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Research Article | 01-September-2014

 VIDEO-BASED VEHICLE DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION IN CHALLENGING SCENARIOS   

Abstract- In intelligent transportation system, research on vehicle detection and classification has high theory significance and application value. According to the traditional methods of vehicle detection which can’t be well applied in challenging scenario, this paper proposes a novel Bayesian fusion algorithm based on Gaussian mixture model. We extract the features of vehicle from images, including shape features, texture features, and the gradient direction histogram features after

Yiling Chen, GuoFeng Qin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1077–1094

Research Article | 01-September-2017

INSTANCE VEHICLE MONITORING AND TRACKING WITH INTERNET OF THINGS USING ARDUINO

The Vehicle Tracking System has the capability of finding the Vehicle location, Gas Leakages, Vehicle Speed, and Vehicle Accident and at the same time notifies the owners of the vehicle through a GSM network with an SMS alert message. The drivers require their presence to their family or to their respective one’s. The main aim is to design a low cost and an efficient vehicle tracking and vehicle security circuit based on an Arduino microcontroller. This system can be made as a backup sector

Dhanalakshmi, A.Ezil Sam Leni

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 123–135

Article | 23-April-2018

Research on Localization Vehicle Based on Multiple Sensors Fusion System

In the implementation and verification of multi sensor fusion of vehicle positioning, we built a verification platform positioning algorithm combined simulation of Car Sim-Simulink to Car Sim, the vehicle model and the sensor output as the data source, and the noise, then in the simulink environment to build the fusion localization algorithm, and the real vehicle experiment using inertial laboratory navigation equipment, to the actual sensor data validation algorithm. Simulation and

Xiaogang Zhu, Wei Tian, GuiZhong Li, Jun Yu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 186–189

Research Article | 02-February-2017

VEHICLE DRIVING CYCLE OPTIMISATION ON THE HIGHWAY

Summary. This paper is devoted to the problem of reducing vehicle energy consumption. The authors consider the optimisation of highway driving cycle a way to use the kinetic energy of a car more effectively at various road conditions. The model of a vehicle driving control at the highway which consists of elementary cycles, such as accelerating, free rolling and deceleration under forces of external resistance, was designed. Braking, as an energy dissipation regime, was

Zinoviy STOTSKO, Myroslav OLISKEVYCH

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 123–131

Article | 31-July-2018

ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND CARBON FOOTPRINT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND A VEHICLE WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

vehicle and thus its carbon footprint and compares it to the energy consumption and carbon footprint of a vehicle with an internal combustion engine. The results of this study reveal the orientation for the use of electric vehicles in future, in terms of raising awareness among the individual manufacturers, consumers and, last but not the least, the society as a whole, which is committed to sustainable developmental orientations.

Robert Robert Muha, Aleš Peroša

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 2, 49–58

Article | 27-January-2020

Research on Improved Adaptive ViBe Algorithm For Vehicle Detection

I. INTRODUCTION Vehicle detection is the key step of video vehicle recognition, which aims to obtain the location of vehicle for further recognition. For each pixel, its background can usually be built using a model. At present, there are three methods for moving object detection: optical flow method[1], frame difference method[2], background subtraction method[3]. Based on the motion vector of pixels, the optical flow method can detect and track the target, but it has a large amount of

Kun Jiang, Jianguo Wang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 11–17

Article | 15-March-2021

MODIFICATION OF THE ADHESIVE FORCE BY CHANGING THE RADIAL REACTION ON VEHICLE WHEELS

This article deals with the possibilities of adhesion force changes of a road vehicle. The authors present the possibilities of reducing the adhesion force of road vehicles and, at the same time, present their own system for changing the radial reaction of the vehicle wheels. This system removes the disadvantages of a commercially available SkidCar system. A representative road test is chosen in the article to determine the stability in a straight-line drive. Furthermore, the authors report the

Petr JILEK, Jan KRMELA, Jan BERG

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 179–186

Research Article | 27-December-2017

A COMPREHENSIVE SURVEY OF VISION BASED VEHICLE INTELLIGENT FRONT LIGHT SYSTEM

Vehicle intelligent front light system is one of the advanced driver assistance systems. Vision based intelligent front light system is currently the research focus in this field. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive survey of the vehicle front light system development and the latest vision based key technologies and proposals. By analyzing the significant disadvantages of traditional intelligent light systems, some possible improvement proposals and algorithms for lane

