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review-article | 23-April-2021

Prevalence of depressive symptoms among older children and young adolescents: a longitudinal population-based study

Introduction Depression in the population is a public health concern due to high prevalence rates, early onset and its impact on children and adolescents, families, and communities (1, 2). Depression in adulthood is a debilitating mental illness with clear developmental patterns from childhood through adolescence (3). Moreover, depression in childhood increases the risk of future episodes during adolescence (4, 5), and it adversely affects quality of life, motivation and learning (6-8

Else Marie Lysfjord Juul, Odin Hjemdal, Tore Aune

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 64–72

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Prevalence and characteristics of three subtypes of dating violence among Danish seventh-grade students

Background:A high prevalence of adolescent dating violence (ADV) has been documented in recent years. However, the majority of ADV studies have been conducted in North America and moreover, ADV studies have primarily focused on high school or college populations.Objective:To investigate victimization and perpetration of ADV and related gender differences in a sample of Danish seventh-grade students.Method:In total, 2934 seventh-grade students (M = 3.5, SD = 0.5) filled out questionnaires at

Sidsel Karsberg, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Mathias Lasgaard, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 16–27

Article | 15-October-2019


occasionally worldwide Trichophyton equinum var. autotrophicum horses rare Australia, New Zealand Trichophyton erinacei dogs, hedgehogs occasionally Australia, New Zealand Trichophyton mentagrophytes rodenst, dogs, horses, other animals often worldwide Trichophyton verrucosum cattle often worldwide Trichophyton simii monkeys, poultry, dogs often India, Brazil 2.2. The prevalence of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats A review of the scientific literature from 29 of the world’s countries

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 2, 165–176

Report | 01-December-2019

Prevalence of clinically significant red blood cell alloantibodies in pregnant women at a large tertiary-care facility

More than 50 red blood cell (RBC) alloantibodies are known to cause hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Although Rh immune globulin (RhIG) prophylaxis has significantly reduced the incidence of pregnancies complicated by anti-D, the need to detect and monitor maternal alloantibodies capable of causing HDFN is still a concern. The prevalence and specificity of these alloantibodies were determined. In this retrospective study, the prevalence and specificities of unexpected RBC

Heather M. Smith, Rosetta S. Shirey, Sandra K. Thoman, Jay B. Jackson

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 4, 127–130

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Anxiety Disorders among Adolescents referred to General Psychiatry for Multiple Causes: Clinical Presentation, Prevalence, and Comorbidity

Reports of anxiety disorder characteristics among youth in clinical settings typically include descriptions of patients who have been specifically referred for anxiety treatment. At odds with a large body of evidence which demonstrates these disorders to be most common among young people, prevalence studies in samples referred to general psychiatry for multiple causes are scarce and report highly discrepant estimates.For this study and regardless of their presenting symptoms, 125 adolescents

Susanne Olofsdotter, Sofia Vadlin, Karin Sonnby, Tomas Furmark, Kent W. Nilsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 55–64

original-report | 30-September-2021

A unique approach to screen for blood donors lacking high-prevalence antigen Inb of the Indian blood group system

The Indian blood group system comprises six antigens, of which Ina (IN1) occurs in low prevalence among the people of Indian origin.1 Its antithetical antigen, Inb (IN2), and four other antigens―namely, INFI (IN3), INJA (IN4), INRA (IN5), and INSL (IN6)―are high-prevalence antigens (HPAs).2–5 Whereas most patients lacking these HPAs were found among people with ancestry in the Indian subcontinent, individuals lacking the INFI (IN3) antigen were found among Moroccans.3 A transfusion recipient

S.R. Joshi, S.B. Senjaliya, H.D. Maru, P.D. Kshirsagar, S.S. Kulkarni, P. Shrivastava

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 3, 126–130

original-report | 30-November-2020

Prevalence of major blood group antigens in blood donors at a main donation center in United Arab Emirates

extended RBC antigen phenotypes can help in preventing transfusion-related side effects by providing a source to better antigen-match donors to specific recipients. This matching is especially useful in regularly transfused patients such as patients with thalassemia major. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotype prevalence in the major blood group systems among regular blood donors at the Sharjah Blood Transfusion and Research Center in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study was

F.H. Sajwani, A.M. Amer, F.M. Khamis, S.R. AlShamsi

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 4, 171–177

research-article | 30-November-2020

Prevalence of femoral vein duplication: systematic review and metaanalysis

death. It is therefore important to be wary of this variation in anatomy during ultrasonography. Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality, with a prevalence of 1 in 1,000 people and accounting for up to 100,000 deaths annually(5). The most feared complication is pulmonary thromboembolism, when a thrombus becomes dislodged and travels to the pulmonary arteries. This may lead to sudden death if not diagnosed early(6). Early diagnosis and intervention

William Sibuor, Vincent Kipkorir, Isaac Cheruiyot, Fidel Gwala, Beda Olabu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 326–331

Article | 20-July-2021

Prevalence of cervical vertebrae anomalies in patients with cleft lip and palate

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of cervical vertebral anomalies (CVA) in a group of patients presenting with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare with a non-cleft population. Material and methods: The sample comprised of 150 lateral cephalograms of non-syndromic patients with CLP and 150 non cleft age-matched controls. The age range of both groups covered 6 to 20 years. An expert radiologist blinded to the cleft status evaluated the cephalograms for CVA and categorised them into

Om Prakash Kharbanda, Tabassum Qureshi, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 46–52

research-article | 13-July-2021

Prevalence and pattern of permanent tooth agenesis among multiracial orthodontic patients in Malaysia

. The severity of hypodontia can be classified as mild (one to two missing teeth), moderate (three to five missing teeth) or severe (six or more missing teeth).3 A patient’s genetic background has been suggested to highly influence the pattern of hypodontia between different racial groups.4 The prevalence of hypodontia has been reported to be 6.4%; the highest in Africa at 13.4%, followed by Europe 7%, Asia 6.3% and Australia 6.3%, with a lower prevalence in North America of 5.0% and Latin America

Nor Nadia Zakaria, Yasmin Kamarudin, Lim Ghee Seong, Nur Shahirra Sulaiman, Siti Aisyah Atirah Anuar

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 79–84

research-article | 30-November-2020

Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in mosquitoes (Diptera) – systematic review and meta-analysis

as well as a favored ecological factors for development of larval stages to L3 in the mosquitoes (Sassnau et al., 2014). The role of ecological key factors has been proposed for development of dirofilarial larvae in possible vectors for specific locations (Brown et al., 2012). Most of the field studies only reported the prevalence in mosquitoes. So, it is important to perform a comprehensive study to evaluate these key factors. The monitoring of mosquitoes for the infection was based on

Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Mustapha Ahmed Yusuf, Shahyad Azari-Hamidian, Rahmat Solgi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

The Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in Polish Poultry Meat

The prevalence, count and molecular identification of Campylobacter spp. in Polish poultry meat were analysed. 181 samples of meat from chicken (70), turkey (47), duck (54) and goose (10) were studied. Campylobacter spp. was found in 64% of meat samples. The highest prevalence of this pathogen was detected for duck meat. On average 80% of duck samples were contaminated with Campylobacter spp. The counts of Campylobacter spp. in positive samples remained under ten colony forming units per gram

