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  • Statistics In Transition

 

Research Communicate | 20-November-2017

SAMPLE ALLOCATION IN ESTIMATION OF PROPORTION IN A FINITE POPULATION DIVIDED AMONG TWO STRATA

The problem of estimating a proportion of objects with a particular attribute in a finite population is considered. The classical estimator is compared with the estimator, which uses the information that the population is divided among two strata. Theoretical results are illustrated with a numerical example.

Dominik Sieradzki, Wojciech Zieliński

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 3, 541–548

Article | 27-May-2019

ON THE SMOOTHED PARAMETRIC ESTIMATION OF MIXING PROPORTION UNDER FIXED DESIGN REGRESSION MODEL

The present paper revisits an estimator proposed by Boes (1966) – James (1978), herein called BJ estimator, which was constructed for estimating mixing proportion in a mixed model based on independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) random samples, and also proposes a completely new (smoothed) estimator for mixing proportion based on independent and not identically distributed (non-i.i.d.) random samples. The proposed estimator is nonparametric in true sense based on known &ldquo

Y. S. Ramakrishnaiah, Manish Trivedi, Konda Satish

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 20 , ISSUE 1, 87–102

Article | 24-August-2017

ESTIMATING SENSITIVE POPULATION PROPORTION USING A COMBINATION OF BINOMIAL AND HYPERGEOMETRIC RANDOMIZED RESPONSES BY DIRECT AND INVERSE MECHANISM

For various reasons individuals in a sample survey may prefer not to confide to the interviewer the correct answers to certain potentially sensitive questions such as the illegal use of drugs, illegal earning, or incidence of acts of domestic violence, etc. In such cases the individuals may elect not to reply at all or to reply with incorrect answers. The resulting evasive answer bias is ordinarily difficult to assess. The use of a randomized response method for estimating the proportion of

Kajal Dihidar, Manjima Bhattacharya

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 193–210

Article | 28-August-2018

DAYLIGHT PREDICTION IN INDIVIDUAL FLOORS USING WELL INDEX

This research is focused on assessing daylight performance in different floors based on the building proportion. Previous studies showed that atrium with the same Well Index (proportion) will receive the same daylight. This study aims to examine the relation between daylight in different floors of a building, using Well Index. Using DIVA for Rhino and DesignBuilder as the optimized daylight and energy simulation tools, this paper employs Daylight Autonomy (DA) and thermal performance as

Mahsan MOHSENIN, Jianxin HU

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 109–114

Article | 20-December-2020

Unbiased estimator modeling in unrelated dichotomous randomized response

the proportion of the sensitive attribute π_A and the unrelated attribute π_U increases, in contrast to the earlier Ewemooje model, whose variance increases as the proportion of the sensitive attribute increases. The relative efficiency of the proposed model over the earlier Ewemooje model decreases as π_U increases when 0.1≤π_A≤ 0.3 and increases as π_U increases when 0.35≤π_A≤ 0.45. Application of the proposed model also revealed its efficiency over the direct

Adetola Adedamola Adediran, Femi Barnabas Adebola, Olusegun Sunday Ewemooje

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 5, 119–132

Research Article | 22-January-2018

A GENERALIZED RANDOMIZED RESPONSE MODEL

Housila P. Singh, Swarangi M. Gorey

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 4, 669–686

Article | 22-January-2018

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF MEASLES VACCINATION COVERAGE UNDER RANKED SET SAMPLING

The present article is concerned with the problem of estimating an unknown population proportion p, say, of a certain population characteristic in a dichotomous population using the data collected through ranked set sampling (RSS) strategy. Here, it is assumed that the proportion p is not fixed but a random quantity. A Bayes estimator of p is proposed under squared error loss function assuming that the prior density of p belongs to the family of Beta distributions. The performance of the

Radhakanta Das, Vivek Verma, Dilip C. Nath

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 4, 589–608

Research paper | 01-November-2017

USING THE DAY RECONSTRUCTION METHOD TO QUANTIFY TIME SPENT SUFFERING AMONG OLDER ADULTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 429–440

Article | 11-March-2018

The Structure of Collaboration Networks: An Illustration of Indian Economics

following social network measures are applied: the size of the network, the size of the main component, average degree, path length, and clustering coefficient. The study presents the following three features of Indian economics: first, a substantial proportion of Indian authors are isolated, albeit declining very slowly over a period of time; second, it appears that the structure of scholarly collaboration in Indian economics is highly fragmented, and the observed size of main components accounts for a

M. Krishna, G.D. Bino Paul

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 18 , ISSUE 1, –

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Prevalence and characteristics of three subtypes of dating violence among Danish seventh-grade students

were identified.Conclusion:The present study highlights that a large proportion of Danish seventh-grade students are experiencing ADV, and that ADV preventive programs are relevant already in early adolescence. Based on the high proportion of students reporting co-occurrence of victimization and perpetration experiences, comprehensive preventive programs that focus on both victimization and perpetration experiences and the transmission of violence are recommended.

