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research-article | 30-November-2019

Epilepsy Surgery: A Paediatric Perspective

., 2010). It is this cohort of paediatric patients who may benefit from surgical treatment, as their brains are capable of reorganizing their neurologic function post-operatively (Sheng et al, 2017; Cross et al., 2006). Many types of epilepsy surgery exist including temporal resections, excision of seizure provoking lesions or developmental malformations, sectioning of the corpus callosum and hemispherectomies (Dwivedi, etal. 2017). Without such intervention, uncontrolled seizures may create

Lauren Bollard, Emily Moore, Rebecca Paff

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 30 , ISSUE 2, 7–12

Report | 12-March-2020

Preoperative coagulation studies to predict blood component usage in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Bleeding remains a serious complication of cardiac surgery. Studies indicate that preoperative fibrinogen concentration is an independent predictor of blood loss during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This study evaluates whether fibrinogen concentration is a better predictor of blood usage than the prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) tests. Patients not taking clopidogrel bisulfate who underwent CABG surgery during a 3-month period at a 350-bed

Shana Josefy, Ricardo Briones, Barbara J. Bryant

Immunohematology, Volume 27 , ISSUE 4, 151–153

case-report | 13-November-2017

Drain tube removal in the presence of anticoagulation in Spinal Surgery

of surgical drains. This confusion regarding drain tube removal and anticoagulation therapy was the catalyst to investigate further as to what is the best practice surrounding drain tube removal following spinal surgery in the presence of VTE prophylaxis. In understanding the significance of VTE prophylaxis and drain tube removal, it is important to recognize that there is strong evidence that preventative measures and risk reduction strategies such as early mobilization, the use of graduated

Christine Holland, Sarah Smith

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 14–18

Article | 30-July-2021

The stability of occlusal plane rotation during orthognathic surgery

Background: Considered rotation of the occlusal plane and the maxillomandibular complex during orthognathic surgery is an approach that enables optimisation of the functional and aesthetic outcomes of surgical-orthodontic treatment for the correction of a variety of dentofacial deformities. Objectives: The objectives of this study are to: (1) retrospectively evaluate the stability of clockwise and anti-clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane during orthognathic surgery, and (2) compare the

Samuel C. Bennett

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 82–96

research-article | 30-November-2021

Orthognathic surgery-first approach with lingual appliances: a case report

Introduction Patients presenting with a skeletal Class III relationship are challenging orthodontic cases due to complex treatment requirements. For adult patients with severe mandibular protrusion, only orthognathic surgery can improve facial aesthetics and correct the skeletal discrepancy. Conventional three-stage orthognathic surgery, which incorporates presurgical, surgical and postsurgical stages, is the most widely accepted procedure for correcting skeletal deformities to produce

Hande Pamukçu, Serhat Özsoy, Hakan H. Tüz, Ömur Polat-Özsoy

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 38 , ISSUE 1, 1–12

Original Paper | 19-December-2013

The lateralizing and localizing value of peri-ictal cough in epileptic seizures

, all were right handed. They were all examined for possible epilepsy surgery and four underwent surgery with complete seizure freedom. We do not have certain evidence for lateralization in one patient with hot water epilepsy though déjà vu as an initial symptom in this patient implies a temporal lobe onset. The seven other patients had temporal lobe epilepsy. Among the patients who had surgery, three had left sided and one had right sided temporal lobe surgery with consequent seizure

Bektaş Korkmaz, Gülsün Erşen, Şakir Delil, Çiğdem Özkara, S. Naz Yeni

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 71–77

Case report | 10-January-2018

Importance of a Multidisciplinary Team Approach for Optimizing Pituitary Surgery Outcomes

Amy A. Eisenberg, Nancy Mclaughlin, Pejman Cohan, Chester Griffiths, Garni Barkhoudarian, Daniel Kelly

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 24–30

Article | 15-August-2021

A study of Class III treatment: orthodontic camouflage vs orthognathic surgery

Aim: To evaluate the differences in pretreatment and post-treatment characteristics of Class III patients treated with orthodontic camouflage or orthognathic surgery, and to compare the range of skeletal, dental and soft tissue changes that are likely to occur with treatment, with particular reference to the influence of extractions on the resultant incisor angulations. Method: Pretreatment and post-treatment cephalograms of 31 Class III orthodontically-camouflaged patients and 36 Class III

Katherine Georgalis, Michael G. Woods

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 138–148

Original Paper | 02-April-2015

The ILAE definition of drug resistant epilepsy and its clinical applicability compared with “older” established definitions

Background. Early identification of potential epilepsy surgery candidates is essential to the treatment process. Aim. To evaluate the clinical applicability of the ILAE definition of drug resistant epilepsy and its potential in identifying surgical candidates earlier compared to three established “older” definitions of drug resistant epilepsy. Material and methods. Retrospective analysis of 174 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery between 1998 and 2009. Clinical factors and

Alexandra Rohracher, Judith Dobesberger, Claudia A. Granbichler, Julia Höfler, Giorgi Kuchukhidze, Martin Ortler, Iris Unterberger, Gerald Walser, Aljoscha Thomschewski, Eugen Trinka

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 39–44

Article | 20-July-2021

Accuracy of orthognathic surgery using 3D computer-assisted surgical simulation

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of maxilla and mandibular repositioning during two-jaw orthognathic surgery using computer assisted surgical simulation (CASS). Materials and methods: Fifteen patients who underwent two-jaw orthognathic surgery using CASS (VSP® Orthognathics by 3D Systems) were evaluated to assess the accuracy of the simulation. Translational and rotational discrepancies of the centroids of the maxilla and mandible and the translational discrepancy of the dental midline

Richard Lee, Mithran S. Goonewardene, Ajmal Mian, Brent Allan, Danny Brock, Michelle Trevenen

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 17–26

Article | 20-July-2021

Orthodontic treatment in conjunction with distraction osteogenesis and orthognathic surgery for severe facial asymmetry

The present case report describes the combination of orthodontic treatment and two-stage surgery used to treat a 16-year old female with a severe maxillary occlusal cant and a mandibular deviation. The patient was diagnosed with right temporomandibular joint ankylosis six months after suffering a facial injury at five years of age. A unilateral condylectomy was performed 12 months later. A hybrid functional appliance was used between nine and 16 years of age to prevent deterioration of the

Wakako Tome, Tomonao Aikawa, Noriyuki Kitai, Takashi Yamashiro, Mikihiko Kogo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 117–125

Short Communication | 28-December-2016

The Usefulness of Biosynthetic Vascular Graft Omniflow II and Autologous Veins for the Treatment of Massive Infection of Dacron Vascular Graft with Enterococcus faecalis HLAR

Infections of vascular grafts are the most severe complications in vascular surgery. We present the case of a 73-year-old male with infection of a dacron prosthesis with a strain of Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was treated with replacement of a full prosthesis with a combined graft constructed from Biosynthetic Vascular graft Omniflow and autologous veins. This graft is recommended for implantation in patients with a higher risk of infection. Our case is one of the first reported usage of