Anna Szosland-Fałtyn, Beata Bartodziejska, Joanna Królasik, Beata Paziak-Domańska, Dorota Korsak, Magdalena Chmiela

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 117–120

Article | 15-August-2021

A multi-centre evaluation of multiple supernumerary premolar prevalence

Aim: The occurrence of multiple supernumerary teeth is rare and often found in association with syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia, Gardner’s syndrome or cleft lip and palate. Few examples of non-syndromal multiple supernumerary teeth have been reported. The aim of this multi-centre study was to investigate the prevalence of supernumerary premolar teeth in non-syndromic patients and to investigate the association between the presence of supernumerary premolar teeth and malocclusion

Kaan Gunduz, Hakan Avsever, Kaan Orhan, Gözde Canıtezer, Aydan Acikgoz, Ulas Oz, Muhammet Midilli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 149–156

Report | 26-October-2019

Red cell antigen prevalence predicted by molecular testing in ethnic groups of South Texas blood donors

Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is seen in patients receiving chronic blood transfusion. Knowing the prevalence of blood group antigens of the different ethnicities of South Texas donors can provide better management of rare blood inventory for patients in this geographical area. A total of 4369 blood donors were tested and analyzed for various antigens in the following blood group systems: ABO, Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS, Lutheran, Dombrock, Landsteiner-Wiener, Diego, Colton, and

Lorena I. Aranda, Linda A. Smith, Scott Jones, Rachel Beddard

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 166–173

Report | 16-October-2019

Rh and Kell blood group antigen prevalence in a multi-ethnic cohort in Nigeria: implications for local transfusion service

Antigens belonging to the Rh and Kell blood group systems are of major clinical significance because of their immunogenicity and the potential of their consequent antibodies to cause in vivo destruction of exogenous red blood cells (RBCs). Despite the widespread use of transfusion, there are sparse data on the prevalence of Rh and Kell system antigens and their ethnic variability in Nigeria. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of the five major Rh (D, C, c, E, e) and

Ademola Samson Adewoyin, Grace Ming Lee, Titilope Adenike Adeyemo, Omolade Augustina Awodu

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 61–65

research-article | 30-November-2020

The prevalence of posterior tongue tie in patients with transverse maxillary deficiency

Introduction Tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, is well known to have a negative impact on oral function because of a restriction in tongue mobility.1,2 Although the prevalence of tongue tie has been assessed by several studies,2–4 the results have varied because of a lack of a well-validated clinical method for diagnosing the condition.5 Tongue tie may be classified as anterior tongue tie, posterior tongue tie, or a submucosal tongue tie based on the connecting area of the lingual frenum.6 An

Wakako Tome, Won Moon

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 294–300

Report | 09-October-2019

Red blood cell phenotype prevalence in blood donors who self-identify as Hispanic

Molecular genotyping platforms provide a quick, high-throughput method for identifying red blood cell units for patients on extended phenotype-matching protocols, such as those with sickle cell disease or thalassemia. Most of the antigen prevalence data reported are for non-Hispanic populations. Therefore, this study sought to determine the phenotype prevalence in a single blood center’s Hispanic population and to compare those results with previously reported rates in non-Hispanic donor

Chelsea A. Sheppard, Nicole L. Bolen, Beth Eades, Gorka Ochoa-Garay, Mark H. Yazer

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 3, 119–124

Article | 17-February-2021

Prevalence of DEL phenotype in D– blood donors in India

samples negative for D by the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) were found to be positive by adsorption-elution.3 Until recently, DEL was primarily described in Asians, since a significant proportion of D– Asian individuals are in fact DEL+.5–7 In Caucasians, DEL is very rare, although recent molecular studies show that the prevalence of DEL in donors typed D– in routine testing is greater than initially thought.8,9 Molecular studies have shown that a heterogeneous array of variant RHD alleles can

R. Chaudhary, S. Verma, A. Verma

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 4, 133–136

Report | 01-December-2019

Prevalence of RHD*DOL and RHCE*ce(818T)  in two populations

Christine Halter Hipsky, Daiane Cobianchi da Costa, Ricardo Omoto, Angela Zanette, Lilian Castilho, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 27 , ISSUE 2, 66–67

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

Prevalence of Urogenital Mycoplasmas Among Men with NGU in Upper Silesia, Poland. Preliminary Study

The prevalence of urogenital mycoplasmas in men with NGU in Upper Silesia (Poland) was studied. Mycoplasmas were detected in 36.7% men (Ureaplasma parvum and Mycoplasma genitalium were found in 30% and 16.7% respectively). Urealyticum urealyticum was not detected. We suggest including M. genitalium in the diagnostic scheme for nongonococcal urethritis (NGU).

Alicja Ekiel, Małgorzata Aptekorz, Piotr Kłuciński, Dominika Smolec, Barbara Wiechuła, Jarosław Jóźwiak, Gayane Martirosian

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 93–95

Article | 10-April-2021

A fatal case of acute hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by anti-Wra: case report and review of the literature

Wra is the most common low-prevalence antigen (LPA) in the white population, and anti-Wra is the most common naturally occurring antibody.1 The first case of anti-Wra was described by Holman2 in 1953 in a child with severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), requiring exchange transfusion. Anti-Wra is often identified when Wr(a+) red blood cells (RBCs) are available on the screening or identification panel RBCs, but the antibody is otherwise rarely involved in serious hemolytic

A. Espinosa, L.J. Garvik, N. Trung Nguyen, B. Jacobsen

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 20–24

Article | 01-April-2020

An alloantibody to a highprevalence MNS antigen in a person with a GP.JL/Mk phenotype

The low-prevalence MNS blood group antigenTSEN is located at the junction of glycophorinA (GPA) to glycophorin B (GPB) in several hybrid glycophorin molecules. Extremely rare people have RBCs with a double dose of theTSEN antigen and have made an antibody to a high-prevalence MNS antigen. We report the first patient who is heterozygous for GYP.JL and Mk. During prenatal tests,an alloantibody to a high-prevalence antigen was detected in the serum of a 21-year-old Hispanic woman. The antibody

John Ratliff, Susan Veneman, Joan Ward, Christine Lomas-Francis, Kim Hue-Roye, Randall W. Velliquette, Laima Sausais, Twilla Maldonado, Janet Miyamoto, Yolanda Martin, David Slater, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 4, 146–149

Original Paper | 07-June-2016

Prevalence of Parasitic Contamination in Salad Vegetables Collected from Supermarkets and Street Vendors in Amman and Baqa’a – Jordan

One of the main ways in transmitting parasites to humans is through consuming contaminated raw vegetables. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of parasitological contamination (helminthes eggs, Giardia and Entamoeba histolytica cysts) of salad vegetables sold at supermarkets and street vendors in Amman and Baqa’a – Jordan. A total of 133 samples of salad vegetables were collected and examined for the prevalence of parasites. It was found that 29% of the samples were