Sidsel Karsberg, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Mathias Lasgaard, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 16–27

research-article | 30-November-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF DAPHNIA MAGNA UNDER EXPOSURE TO AMPICILLIN

ampicillin at a concentration of 50 ppb, survival proportion of D. magna maintained at 100% during 18 days of exposure but became the same as the control treatment by the end of the experiment, day 21. However, survival of daphnids in 5 and 250 ppb exposures was gradually decreased to 67% and 47%, respectively, when the test terminated (Fig. 1). Our results were in line with the previous study of Dalla Bona et al. (2014) in which both enrofloxacin (at the concentration of 0.9 mg/L) and sulfaguanidine (at

Thi-My-Chi VO, Ngoc-Han PHAM, Tan-Duc NGUYEN, Manh-Ha BUI, Thanh-Son DAO

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 147–152

Article | 24-March-2018

IMPROVING SAFETY ON THE CROSSWALKS WITH THE USE OF FUZZY LOGIC

The article provides an analysis of the global trends in the field of city transport systems’ safety. Currently, the efforts to increase the proportion of trips made by foot or by non-motorized transport are being made. That is why the problem of ensuring safety of the most vulnerable road users is relevant. The statistics of traffic accidents with victims, as well as the factors that cause such accidents, is analysed. Simulation has shown that rational management can reduce the

Irina MAKAROVA, Ksenia SHUBENKOVA, Vadim MAVRIN, Polina BUYVOL

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 97–109

Article | 07-July-2017

BAYESIAN ACCELERATED FAILURE TIME AND ITS APPLICATION IN CHEMOTHERAPY DRUG TREATMENT TRIAL

The Cox proportional hazards model (CPH) is normally applied in clinical trial data analysis, but it can generate severe problems with breaking the proportion hazard assumption. An accelerated failure time (AFT) is consid-ered as an alternative to the proportional hazard model. The model can be used through consideration of dierent covariates of interest and random ef- fects in each section. The model is simple to t by using OpenBugs software and is revealed to be a good t

Kumar Prabhash, Vijay M Patil, Vanita Noronha, Amit Joshi, Atanu Bhattacharjee

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 671–690

original-paper | 09-March-2021

Effects of Different Ambient Temperatures on Caecal Microbial Composition in Broilers

2,100,180 clean reads (mean length of 414 bp), yielding an average of 58,338 clean reads (52,667–64,809) per sample. Then we rarefied the library size to 32,296 tags per sample using the rarefy function to minimize the impact of the sequencing depth on microbial composition (Table SIII). With a 97% sequence similarity as a cutoff, we obtained 460, 537, and 547 OTUs from the HC, MC, and LC groups, in which the proportion of the core microbiome was 79%, 68%, and 67%, respectively (Fig. S1). Alpha

YUTING YANG, XING LI, ZHENHUI CAO, YINGING QIAO, QIUYE LIN, JIANPING LIU, ZHIYONG ZHAO, QINGCONG AN, CHUNYONG ZHANG, HONGFU ZHANG, HONGBIN PAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 33–43

research-article | 30-November-2020

The prevalence of posterior tongue tie in patients with transverse maxillary deficiency

measure intra-examiner reliability. Statistical analyses The proportion of each variable between the two groups was compared using Fisher’s exact probability test. The statistical analyses were carried out by applying statistical analysis software (IBM SPSS statistics 24, IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA). The significance of mean differences was set at the 0.05 level. A power analysis was performed to determine statistical validity. When it was assumed that the number of the patients affected by a

Wakako Tome, Won Moon

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 294–300

Short Communication | 10-December-2018

Detection of Coxiella burnetii and Francisella tularensis in Tissues of Wild-living Animals and in Ticks of North-west Poland

. tularensis were present in 0.49 % of ticks (only in one location – Drawa) and were not detected in animal tissues. The results indicate respectively low proportion of animals and ticks infected with C. burnetii and F. tularensis.