Witold Woźniak, Robert Bajno, Michał Świder, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 471–474

research-article | 30-November-2019

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery triggers rapid DNA fragmentation in vagal afferent neurons in rats

of inflammatory markers, including tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Bahceci et al., 2007; Ferrante 2007; Marques-Vidal et al., 2012). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is currently one of the most common procedures, along with vertical sleeve gastrectomy (Kizy et al., 2017, Mulla et al., 2018). Even though the hormonal changes following bariatric surgery are well understood (Meek et al., 2016; Alamuddin et al., 2017), its effects on

Dulce M. Minaya, Patricia M. Di Lorenzo, Andras Hajnal, Krzysztof Czaja

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 432–444

Review | 15-February-2020

The use of neuromonitoring in descending and thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery. Literature Review

Without surgical repair thoracic aortic aneurysms are a lethal disease with poor prognosis. An extensive major operation is required to correct an aneurysm that involves the descending or thoracoabdominal aorta. Particular considerations must be made to protection of all abdominal organs, the brain and the spinal cord which are all at risk. Consequently there is a risk that these patients post operatively wake up paraplegic from spinal cord ischaemia due to the nature of the surgery. Certain

Matthew Fok, Mohamad Bashir, Thomas Kennedy, Mark Field, Alex Mason

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 20-July-2021

Mandibular repositioning in adult patients – an alternative to surgery? A two-year follow-up

two-year observation period. Conclusion: Mandibular repositioning is a non-invasive intervention that may be considered a valid alternative to surgery in selected patients. Morphological variables from the radiographs taken at T0 and the results of the initial clinical evaluation of dysfunction yielded only vague and insignificant indicators regarding the predictability of the adaptation. A CBCT scan at T0 might have contributed to the identification of the patients who would likely accept the

Giorgio Fiorelli, Paola Merlo, Michel Dalstra, Birte Melsen

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 61–70

Article | 20-July-2021

Trends in surgical-orthodontic management of Class III malocclusions in Western Australia

Aim: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to identify trends in the surgical-orthodontic management of skeletal Class III malocclusions in Western Australia between 1985 and 2016. Methods: The records of 225 patients (132 females, 93 males) who received combined surgical-orthodontic correction of their Class III malocclusion between 1985 and 2016 were retrospectively assessed. The subjects were divided into three groups according to surgery type: Group (1) maxillary advancement only

Webson Sibanda, Mithran Goonewardene, Christophe Duigou, Steven Naoum

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 62–68

Research Article | 27-December-2017

TORQUE MEASUREMENT DURING BODY CAVITY ENTRY USING A THREADED VISUAL CANNULA

A. Bakirtzian, A. Ternamian, G. Manson, L. Tremblay, B. Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 537–552

research-article | 09-September-2021

Ultrasonography-guided sialolithotomy and stricture dilations of the major salivary glands: a preliminary study

fullness peri- and postprandially during times of salivary gland stimulation(1). Surgical removal of the sialolithiasis is often necessary due to recurrent symptoms. In recent years, though, the surgical treatment of submandibular gland sialolithiasis has shifted away from traditional surgery (sialoadenectomy) toward gland-preserving, minimally invasive approaches including lithotripsy, endoscopic removal using graspers, and retrieval with a basket under fluoroscopic control(2). Stone retrieval with

Kaan Orhan, Poyzan Bozkurt, Zeynep Serap Berktaş, Mehmet Hakan Kurt

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 237–243

Review Paper | 22-December-2016

Presurgical diagnosis of epilepsies – concepts and diagnostic tools

Introduction. Numerous reviews of the currently established concepts, strategies and diagnostic tools used in epilepsy surgery have been published. The focus concept which was initially developed by Forster, Penfield and Jasper and popularised and enriched by Luders, is still fundamental for epilepsy surgery. Aim. To present different conceptual views of the focus concept and to discuss more recent network hypothesis, emphasizing so-called "critical modes of an epileptogenic circuit"

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 115–140

case-report | 31-December-2019

The utility of high-frequency ultrasonography in preoperative assessment of vulvar Paget’s disease – a case report

Introduction Paget’s disease of the vulva (PDV) is a rare superficial skin cancer accounting for less than 1% of all vulvar neoplasias(1). Extramammary manifestation occurs in the apocrine glands and is a form of intraepidermal adenocarcinoma(2,3). The most commonly affected regions are the vulva, perineum, perianal region, scrotum, penis, or pubic area(4). Although surgery is the most effective treatment, a complete excision is challenging due to PDV intraepithelial reticular spread(2

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 311–313

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

Both acute and chronic infl ammation of the pancreas often lead to complications that nowadays can be resolved using endoscopic and surgical procedures. In many cases,intraoperative ultrasound examination (IOUS) enables correct assessment of the extent of the lesion, and allows for safe surgery, while also shortening its length. Aim of theresearch: At the authors’ clinic, intraoperative ultrasound is performed in daily practice. In this paper, we try to share our experiences in the application

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Article | 10-November-2020

Transfusion-associated circulatory overload in orthopedic surgery patients: a multi-institutional study

Mark A. Popovsky, Anne-Marie Audet, Chester Andrzejewski, Jr.

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 87–89

research-article | 13-July-2021

Treatment time for surgical-orthodontic cases: a private versus public setting comparison

, the treatment process, by its nature, places a burden on the patient related to time, co-operation, discomfort and aggravation.5,6 Kiyak and colleagues examined the psychological changes of 55 orthognathic surgical patients prior to surgery until nine months post-surgery.7 It was found that satisfaction peaked at four months post-surgery and declined at the nine month stage. The decline was most marked in those who were still undergoing orthodontic treatment.7,8 This suggested that the time taken

Richard J.H. Lee, Asanka Perera, Steven Naoum, Christophe Duigou, Alethea Rea, Mithran S. Goonewardene

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 31–36

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

cardiac departments, which also feature echo laboratories, represent a large proportion of pediatric patients with vascular malformations. The diagnostic process includes cases of patients with previously diagnosed vascular ring, who are referred for surgical treatment, as well as those diagnosed during a thorough qualification for surgery due to other congenital heart defects. Materials and methods Echocardiography is of key importance for the diagnosis of anatomical abnormalities of the main

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 5–8

Case report | 07-September-2016

Fortuitous diagnosis of “full stomach” made by using ultrasonographic examination of the antrum in two elective patients

We report two cases of patients presenting for elective surgery, in whom significant gastric contents were identified by performing fortuitous ultrasound examination of their antral area. The first patient presented for a day-case surgery scheduled under regional anesthesia. With his consent, ultrasound examination of the antral area was by chance performed within the context of training for this technique, showing significant solid contents in the stomach. The patient admitted that he had not