Feng LUO, Fengjian HU

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 701–723

Research Article | 30-March-2017

KASTOR – A VEHICLE AND CREW SCHEDULING SYSTEM FOR REGULAR BUS PASSENGER TRANSPORT

Summary. The challenge in vehicle and crew scheduling is to arrange a given set of bus trips into running boards while minimizing certain objectives and complying with a given set of constraints. This scheduling was solved several tens years ago manually by a dispatcher who used his skill, experience, knowledge of history, and intuition. This attitude worked quite well in small instances but could not be applied in larger ones. Development of computers brought opportunities to build

Stanislav PALÚCH, Tomáš MAJER

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 103–110

research-article | 25-August-2020

1/10th scale autonomous vehicle based on convolutional neural network

The idea of an autonomous vehicle has always been an exciting and intriguing imagination for scientists and engineers to explore. In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of research and development in the on-road self-driving cars (Bojarski et al., 2016; Zhang and Du, 2019), as well as the autonomous unmanned ground vehicles (AUGV) used in off-road terrains (Man et al., 2018; Patel et al., 2019; Toupet et al., 2019). The research on self-driving cars is mainly focussed on

Avishkar Seth, Alice James*, Subhas C. Mukhopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Multicriteria vehicle routing problem solved by artificial immune system

Vehicles route planning in large transportation companies, where drivers are workers, usually takes place on the basis of experience or intuition of the employees. Because of the cost and environmental protection, it is important to save fuel, thus planning routes in an optimal way. In this article an example of the problem is presented solving delivery vans route planning taking into account the distance and travel time within the constraints of vehicle capacities, restrictions on working time

Bogna MRÓWCZYŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 141–152

Article | 26-March-2020

VERIFICATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE POST ACCIDENT INSURANCE CLAIMS

Use of a vehicle involves a risk of collision and, consequently, high costs of post-accident repairs. Therefore, if there is no insurance cover and the repair must be paid by the vehicle owner, some of them choose to file fraudulent insurance claims as the damage can be very difficult to verify. Payments of undue damages pose a major social and economic problem. This article deals with these problems and puts forward a proposition of insurance claim verification by means of a new research

Piotr ALEKSANDROWICZ

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 25–38

Article | 01-September-2015

RESEARCH ON LATERAL STABILITY OF FOUR HUBMOTOR- IN-WHEELS DRIVE ELECTRIC VEHICLE

This paper focuses on the problem of lateral stability of four hub-motor-in-wheels drive electric vehicle, 7 DOF (degrees of freedom) vehicle simulation model which is verified by field test is established based on Matlab/Simulink software. On basis of simulated model, BP neural network PID torque distribution controller of lateral stability is proposed. The sideslip angle at mass center and yaw rate are selected as the control variables, and the BP neural network PID torque distribution

Biao Jin, Chuanyang Sun, Xin Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1855–1875

Research Article | 01-June-2011

DESIGN AN INTELLIGENT CONTROLLER FOR FULL VEHICLE NONLINEAR ACTIVE SUSPENSION SYSTEMS

The main objective of designed the controller for a vehicle suspension system is to reduce the discomfort sensed by passengers which arises from road roughness and to increase the ride handling associated with the pitching and rolling movements. This necessitates a very fast and accurate controller to meet as much control objectives, as possible. Therefore, this paper deals with an artificial intelligence Neuro-Fuzzy (NF) technique to design a robust controller to meet the control objectives

A. A. Aldair, W. J. Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 224–243

Research Article | 01-September-2011

BIOLOGICALLY-INSPIRED VISUAL ATTENTION FEATURES FOR A VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION TASK

The continuous rise in the number of vehicles in circulation brings an increasing need for automatically and efficiently recognizing vehicle categories for multiple applications such as optimizing available parking spaces, balancing ferry loads, planning infrastructure and managing traffic, or servicing vehicles. This paper explores the use of human visual attention mechanisms to identify a set of features that allows for fast automated classification of vehicles based on images taken from 6