AGATA BIELAWSKA-DRÓZD, PIOTR CIEŚLIK, DOROTA ŻAKOWSKA, PATRYCJA GŁOWACKA, BOŻENA WLIZŁO-SKOWRONEK, PRZEMYSŁAW ZIĘBA, ARKADIUSZ ZDUN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 529–534

Research Communicate | 18-March-2020

Generalized exponential estimators for the finite population mean

This study proposes a new class of exponential-type estimators in simple random sampling for the estimation of the population mean of the study variable using information of the population proportion possessing certain attributes. Theoretically, mean squared error (MSE) equations of the suggested ratio exponential estimators are obtained and compared with the Naik and Gupta (1996) ratio and product estimators, the ratio and product exponential estimator presented in Singh et al. (2007) and the

Tolga Zaman

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 1, 159–168

Research Article | 27-February-2017

TIRE WEAR MODELING

Summary. On the basis of a known relationship, an enhanced model for specific tire wear per kilometer has been developed. It is appropriate for practical use - for evaluation of the influence of different factors. Two types of experiments have been carried out with a testing device - one without sideslip, but with a known longitudinal slip, and the other one with the same longitudinal slip but also with a known sideslip. As a result, the coefficients of the proportion of the

Rosen IVANOV

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 111–120

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Changes in the frequency and characteristics of children diagnosed with autistic disorder in two Norwegian cohorts: 1992 and 2009

at least 70. The proportion of children with genetic syndromes was around 20% in both cohorts. Median age at AD diagnosis did not differ between the two cohorts (4.5 vs. 5.0 years, respectively). When the two cohorts were combined, children with IQ values of 70 or more without a genetic syndrome and those with IQ values of less than 50 with genetic syndromes were diagnosed at approximately the same age (5.5 and 5.3 years, respectively). Both groups were significantly older at diagnosis as

Sidsel Romhus, Gyro Aas Herder, Elisabeth Grindheim, Synnve Schjølberg, Patricia Howlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

% increasing from 74.3% in < 30 years old to 94.3% in subjects 45+ years old. The lowest incidence was estimated at the age of 15 and the highest at the age 34 (3.8 and 8.95 respec­tively/100 women/year). The estimated rate of cCMV varies from 22.4 to 37.2 per 1000 live birth depending on the assumptions made. The proportion of cases due to secondary infection ranged from 34.8% to 49.9% accordingly.

Joanna Siennicka, Milena Dunal-Szczepaniak, Agnieszka Trzcińska, Paulina Godzik, Magdalena Rosińska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 425–432

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Feasibility Evaluation on an Instant Invader Detection System with Ultrasonic Sensors Scattered on the Ground

systemintermsofinvaderdetectionaccuracyandsystemlifetime. Wefirstlyinvestigatewhatsensorcanbeusedandhowthesensor should be used for the human detection. Then, for evaluating the proportion of invader detection and necessary energy for sensor nodes, we perform simulations that are based on the measured characteristics of ultrasonic sensors placed on the ground. Experimental results show that the proposed system can attain 99% invader detection while the sensor nodes can survive with a button cell for four years. In addition, this performance can be

Ami Iokibe, Masanori Hashimoto, Takao Onoye

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 10-November-2020

Long-term impact of recombinant human erythropoietin on transfusion support in patients with chronic renal failure

1988 to 11 in 1989, when r-HuEpo was licensed in the United States (p < .01) and fell to 2 in 1990 (p < .01). The proportion of patients who became transfusion-independent increased from 34 percent in 1989 to 69 percent in 1990 (p < .001). These data demonstrate that r-HuEpo significantly decreases transfusion require­ments of patients with chronic renal disease.

Mark A. Popovsky, Bernard J. Ransil

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–3

Research Article | 13-December-2017

ON BOARD EXHAUST EMISSION MONITORING OF ROAD VEHICLES - A HIGH TECH SOLUTION TO POLLUTION FROM TRAFFIC?

A significant proportion of the atmospheric pollution that exists particularly in urban areas arises from road vehicles and primarily cars. The European Commission (EC) have introduced a series of regulations, the so called EURO Emission directives from Euro I in 1991 to the present day Euro IV. This legislation and similar ones in other global regions have helped to greatly reduce emission levels from road transport. However, a massive increase in the number of cars on the road have meant that

E. Lewis, G. Dooly, E. Hawe, C. Fitzpatrick, P. Chambers, W.Z. Zhao, T. Sun, K.T.V. Grattan, W.B. Lyons, J. Lucas, M. Degner, H. Ewald, S Lochmann, G. Bramann, C. Wei, D. Hitchen, E. Merlone-Borla

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 176–786

Article | 01-December-2012

ANALYSIS OF LAND USE CHANGE CHARACTERISTICS BASED ON REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN THE JIUXIANG RIVER WATERSHED

Based on remote sensing and GIS technology, the remote sensing images from 2003 to 2009 were used to the basic data sources, to analyze the characteristics of land-use change in Jiuxiang River watershed. Results showed that watershed land use structure were changed greatly from 2003 to 2009; the proportion of arable land decreased from 34.86% to 19.52%, whereas other types of land use increased. The area of construction land increased most rapidly, from 17.80% to 25.80%.Spatial differentiations