Lionel Bouvet, Caroline Augris, Clémence Aubergy, Dominique Chassard

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 317–321

Article | 21-April-2020

Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction secondary to anti-Fy3

A hemolytic transfusion reaction due to anti-Fy3 is reported in an African American patient with no history of sickle cell disease. This 82-year-old African American woman received two units of RBCs for anemia (Hb 7g/dL) on admission for a left hip fracture. On hospital Day 7, the patient underwent left hip endoprosthesis surgery; she received two units of RBCs on the second postoperative day due to Hb of 6.1g/dL. Her urine was dark during surgery and postoperatively. Her posttransfusion plasma

Horatiu Olteanu, David Gerber, Kara Partridge, Ravindra Sarode

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 48–52

research-article | 25-October-2021

Using explainable deep learning in da Vinci Xi robot for tumor detection

1,219 were females was diagnosed with kidney cancer in 2016 in Australia. The surgical procedure for treating kidney cancer is called Nephrectomy. In partial nephrectomy, only the portion of the kidney that is diseased is removed. The procedure is done either open or robotically (minimally invasive surgery). In the open nephrectomy method, depending on cases, it might be required to remove a rib bone. The procedure is done using general anesthesia and so, the open nephrectomy method is less

Rohan Ibn Azad, Subhas Mukhopadhyay, Mohsen Asadnia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–16

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Increased short-term food intake after external lateral parabrachial subnucleus lesions in rats

administration of vehicle alone (10% Tween 80 in olive oil), without the application of capsaicin. Behavioral procedure The same behavioral procedure was followed in both experiments (Fig. 1). The amount of solid food consumed during the 24 h before surgery was considered to be the baseline solid food intake. The animals were returned to their cages immediately after surgery with water and solid food ad libitum (Alimento de Laboratorio. Dietas Panlab. Panlab S.L., Barcelona, Spain), and their intake was

Antonio D.R. Agüera, María A. Zafra, Filomena Molina, Amadeo Puerto

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 101–111

Article | 30-July-2021

Orthodontic tooth movement in relation to angular bony defects

Objectives: This review provides a comprehensive assessment of the benefits of adjunctive orthodontic treatment with or without periodontal regenerative surgery in the treatment of angular bony defects, defect volume, and periodontal tissue conditions in adult patients. Methods: An electronic keyword search was conducted in the literature database PubMed as well as in Google Scholar. Originally, studies describing all types of orthodontic tooth movement (tipping, bodily movement, intrusion

Dimitrios Michelogiannakis, Margarita Makou, Phoebus N. Madianos, P. Emile Rossouw

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 220–235

Review Paper | 06-December-2013

Corpus callosum and epilepsies

brain imaging methods. Agenesis or dysgenesis of corpus callosum (AgCC) might be considered an accidental finding. Epileptic seizures occur in up to 89% of patients with AgCC. The causal relationship correctly is questioned. However, additional causative malformations of midline and/or telencephalic structures can be demonstrated in most seizure patients. The interruption of bilateral spread of seizure activities acts as the concept for callosotomy as epilepsy surgery. Indications are drug-resistant

Gerhard Bauer, Elżbieta Płonka-Półtorak, Richard Bauer, Iris Unterberger, Giorgi Kuchukhidze

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 89–104

review-paper | 23-March-2020

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to life threatening conditions in epilepsy

., 2014). For young adults suffering from epilepsy or for individuals with childhood epilepsy onset, it is advisable to provide immediate medical and surgical treatment that will minimize the risk of SUDEP (Bell, Sander, 2006; Johnston, Smith, 2007). For patients suffering from uncontrolled epilepsy or those displaying generalized tonic-clonic seizures the advisable strategy is AED optimization. It may also be recommended to consider epilepsy surgery. In case of suboptimal AED concentrations, the

Barbara Błaszczyk, Aleksandra Walczak, Natalia Ścirka, Agnieszka Konarzewska, Barbara Miziak, Stanisław J. Czuczwar

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 28 , 43–54

Article | 14-October-2020

Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by anti-Coa

Coa is a high-frequency blood group antigen in the Colton blood group system expressed on red blood cells (RBCs) of approximately 99.8 percent of random persons. Anti-Coa has been reported to cause delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions, hemolytic disease of the newborn, and accelerated clearance of RBCs in vivo. Acute hemolytic transfusion reactions (AHTRs) have not previously been reported. A 58-year-old man was hospitalized for vascular surgery. Initial blood bank evaluation revealed anti

Randal B. Covin, Karen S. Evans, Richard Olshock, Hannis W. Thompson

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 2, 45–49

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided treatment of Morton’s neuroma

use of orthotic devices, metatarsal pads, and analgesics(9,10). For patients not responding to mild conservative measures, injection of corticosteroids with the addition of a local anesthetic, chemical neurolysis with alcohol or radiofrequency ablation can be performed as minimally invasive measures prior to surgery(11,12). US-guided interventions for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases are being increasingly incorporated into everyday clinical practice, and US-guided management of MN

Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, George A. Kakkos, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e134–e138

Case report | 20-July-2021

Maxillary distraction osteogenesis and a Le Fort I osteotomy for severe maxillary retrognathia in cleft lip and palate: a case report

involving orthodontics and orthognathic surgery were undertaken to correct the severe maxillary retrognathia. The correction involved the use of internal distraction osteogenesis followed by a conventional maxillary Le Fort I advancement with rotation. Results: Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalogram measurements showed the maxilla was advanced 18 mm, rotated clockwise producing a 9 mm increase in vertical dimension at A point and a 7 mm gain in relative arch width across the first molars. Follow-up

Peter V. Fowler, Leon Steenberg, Tung Nguyen

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 2, 205–210

Case report | 06-December-2020

Immune-mediated hemolysis in a postoperative patient Case report: anti-U and differential diagnosis

We present the differential diagnosis for a Coombs-positive immune hemolysis having onset during hospitalization and, in particular, during the postoperative period. The stimulus for this article was a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction (DHTR) due to anti-U following open-heart surgery. The initial clinical and serologic findings led us to consider other causes of immune hemolysis which are reviewed in this article. To our knowledge, this is the fourth case of a DHTR due to anti-U to be

Gnanasagren Sathaseevan Pillay, Betty Womack, S. Gerald Sandler

Immunohematology, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 41–46

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Effects of different delayed exercise regimens on cognitive performance in fimbria-fornix transected rats

Studies have shown that exercise can positively influence cognitive performance after brain injury. This study investigated the effects of different exercise regimens on allocentric place learning after fimbria-fornix (FF) transection. One hundred and sixteen pre-shaped rats were subjected either to a mechanical transection of the FF or control sham surgery and divided into following groups: i) no exercise (NE), ii) voluntary exercise in a running wheel (RW), iii) forced swimming exercise

Elise Wogensen, Linda Marschner, Marie Gajhede Gram, Siri Mehlsen, Valdemar H. B. Uhre, Pernille Bülow, Jesper Mogensen, Hana Malá

