patient with a rare and disabling movement disorder. The primary objective of this essay seeks to critically analyse and discuss the neuroscience nursing care and interventions of multifocal motor neuropathy. Firstly, the patients’ clinical presentation, past medical history and the underlying pathophysiology of multifocal motor neuropathy will be comprehensively explored and the epidemiology, etiology and the patients’ risk factors will be

Madeline A Bone

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 28 , ISSUE 2, 4–8

Research Article | 29-December-2017

High resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Aim of the studyHigh-resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve is a fast and non invasive tool for diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Our study was aimed at finding out the correlation of the cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerve with the presence and severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Material and methods75 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus clinically diagnosed with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analysed, and the

Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta1, Sukhdeep Kaur

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 246–252

case-report | 08-March-2021

Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report

Introduction There are a myriad of causes for upper thoracic and medial scapular pain. Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy (DSNEN) is a rare cause of this symptom(1,2). We report a case of dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy that was managed successfully with ultrasound-guided hydrodissection. Based on our knowledge, we believe this to be the first such case reported in the literature. Case report A 40-year-old male presented with 3 years’ history of unilateral localised pain

Gaurav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 74–76

research-article | 15-June-2020

High-resolution ultrasonography of the sural nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, amputations, and Charcot joints; and autonomic neuropathy causing gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction(1). Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the most common neuropathic syndrome seen in persons with diabetes. DPN is described as a symmetrical, length-dependent sensorimotor polyneuropathy attributable to metabolic and microvessel alterations as a result of exposure to chronic hyperglycemia and cardiovascular risk

Kunwar Pal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Nilanshu Kataria, Vijinder Arora, Nimisha Nagpal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e83–e89

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

High-frequency ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome:assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy and a frequent cause of sick leaves because of work-related hand overload. That is why an early diagnosis and adequate treatment (conservative or surgical) are essential for optimal patient management. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in CTS for the assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 62 patients (50 women and 12

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 283–291

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Acute cold allodynia induced by oxaliplatin is attenuated by amitriptyline

Oxaliplatin is a third-generation, platinum-based antitumor drug used to treat colorectal cancer. Since its main adverse effect is neuropathic pain resulting from chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), this drug is used to study the neurobiology of CIPN in rodents and to search for analgesics that could attenuate neuropathic pain symptoms – cold and tactile allodynia that develop in most of the oxaliplatin-treated subjects. In this research, testing across various temperatures, we

Anna Furgała, Robert Sałat, Kinga Sałat

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 315–321

research-article | 30-November-2020

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the median nerve: normal and variant anatomy and appearance

Kitija Nulle, Aija Jaudzema

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 318–325

research-article | 18-December-2020

Achilles tendon degeneration on ultrasound in type 2 diabetic patients

in the Achilles tendon, which could lead to structural or functional dysfunction or precipitate diabetic foot syndrome(2). Diabetic tendon damage is a complex, multifactorial process characterized by excessive accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), inflammatory response dysfunction, neurovascularization, peripheral neuropathy, and vasculopathy(2). In keeping with the application of musculoskeletal ultrasonography to diverse clinical situations(3,4), the AT has also been assessed

Babalola Ishamel Afolabi, Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 291–299

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

confirmed diabetic peripheral neu­ropathy and 60 had no diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the upper limbs. Age, sex, height and weight were recorded and the cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at every predetermined site. Results: The cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at six sites (mid-humerus, inlet of the cubital tunnel, outlet of the cubital tunnel, upon the medial epicondyle, 6 cm upon the wrist crease and Guyon tunnel). The ulnar nerve in two measuring sites

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

Review | 18-May-2018

A role for the GDAP1 gene in the molecular pathogenesis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Weronika Rzepnikowska, Andrzej Kochański

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 1–13

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided injections in pelvic entrapment neuropathies

Introduction Entrapment neuropathy is caused either by extrinsic nerve compression (mass, inflammation, scarring etc.) or intrinsic nerve abnormality (neurogenic tumor, intraneural ganglion cyst etc.)(1,2). The condition presents as a shooting or burning sensation associated with tingling and numbness in the cutaneous innervation area. Symptoms usually worsen during the night or in the morning due to static limb position for a prolonged period of time. In the early stages, the symptoms are

Urša Burica Matičič, Rok Šumak, Gregor Omejec, Vladka Salapura, Žiga Snoj

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e139–e146

Review | 28-June-2019

Ultrasound features of sole of foot pathology: a review

Introduction This review aims to provide an overview of common pathologies affecting the sole and their ultrasound and MRI correlates. Specifically, it will consider abnormalities of the plantar fascia, including plantar fasciitis, plantar fascia tears and plantar fibromatosis, in addition to Baxter’s neuropathy, epidermal inclusion cysts, foreign bodies and adventitial bursitis. Together, these encompass significant sources of foot pain(1). Familiarity with these pathologies and their

Claire Filippini, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 145–151

research-article | 09-September-2021

Comments on “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report”

We have read with great interest the manuscript titled “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report” by Gaurav Kant Sharma and Rajesh Botchu(1). We appreciate the fact that the authors have pointed out dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) entrapment as one of the common causes of interscapular upper thoracic pain, and the usage of high-resolution ultrasound to visualize DSN entrapment in the interscapular regions. The manuscript is well