He-Bing Hu, Hong-Yu Liu, Jing-Feng Hao, Jing An

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 811–823

Article | 03-September-2013

ULTRASONIC BLOOD FLOW SENSING USING DOPPLER VELOCIMETRY

Ultrasonic blood flow sensing is a non-invasive method for measuring blood flow velocity. The objective of this work is to produce a low-cost ultrasonic blood flow instrument utilizing Doppler shifted signals and enhanced signal processing methods. The instrument transmits a single-frequency signal into circulatory tissues and receives a signal that is Doppler shifted in proportion to velocity. Subsequent processing techniques produce an audio feedback signal whereby the user “hears” the flow

Michelle Case, Matthew Micheli, Daniel Arroyo, Jeremy Hillard, Martin Kocanda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1298–1316

Research Article | 20-December-2018

South African migrants in Australia: an overview

overview of migration from South Africa to Australia, including a profile of this migrant group. South Africans migrate to Australia for a broad range of reasons, although safety, security and crime influence a high proportion of movers. In part this explains the permanent nature of this movement, with the majority of South Africans seeking to set up new homes and lives in Australia. Still, settlement is not always a smooth process for them despite assumptions that it is.  

Romy Wasserman

South Australian Geographical Journal, Volume 114 , ISSUE 1, 17–28

Article | 10-April-2018

A Diagnosis and Localization Method of Slime Pipe Blockage which Pressure Wave based on Wavelet Transform

pressure signal is detected by the wavelet transform, which is integrated into the pressure wave method; Thus the pressure wave velocity and time difference are determined to realize the accurate location of the blockage point. The experimental platform of coal slurry pipeline transportation is built according to the proportion of 100:1, the simulation and experimental results show that the algorithm can be used for the location of the blockage fault in the viscous conveying pipeline system.

Yuanbin Hou, Jiao Dang, Dong Li, Hongxia Li

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 147–151

Research Article | 24-August-2017

MET AND UNMET NEED FOR CONTRACEPTION: SMALL AREA ESTIMATION FOR RAJASTHAN STATE OF INDIA

Nowadays, Family Planning has become the basic human right, which is closely linked to the empowerment of women and perhaps it is the only treatment that can avert many serious issues, which are an impediment in the advancement of the country like maternal mortality, infant mortality and can exert out the families from poverty and stabilize population growth etc. Increasing use of family planning can be helpful in the reduction of unmet need for family planning by which a substantial proportion

Piyush Kant Rai, Sarla Pareek, Hemlata Joshi

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 329–360

Research paper | 31-October-2017

STOCHASTIC GOALS IN FINANCIAL PLANNING FOR A TWO-PERSON HOUSEHOLD

the optimization task are consumption-investment proportion and division of household investments between household members.

Radosław Pietrzyk, Paweł Rokita

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 111–136

Article | 01-December-2015

A MULTI-SCHEME ADAPTIVE ROUTING ALGORTHM BASED ON SPRAY AND WAIT FOR DALAY TOLERANT NETWORKS

, we propose an improved Adaptive Spray and Wait scheme, named ASW, for different delay tolerant network scenes. In this paper, we define a hybrid utility metric combined with multiple variables, delivery probability and similarity. Then, we distribute message copies in accordance with the proportion of the utility value to optimize the delivery ratio. Extensive simulations have been conducted to verify the efficiency of our proposed algorithm. In addition to the comparison, the results also show

Jianbo Li, Shan Jiang, Youmei Song, Jixing Xu, Yan Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2136–2158

research-article | 30-November-2018

TRADITION AND INNOVATION IN SERBIAN 21ST CENTURY ARCHITECTURE – TRADITIONAL MATERIALS, MODERN FORMS AND SUGGESTED DESIGNS

Božidar Petrović are a big roof, with long extensions that are richly decorated, a spacious porch, white walls and a stone base [4]. In spite of all these similarities, all of his houses have a unique identity. His works are of immense artistic quality as well. And, as all traditional buildings, they are very well dimensioned and of good proportion. This is best seen in the balanced relationship of the roof and housing cubes and in the ratio of openings and walls on the vertical plan. Another modern

Predrag MILOŚEVIĆ, Vladimir MILOŚEVIĆ, Grigor MILOŚEVIĆ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 23–34

research-article | 17-April-2021

EFFECT OF CURING REGIMES ON THE MECHANICAL AND FRESH PROPERTIES OF STEEL FIBER-REINFORCED CONCRETE

of reduction in the flexural strength of SS-28 can be due to an increased proportion of large pores in cement paste resulting from steam curing. Steam curing regimes can lead to detrimental alteration in porosity and pore size distribution that can significantly reduce mechanical properties. Both the steam curing and its duration have a significant influence on hydration process and results show similar findings in the literature [57]. Another finding recorded in the study was the higher