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 323–336

Case Study | 20-December-2018

PLEOMORPHIC SARCOMA IN A PILOT

ABSTRACT Sarcomas are rare malignant soft tissue tumours. This case report outlines a 45 year old pilot, presenting with a non-tender mass in his left medial thigh, subsequently diagnosed with a pleomorphic sarcoma. His management consisted of radiotherapy and surgical removal. Grading was considered FNCLCC grade 3 and there were no metastases. Surgery was followed by a structured rehabilitation program. The paper discusses aeromedical considerations for return to flying duties, regarding the

Katrina Franke

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–3

Article | 20-July-2021

Reversing treatment from surgical orthodontics to camouflage therapy: a four-year follow-up

Patients in active treatment and transferred to another orthodontic clinic may present a difficult challenge for the receiving orthodontist. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate and discuss the orthodontic therapy of a 35-year-old male who had been prepared for orthognathic surgery, transferred to a different clinic and whose treatment was revised to involve orthodontic camouflage. A reflection of the difficulties in managing transferred patients is offered, and the consequences of

Dauro Douglas Oliveira, Giordani Santos Silveira, Larissa Salgado da Matta Cid Pinto, Bruno Franco Oliveira, Mariele Cristina Garcia Pantuzo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 75–84

research-article | 12-October-2021

Class III malocclusion: a challenging treatment using miniscrews for extra anchorage

evaluate the magnitude of skeletal involvement, the facial profile and the patient’s goals. The treatment options are limited to either orthognathic surgery or a nonsurgical compensatory approach.1–3 Nongrowing patients presenting with a mild to moderate Class III malocclusion with an acceptable facial profile can be successfully treated by dental extractions and dentoalveolar compensation. However, in order to achieve functional and facial aesthetic improvements, surgical orthodontic treatment is

Mirian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Patrícia Maria Monteiro, Wendes Dias Mendes, José Tarcísio Lima Ferreira, Fábio Lourenço Romano, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 227–236

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Significance of Infections in Implant Loss After Breast Reconstruction in the Course of Breast Cancer Treatment

most frequent complications include infections; it is estimated that up to 29% (mean 5.8%) of breast reconstruction surgery is complicated by infection (Phillips et al. 2013). Infection is cost-intensive and 70–80% of patients ultimately require removal of the implant (Pittet et al. 2005; Seng et al. 2015). Among the risk factors for infection are associated diseases such as diabetes, renal failure, and skin diseases, but also systemic treatment and radiotherapy. Other factors that increase the

MARIA SZYMANKIEWICZ, TOMASZ NOWIKIEWICZ, MARTA BIEDKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 343–351

Research Article | 01-September-2011

LACTATE DETECTION USING MICROWAVE SPECTROSCOPY FOR IN-SITU MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Lactate is an indicator of neurological impairment during aortic aneurysm surgery, and thus its detection could provide the basis for improved treatment regimes, better quality of care, and enhanced resource efficiency within the UK National Health Service (NHS). This article considers the use of low power microwave sensors to detect varying lactate concentrations in distilled water; sample sizes of 10ml and 0.5ml are considered via two sensor designs. Microwave sensors provide a rapid non

J. H. Goh, A. Mason, A. I. Al-Shamma’a, M. Field, P. Browning

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 338–352

Article | 20-July-2021

Surgical repositioning of infra-occluded dental implants in the orthognathic management of a Class III open-bite patient

report describes the successful application of bi-maxillary orthognathic surgery combined with an anterior segmental osteotomy for the correction of a Class III open-bite malocclusion complicated by severely infra-occluded implants.

Kyung-A Kim, Kang-Min Kim, Tae-Hee Lee, Tae-Joon Park, Ki-Ho Park

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 210–217

Review Paper | 30-September-2016

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures and refractory epilepsy are the most important factors burdening PWE’s, resulting in increased injuries and mortality, including Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). The need of chronic intake of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and of epilepsy surgery are also important with regards to potential for side effects, drug interactions, and different surgery risks. PWE harbour more medical and psychiatric comorbidities than the general population and results in a

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 167–172

research-article | 07-July-2020

Intracerebroventricular streptozotocin induces behavioral impairments and increases short-term C3 gene expression in the hippocampus of Wistar rats

, respectively (phase 2, Fig. 1). Fig. 1. Representative flowchart of experimental groups and main methodologies used in this study, including behavioral tasks and real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Animals that received the drug are represented by STZ group and those whose did not, by control group. Besides that, phase 1 and phase 2 represents short (one month after surgery) and long (four months after surgery) term exposures. The experiments were carried out in accordance with

Gabrielle Pfutzenreuter, Kenny Nieradka, Márcia Regina Pincerati, Ilton Santos da Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 160–169

Article | 20-July-2021

Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) outcomes at the time of orthodontic appliance removal and three months into retention

clinic between 2015 and 2018. The patients comprised three groups: those who received orthognathic surgery (N = 15), those who had an orofacial cleft (N = 30) and those who had no-surgery/no-cleft (N = 14). Each individual completed an age-specific OHRQoL questionnaire that categorised them as either an adolescent (N = 37) or an adult (N = 22) participant. Method: The OHRQoL questionnaires were completed at the time of appliance removal (T0) and again three months into retention (T1). The Child

Jared Monk, Peter Fowler, William Murray Thomson

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 20–26

Case report | 24-February-2017

Mucinous borderline ovarian tumor: a case report with diagnostic insights on ultrasound findings

approaches that might bring some insights on tumor histology. Furthermore, it raises a question about which imaging techniques should be proposed for a reliable diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors to ensure safe surgery planning.

Anna Szymańska-Dubowik, Marcin Śniadecki, Agnieszka Bianek-Bodzak, Marcin Liro, Edyta Szurowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 411–416

research-article | 15-June-2020

A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

admission, the patient was hospitalized in the Surgery Ward of a district hospital because of strong abdominal pain. On the first day of admission, laboratory tests were performed, showing a high serum CRP level (193 mg/l) and an elevated WBC count with accompanying normal serum pancreatic enzyme activity, bilirubin, AST, ALT and GGTP levels. An US (ultrasound) examination showed a hypoechoic, polycyclic lesion of unknown origin, adjacent to the pancreatic body and tail, measuring 35 × 28 × 50 mm

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e151–e153

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

: Inclusion criteria: coxarthrosis. Exclusion criteria: primary and secondary coagulopathy, renal or hepatic failure and history of venous or arterial thrombo­sis. In total, 90 patients were enrolled. Methods: The study was prospective. The patients were assigned into groups in accordance with simple randomization. On the third day post-surgery, an ultrasound examination was conducted in all patients. Results: Deep infection was found in two patients with suction drainage. Hematoma was almost twice

Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 149–153

Case report | 31-August-2018

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

or classical surgery. Endovascular procedures are currently an acknowledged treatment method in peripheral vascular injuries. We present a case of endovascular treatment in a patient with posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg. Patient qualification and treatment efficacy assessment were performed using Doppler ultrasound.