Yazan Ismail

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 2, 201–207

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Properties of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Nigerian Women During the Menstrual Cycle

of the menstrual cycle and the antimicrobial effects of the isolated LAB. Therefore, this study aimed at determining the prevalence of LAB at different stages of the menstrual cycle in Nigerian women with their potential antimicrobial properties. Experimental Materials and Methods Pathogens. Ten clinical strains of uropathogens: Klebsiella spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Pseudomonas spp. (isolated from urine) were collected from the culture collection of the Medical Microbiological Laboratory of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 203–209

Article | 21-April-2020

Analysis of SERF in Thai blood donors

The Cromer blood group system consists of nine high-prevalence and three low-prevalence antigens carried on decay-accelerating factor (DAF). We recently described one of these Cromer highprevalence antigens,SERF,the absence of which was found in a Thai woman.The lack of SERF antigen in this proband was associated with a substitution of nucleotide 647C>T in exon 5 of DAF, which is predicted to be a change of proline to leucine at amino acid position 182 in short consensus repeat (SCR) 3 of

Poonsub Palacajornsuk, Kim Hue-Roye, Oytip Nathalang, Srisurang Tantimavanich, Sasitorn Bejrachandra, Marion Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 66–69

Case report | 09-October-2019

A LU:-16 individual with antibodies

investigation was requested. This time, an antibody directed at a high-prevalence Lutheran antigen was found in addition to the anti-Lea and -Lub previously observed. Her serum was compatible with three out of five Lu(a−b−) reagent red blood cells (RBCs). One of the incompatible Lu(a−b−) reagent RBCs was known to be In(Lu) (KLF1 mutation). The genetic background of the other reagent RBC was unknown. The LU cDNA sequence analysis revealed the presence of the c.230G>A (Lua), c.679C

Carole Éthier, Cynthia Parent, Anne-Sophie Lemay, Nadia Baillargeon, Geneviève Laflamme, Josée Lavoie, Josée Perreault, Maryse St-Louis

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 3, 110–113

Case report | 09-October-2019

Hemolytic transfusion reaction attributable to anti-Dia  

(RBCs) in the apheresis unit as part of her regular treatment. When the patient started receiving the implicated unit, she reported back pain, chest pain, and a feeling of anxiety, suggestive of an acute transfusion reaction. The transfusion was ceased and an investigation of an adverse event was commenced. This case illustrates that the presence of antibodies to low-prevalence antigens remains a significant issue for transfusion-dependent individuals. To prevent other transfusion reactions by anti

Arthur J. Joyce, Kelli M Quantock, Ray Banh, Yew-Wah Liew

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 6–8

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

Cytomegaloviruses are common worldwide, with variable frequency of infections. The infection in pregnancy may lead to pregnancy loss or serious sequelae for the child. To understand the risk posed by CMV in Poland we conducted cross-sectional study on women aged 15–49 basing on existing serum bank. Age dependent CMV incidence, the rates of congenital infection and sequelae were modelled from sero-prevalence, literature and demographic data. The overall anti-CMV IgG prevalence was 81.9

Joanna Siennicka, Milena Dunal-Szczepaniak, Agnieszka Trzcińska, Paulina Godzik, Magdalena Rosińska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 425–432

original-paper | 06-April-2020

Prevalence of Multi-Drug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – A High Tuberculosis Endemic Area of Pakistan

518 000 TB cases including 15 000 MDR-TB. The estimated proportion of MDR-TB is 4.2% in new patients and 16% in the previously treated patients (WHO 2019). According to the drug resistance survey conducted in 2012, the prevalence of MDR-TB was 3.7% in newly diagnosed TB cases and 18.1% among previously treated TB cases (Tahseen et al. 2016). KPK is one of the four provinces of Pakistan that contributes a proportion of 11.9% in the total national population with an estimated 270 TB cases per 100


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 133–137

research-article | 28-September-2020

Shear wave elastography reveals a high prevalence of liver fibrosis in overweight or obese Hispanic youth

Introduction Childhood obesity is a worldwide epidemic now affecting more than 20% of children and adolescents in the United States(1). As the prevalence of obesity has increased, obesity-related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a common comorbidity in the pediatric population(2,3). Defined as simple steatosis, NAFLD is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in adolescents and young adults. Chronic inflammation and resultant hepatocellular injury then develop as NAFLD

Sanjeet Sandhu, Carisse Orsi, Gary L. Francis, Zhu Wang, Roman Fernandez, Naim Alkhouri

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 162–168

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Sonographic assessment of the prevalence and evolution of fluid collections as a complication of kidney transplantation

Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and evolution of perirenal fluid collections in a group of 488 patients who have undergone kidney transplantation. Material and methods: Sonographic documentation of 488 deceased-donor kidney recipients was evaluated for the prevalence of perirenal fluid collections and their evolution in time, depending on selected demographic features of the patients, time of detection, initial dimensions and precise position of the

Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Piasek, Łukasz Światłowski, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Słomka, Krzysztof Pyra, Olga Furmaga, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 126–132

Case report | 24-March-2020

Overt immediate hemolytic transfusion reaction attributable to anti-Wra

Wra is a low-prevalence antigen.  Anti-Wra is a relatively common antibody present in approximately 1 in 100 healthy blood donors.  Anti-Wra is reported to cause different degrees of hemolysis in transfusion and in HDN, ranging from benign to severe.  This report describes an acute overt hemolytic transfusion reaction in a patient whose serum contained anti-Wra and who received a Wr(a+) RBC component.

Fouad N. Boctor

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 3, 113–115

Review Paper | 23-December-2015

Epidemiology and long-term Turku outcome of childhood-onset epilepsy and mortality. Personal experiences. Part I

Introduction. Epidemiological studies on epilepsy were long based, with few exceptions, on hospital and institution patients with a subsequent bias toward more difficult cases and the reported prevalence and incidence rates were often obviously too low. Few data are available on the temporal changes in the incidence of epilepsy. Aim. To study the prevalence and incidence in an unselected child population including all the children living either in the society or in the institution, temporal

Matti Sillanpää

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 149–157

Article | 16-November-2020

Effect of pronase on highincidence blood group antigens and the prevalence of antibodies to pronase-treated erythrocytes

Pronase is a useful and relatively nonspecific protease that cleaves many red blood cell (RBC) membrane proteins that carry blood group antigens. Unexpected findings in tests using pronase-treated RBCs during the investigation of a patient’s blood sample led us to test which high-incidence blood group antigens were sensitive and which were resistant to pronase treatment, and to determine the prevalence of antipronase in the serum of blood donors. Our results show that antigens in the

Marion E. Reid, Carole A. Green, Jack Hoffer, Ragnhild Øyen

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 139–142

Review | 29-October-2019

JMH blood group system: a review

The JMH blood group system consists of six high-prevalence antigens. These antigens are located on the Sema7A protein. The molecular basis of the JMH1– phenotype is not known; however, single nucleotide changes in the SEMA7A gene on chromosome 15 account for the other JMH antigens. JMH1, commonly known as JMH, is most notable because transient depression of the antigen occurs and anti-JMH may develop. These antibodies are most commonly observed and are not significant in transfusion