Oğuzhan ÖZTÜRK, Eren YENIDÜNYA, Ülkü Sultan KESKIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 69–81

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Severity of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschoolers: A Pilot Investigation

and again when they were 6 years old. Phone interview data were collected to assess maternal recall of the children’s exposure to SHS at these ages. The children were assessed annually for ADHD and disruptive disorders. Repeated measures analysis of exposure level by child characteristics was performed.Greater ADHD and conduct disorder severity scores were associated with greater child smoke exposure (ADHD severity, P = .043; conduct disorder severity, P = .035). A large proportion of mothers

Mini Tandon, Christina N. Lessov-Schlaggar, Rebecca Tillman, Melbourne F. Hovell, Joan Luby

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 37–40

Research Article

Social Structural Analysis of Street-Involved Youth in Winnipeg, Canada

were provided with test results and treatment if necessary. RDS Analysis Tool was used to assess the effectiveness of RDS and define the social linkages. A Fisher‘s Exact test was used to identify any correlates of infection. Gender was the only variable that correlated with infection status (22 percent of females vs. 8 percent of males). A high proportion of male participants had never been tested before. Despite the fact that most female participants had been tested before, high infection

Laura H. Thompson, John Schellenberg, Margaret Ormond, John L. Wylie

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Characterization of Endolithic Culturable Microbial Communities in Carbonate Rocks from a Typical Karst Canyon in Guizhou (China)

all bacteria isolated from dolomite and limestone rocks were divided into 4 bacterial groups, including Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes. For these two kinds of rocks, Proteobacteria was the first dominant group, and Gammaproteobacteria occupied the greatest proportion which might be closely related to Pseudomonas in phylogeny to be the most dominant genera after isolation. Actinobacteria and Bacillus bacteria were also widespread in these two kinds of rock environments

Yuan Tang, Jian-Zhong Cheng, Bin Lian

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 413–423

Article | 20-September-2020

Detection of Outliers in Univariate Circular Data by Means of the Outlier Local Factor (LOF)

density of every k nearest neighbours. The aim of this paper is to extend the application of the LOF to the detection of possible outliers in circular samples, where the angles of circular data are represented in two Cartesian coordinates and treated as bivariate data. The performance of the LOF is compared against other existing numerical methods by means of a simulation based on the power of a test and the proportion of correct detection. The LOF performance is compatible with the best existing

Ali H. Abuzaid

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 3, 39–51

review-article | 15-October-2020

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: an overview

, severity and pain. AQP4 IgG SERONEGATIVE NMOSD Over the years, a small proportion of patients have been found to be seronegative for AQP4-IgG. Seronegative NMOSD cases do not exhibit female preponderance. Caucasian patients are frequently affected compared to other ethnicities. Simultaneous manifestation of optic neuritis and myelitis is observed during disease onset. Visual impairment has been found to be less severe in seronegative patients (Marignier et al., 2013). Approximately 40% of

Pooja Ramakrishnan, Devipriya Nagarajan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 256–272

Article | 20-July-2021

A clinically based review of patient and treatment characteristics in West Australian private orthodontic practices

Australia, and simple descriptive statistics were applied to assess patient and treatment characteristics. Results: The majority of patients were female (58.5%), adolescent and had private health insurance (75.6%). The most common patient complaint was crowding (37.6%) and aesthetics (21.3%). Data analysis indicated that 31% of patients were self-referred and a similar proportion did not have a specific complaint. Adult females had a higher interest in aesthetic options. Over half of the patients (56

Raymond Lam, Simone Mustac, Mithran S. Goonewardene

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 9–19

Article | 20-July-2021

2020 survey of Australian orthodontists' procedures

is decreasing (median age = 49) but there is an increasing proportion of female orthodontists (25% up from 16%). Although practitioners preferred to wait and treat later for Class II cases, the Twin Block remained the most popular appliance for early intervention. TAD supported distalisers showed the biggest increase in popularity of Class II correction appliances although TAD use in general had declined slightly. The median extraction rate decreased from 23% in 2013 to 20% in this survey. Clear

Peter Miles, Elissa Freer, Desmond Ong

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 2, 138–145

Article | 05-June-2013

Object Handling Precision Using Mouse-like Haptic Display Generating Tactile and Force Sensation

was constructed replicating a conventional PC mouse so that anyone could comfortably use it without special training or operation knowledge. Vertical movement of the virtual tactile pad in the virtual world is controlled in proportion to the compressive force applied on the display pad. This makes it possible to reduce the operator’s energy consumption during manipulation in 3D-space. Operators can now work in 3D-space in spite of their manipulations actually being done in 2.5D-space. Evaluation