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 166–169

case-report | 28-June-2019

Intraoperative decision to change the course of management based on an ultrasonographic image of urinary bladder paraganglioma – a case study

Case report A 69-year-old patient was admitted to a urinary ward due to a primary tumor of the urinary bladder. An exophytic tumor was found in a trans-abdominal ultrasonographic examination conducted after an episode of asymptomatic hematuria. Based on the ultrasonographic examination, the patient was qualified for a transurethral electro-resection of the tumor. During the surgery, a tumor ca. 25 mm in diameter, with a smooth surface and a rich network of curved submucosal vessels was found on

Waldemar Białek, Piotr Kawecki, Katarzyna Dyndor, Lech Wronecki, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 165–170

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Critical appraisal of MAPSE and TAPSE usefulness in the postoperative assessment of ventricular contractile function after congenital heart defect surgery in infants

surgery); 2) verification of the hypothesis that a significant decrease in the value of TAPSE observed in this period is not an expression of global right ventricular systolic dysfunction; 3) creating a basis for long-term observation of the variability of MAPSE and TAPSE in patients after correction of congenital heart disease. The impulse to conduct the study was the observation of a sharp drop in the value of TAPSE during tests routinely performed in the postoperative therapy unit, which suggested

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 9–16

research-article | 31-March-2020

Effect of adding a capsule with activated charcoal to abdominal ultrasound preparation on image quality

(8). Our research was conducted to confirm or disprove the efficiency of using activated charcoal to improve the visualization of upper abdominal organs and achieve better image quality in ultrasound of the abdomen. Methodology A prospective research involved a population sample of 52 adult patients and volunteers, including both genders, persons at different age groups, with different body mass indices (BMI) (Tab. 1) and with no history of previous major abdominal surgery or acute illness

Ahmed Abdul Jabar, Ibrahim Abbas, Nabeel Mishah, Mohammed Wazan, Motaen Tomehy

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e12–e17

Case report | 20-July-2021

Skeletal Class II open-bite malocclusion with idiopathic condylar resorption: a case report

Background: The orthodontic treatment of patients with idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR) remains controversial. The effect of molar intrusion using temporary anchorage devices (TADs) and the consequential gradual counterclockwise rotation of the mandible in patients with ICR remains unclear. Aims: To present the long-term treatment result of an adult skeletal Class II open-bite malocclusion with a history of ICR corrected by the combination of orthognathic surgery and TADs. Methods: After

Ayaka Oka, Hiroshi Kurosaka, Kohtaro Yashiro, Seiji Haraguchi, Donghoon Lee, Tomonao Aikawa, Mikihiko Kogo, Takashi Yamashiro

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 85–93

Case report | 20-July-2021

Multidisciplinary treatment of a severe facial asymmetry

, a Le Fort I osteotomy and a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy were performed. During post-surgical orthodontic treatment and, as a result of the rotational surgery, the maxillary left central incisor became the right central incisor. The left lateral incisor was subsequently moved toward the midline and reshaped with a composite buildup to serve as a new left central incisor. The combination of orthodontic, orthognathic and restorative treatment established a favourable occlusal and aesthetic

Ezgi Atik, Ersoy Konas, Ilken Kocadereli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 70–77

Case report | 31-March-2017

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion: Conservative treatment with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion is not common and most previous patients were treated with excisional surgery. We treated a case conservatively with needle aspiration using ultrasonography, after a nerve conduction study. A 77-year-old man presented with impaired active finger extension of the left metacarpophalangeal joints. The nerve conduction study revealed conduction block of the left radial nerve near the elbow. Ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic mass

Yasuhiro Seki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 73–75

Review Paper | 13-October-2014

Recent advances in pathophysiology studies and treatment of epilepsy in neurocutaneous disorders

resective surgery has still a major role as a treatment of choice in carefully selected cases.

Krzysztof Sadowski, Sergiusz Jóźwiak

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 99–108

case-report | 30-November-2018

Late diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in a 5.5-month-old infant

, fatigue, somnolence and no weight gain. An open-heart surgery should be performed immediately after the diagnosis in the neonatal period(5). Case report A 5.5-month-old girl was admitted to the Department of Cardiac and General Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw for the treatment of a congenital heart defect. The patient was born at 41 weeks of non-pathological pregnancy with a birth weight of 3650 grams and an Apgar score of 10. The main symptoms included dyspnea at rest, tachypnea

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Weronika Rygier, Radosław Kunikowski, Michał Buczyński, Danuta Roik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 75–79

case-report | 30-November-2018

Anomalous retroaortic paravertebral course of the left innominate vein in a child with atrial septal defect

Case report A boy with Down syndrome, aged 2.5 years, was referred to the Department for corrective cardiac surgery of a large ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) (Qp: Qs = 2.8 : 1). The general condition of the child was good, with no signs of overt heart failure. Echocardiography Preoperative echocardiographic evaluation (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6) additionally revealed the presence of a wide vein with an atypical course in the posterior mediastinum. The

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Krzysztof Grabowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 71–74

research-article | 18-December-2020

Evaluation of the snowing-like ultrasonographic features of intraosseous jaw pathologies

(61.9%) females, with a mean age of 34.9 ± 17.2 years (range: 6–72 years); all patients provided written informed consent. This retrospective study adhered to all relevant principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. The Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine approved the study (permit no. 13; October 8, 2019). Biopsy data were collected prior to surgery. Lesional diagnoses were histopathologically confirmed. Imaging/US devices Two US devices

Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Ahmet Berhan Yılmaz, Fatma Akkoca Kaplan, Elif Bilgir, Kaan Orhan

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 307–310

Report | 09-November-2020

Report on anti-Dib encountered in two Hong Kong Chinese

Two cases of anti-Dib, a rarely encountered antibody, were identified in serum samples referred by hospital blood banks during the past 13 months. Case 1 is a 4l-year-old female who required blood for elective surgery. Case 2 is a premature infant suffering from mild neonatal jaundice on day 2 after birth. The anti-Dib in both cases exhibited marked dosage effect. The titer/score against Di(a+b+) and Di(a-b+) red blood cells (RBCs) in case 1 was 8/10 and 32/32, respectively, and in case 2, 4/18

C.K. Lin, K.H. Mak, N.K. Chan, C.M.Y. Yuen, A. Devenish, H.B. Chan, K.L. Au, S.C. Szeto

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 17–19

Case report | 27-February-2015

Epileptic seizure propagation from the second somatic sensory area to the fronto-medial region, by insular redistribution. A case report and a connectome description

Introduction. The seizure propagation phenomenon by inducing remote symptoms brings several difficulties in finding the seizure onset and delineating the epileptic network which should be taken into consideration in epilepsy surgery. By demonstrating a difficult (MRI negative) epilepsy surgery case explored with invasive presurgical evaluation we highlight the importance to recognise the secondary sensory area and to explore the the parieto-opercular-insular-medial frontal network in certain

Attila Balogh, Péter Halász, Dániel Fabó, Lóránd Erőss

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 61–67

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Long-term behavioral, histological, biochemical and hematological evaluations of amyloid beta-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rat