Susan T. Johnson

Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 18–23

Original Paper | 04-December-2017

Prevalence, Influencing Factors, Antibiotic Resistance, Toxin and Molecular Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA Nasal Carriage among Diabetic Population in the United States, 2001–2004

Diabetic population were reported more likely to suffer carriage and infection with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-diabetic population. We aim to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among diabetic population in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2004. Univariate analyses were conducted using Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact probability test or

Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 439–448

research-article | 29-December-2021

Prevalence of elevated anxiety symptoms among children in quarantine with COVID-19 infection in the State of Qatar: A cross-sectional study

during childhood, with a prevalence that ranges from 10 to 30 percent (4-6). The worldwide prevalence of any anxiety disorder among children according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) and International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is around 6.5% (7). Although the median age of onset of anxiety disorders is thought to be around 11 years (8), specific anxiety disorders may have their onset at different developmental stages. Separation anxiety is

Yasser Saeed Khan, Abdul Waheed Khan, Islam Ahmed Noureldin Ahmed, Samar Hammoudeh, Halla Salim, Mohammed AbuKhattab, Muna A Rahman S Al-Maslamani, Abdulwahed Zainel, Sarah Nidal Salameh, Majid Alabdulla

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 187–195

Report | 09-October-2019

Distribution of blood groups in the Iranian general population

We report the first study of antigen and phenotype prevalence within various blood group systems in the Iranian general population. In this retrospective study, samples from 3475 individuals referred to the Immunohematology Reference Laboratory of the Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization, Tehran, Iran, for paternity testing from 1998 to 2008 were additionally tested for red blood cell (RBC) antigens in the Rh, Kell, Kidd, Duffy, MNS, Lutheran, P1PK, and Xg blood group systems. The antigen

Ehsan Shahverdi, Mostafa Moghaddam, Ali Talebian, Hassan Abolghasemi

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 4, 135–139

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Chemical Signals of Vector Beetle Facilitate the Prevalence of a Native Fungus and the Invasive Pinewood Nematode

In China, the invasive Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the vector Monochamus alternatus beetle, and associated fungi exhibit a symbiotic relationship causing serious losses to pine forests. Although this complex system has been intensively investigated, the role of vector beetles on the development of associated fungi and their indirect contribution to the prevalence of pinewood nematode (PWN) is yet unknown. Here, three of the highly prevalent fungal species, viz., Sporothrix sp. 1, Ophiostoma ips


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 341–347

original-paper | 05-August-2020

Molecular Identification and Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii in Erbil City, Northern Iraq

much higher than E. histolytica (Pillai et al. 1999; Fotedar et al. 2007b). High levels of E. moshkovskii infection were reported on the Indian subcontinent. However, fewer studies have been conducted into the prevalence of this species. Human isolates have been reported in South Africa, North America, Italy, and Bangladesh (Ali 2003; Singh et al. 2009). Amoebiasis develops in 50 million individuals globally, with an annual mortality rate of 40,000 to 100,000 (WHO 1997). This high infection rate is


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 263–272

Article | 22-November-2020

Development of a flow cytometric test for the detection of D-positive fetal cells after fetomaternal hemorrhage and a survey of the prevalence in D-negative women

been obtained in six cases (0.26%). In one case, the FMH was only 0.1 percent, and in another (confirmed by the Kleihauer-Betke method), fetal cells constituted only 0.2 percent. Additional Rh immune globulin was not given to these patients. In the other four cases, the D-positive fetal cells were estimated to be 0.7,0.5,0.5, and 0.4 percent, and additional prophylactic Rh immune globulin was administered. Although the prevalence of FMH is low, screening D-negative women at risk of alloimmunization

Margaret Nelson, Hazel Popp, Kathy Horky, Cecily Forsyth, John Gibson

Immunohematology, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 55–59

Article | 17-February-2021

Identification of rare blood types in southern Brazil: impact on transfusion support

, and Cartwright antigens are considered rare.4 With increased life expectancy, the frequency of RBC alloantibodies in patients receiving regular transfusions has expanded, raising the difficulty to find compatible blood, and increasing the risk of delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions.5 The blood supply may become a challenge when a patient produces an alloantibody to an antigen of high prevalence or produces antibodies against multiple common antigens. Securing a blood supply for such situations

C.D.S.R. de Araújo, B.A. Machado, C.D. Reche, L. Maroni, L.C. Garlet, M.M.P. dos Santos, M. Beber, A. Pasqualotti, L. Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 4, 152–156

Letter | 21-March-2020

Prevalence of Yt(a–) in Hispanic blood donors

Edith Tossas, Michael Baxter, Marion E. Reid, Daisy Charles-Pierre, Christine Lomas-Francis

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 27–27

research-article | 30-November-2020

Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland

prevalence of mental health disorders increases as children enter early adolescence (6). As adolescents mature, externalizing symptoms become less common (7). However, a minority of adolescents exhibit a pattern of externalizing symptoms that persists into adulthood; this persistent life-course subtype of externalizing behaviors, such as delinquency, often already begins in childhood (7). Similarly, the prevalences of internalizing disorders decrease as adolescents move into adulthood although they

Noora Knaappila, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 96–104

Article | 30-July-2021

Anomalies of permanent tooth number in three Asian ethnicities

12 to 16 years were examined for evidence of tooth number anomalies. Fisher’s exact test was applied to compare the occurrence of hypodontia and hyperdontia between the ethnicities and genders. Results: The prevalence of hypodontia in Chinese, Indian and Malay orthodontic patients was 13.7%, 6.0% and 14.4%, respectively. Chinese patients had a significantly higher prevalence of hypodontia compared with Indian patients (OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.29–4.83, p < 0.001). Malay patients had a

Li Qian, Ming Tak Chew, Mimi Yow, Hung Chew Wong, Kelvin Weng Chiong Foong

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 212–219

Report | 26-October-2019

A simple approach to screen rare donors in Brazil

Carine Prisco Arnoni, Flavia R.M. Latini, Janaína Guilhem Muniz, Rosangela Duarte de Medeiros Person, Tatiane Aparecida de Paula Vendrame, Diana Gazito, Lilian Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 20–23

Article | 16-February-2021

An update on the Cartwright (Yt) blood group system

sequence analysis revealed a novel homozygous mutation c.101G>A in exon 2, encoding p.Arg34Gln change in AChE.5 Given the recent discovery of the three new YT antigens (YTEG, YTLI, and YTOT), too little is known about their genetics/inheritance, other than to note that these three antigens are all of high prevalence.3–5 The molecular basis of the Yt antigens can be summarized in Table 1.3–8 Table 1. Molecular basis of the Yt antigens Yta Ytb YTEG YTLI YTOT Amino acid His 353 Asn 353

M.R. George

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 4, 154–155

Report | 09-October-2019

Trends of ABO and Rh phenotypes in transfusion-dependent patients in Pakistan

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of ABO and Rh phenotypes in the general Pakistan population. This information could be used to help reduce the rate of alloimmunization in patients with blood disorders, such as thalassemia major, who require frequent blood transfusions. A total of 242 patients with blood disorders requiring frequent blood transfusions were enrolled in the study. ABO and Rh typing was performed on samples from these patients using tube and gel methods