Satoshi Tsuboi, Masahiro Ohka, Hanafiah Yussof, Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar, Siti Nora Basir

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 810–832

original-paper | 06-April-2020

Prevalence of Multi-Drug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – A High Tuberculosis Endemic Area of Pakistan

518 000 TB cases including 15 000 MDR-TB. The estimated proportion of MDR-TB is 4.2% in new patients and 16% in the previously treated patients (WHO 2019). According to the drug resistance survey conducted in 2012, the prevalence of MDR-TB was 3.7% in newly diagnosed TB cases and 18.1% among previously treated TB cases (Tahseen et al. 2016). KPK is one of the four provinces of Pakistan that contributes a proportion of 11.9% in the total national population with an estimated 270 TB cases per 100

SAJID ALI, MUHAMMAD TAHIR KHAN, ANWAR SHEED KHAN, NOOR MOHAMMAD, MUHAMMAD MUMTAZ KHAN, SAJJAD AHMAD, SADIQ NOOR, ABDUL JABBAR, CANTILLON DAIRE, FARIHA HASSAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 133–137

original-paper | 31-May-2021

Diversity of Endophytic Fungal Community in Leaves of Artemisia argyi Based on High-throughput Amplicon Sequencing

abundance of 33.45%, 41.41%, 40.64%, and 64.72%, respectively (Fig. 3), followed by Ascomycota with a relative abundance of 10.10%, 17.12%, 24.48%, and 16.27%, respectively (Fig. 3). In addition, unclassified fungal group with the relative abundance of 52.83%, 50.98%, 41.33%, 34.40%, and 18.27% was also detected in WA, AQA, HA, BA, and QA, respectively (Fig. 3), accounting for a large proportion of endophytic fungi in A. argyi leaves. Fig. 2. Rarefaction curve of the samples. Fig. 3. Fungal

QIU-FANG WU, LING-MIN HE, XIN-QIANG GAO, MEI-LING ZHANG, JING-SHUN WANG, LI-JIANG HOU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 273–281

Article | 20-July-2021

Trends in surgical-orthodontic management of Class III malocclusions in Western Australia

surgery. Gender affected surgery type: two-jaw surgery (60% female); maxillary advancement (62% female); mandibular setback (17% female). A greater proportion of females received Class III surgical management in comparison with males (59:41). Conclusion: Two-jaw surgery is the most common procedure for the surgical correction of skeletal Class III malocclusions in Western Australia. Of the single jaw procedures, isolated maxillary advancement surgery is more common than mandibular setback procedures.

Webson Sibanda, Mithran Goonewardene, Christophe Duigou, Steven Naoum

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 62–68

review-article | 05-September-2019

Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy – an updated review

have seizures despite treatment (Brodie et al., 2012; Kwan, Brodie, 2000). The approval of many new antiseizure drugs during the past two decades has not substantially reduced the proportion of patients with medically refractory disease (Brodie et al., 2012). The safety and side-effect profile of antiseizure drugs has improved, but side effects related to the central nervous system are common and affect quality of life (Perucca, Gilliam, 2012). Patients need new treatments that control seizures and

Marcin Kopka

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 35–42

research-article | 09-January-2020

The Use of Travel Time to Measure Geographic Accessibility to Breast Screening Services in New South Wales, Australia Short Paper

the proportion of breast cancers identified at an early stage, allowing for more effective treatment to be used and reducing the risks of death from breast cancer. Research by Roder et al. (2008) found that participation in screening was associated with a breast cancer mortality reduction of between 30 and 41%, depending on assumptions about screening self-selection bias. The BreastScreen Australia programme was introduced in 1991 and is funded and coordinated jointly through federal, state, and

Deborah van Gaans, Neil Coffee, Theo Niyonsenga, Catherine Miles, Matthew Warner-Smith, Mark Daniel, David Roder, Daniel J. Weiss

South Australian Geographical Journal, Volume 115 , ISSUE 1, 1–7

original-paper | 17-September-2021

Characteristics of Vaginal Microbiome in Women with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Korea

antibiotics; they may restore the disrupted vaginal flora. This principle is consistent with our present study analysis results (Reid et al. 2001). In the vagina, Lactobacillus produces lactic acid, an essential antibacterial substance, and maintains a microbiota while suppressing microorganisms that cause dysbiosis (Tachedjian et al. 2017). In the present study, we confirmed that lactic acid constituted a very high proportion of the organic acids in the control group, explaining the low number of