(surgery without injection Aβ), and experimental group (two-sided intrahippocampal amyloid-beta injection into hippocampus). From each group, three animals were investigated 42 days after injection, and the remaining four animals were studied after one year. All animals were tested for learning abilities and memory. Finally, samples from blood, brain, heart, kidney, liver, colon and spleen were examined. In the experimental group, the size of amyloid plaques were increased significantly after one year

Raheleh Kheirbakhsh, Mahnaz Haddadi, Ahad Muhammadnejad, Alireza Abdollahi, Farshad Shahi, Behzad Amanpour-Gharaei, Azadeh Abrahim-Habibi, Tahereh Barati, Saeid Amanpour

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 51–59

Review Paper | 22-November-2016

The medial temporal lobe epilepsy is a bilateral disease – novel aspects

Introduction. Medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is the most frequent form of epilepsy in adulthood. It is classified as local/regional epilepsy. However, there is increasing evidence of the involvement of both temporal lobes and this provides abundant arguments to question this view, and consider MTLE as one of the typical bilateral system epilepsies. Aim. To provide a contemporary review of medial temporal lobe epilepsy, discussing the bilateral aspects, with reference to epilepsy surgery

Péter Halász

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 141–155

Practice Report | 29-August-2014

Cognitive impairment predicts social disability in persons with epilepsy

plays in social disability in persons with epilepsy (PWE). We systematically searched the medical literature and identified studies which assessed the impact of seizures and cognitive function on some aspect of social disability in PWE. Results and Discussion. We identified 12 studies which adequately measured all variables in non-surgical cohorts, and 9 studies of cohorts following epilepsy surgery. We found evidence from non-surgical and from surgical series that cognitive variables strongly

Krzysztof A. Bujarski, Gabriella Wozniak, Erik J. Kobylarz

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 89–97

case-report | 28-June-2019

Sonographic diagnosis of large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor

. One year before, he developed swelling in the hard palate which was removed surgically and evaluated histologically as papilloma. The patient did not meet the diagnostic criteria for Carney complex. Due to the benign course in the overwhelming majority of LCCSCTs, no intervention was planned, and the patient was placed on regular follow-up. The lesions were stable at six- and eighteen-month follow-up after the surgery. Discussion Sex cord stromal tumors constitute 4% of testicular neoplasms, and

Osman Ocal, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Serdat Tekgul, Mustafa Ozmen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 161–164

research-article | 31-December-2019

The usefulness of high-frequency ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of vulvar cancer – a case series

borders(12). The aim of the study was to compare 48 MHz ultrasound images of vulvar cancer with histological images. Materials and methods This study was approved by the board of Clinical Unit of Obstetrics, Women’s Disease and Gynecological Oncology, United District Hospital, Collegium Medicum University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Toruń, Poland. This is a tertiary reference center. We analyzed cases of postmenopausal women sent to our clinic for surgery due to diagnosed vulvar cancer. In this study

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 305–310

Article | 09-November-2020

A clinically significant anti-HLA-A2 detectable by extended incubation cytotoxicity and flow cytometric techniques but not by a standard NIH lymphocytotoxicity test

A previously transfused female patient, known to have a platelet defect, was transfused with platelets prior to surgery. After the 18th unit she felt unwell, developed fever, rigor, became nauseous, and vomited. Her blood pressure decreased from 140/90 to 80/50mm Hg. Passive transfer of donor granulocytes or red cell antibodies were excluded as a cause. Therefore, a serum sample from the patient was investigated for the presence of antibodies to human leukocyte antigens (HLA) using a standard

Stephen F. Garner, John Petrochilos, Colin J. Brown, Suzette Cavanna, I. Chanarin, Cristina Navarrete

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 2, 49–53

Case report | 30-July-2021

True intrusion of maxillary first molars with zygomatic and palatal miniscrew anchorage: a case report

maxillary molar, orthodontic treatment was simplified by eliminating the need for miniplate placement by extensive surgery and the creation of intra-oral multiunit anchorage. Masticatory efficiency was improved by increasing the occlusal table with prosthetic rehabilitation of the mandibular first molar spaces with dental implant prostheses.

Tulika Tripathi, Shilpa Kalra, Priyank Rai, Farrukh Faraz, Navneet Singh

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 233–240

Article | 15-August-2021

Effects of the Herbst appliance in growing orthodontic patients with different underlying vertical patterns

its use will be associated with clinically significant forward rotation in dolichofacial subjects. Since dolichofacial patterns are likely to remain long-faced, even after considerable Class II dental correction, orthognathic surgery may still be a consideration if normal facial proportions, without excessive facial convexity and lip strain, are treatment aims.

Emily Deen, Michael G. Woods

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 59–68

Report | 15-August-2021

Class III orthognathic surgical cases facilitated by accelerated osteogenic orthodontics: a preliminary report

Objectives: To describe a multidisciplinary treatment approach that includes corticotomy, orthodontic force and orthognathic surgery for the management of skeletal Class III surgical cases. The main advantage of the combined techniques is a reduction in treatment time for young adult patients. Method: Accelerated Osteogenic Orthodontics (AOO) was delivered to three young adult patients during their pre-surgical orthodontic treatment. After aligning and levelling the dental arches, a

JiaQi Wu, Li Xu, Cheng Liang, JiuHui Jiang

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 226–235

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

. Ultrasound imaging is also used to monitor adrenal incidentaloma that is not eligible for a surgery. The paper presents recommendations concerning the performance and assessment of ultrasound examinations of the adrenal glands and their pathological lesions. The article includes new ultrasound techniques, such as tissue harmonic imaging, spatial compound imaging, three-dimensional ultrasound, elastography, contrast-enhanced ultrasound and parametric imaging. The guidelines presented above are consistent

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review | 31-August-2018

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

of aneurysm size and detection of potential complications in cases that are ineligible for treatment. The type of treatment depends on the size of an aneurysm, the course of the disease, risk of rupture and risk associated with surgery or endovascular procedure. Endovascular treatment is preferred in most cases. Aneurysms are excluded from the circulation using embolization coils, ethylene vinyl alcohol, stents, multilayer stents, stent grafts and histoacryl glue (or a combination of these

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Article | 15-April-2020

Transfusion practices for patients with sickle cell disease at a major academic medical center

care units),cardiothoracic surgery, pediatrics, the operating room, the emergency department, labor and delivery, dialysis, and outpatient services. UNC is recognized for its expertise in coagulation,transfusion medicine,and hematology,particularly in sickle cell disease (SCD). The sickle cell center at UNC,which began in 1980 and continues today,in conjunction with our neighboring institution,Duke University Medical Center,is designated as part of a National Institutes of Health comprehensive

Araba Afenyi-Annan, Nicholas Bandarenko

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 3, 103–107

Article | 30-November-2020

Successful transfusion in the presence of anti-K4 (anti-Kpb)