Nida Anwar, Munira Borhany, Saqib Ansari, Sana Khurram, Uzma Zaidi, Imran Naseer, Muhammad Nadeem, Tahir Shamsi

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 4, 170–173

Article | 21-April-2020

Novel molecular basis of an Inab phenotype  

The Cromer blood group system consists of ten high-prevalence and three low-prevalence antigens carried on decay-accelerating factor (DAF). DAF is found in the cell membranes of RBCs, granulocytes,platelets,and lymphocytes and is widely represented in other body tissues. Sequence analyses of DNA were performed on a blood sample from a 91-year-old Japanese woman whose serum contained an alloantibody to a high-prevalence antigen in the Cromer blood group system (anti-IFC). A blood sample from her

Kim Hue-Roye, Vivien E. Powell, Gita Patel, Debra Lane, Mariska Maguire, Amy Chung, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 53–55

research-article | 16-January-2021

Occurrence and molecular characterization of Meloidogyne graminicola on rice in Central Punjab, Pakistan

regions have received little attention in the past, and only a few surveys have been conducted to estimate their prevalence and incidence (Kafi, 1963; Ahmad and Khan, 1973; Saeed and Ashrafi, 1973; Khan et al., 2005; Zarina and Shahina, 2010; Anwar and McKenry, 2012). All varieties of rice grown in South Asian and Southeast Asian countries, whether upland or lowland, have exhibited susceptibility to M. graminicola (Padgham et al., 2004; Das et al., 2011; Win et al., 2013). Currently, there is little

Abdul Jabbar, Nazir Javed, Anjum Munir, Huma Abbas, Sajid A. Khan, Anam Moosa, Muhammad Jabran, Byron J. Adams, Muhammad A. Ali

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

A Special Risk Group for Hepatitis E Infection: The First Record of North Cyprus

husbandry, veterinary work or butchery). Enzyme-linked immunoassays were used to detect anti-HEV IgG and IgM in the blood samples. The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG antibodies was 3.0% (12/400), while the prevalence of anti-HEV IgM antibodies was 0.25% (1/400). The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG amongst the samples received from females was approximately 2.5-fold higher than samples received from males (2.4%). Anti-HEV IgG was detected amongst 7% of animal husbandry workers and amongst 2% of veterinarians and


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 525–528

Review | 16-October-2019

Clinical significance of antibodies to antigens in the Scianna, Dombrock, Colton, LandsteinerWeiner, Chido/Rodgers, H, Kx, Cromer, Gerbich, Knops, Indian, and Ok blood group systems

This article reviews information regarding the clinical significance of antibodies to antigens in the Scianna, Dombrock, Colton, Landsteiner-Wiener, Chido/Rodgers, H, Kx, Cromer, Gerbich, Knops, Indian, and Ok blood group systems. Like most blood group systems, antibodies to many of the antigens in these groups are rarely encountered because of the high prevalence of the associated antigens in most populations. For many, the clinical significance—that is, the potential to cause reduced

Sofia Lejon Crottet

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 3, 103–108

original-paper | 01-May-2021

Screening of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Newly Diagnosed Tuberculosis Patients in Eastern Sudan

infection among active pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients, and the level of knowledge in Kassala state, which is located in eastern Sudan near the Eritrean border, 600 kilometers from the Khartoum capital of Sudan with a great variety in culture, beliefs, language, and ethnicity. Experimental Materials and Methods This was descriptive cross-sectional hospital-based study undertaken in Kassala State, Eastern of Sudan to investigate the prevalence of HIV among active pulmonary and


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 201–206

Case report | 09-October-2019

Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction attributed to anti-Ata

Jay S. Raval, Sarah K. Harm, Bethann Wagner, Darrell J. Triulzi, Mark H. Yazer

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 4, 140–142

Case report | 26-October-2019

Suspected acute hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-Dia

Ashwini Bennett, Ray K. Boyapati, Frank S. Hong

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 163–165

Report | 11-March-2020

Should we be screening for anti-Jsa?

Nancy M. Nikolis, Fouad Boctor, William Andrew Heaton, James Martone

Immunohematology, Volume 27 , ISSUE 3, 104–106

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Molecular Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Colonizing the Upper Respiratory Tract of Residents and Staff in A Nursing Home

Introduction Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic human pathogen known for its increasing prevalence in both hospitals and the general community. An incremental rise in drug-resistance and high disease-causing capabilities has also been observed (Zhang et al. 2015; Zurita et al. 2016). The most common anatomical location for the commensal carriage of S. aureus is the anterior nares (Kluytmans et al. 1997; Pollitt et al. 2018), although recent epidemiological studies highlight the role of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 371–376

original-report | 30-November-2020

Erythrocyte antigens and antibodies in the Chilean population

donor and transfused into a patient recipient.1 Pre-transfusion tests performed on donors and recipients in blood services are as follows: ABO and D typing, antibody detection, antibody identification, crossmatch, erythrocyte phenotype, and direct antiglobulin test.2 Currently, Chile does not have a national registry of immunohematologic test results that provide the prevalence of erythrocyte antigens and frequencies of antibodies in the national population. Therefore, decisions in public health and

A. Aburto, D. Zapata, E. Retamales, H. Moscoso, C. Canales, C. Escobar

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 4, 151–156

Report | 01-December-2019

Blood group antigen distribution in Lao blood donors

Blood group antigens can be distributed differently within different nationalities. Therefore, information about the prevalence of blood group antigens in the Lao population will be useful for providing better blood transfusion services in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of blood group antigens in Lao blood donors. Blood samples from 464 Lao national volunteer blood donors were typed for antigens in various blood group

Chirapha Keokhamphoui, Yupa Urwijitaroon, Douangchanh Kongphaly, Te Thammavong

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 132–136

Review | 16-October-2019

Clinical significance of antibodies to antigens in the Raph, John Milton Hagen, I, Globoside, Gill, Rh-associated glycoprotein, FORS, JR, LAN, Vel, CD59, and Augustine blood group systems

This article reviews information on the clinical significance of antibodies to antigens in the Raph, John Milton Hagen, I, Globoside, Gill, Rh-associated glycoprotein, FORS, JR, LAN, Vel, CD59, and Augustine blood group systems. Antibodies to many of the antigens in these groups are rarely encountered because of the high prevalence of the associated antigens in most populations. For many of these antibodies, the clinical significance—that is, the potential to cause reduced survival of

Mostafa Moghaddam, Amir Ali Naghi

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 3, 85–90

Review | 01-December-2019

The Diego blood group system: a review

The Diego blood group system (DI) currently encompasses 22 antigens. Three of the antigens are of high prevalence and the other 19 are of low prevalence. The antigens of the Diego blood group system are carried on the erythroid band 3 protein anion exchanger 1 (AE1), the product of a single gene, SLC4A1 (solute carrier family 4, anion exchanger, member 1). AE1 is a member of a family of three anion exchangers or transporters expressed in a variety of tissues. This protein is involved in carbon