SUKYUNG KIM, HOONHEE SEO, MD ABDUR RAHIM, HANIEH TAJDOZIAN, YUN-SOOK KIM, HO-YEON SONG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 345–357

research-article | 13-February-2018

Long-term offspring epilepsy outcomes following planned assisted homebirth versus hospital birth

fluid plus partial ablation of placenta, one each. In 31 patients, both the course of pregnancy and delivery were abnormal. Factors related to homebirth The proportion of homebirths was 16% in blue collar families and 2% in white collar families (p = 0.007). Homebirths, compared to hospital births, were not associated with cognitive disability in 1st degree relative (32% vs 17%, p = 0.074), epilepsy in 1st degree relative (44% vs 27%, p = 0.10) or frequencies of abnormal pregnancy or abnormal

Matti Sillanpää, Maiju M. Saarinen, Päivi Polo-Kantola

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1-2, 7–14

Research Article | 13-January-2020

Choosing the 'ß' Parameter When Using the Bonacich Power Measure

properties which might affect the way the choice of ß influences the Bonacich power indices. I find that in high density networks with few internal ‘chains’ and few pendants, the choice of ß is largely immaterial. Conversely, in sparse networks, those with a high proportion of pendant nodes, or those with many chains, the value of ß has a substantial effect on the power indices the measure generates. Next I consider whether power indices produced by interior

Simon Rodan

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–23

original-paper | 23-November-2020

Biofilm Production Potential of Salmonella Serovars Isolated from Chickens in North West Province, South Africa

STEPHEN ABIOLA AKINOLA, MPINDA EDOAURD TSHIMPAMBA, MULUNDA MWANZA, COLLINS NJIE ATEBA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 427–439

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

New aspects in shear-wave elastography of prostate cancer

distinguishing between Gleason scores ≤6 and >6 when malignancy had already been identifi ed. Unexpected observations were the fi nding of a smaller proportion of tumours in the lateral regions of the prostate than generally expected, and also the observation that the elasticity of benign prostate tissue is region-sensitive, the tissue being stiffest in the basal region and more elastic at the apex. Conclusions: Shear-wave elastography was found to be a poor predictor of malignancy, but for malignant lesions

Markus Porsch, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 5–14

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Determinants of Binge Drinking among Adolescents in Denmark

mother’s approval of intoxication and binge drinking is complex. Boys had a higher risk of binge drinking (odds ratio, 2.2 [1.1-4.3]) if their mothers approved of their intoxication with alcohol; however, this association was not seen among girls (odds ratio, 1.0 [0.5-2.0]). There was no significant association between the father’s approval of intoxication and binge drinking.The proportion of alcohol-drinking peers and the amount of pocket money spent appear to be determinants of adolescent binge

Maria Pedersen, Per Kragh Andersen, Svend Sabroe

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 135–142

Research Article | 27-February-2017

Outcome-based contracting for human services

This review examines the evidence of the effect of government-funded outcome-based contracts in public human services. Outcome-based contracts in public human services are defined as those where some proportion of payment is triggered by some measure of change in the lives of clients. There is a lack of evidence comparing outcome-based contracts for public human services with other means of funding. There is also little evidence comparing the effect of payment on the basis of one measure of

Emma Tomkinson

Evidence Base, Volume 2016 , ISSUE 1, 1–20

Original Paper | 14-November-2017

Diagnoses and referral pattern at a first seizure clinic in London

referred mainly by A&E while GPs referred seizure mimics especially non-epileptic attack disorder (NEAD) and syncope. Patients with NEAD were significantly younger than those with seizures (29.4 years old vs 44.2; p < 0.001) and had a previous psychiatric history (72.7% vs 16.8%; p < 0.001). The proportion of seizure mimics was similar in the older sample group (> 65 years). Regarding acute symptomatic seizures, 33.3% were alcohol-related, 20.8% acute brain insults and 12.5% drug-related

Duncan Palka, Mahinda Yogarajah, Hannah R. Cock, Marco Mula

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1-2, 31–36

research-article | 30-November-2018

Touch-stimulation increases host-seeking behavior in Steinernema Carpocapsae

physical contact with host cues, a strikingly higher proportion of S. carpocapsae IJs participate in chemotaxis behavior toward host-associated cues (Lewis et al., 1995, 1996). For naïve S. carpocapsae IJs, only ~4 to 25% of the population participate in chemotaxis behavior toward host volatiles, ~45 to 60% of IJs stimulated by physical contact with the host participate in chemotaxis (Lewis et al., 1995, 1996). Our objective was to further characterize the behavioral shift of S. carpocapsae IJs after