A 71-year-old group A, D+ female, with anti-K4(-Kpb), -E, and -S was admitted for her second coronary artery surgery. Four units of autologous red blood cells (RBCs) were transfused perioperatively, and four units of homologous K:-4, E-, S- RBCs were transfused over the next 24 hours. Ten units of fresh frozen plasma and 28 units of platelets were also transfused. Continued bleeding necessitated calling donors from other states in Australia and from the International Panel of Donors of Rare

Julie M Watt, Peter N. Moffatt, Suzanne Y. Chatfield, Wendy A. Grimm, Jennifer A. Bryant

Immunohematology, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 87–89

Article | 20-July-2021

A clinically based review of patient and treatment characteristics in West Australian private orthodontic practices

%) received first phase treatment, and non-extraction orthodontics accounted for 61.6% of cases. Full fixed appliances were the most commonly prescribed device (94%). The acceptance rate of orthognathic surgery, when offered, was approximately 30%. Conclusion: Clinical data relating to actual patient presentations provide an invaluable insight into the realities of private practice. The eventual course of treatment is often determined by the patient’s tolerances and expectations as much as a

Raymond Lam, Simone Mustac, Mithran S. Goonewardene

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 9–19

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

Increased incidence of liver diseases, the development of liver surgery and other invasive methods for managing portal hypertension, plus an increasing number of liver transplant procedures pose more and more new challenges for ultrasonography. Ultrasonography,being an effective and clinically verifi ed modality, has been used for several decades for diagnosing diseases of the liver, its vessels and portal hypertension. It is used for both initial and specialist diagnosis (performed in

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 208–226

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases

literature search. The accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases was used as the index text, while B-mode sonography, micro pure imaging, surgery and histological findings were used as reference texts. Superficial lymph nodes, neck nodules, malignancy in thyroid nodules, benign and malignant cervical lymph nodes, thyroid nodules, prostate carcinoma, benign and malignant breast abnormalities, liver diseases, parotid and salivary gland masses, pancreatic masses, musculoskeletal diseases and renal

Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 29–36

Review | 25-September-2018

The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 234–239

Case report | 25-January-2018

The Life and Trials of a Pseudomeningocoele.

. Ms Z’s symptoms started at the age of sixteen. She experienced severe headaches when she coughed or laughed and was seen by a neurologist at the time but no clear diagnosis was made. Her symptoms continued and after multiple medical appointments, a diagnosis of Chiari Malformation was made. She had her first surgery in 2013 after which Ms Z reported her complications began to occur. She moved to New Zealand and started to get more unwell and presented to a rural emergency department (ED). She has

Larissa Engel, Maira Manch

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 33–37

research-article | 30-September-2019

Differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions in the inguinal canal using ultrasound

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 222–227

review-article | 18-June-2021

US-guided high-volume injection for Achilles tendinopathy

surgery(9). Therefore, effective minimally invasive treatment options are necessary to improve the outcome of patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy who fail to respond to the initial exercise treatment. The use of injectable substances such as platelet-rich plasma, autologous blood, polidocanol, corticosteroids, and aprotinin in and around tendons is a widespread therapeutic modality; however, there is minimal clinical evidence to support its efficacy(10). High-volume image-guided injection

George A. Kakkos, Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e127–e133

research-article | 28-October-2021

Epilepsy and autism: How does age at seizure onset factor in?

). When starting with epileptic cohorts, one also finds a high risk of autism that ranges from 5% to 35% according to the study and the type of epilepsy (Berg et al., 2011; Hesdorffer et al., 2011; Saemundsen et al., 2007). Patients with idiopathic autism remain so after their epilepsy is controlled by anticonvulsants (Wong, 1993; Tuchman, 2000), by vagal nerve stimulation (Danielsson et al., 2008) or by surgery, although their autistic symptoms may be slightly alleviated by these treatments (Nass et

Claude M.J. Braun, Jonathan Elie-Fortier

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 29 , 13–31

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

manner of preparing the examination result. Moreover, modern expectations as regards ultrasound surgery equipment, where children are subject to examination have been presented. The minimum set of transducers the ultrasound apparatus should be equipped with has also been pointed out as well as the minimum requirements concerning image recording. Extending the scope of transducers over “minimum” significantly raises the imaging possibilities in pediatrics. Standard preparation of children for

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

. Rats with white matter injury were extensively evaluated for structural changes and functional sequelae, using motor function tests, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, histopathology evolution, volume estimation of the lesion, and neuroanatomical identification of affected neurons using the retrograde tracer hydroxystilbamidine. Optimization of the trajectory of the ET-1 injection needle provided excellent survival rate. MR imaging visualized the white matter injury 2 days after surgery. Motor

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 212–224

Review | 20-July-2021

A stepwise approach to the correction of excessive gingival display: an integrative review of the literature

passive eruption. Further investigation to identify patients who might benefit from orthognathic surgery, orthodontic treatment alone, lip repositioning or botulinum injection, or aesthetic crown lengthening procedures, should be conducted to reconfirm a diagnosis and provide the optimal treatment. Conclusion: Clinicians can have a dental blueprint for anterior tooth reconstruction and are able to provide comprehensive treatment in co-operation with other disciplines. By understanding the principles

Yi-Jun Hung, I-Ping Lin, Szu-Han Wang, Eddie Hsiang-Hua Lai

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 2, 184–194

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

. Exclusioncriteria were shoulder fractures, prior shoulder joint surgery and shoulder injections in the past month. The physicians performing the most common clinical shoulderexaminations were blinded to the results of the high resolution ultrasonography and vice versa. Results: In order to detect pathology of the m. supraspinatus tendon, theHawkins and Kennedy impingement test showed the highest sensitivity (0.86) whereas the Jobe supraspinatus test showed the highest specifi city (0.55). To identify m

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 29–44

review-article | 30-September-2019

Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms with a focus on ultrasound

Introduction Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) is of fundamental importance for determining the location of the primary lesion, disease staging, selection of treatment and monitoring its effects. Currently, more than half of gastrointestinal NEN are detected incidentally, usually during surgery, diagnostic imaging studies or endoscopic procedures performed for other indications(1,2). Sometimes metastatic lesions in the liver are the first sign of the disease

Joanna Walczyk, Anna Sowa-Staszczak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 228–235

research-article | 01-May-2021

The Effect of Bevacizumab on Vestibular Schwannoma Related to Neurofibromatosis Type 2

within these parameters considered stable disease. Under this criterion, surgery for the target lesion also constitutes radiological progression. For the earlier cohort, 3-D volumetric analysis was sought from an external company, NFtumormetrics Group, Medical Imaging Centre, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and two local radiologists at Westmead Hospital. For the later cohort, volumetric measurements were recorded from two separate investigators; a medical oncology advanced trainee, and a

Simone Ardern-Holmes, Cassandra White, Sarita Bahure, Simon So, Geoff McCowage, Elizabeth Hovey, Simon Troon, Paul De Souza, John Simes, Michael Slancar, Mark Dexter, Mark Wong