Dolores Figueroa

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 2, 73–81

Review | 12-March-2020

The Gerbich blood group system: a review

Antigens in the Gerbich blood group system are expressed on glycophorin C (GPC) and glycophorin D (GPD), which are both encoded by a single gene, GYPC. The GYPC gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 2, and Gerbich antigens are inherited as autosomal dominant traits. There are 11 antigens in the Gerbich blood group system, six of high prevalence (Ge2, Ge3, Ge4, GEPL [Ge10*], GEAT [Ge11*], GETI [Ge12*]) and five of low prevalence (Wb [Ge5], Lsa [Ge6], Ana [Ge7], Dha [Ge8], GEIS [Ge9

Phyllis S. Walker, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, 60–65

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Are Autistic Traits in Youth Meaningful? A Replication study in Non-referred Siblings of Youth with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

We previously described the high prevalence and burden of significant autistic traits (ATs) in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These traits are associated with significantly greater impairment in psychopathological, interpersonal, educational, and neuropsychological functioning. Because the sample consisted of referred ADHD youth, uncertainty remained regarding whether these findings are generalizable to non-referred populations of youths with and without ADHD.The

Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Ronna Fried, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexandra Saunders, Kristina Conroy, Gagan Joshi

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Research paper | 31-July-2017

Analysis of methionine synthase (rs1805087) gene polymorphism in autism patients in Northern Iran

this study was to analyze the association of MTR A2756G gene polymorphism (rs1805087) and the risk of autism in a population in northern Iran. The prevalence of MTR A2756G polymorphism was determined in 108 children with autism and 130 controls in northern Iran. Genotypes and allele frequencies were determined in patients and controls by polymerase chain reaction‑restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR‑RFLP). The prevalence of genotype frequencies of AA, AG and GG in autistic children were

Rosa Haghiri, Farhad Mashayekhi, Elham Bidabadi, Zivar Salehi

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 318–323

Review | 20-March-2020

MNS blood group system: a review

The MNS blood group system is second only to the Rh blood group system in its complexity. Many alloantibodies to antigens in the MNS system are not generally clinically significant although antibodies to low-prevalence and high-prevalence MNS antigens have caused hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. The MNS antigens are carried on glycophorin A (GPA), glycophorin B (GPB), or hybrids thereof, which arise from single-nucleotide substitution, unequal crossing over, or gene conversion

Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 3, 95–101

research-article | 13-July-2021

Orthodontic treatment of a case with a congenitally missing maxillary canine and a malformed contralateral canine

Introduction The most common craniofacial congenital malformation in humans is tooth agenesis, which, excluding third molars, ranges in prevalence from 1.6% to 9.6% depending on the population studied.1 Tooth agenesis may also be seen in the deciduous dentition, but with a lower prevalence ranging from 0.5% to 0.9%.2 Tooth agenesis of six or fewer teeth (excluding third molars) is referred to as hypodontia,1 and 80% of individuals with hypodontia have only one or two missing teeth.3 The most

Ahmed I. Masoud, Feras H. Bindagji

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 121–127

Review | 12-March-2020

The Dombrock blood group system: a review

The Dombrock blood group system (Do) consists of two antithetical antigens (Doa and Dob) and five antigens of high prevalence (Gya, Hy, Joa, DOYA, and DOMR). Do antigens are carried on the Dombrock glycoprotein, which is attached to the RBC membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage. The gene (DO, ART4) encoding the Do glycoprotein, located on the short arm of chromosome 12, has been cloned and sequenced, allowing the molecular basis of the various Do phenotypes to be determined. Doa

Christine Lomas-Francis, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, 71–78

Review | 21-April-2020

Review: Cromer and DAF: role in health and disease

The antigens of the Cromer blood group system are located on the protein decay-accelerating factor (DAF). This system consists of ten high-prevalence and three low-prevalence antigens; the molecular basis for all of these antigens is a single nucleotide polymorphism in the DAF gene. DAF is a 70,000-Da plasma membrane protein that is widely distributed on all blood cells and on endothelial and epithelial tissues. The physiological role of DAF is to inhibit the complement cascade at the level of

Douglas M. Lublin

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 39–47

Review | 30-November-2014

Personality Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence comes of Age: a Review of the Current Evidence and Prospects for Future Research

In this article, the authors provide a narrative review of the mounting evidence base on personality disorder in childhood and adolescence. Topics covered include diagnostic validity, prevalence, developmental issues, comorbidity, risk and protective factors, and treatment. Novel indicated prevention and early intervention programs for borderline personality disorder in adolescence are given special priority. To conclude, directions for future research are provided.

Mickey T. Kongerslev, Andrew M. Chanen, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 31–48

book-review | 19-August-2019

Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015

Introduction Delinquency and other problem behaviors are rather common amongst adolescents (1, 2). Delinquency encompasses a wide range of antisocial acts which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency, including theft, violence and destruction of property (3). The prevalence of delinquency amongst adolescents varies between 6 and 18 % in Europe and the United States of America (4, 5). Unlike assumed in the public debate, the prevalence of delinquency has not increased

Noora Knaappila, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd, Nina Lindberg, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 52–59

Review | 10-July-2018

Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms in response to methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Cochrane systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis#

difference in the risk of developing psychotic symptoms [10 of 654 (pooled prevalence, 2.5%) methylphenidate versus 1 of 508 (pooled prevalence, 1.7%) placebo patients; risk ratio, 2.07; 95% confidence interval, 0.58 to 7.35]. Nine of 10 trials had a high risk of bias, and according to the Trial Sequential Analysis, the required information size was not achieved, that is, the meta-analysis was considerably underpowered. There were 873 instances of psychotic symptoms in the non-randomized studies among

Erica Ramstad, Ole Jakob Storebø, Trine Gerner, Helle B. Krogh, Mathilde Holmskov, Frederik L. Magnusson, Carlos R. Moreira-Maia, Maria Skoog, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 52–71

Article | 17-February-2021

A resource-conserving serologic and high-throughput molecular approach to screen for blood donors with an IN:−5 phenotype

The Indian blood group antigen Ina was recognized in the early 1970s when an antibody to a low-prevalence antigen was assigned the symbol after the name of the country where it was first found.1 It received blood group system status after its antithetical antibody, called Salis, directed to a high-prevalence antigen (HPA) was reviewed and renamed as Inb.2 The system was further expanded when four more HPAs, namely, INFI, INJA, INRA, and INSL, were found befitting to the system.3–5 Although Ina

S.R. Joshi, S.B. Senjaliya, K. Srivastava, W.A. Flegel

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 4, 129–132

Article | 16-October-2019

Anti-Vel alloimmunization and severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn

risk for HDFN because transplacental passage cannot occur. Linz et al.10 recommended treatment with 2-mercaptoethanol or dithiothreitol to determine whether an IgG component is present. Both IgG and IgM had been detected in our case. A predominance of IgG in our case may well explain the severe degree of HDFN. One should assume that a paternal Vel antigen will be inherited by the fetus, given that Vel is a high-prevalence antigen. Thus, it would appear prudent to institute serial MCA-PSV

