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Research Article | 20-November-2017

SUBJECTIVE APPROACH TO ASSESSING POVERTY IN POLAND – IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL POLICY

The poverty rates based on the OECD scales are frequently used in public debate. In this scale, large families are usually identified as those most in need of financial support. Poland is an interesting case for applying an alternative, subjective approach to calculating equivalent scales, as Poland has a large mean size for households, and is dependent on means-testing in social policymaking. The overall poverty rates for the two approaches are not distinctly different but they lead to

Leszek Morawski, Adrian Domitrz

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 3, 501–520

Article | 22-January-2018

MAPPING POVERTY AT THE LEVEL OF SUBREGIONS IN POLAND USING INDIRECT ESTIMATION

The European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU–SILC) is the basic source of information published by CSO (the Central Statistical Office of Poland) about the relative poverty indicator, both for the country as a whole and at the regional level (NUTS 1). Estimates at lower levels of the territorial division than regions (NUTS 1) or provinces (NUTS 2, also called ’voivodships’) have not been published so far. These estimates can be calculated by means of indirect

Marcin Szymkowiak, Andrzej Młodak, Łukasz Wawrowski

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 4, 609–635

Article | 06-July-2017

A COMPARISON OF SMALL AREA ESTIMATION METHODS FOR POVERTY MAPPING

We review main small area estimation methods for the estimation of general nonlinear parameters focusing on FGT family of poverty indicators introduced by Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (1984). In particular, we consider direct estimation, the Fay-Herriot area level model (Fay and Herriot, 1979), the method of Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw (2003) used by the World Bank, the empirical Best/Bayes (EB) method of Molina and Rao (2010) and its extension, the Census EB, and finally the hierarchical Bayes

María Guadarrama, Isabel Molina, J. N. K. Rao

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 1, 41–66

Research Article | 04-September-2019

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF POVERTY IN FAMILIES WITH A DISABLED CHILD AND FAMILIES  WITH NON-DISABLED CHILDREN IN POLAND  IN THE YEARS 2014 AND 2016

The presence of a child with disabilities in a family presents more challenging conditions than the presence of a non-disabled child. One of the difficulties is of financial nature. One of the parents often has to give up their job to care for the child, which shrinks the household income. At the same time, the family has higher expenses resulting from, e.g. costs of treatment. All this increases the risk of falling into poverty. The goal of this paper is to analyse the financial situation of

Olga Komorowska, Arkadiusz Kozłowski, Teresa Słaby

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 97–117

Article | 06-July-2017

QUALITY OF LIFE AND POVERTY IN UKRAINE – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT BASED ON THE SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING INDICATORS

The paper provides an overview of the information sources, methodology and main findings of the research of quality of life and poverty using indicators of subjective well-being applied by state statistics agencies in Ukraine. The paper describes the system of indicators for self-evaluation of the attained level of well-being, the level of satisfaction from meeting the basic living needs, and the limitations in consumption abilities of selected population groups due to hard conditions. In

Oleksandr Osaulenko

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 2, 237–247

Article | 15-September-2020

A general Bayesian approach to meet different inferential goals in poverty research for small areas

Poverty mapping that displays spatial distribution of various poverty indices is most useful to policymakers and researchers when they are disaggregated into small geographic units, such as cities, municipalities or other administrative partitions of a country. Typically, national household surveys that contain welfare variables such as income and expenditures provide limited or no data for small areas. It is well-known that while direct survey-weighted estimates are quite reliable for national

Partha Lahiri, Jiraphan Suntornchost

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 4, 237–253

Article | 06-July-2017

CHANGING MORTALITY DISTRIBUTION IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FROM 1970 TO 2010: LOOKING AT AVERAGES AND BEYOND THEM

The methods typically developed in income inequality and poverty research are employed to observe changes in life spans distribution in 35 developed countries. The analyses are performed at two levels, using the same methods when possible: i/ taking the countries as the units with a mean length of life being a single parameter representing the distribution, ii/ utilizing the country life tables (taking people as the units) in order to compare other than mean length of life attributes of