A.-M. Cretu, P. Payeur

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 402–423

Article | 25-December-2013

PARAMETERS OPTIMIZATION OF PASSIVE VEHICLE SUSPENSION BASED ON INVARIANT POINTS THEORY

Two methods for parameters optimization of traditional passive suspension based on the invariant point theory are presented in this paper. Firstly, the two degree-of-freedom dynamical model for a quarter vehicle suspension is established. Then all the invariant points for the acceleration of vehicle body, suspension deformation, and tire displacement are obtained through the invariant equation associated with Laplace transform. Secondly, two optimization methods for the system parameters

Yongjun Shen, Shaopu Yang, Jin Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2182–2199

Article | 14-July-2019

HYDRO PNEUMATIC MECHANICAL ENERGY ABSORBER ENHANCING PASSIVE SAFETY OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse a mechanical device designed to enhance the safety of a motor vehicle. The topic is addressed by analysing the method of absorbing kinetic energy during a car collision with an obstacle. The article analyses opportunities to convert motor vehicle’s kinetic energy into another type of energy in the case of collision. For this purpose, various mechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic devices are normally used. Such devices are designed to

Marijonas BOGDEVIČIUS, Rolandas VITKŪNAS

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 5–17

Article | 31-December-2020

DRIVING STYLE ANALYSIS AND DRIVER CLASSIFICATION USING OBD DATA OF A HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Ensuring the effectiveness of adaptive algorithms for advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) requires online recognition of driving styles. The article discusses studies carried out during real driving cycles based on the GPS parameters and OBD system data of a hybrid vehicle. The work focuses on the search for measures of the speed and acceleration signals of the car and the measures determined on their basis that best describe the driving style responsible for the vehicle traffic safety

Andrzej PUCHALSKI, Iwona KOMORSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 83–94

Research Article | 24-October-2017

IMPACT OF ROAD GEOMETRY ON VEHICLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

framework should take into consideration traffic volume, shares of vehicle classes, road geometry and energy needed for road operation and construction. It can be used to optimize energy consumption with efficient traffic management and to choose an optimum new road in the design phase. This is especially important as the energy consumed by the vehicles soon supersedes the energy needed for road construction.

Blaž LUIN, Stojan PETELIN

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Article | 07-May-2018

Research on Vehicle Detection Method Based on Background Modeling

This paper mainly studies the background difference method in the field of intelligent traffic, proposes a background modeling method base on frame difference, and compares it with the statistical average background model and Gaussian distribution background modeling method. vehicle contour obtained by the morphological method. Finally, experiments were carried out on 4 normal road traffic surveillance videos, the effective detection rate used in this paper reaches 93.75%, which has a certain

Zhichao Lian, Zhongsheng Wang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 6–9

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Compact vertical take-off and landing aerial vehicle for monitoring tasks in dense urban areas

Using of aerial vehicles with onboard sensory and broadcasting apparatus for monitoring a variety of objects and processes in inaccessible places of the city. A hardware and software package for the task solving is proposed in the article. Presented vehicle is a vertical take-off and landing airplane of tail-sitter type.

Sergii FIRSOV, Igor KULIK

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 29–34

Article | 01-September-2014

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE PATH PLANNING BASED ON TLBO ALGORITHM

Path planning of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an optimal problem in the complex combat field environment. Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization (TLBO) algorithm is presented under the inspiration of the teaching-learning behavior in a classroom. In this paper, this algorithm is applied to design a path by the search angle and distance, by which a better path at higher convergence speed and shorter route can be found. Finally experimental comparison results show that TLBO algorithm is a

Guolin Yu, Hui Song, Jie Gao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1310–1325

research-article | 30-November-2020

Development of Low Cost Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Platform

Over the years, AUVs have gained attention as specialized tools for carrying out various underwater operations, eventually leading to a dramatic increase in the number of scientific studies undertaken (Blidberg, 2001). There are four separate sub-classes of unmanaged vehicles (UVs) systems. Submersibles towed UVs behind ships are the first category, serving as ideal platforms for adding different sensors. The second category is the remotely operated vehicle (ROV), which gets directly controlled

Osama Hassanein, G. Sreenatha, S. Aboobacker, Shaaban Ali

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–22

Article | 16-December-2013

STATE OF THE ART ON SECURE AND LOW COST RFID AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOLS FOR RFID BASED VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE

RFID technology has many potential applications that would ease object identification seamlessly. One of its potential benefits to government is the adoption of RFID tag as embedded smart material within vehicle license plate. However, adoption of RFID in vehicle license plate is fragile from various RFID attacks while efforts to improve its security will lead to additional cost. Enhancing RFID security without extra cost poses new challenges to researchers in the area. This study aims to

Irfan Syamsuddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 1949–1969

Article | 01-March-2016

NEW ADAPTIVE SLIDING-MODE OBSERVER DESIGN FOR SENSORLESS CONTROL OF PMSM IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE DRIVE SYSTEM

In this study, a new adaptive sliding-mode observer is proposed to estimate the rotor position and speed for sensorless control of permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) in an electric vehicle drive system. This observer can effectively reduce the estimation errors caused by the inherent chattering phenomenon for a conventional sliding-mode observer and the stator resistance uncertainty due to the variation of motor temperature. This new sliding-mode observer is designed by using a

Xiong Xiao, Yongjun Zhang, Jing Wang, Haiping Du

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 377–396

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Laser Profilometry Aiding Smart Vehicle Control

In this paper a fast method based on laser triangulation for the estimation of the pose of a mobile robot is presented. The system is made of a camera and a laser source, placed on the front side of a robot, the Smoov ASRV, which is an autonomous vehicle able to carry, store and retrieve pallets in a smart warehouse constituted by metallic shelves. Therefore, the movements of the robot are constrained into allowed paths made of rails, arranged with several apertures that allow the robot change

Cosimo Patruno, Roberto Marani, Massimiliano Nitti, Tiziana D’Orazio, Ettore Stella

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-June-2016

A HYBRID FUZZY MORPHOLOGY AND CONNECTED COMPONENTS LABELING METHODS FOR VEHICLE DETECTION AND COUNTING SYSTEM

the proposed system are image preprocessing, image segmentation, and vehicle detection and counting the number of vehicles. Images are captured from the traffic monitoring cameras installed in highways. Results from testing phase using thirty images with varying brightness, contrast, and quality taken from different cameras during daylight showed that the accuracy of the system in counting the number of vehicles is 78.21%.

Chastine Fatichah, Joko Lianto Buliali, Ahmad Saikhu, Silvester Tena

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 765–779

Article | 01-December-2012

ON-BOARD LANE DETECTION SYSTEM FOR INTELLIGENT VEHICLE BASED ON MONOCULAR VISION

The objective of this research is to develop a monocular vision system that can locate the positions of the road lane in real time. First, Canny approach is used to obtain edge map from the road image acquired from monocular camera mount on vehicle; Second, a matching process is conducted to normalize the candidates of road line; Third, a searching method is used for reinforce potential road lines while degraded those impossible ones; Forth, a linking condition is used to further enhance the

Xiaodong Miao, Shunming Li, Huan Shen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 957–972

Research Article | 21-April-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF A SIMULATION TOOL FOR THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF RAILWAY VEHICLE - TRACK INTERACTION

and analysis tasks, a feasible option is to develop flexible and robust simulation tools capable of using different configurations by modifying the models performing the dynamic analysis. The paper presents the mathematical modelling background and the conceptual design of a new of a new computational tool for the dynamic simulation of railway vehicle systems. The formulations employed in the proposed mathematical model are based on the multibody techniques. The developed model uses a combined

Ramy SHALTOUT, Cristian ULIANOV, Luis BAEZA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE SE, 47–58

Research Article | 27-December-2017

PRECISE TRANSHIPPMENT CONTROL OF AN AUTOMATED MAGNETIC-GUIDED VEHICLE USING OPTICS POSITIONING

A parking position detection and control system is developed for precise transshipment of palletized materials between an automated guided vehicle (AGV) and a load transfer station. In order to align the roller conveyer of the AGV with that of the station, it is necessary for the AGV to detect the longitudinal, lateral and orientation deviations of its body with respect to the station. A pair of magnetic sensors is used to measure the lateral and orientation deviations of the AGV relative to a

Xing Wu, Peihuang Lou, Ke Shen, Guangqing Peng, Dunbing Tang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 48–71