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 5–14

research-article | 15-June-2020

Cervical stenosis and pregnancy rate after ultrasound guided cervical dilation in women undergoing saline infusion sonography

included, 3.5% had history of endometriosis, 7.7% had previous episode of pelvic inflammatory disease, 5.4% had prior surgery and 6.6% had history of intrauterine polyps. Of those assessed at sis, 117 (10.7%) had stenosis and were offered dilation. Table 1 shows characteristics and risk factors in the study population. Tab. 1. Characteristics of study population Mean +/- Standard deviation or n (%) Age in years 28.99 ± 5.40 BMI 27.57 ± 4.39 Duration of infertility in years 3.94

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e116–e121

Article | 15-April-2020

Chimerism and mosaicism are important causes of ABO phenotype and genotype discrepancies

Discrepancies between blood group genotype and RBC phenotype are important to recognize when implementing DNA-based blood grouping techniques. This report describes two such cases involving the ABO blood group in the Korean population. Propositus #1 was a 22-year-old healthy man undergoing pretransfusion testing for minor surgery. Propositus #2 was a 23year-old male blood donor. RBCs from both propositi were determined to be group AB and demonstrated unusual agglutination patterns on forward

Duck Cho, Jin Sol Lee, Mark Harris Yazer, Jong Won Song, Myung Geun Shin, Jong Hee Shin, Soon Pal Suh, Mee Jeong Jeon, Ji Young Kim, Jong Tae Park, Dong Wook Ryang

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 4, 183–187

Article | 03-November-2020

Immunoprophylaxis using intravenous Rh immune globulin should be standard practice when selected D-negative patients are transfused with D-positive random donor platelets

A 67-year-old female developed excessive bleeding and thrombocytopenia following cardiovascular surgery. Her blood type was group A, D–. The only platelet products available in the transfusion service were random donor platelet concentrates from D+ donors. She was transfused with a pool of 6 D+ random donor platelet concentrates. Anti-D undetected in her pretransfusion serum by solid-phase antibody screen was present 11 days later. Retrospectively, the patient provided a history of having

Clinton A. Ewing, Dawn H. Rumsey, Albert F. Langeberg, S. Gerald Sandler

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 133–137

Case report | 30-July-2021

Single tooth osteotomy and distraction in the treatment of an ankylosed central incisor – a case report

diverge the roots of the adjacent teeth from the surgical site, (2) a single tooth osteotomy followed by distraction osteogenesis, (3) post surgery orthodontics, and (4) retention. Consent and complete records were obtained, including pre-treatment photographs, radiographs and cephalometric superimpositions over an eight-year period from initial presentation until retention. Results: Distraction osteogenesis in combination with orthodontics successfully managed the dentoalveolar and soft tissue defect

Robert Mayne, Roslyn Mayne, Sathyan Saranathan, Kevin Spencer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 280–291

Article | 20-July-2021

The effect of the lateral cephalometric radiograph on orthodontists' diagnosis and treatment decisions: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial

planning options, there were no statistically significant differences related to the treatment options of growth modification (p = 0.720), orthognathic surgery (p = 0.101), and/or an extraction decision (p = 0.840). Conclusion: Lateral cephalometric radiographs did not significantly influence orthodontists’ diagnosis. There was also little evidence to demonstrate the radiograph’s efficacy in treatment planning cases with no skeletal discrepancy or no significant labiolingual incisor

Scott Derek Currell, Sophie May Roberts, Yousef Abdalla, Adrian Esterman

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 188–195

Review | 30-June-2017

Detailed EFSUM recommendations on the scope of ultrasound assessment in patients with portal hypertension considering the diagnostic reference level

outpatient clinics, performed by specialist private practice physicians, radiologists, gastroenterologists and hepatologists; top class (premium) digital ultrasound scanner should be available at physician’s disposal. Third reference level: ultrasound assessments performed in gastroenterology, hepatology and liver surgery departments as well as their specialist outpatient clinics; physicians should use top class digital ultrasound equipment. At every reference level, physicians performing abdominal

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 113–115

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

in induction of allodynia and late intrathecal treatment group (POST) to evaluate the antiallodynic effect of the RTX on mechanical nociceptive threshold evaluated by the Von Frey hair filaments. Additionally, we evaluated the expression of TRPV1 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) by western blotting after PRE- and POST-treatment with RTX. Results: Our results showed that the CCI mice developed prolonged mechanical allodynia-like behavior in ipsilateral paw after surgery up to 24 hours. The PRE- and

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 317–322

research-article | 30-September-2019

The role of TVT position in relation to the pubic symphysis in eliminating the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence and urethral funneling

distance on the elimination of SUI symptoms and urethral funneling. Materials and methods A total of 121 patients were qualified for TVT procedure between 2006 and 2012 (Ethicon, Johnson&Johnson, USA). Of these, 115 women reported for the procedure. All patients gave their consent to participate in the study. Treatment outcomes of 106 patients who reported for a follow-up visit within 3 to 6 months of surgery were included in the analysis. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Medical

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Magda Krzycka, Paulina Pająk, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 207–211

Article | 17-February-2021

A prospective, observational study for optimization of antibody screening in pretransfusion compatibility testing

54 months of the study period, a total of 22,888 patient samples were studied. The majority of patients were from hemato-oncology and blood marrow transplant, hepatobiliary sciences and liver transplant, cardiac surgery, and medical intensive care units (Fig. 2). The prevalence of unexpected antibodies detected in our study was less than 1 percent (0.87%; 198). Of the 198 AS+ patients, 145 (0.63%) were found to have alloantibodies while the remaining 53 (0.24%) had autoantibodies with clinical

P. Pandey, D. Setya, R. Srivastava, M.K. Singh

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Review | 24-February-2017

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 1

enlarged, should be the measurement of the capacity of the urinary bladder and the assessment of the amount of residual urine after voiding. The indications for the endosonographic examination of the prostate gland are patological changes found in the per rectum examination, elevated concentration of the prostate-specific antigen in the blood serum, cancer and inflammations of the prostate gland if an abscess is suspected, qualification for surgery in the course of benign prostatic hyperplasia and the

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 378–390

Review Article | 31-March-2017

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

and in prostate cancer. Ultrasound examinations applied in the diagnostics of benign prostatic hyperplasia accelerated the diagnosis, facilitated the qualification to surgery and the selection of the treatment method. The assessment of the size of the prostate gland performed using the endorectal ultrasound examination is helpful in making the choice between transurethral electroresection and adenomectomy. In prostate inflammation this examination should be performed with particular gentleness due

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 43–58

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

benzodiazepines and anti-cholinergic agents, and Botox injections to relieve focal dystonia. Allied health services including speech, physiotherapy and occupational provide benefits to assist the individual to improve and maintain symptoms and function in daily life. Dependent on the availability of finances, the symptoms and age it is possible for patients to undergo lesioning surgery or deep brain stimulation (DBS). Figure 1. Inheritance patterns of Lubag Syndrome (XDP) showing the inheritance from an

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

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