King Hei Stanley Lam, Chen-Yu Hung, Daniel Su

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 267–269

research-article | 09-September-2021

Response to the “Comments on ‘Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report’”

We highly appreciate the time taken out by King Hei Stanley Lam, Chen-Yu Hung and Daniel Su to review our article in such depth and give their detailed views on it. In response to the comments submitted by Lam et al.(1) to our article “Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report”, we reviewed our work again(2). Unfortunately, the authors do not agree with Lam et al.’s diagnosis of notalgia paraesthetica. The patient presented in our

Guarav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 270–270

Case report | 05-May-2015

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

(mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes), KSS (Kearns-Sayre syndrome), NARP syndrome (neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa and ptosis). The authors emphasize importance of comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in differential diagnosis of MIDs. Conclusion. Mild and selective cognitive impairment was identified. The type and degree of cognitive function impairment is not sufficient to diagnose dementia in this particular case of MERRF. Comprehensive

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the elbow, hand and wrist excluding carpal tunnel procedures

)(4). Fig. 3. Common extensor tendon dry needling. A. Transducer and needle positioning for simulated common extensor tendon dry needling. B. The common extensor tendon (Comm Ext T) is thickened and degenerated at its attachment to the lateral epicondyle. A 21-gauge needle (arrows) is inserted into the degenerated areas of the tendon using an in-plane distal-to-proximal approach, and repeated punctures are performed Ulnar neuropathy Ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow is the second most

Silvia Tortora, Carmelo Messina, Domenico Albano, Francesca Serpi, Angelo Corazza, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Salvatore Gitto

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e169–e176

Review | 30-June-2017

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Ventral wrist evaluation is also often performed in patients with wrist pain of unclear etiology, rheumatic diseases, wrist injuries or symptoms of ulnar neuropathy. The aim of this paper is to present ultrasound images with corresponding anatomical schemes. The technique of ultrasound examination of the ventral wrist along with practical guidance to help obtain highly diagnostic

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 123–128

Review | 10-October-2018

Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A drug therapies: role of adenylyl cyclase activity and G-protein coupled receptors in disease pathomechanism

receptors (GPCRs), provide hope for future treatments of this type of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. A review of mechanisms of action of several compounds tested for CMT1A in pre-clinical and clinical studies ascorbic acid, onapristone, PXT3003 (baclofen, naltrexone, and sorbitol), and ADX71441, very clearly indicates an important role for adenylyl cyclase activity and GPCRs in the pathomechanism of the disease. Metabotropic γ-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABABR), subtype mu (μ) opioid

Artur J. Kiepura, Andrzej Kochański

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 198–209

Review | 28-June-2019

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

background for many years. It is a method of choice in the diagnosis of bulbar circulation disorders, such as: amaurosis fugax, ocular ischemic syndrome, insufficiency in vessels supplying the carotid and vertebral arteries, posterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, vascular vision disorders, vascular malformations, such as arteriovenous fistula, orbital varices, and systemic connective tissue diseases(42–47). What is more, the diagnostic application of the CDI

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 128–136

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve using high-resolution ultrasonography

peripheral nerve tumors, hereditary neuropathy, and dysimmune neuropathy(8,9). High-resolution ultrasonography can detect changes in the peripheral nerves caused by a number of disease processes including trauma, infection, inflammation, and benign and malignant tumors, in a cost-effective manner(10). The method is able to detect acute and chronic changes in the nerves caused by compression neuropathies(11). Chronic nerve compression causes disruption of the paranodal junctions and axonal domains

Kunwar Pal Singh, Prabhjot Singh, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e95–e104

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Reference values for the cross-sectional area of normal radial nerve at two levels using high-resolution ultrasonography

. Individuals of both sexes, between 18 and 75 years of age, not having any history of peripheral neuropathy or trauma to the upper limb, and referred to the department of radiodiagnosis and imaging of the Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, for other medical or surgical conditions, were included in the study. Ethical clearance for the study was granted by the ethics committee at the Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (reference number

Kunwar Pal Singh, Achal Singh Goindi, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e112–e126

Review | 13-September-2016

Doppler imaging of orbital vessels in the assessment of the activity and severity of thyroid-associated orbitopathy

orbital space, decreases in a statistically signifi cant way. A decrease in blood fl ow velocity is closely associated with the active stage of the disease whereas reverse fl ow or its absence attest to severe orbitopathy and constitute a risk factor of ocular neuropathy. The activity of the infl ammatory process in the eyeball is also confi rmed by an increase in peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery as well as end-diastolic velocity (EDV) in the ophthalmic

Dorota Walasik-Szemplińska, Magdalena Pauk-Domańska, Urszula Sanocka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 388–397

Review | 26-October-2019

CD59: A long-known complement inhibitor has advanced  to a blood group system

alleles. All CD59-deficient individuals recognized so far were severely ill, two of whom have died. Most of the reported cases present with a typical clinical picture within the first year of life that includes neuropathy, strokes, and mild Coombs-negative hemolysis. In one published case, the application of the complement inhibitor eculizumab caused a pronounced improvement of the clinical situation.

Christof Weinstock, Markus Anliker, Inge von Zabern

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 145–151

Case report | 29-June-2016

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 210–215

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