Adam Szulc

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 3, 467–496

Research paper | 01-November-2017

BORROWING INFORMATION OVER TIME IN BINOMIAL/LOGIT NORMAL MODELS FOR SMALL AREA ESTIMATION

Linear area level models for small area estimation, such as the Fay-Herriot model, face challenges when applied to discrete survey data. Such data commonly arise as direct survey estimates of the number of persons possessing some characteristic, such as the number of persons in poverty. For such applications, we examine a binomial/logit normal (BLN) model that assumes a binomial distribution for rescaled survey estimates and a normal distribution with a linear regression mean function for

Carolina Franco, William R. Bell

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 563–584

Article | 11-March-2021

Preserving Values

military are so present during the powwow, when Native peoples, and the Lakota specifically, have been so adversely affected by the US military? This article explored this puzzle and finds that common explanations of military service and valorization of that service—poverty, lack of education and job opportunities, poor academic performance or college preparation, and desired upward social mobility—do not paint an entire picture. Instead, this article reveals new ways of interpreting the centrality of

JUSTIN DE LEON

Borderlands, Volume 19 , ISSUE 2, 130–156

Article | 08-April-2018

The Design of Two Phase Chopping Regulation Voltage Soft Starter

As for the complexity of the trigger pulse control method for the generally-used thyristor soft starter, The poverty of the continuity of the stator current, the shortage of the waveform distortion and the higher harmonic content. A type with IGBT to realize AC chopping regulation voltage soft starter has been designed,using the two-phase AC power control to achieve the aim of three-phase AC power control,ensuring the effect and saving the costs. The paper makes use of the MATLAB to analyze of

Jingwen Chen, Hongshe Dang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 90–97

Research Article | 24-August-2017

MET AND UNMET NEED FOR CONTRACEPTION: SMALL AREA ESTIMATION FOR RAJASTHAN STATE OF INDIA

Nowadays, Family Planning has become the basic human right, which is closely linked to the empowerment of women and perhaps it is the only treatment that can avert many serious issues, which are an impediment in the advancement of the country like maternal mortality, infant mortality and can exert out the families from poverty and stabilize population growth etc. Increasing use of family planning can be helpful in the reduction of unmet need for family planning by which a substantial proportion

Piyush Kant Rai, Sarla Pareek, Hemlata Joshi

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 329–360

Article | 04-June-2018

A Visual Data Collection Method: German Local Parties and Associations

This research captures local networks of German political parties and welfare agencies in regards to poverty. The article explores whether there are differences in regards to homophily and brokerage between the two studied groups using a dataset of 33 egonetworks in two German cities. The computer assisted drawn networks were collected in an interactive participative way together with the interviewed egonetworks. To achieve the theoretical aim of analysing homophily and brokerage between

Isabelle Borucki

Connections, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1-2, 45–52

Research Article | 30-December-2016

Is social mixing of tenures a solution for public housing estates?

The article reviews 11 primary studies that examine the impact of social mix on public housing estates. In a growing number of countries policy-makers view social mix as the key mechanism to address the problems often associated with disadvantaged public housing estates – unemployment, anti-social behaviour, poor educational performance and high levels of crime. It is argued that by dissipating the concentration of poverty and exposing public housing tenants to more mainstream residents, the

Alan Morris, Michelle Jamieson, Roger Patulny

Evidence Base, Volume 2012 , ISSUE 1, 1–21

Research Article | 27-February-2017

The impact of welfare to work on parents and their children

that do not help parents to meet their aspirations. Research also suggests that the reforms have decreased the financial wellbeing of single parents and their children, resulting in parents making the transition from welfare to work feeling less satisfied with their future security and standard of living, and higher poverty rates amongst the population of single parents with dependent children. However, there remain significant gaps in our understanding of how Welfare to Work affects parents and

Michelle Brady, Kay Cook

Evidence Base, Volume 2015 , ISSUE 3, 1–23

Research Article | 27-February-2017

Class size and academic results, with a focus on children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities

student achievement, especially for children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities. This is particularly true when smaller classes are combined with appropriate teacher pedagogies suited to reduced student numbers. Suggested policy recommendations involve targeted funding for specific lessons and schools, combined with professional development of teachers. These measures may help to address the inequality of schooling and ameliorate the damage done by poverty

David Zyngier

Evidence Base, Volume 2014 , ISSUE 1, 1–24

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