Tiffany Baiocchi, Lauren Braun, Adler R. Dillman

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

Article | 16-November-2020

A method to detect McLeod phenotype red blood cells

It is important to identify the McLeod phenotype in order to differentiate the McLeod syndrome from other causes of acanthocytosis, e.g., chorea acanthocytosis. A proportion of males with the McLeod phenotype have X-linked chronic granulomatous disease. Because anti-Kx + -Km, which is needed for identification, is not readily available, detection of the McLeod phenotype relies on observed weakening of Kell antigens on the individual’s red blood cells (RBCs). Identification of McLeod

Ragnhild Øyen, Marion E. Reid, Pablo Rubinstein, Harold Ralph

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 160–163

Article | 17-February-2021

A prospective, observational study for optimization of antibody screening in pretransfusion compatibility testing

, the prevalence of alloimmunization was found to be highest against antigens in the Rh blood group system (75.4%, 96 of 127); the most common was D (67 of 127, 52.8%). A significantly higher proportion of female patients in the AS+ group were alloimmunized as a result of pregnancy compared with patients in the AS– group (81.1% vs. 7.5%) (Table 3), and anti-D was the most common alloantibody detected in these patients. In the AS– group, only 7.5 percent of patients had a history of pregnancy, and

P. Pandey, D. Setya, R. Srivastava, M.K. Singh

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

research-article | 08-March-2021

The diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of musculoskeletal soft tissue lesions

Paweł Szaro, Andrew Wong, Elena Blain, Khaldun Ghali Gataa, Mats Geijer

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 22–33

research-article | 30-November-2020

The effects of perceived discrimination, social support and ethnic identity on mental health of immigrant adolescents

The number of immigrants has been increasing recently. According to the World Migration Report (1), the number of immigrants is 271,642,105 in the world; fourteen percent of this number was under the age of 20. The immigration rate from Syria is higher than in most other countries due to long-term conflict-induced displacement (1). Turkey is one of the world’s largest host countries that Syrians constitute a large proportion of immigrants with 3,639,572 (1, 2). 1,728,540 (47.4%) of these people

Derya Atalan Ergin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 127–136

Article | 20-July-2021

The public perception of orthodontic treatment performed by general dentists and specialist orthodontists

treatment was whether they were a specialist, followed closely by cost. A GDP was more likely to be chosen as an orthodontic practitioner by respondents who were male, less educated, had a lower income or had seen a GDP for orthodontic treatment in the past. Conclusion: Although the respondents generally appeared to appreciate the value of seeing a specialist for orthodontic treatment, a significant proportion did not appear to understand the difference between a specialist orthodontist and a GDP. The

Morgan Wishney, Oyku Dalci, Peter Petocz, M. Ali Darendeliler

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 232–238

Article | 30-July-2021

Anomalies of permanent tooth number in three Asian ethnicities

Objective: The objective of this comparative study was to determine the proportion and distribution of tooth number anomalies in the permanent dentition in a sample of Chinese, Indian and Malay orthodontic patients in Singapore. Methods: The cross-sectional study was carried out using radiographic and clinical data from the National Dental Centre of Singapore. Panoramic radiographs and clinical records of 1080 (Chinese (N = 415), Indian (N = 317) and Malay (N = 348)) orthodontic patients aged

Li Qian, Ming Tak Chew, Mimi Yow, Hung Chew Wong, Kelvin Weng Chiong Foong

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 212–219

Article | 07-May-2018

Research of Email Classification based on Deep Neural Network

showed that DNN was higher than naive Bayes in the accuracy of email classification when the proportion of the training set was 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% respectively, and DNN showed a good classification effect. With the development of science and technology, spam manifests in many forms and the damage of it is more serious, this puts forward higher requirements for the accuracy of spam recognition. The focus of next research will be combining various algorithms to further improve the effect of

Wang Yawen, Yu Fan, Wei Yanxi

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 17–21

Original Paper | 24-June-2016

Russian experience of using perampanel in daily clinical practice. Preliminary report

Material and Method. The results of the study of PER efficacy and safety in 52 patients with refractory focal epilepsy are presented. Mean age was 28.9 } 14.0 years; proportion of male patients was 56%, duration of the disease over 10 years – 69.2%, symptomatic epilepsy – 76.9%, with frontal – 46.2% and temporal – 44.2% localization of epileptic lesion. Majority of patients – 71.2% started PER treatment after 3 preceding lines of therapy Results. The baseline seizure

Pavel Vlasov, Vladimir Karlov, Irina Zhidkova, Aleksandr Chervyakov, Oleg Belyaev, Iosif Volkov, Diana Dmitrenko, Antonina Karas, Tatiana Kazennykh, Olga Miguskina, Anna Moskvicheva, Elena Paramonova, Irina Ponomareva

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 7–14

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