K.J. Moise, Y. Morales, M.F. Bertholf, S.N. Rossmann, Y. Bai

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 4, 152–154

Case report | 12-March-2020

Role for serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy: case report

Anti-Vel is an uncommon antibody to a high-prevalence antigen. Its clinical significance and management in the prenatal setting are not well characterized. We present a case that demonstrates the utility of serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy. The patient is a 23-year-old Hispanic woman with history of prior pregnancy and prior transfusion who was discovered to have an antibody to the high-prevalence Vel antigen in the first

Walter J. Linz, Judith T. Fueger, Steven Allen, Susan T. Johnson

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 8–10

Article | 04-January-2021


are very essential in molecular diagnosis. Using an array of random single RAPD primers, it is possible to determine the polymorphism that can be used in DNA analysis [15]. Improvement of the livestock industry and the use of improved prevention measures to control brucellosis, require an understanding of the disease risk and the prevalence of infection in the human population and animal hosts. Epidemiological studies of brucellosis in humans as well as domestic animals globally is urgently needed

Sulaiman Mohammed Abu Sulayman, Roop Singh Bora, Jamal S.M. Sabir, Mohamed Morsi M. Ahmed

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 59 , ISSUE 4, 337–344

Original Paper | 04-December-2017

The Prevalence of Exoenzyme S Gene in Multidrug-Sensitive and Multidrug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Clinical Strains

Tomasz Bogiel, Aleksander Deptuła, Joanna Kwiecińska-Piróg, Małgorzata Prażyńska, Agnieszka Mikucka, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 427–431

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

MRSA in Pig Population

resistance. In this study several commercial pig farms and pigs with different age groups as well as farm workers and samples from environment were examined with the purpose of detecting MRSA prevalence and evaluating antimicrobial resistance. A total of 85 isolated MRSA strains were characterised by conventional microbial and molecular methods. MRSA was found in all farms. MRSA prevalence in different pig age groups and farms varied from none to 79.2% reaching higher values among 3–3.5 (26.6%) and

Meldra Ivbule, EdvĪns Miklaševičs, Liene Čupāne, Laima Bērziņa, Andris Bāliņš, Anda Valdovska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 383–392

research-article | 31-December-2019

Gallbladder diseases in pregnancy: Sonographic findings in an indigenous African population

Introduction During pregnancy, gallbladder disease is often due to gallstones and biliary sludge(1). Although gallbladder disease also occurs in men, a higher prevalence has been reported in women(2,3). Hossain et al.(4) reported that gall bladder diseases are four times more common in women than men. Likewise, Eze et al. reported a male-to-female ratio of 2.8:1 in the prevalence of these diseases(2). This gender predilection constitutes a risk during pregnancy, and it has been found that gall

Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde, Isaiah Uzezi Ebie, Michael Temidayo Adeyemi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 269–275

Review | 01-December-2019

EDTA glycine acid treatment of red blood cells

blood group system and for the high-prevalence antigen Era.

Joanne Kosanke

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 3, 95–96

Article | 22-January-2021

Freezing and recovering rare red blood cells using glycerol

Principle According to the AABB Standards for Immunohematology Reference Laboratories, an accredited immunohematology reference laboratory (IRL) must maintain an appropriate inventory of reagent red blood cells (RBCs) for testing. This inventory should include RBCs negative for high-prevalence antigens, such as Kpb, Jsb, and Vel, as well as rare phenotypes, such as PP1Pk, Rhnull, and Kiddnull, which are not readily available in commercial panel cells.1 When such rare RBC phenotypes are

B. Eades

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 3, 85–88

research-article | 30-November-2019

Prevalence of the root lesion nematode virus (RLNV1) in populations of Pratylenchus penetrans from North America

in contiguous geographic locations. Negative results obtained with P. penetrans populations collected from raspberry and cherry may also suggest host-dependent susceptibility of P. penetrans to RLNV1. If true, this would likely to be related to the genetic variability among the nematode isolates rather than to the virulence of RLNV1, which exhibited considerable homogeneity in the two regions examined in this study. The observed prevalence of RLNV1 in populations of P. penetrans may also imply

Paulo Vieira, Amy Peetz, Benjamin Mimee, Kanan Saikai, Dimitre Mollov, Ann MacGuidwin, Inga Zasada, Lev G. Nemchinov

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2021

Prevalence of interproximal tooth reduction prescribed as part of initial Invisalign® treatment in 10 orthodontic practices

performance of planned IPR is one factor, the prevalence of IPR prescription in aligner treatment is poorly reported and the prevalence of IPR as a component of orthodontic treatment in general, is unknown. Kailasam et al. commented that IPR is common during clear aligner therapy but evidence to support this statement was not provided.31 De Felice et al. reported on IPR for four consecutive patients treated with aligners from each of 10 orthodontists.25 IPR was prescribed in 36 of the 40 patients, for an

Tony Weir, Arun Shailendran, Elissa Freer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 38 , ISSUE 1, 96–101

Article | 28-April-2020

Persistent anti-Dra in two pregnancies

The Drori (Dra) antigen is one of the ten high-prevalence antigens of the Cromer blood system, which are carried on decayaccelerating factor (DAF, CD55). The Dr(a–) phenotype was first described in a 48-year-old Jewish woman from Bukhara. Her serum contained an antibody to a high-prevalence antigen named anti-Dra. Most known individuals with the Dr(a–) phenotype are Jews from the geographic area of Bukhara, but individuals from Japan have also been described. Antibodies in the

Naomi Rahimi-Levene, Abraham Kornberg, Gabriela Siegel, Valery Morozov, Eilat Shinar, Orna Asher, Cyril Levene, Vered Yahalom

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 3, 126–128

Article | 30-July-2021

Multicentre evaluation of impacted and transmigrated canines: a retrospective study

Objectives: The present multicentre study assessed the prevalence and patterns of impacted and transmigrated maxillary and mandibular canines in a Turkish subpopulation. Methods: The study identified 1625 patients who had impacted teeth from a group of 10,700 patients (referred to three university hospitals between January 2014 and December 2015) and examined the accompanying records, panoramic and periapical radiographs, and cone-beam computed tomographic images (if available). An impacted

Hakan Avsever, Kaan Gunduz, Mesut Akyol, Kaan Orhan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 170–178

Case report | 09-October-2019

A suspected delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-Joa

Ryan P. Jajosky, Wendy C. Lumm, Scott C. Wise, Roni J. Bollag, James F. Shikle

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 73–75

Article | 10-April-2021

Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by anti-Yta

The Yta antigen is part of the Cartwright blood group system (YT). The YT system is the 11th human blood group system recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT 011), which now includes five antigens: one pair of antithetical antigens, Yta and Ytb, and three additional high-prevalence antigens (HPAs): YTEG, YTLI, and YTOT.1 YT antigens are found on the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked red blood cell (RBC) glycoprotein acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which plays an

M. Raos, N. Thornton, M. Lukic, B. Golubic Cepulic

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 13–17

Research Article | 18-January-2019

A network approach to understanding obesogenic environments for children in Pennsylvania

prevalence. We also examined the relationship between measures of network centrality and child obesity prevalence. The overall structure of the network suggests that environmental features geographically co-occur, and features of the environment that were more highly correlated with body mass index were more central to the network. Three clusters were identified: a crime-related cluster, a food-environment and land use-related cluster, and a physical activity-related cluster. The structure of connections

Emily A. Knapp, Usama Bilal, Bridget T. Burke, Geoff B. Dougherty, Thomas A. Glass

Connections, Volume 38 , ISSUE 1, 1–11

Review | 01-December-2019

Allogeneic red blood cell adsorption for removal of warm autoantibody

. Adsorption may also be performed using enhancement such as low-ionic strength saline or polyethylene glycol added to the mixture. Multiple adsorptions may be necessary to remove strongly reactive autoantibodies. Allogeneic adsorptions will not detect alloantibodies to high-prevalence antigens.

Christina Barron

Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 4, 153–155

research-article | 30-November-2020

Treatment of mandibular second molar impaction in a patient with metal hypersensitivity

Introduction It is widely accepted that the prevalence of metal hypersensitivity is increasing.1–8 Peltonen reported that 4.5% of the general population had a sensitivity to nickel and it has been further reported that the prevalence by gender is five to ten times higher in females than in males.1,2 Additionally, the literature notes that orthodontic treatment does not affect the prevalence of nickel hypersensitivity, and that the incidence is associated with a history of body piercing prior to

Yoshie Takehana, Yasunori Miyauchi, Toru Kageyama

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 313–320

Review | 09-October-2019

The FORS awakens: review of a blood group system reborn

Annika K. Hult, Martin L. Olsson

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 64–72

Research Article | 30-November-2012

How Prevalent Are Autistic Traits Among Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? A Qualitative Review of the Literature

to examine the current body of knowledge regarding the prevalence of autistic traits (operationalized as the presence of autistic symptoms in the absence of a diagnosis of ASD) among children with ADHD and the associated morbidity of such traits.A systematic literature search in PubMed was conducted to discover all controlled studies published in the English language that systematically assessed the presence of autistic traits in children with ADHD who did not meet the criteria for ASDs. Three

Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Andrea Spencer, Tara Kenworthy, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Research Article | 30-November-2014

The Relationship between Personality Disorders and Quality of Life in Adolescent Outpatients

During recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the benefits of the early detection and treatment of personality disorders in adolescents. Previous studies of adults have shown that the number of personality disorder criteria met is negatively correlated with a patient’s quality of life and general functioning.The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of personality disorders, particularly with regard to the correlation between the number of personality disorder

Hans Ole Korsgaard, Svenn Torgersen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Randi Ulberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 180–189

Review | 09-October-2019

DEL phenotype

are associated with the RHD*DEL1 or RHD*01EL.01 allele. The prevalence of DEL phenotypes has been reported among D– Han Chinese (30%), Japanese (28%), and Korean (17%) populations. The prevalence of DEL phenotypes is significantly lower among D– Caucasian populations (0.1%). Among the 3–5 percent of African individuals who are D–, there are no reports of the DEL phenotype. Case reports from East Asia indicate that transfusion of DEL RBCs to D– recipients has been

Dong Hyang Kwon, S. Gerald Sandler, Willy Albert Flegel

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 3, 125–132

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Prevalence and Antifungal Susceptibility of the Emerging Fungal Species, Candida nivariensis, Isolated in a Teaching Hospital in Poland

more often found. The global prevalence of C. albicans is decreasing, in contrary to C. glabrata and C. krusei, which remain stable. The incidence of C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis is increasing. It was also demonstrated that C. glabrata is more often isolated from elderly patients (Falagas et al. 2010; Alexander et al. 2013; Guinea 2014). The reason for the change in the profile of Candida infection remains unknown, however, an increase in NAC infections, especially C. glabrata, seems to be


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 303–308

Review | 01-December-2019

A review of the JR blood group system

The JR blood group system (ISBT 032) consists of one antigen, Jra, which is of high prevalence in all populations. The rare Jr(a–) phenotype has been found mostly in Japanese and other Asian populations, but also in people of northern European ancestry, in Bedouin Arabs, and in one Mexican. Anti-Jra has caused transfusion reactions and is involved in hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. The Jra antigen is located on ABCG2 transporter, a multipass membrane glycoprotein (also known

Lilian Castilho, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 2, 63–68

Case report | 13-April-2020

Case report: DNA testing resolves unusual serologic results in the Dombrock system

Typing for antigens in the Dombrock blood group system and identifying the corresponding antibodies are notoriously difficult tasks. The reagents are scarce and the antibodies are weakly reactive. When RBCs from family members of a patient with an antibody to a high-prevalence Dombrock antigen were tested for compatibility,an unusual pattern of inheritance was observed:RBCs from the patient’s children and one niece,in addition to those from some of the patient’s siblings,were

Diane MacFarland, Kim Hue-Roye, Scott Carter, Dawn Moreau, James Barry, Marilyn K. Moulds, Christine Lomas-Francis, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 69–71

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Prevalence of Biofilm Formation and Wide Distribution of Virulence Associated Genes among Vibrio spp. Strains Isolated from the Monastir Lagoon, Tunisia

Badreddine Mechri, Amel Medhioub, Mohamed Nejib Medhioub, Mahjoub Aouni

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 307–318

research-article | 12-April-2019

Pragmatic language impairment general and specific associations to mental health symptom dimensions in a child psychiatric sample

Introduction Many children who are referred to psychiatric services have difficulties in communicating effectively in daily life and talking about their problems. The results of several international studies indicate a higher prevalence of language difficulties among children with mental health problems and that these difficulties often remain undiscovered unless specific assessments of language and communication are done (1). Cohen et al. (2) found undiagnosed language problems in 40% of their

Edel Brenne, Tormod Rimehaug

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 3–12

Article | 15-April-2020

Molecular characterization of GYPB and RH in donors in the American Rare Donor Program

Transfusion of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) has been a challenge in clinical transfusion medicine, especially when the required donor RBCs must be U– and negative for high-prevalence Rh phenotypes (hrB,hrS). It is now possible to genotype donors to identify or confirm Uvar and U– phenotypes,as well as Rh hrB– and hrS– phenotypes,and to characterize the different RH backgrounds found in these donors. In a preliminary study of donors registered in the American

Sunitha Vege, Connie M. Westhoff

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 3, 143–147

case-report | 30-September-2021

Development of anti-Jk3 associated with silenced Kidd antigen expression and a novel single nucleotide variant of the JK gene

within this system in clinical practice,3 infrequently, patients will manifest anti-Jk3, reflecting alloimmunization against the high-prevalence Jk3 antigen.2 From a patient/individual standpoint, although rare, such antibodies are most frequently encountered in those of Polynesian ancestry, but are also seen in other populations including those of Finnish ancestry, and are associated with a number of well-defined genetic variants in the JK alleles.4 We report a case of a Jknull phenotype with a

P.A. Manrai, A.J. Siddon, K.M. Hager, J.E. Hendrickson, M.A. Keller, C.A. Tormey

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 3, 109–112

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