Research Article | 01-December-2011

A Hybrid MAC Mechanism for Multiple Load Intelligent Vehicle Transportation Network

The Media Access Control (MAC) mechanism of intelligent vehicle communication network meets a new challenge due to the multiple load data traffic and high speed mobility. This paper proposes a hybrid MAC mechanism which takes the advantages of both TDMA and CSMA mechanism. This hybrid mechanism is based on TDMA, while CSMA mechanism is added in time slots to improve the slot utilization in both high and low load networks. Through the simulation in NS2 we compare the results of the hybrid MAC

Yuan LIU, Yuhao WANG, Siyue CHEN, Xiao LI, Zhengfa RAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 662–674

Research Article | 02-February-2017

A Study of the Dynamic Parameters Influence over the Behavior of the Two-Section Articulated Vehicle during the Lane Change Manoeuvre

The course stability and the steerability of the two-section wheeled vehicle at high velocities during the lane change manoeuvre are studied in this paper. Mechanic-mathematical model is developed, on which base simulation programmes are elaborated. Simulation studies of the course stability at different velocities depend on some constructive and exploitation factors are made by these models. Based on the simulation results an idea for an algorithm and a semi-active control system of the

Rusi Rusev, Rosen Ivanov, Gergana Staneva, Georgi Kadikyanov

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 29–40

Research Article | 21-April-2017

The sophisticated control of the tram bogie on track

The paper deals with the problems of routing control algorithms of new conception of tram vehicle bogie. The main goal of these research activities is wear reduction of rail wheels and tracks, wear reduction of traction energy losses and increasing of running comfort. The testing experimental tram vehicle with special bogie construction powered by traction battery is utilized for these purposes. This vehicle has a rotary bogie with independent rotating wheels driven by permanent magnets

Radovan DOLECEK, Ondrej CERNY, Ivo DRAHOTSKY

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 43–51

Article | 05-September-2020

THREE- AND FOUR-MASS MODELS FOR VEHICLE FRONT CRUMPLE ZONE

The article deals with the applicability of the three- and four-mass crumple zone models by optimization of the vehicle front crumple zone in case of a collision. The possibilities for integrating the requirements for individual crumple zones are discussed. The crumple model for special crumple zone elements has been proposed. Optimum parameter limits for the deformable elements have been identified, and complex influence of the damping elements used has been demonstrated. The need for

Vaidas LUKOŠEVIČIUS, Robertas KERŠYS, Artūras KERŠYS, Rolandas MAKARAS, Janina JABLONSKYT

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 79–92

Research paper | 10-April-2013

OBSERVER BASED DYNAMIC SURFACE CONTROL OF A HYPERSONIC FLIGHT VEHICLE

This paper describes the design and analysis of a proportional integral air speed controller and a nonlinear adaptive dynamic surface altitude controller for the longitudinal dynamics of a generic hypersonic flight vehicle. The uncertain nonlinear functions in the pure feedback flight vehicle model are approximated by using radial basis function neural networks. For the controller design, the complete states are assumed to be available for measurement, then a sliding mode observer is

W. A. Butt

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 664–688

Article | 16-December-2013

Target Classification Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors in Unattended Wild Ground Environment

, because of velocity difference, by extracting time domain amplitude, signal length, maximum frequency and corresponding frequency amplitude as features, we successfully classify people, wheeled vehicle and tracked vehicle in the unattended wild ground environment. Our detecting and classifying results confirm the average accuracy is 85.67% and 82.67% when PIR detectors are deployed 20 meters and 30 meters away from the area of interest (AoI), respectively.

Dongfeng Xie, Huawei Liu, Baoqing Li, Qianwei Zhou, Xiaobing Yuan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2119–2135

Research Article | 21-April-2017

The wheel-rail contact friction influence on high speed vehicle model stability

Right estimating of the coefficient of friction between the wheel and rail is essential in modelling rail vehicle dynamics. Constant value of coefficient of friction is the typical assumption in theoretical studies. But it is obvious that in real circumstances a few factors may have significant influence on the rails surface condition and this way on the coefficient of friction value. For example the weather condition, the railway location etc. Influence of the coefficient of friction changes

Mirosław DUSZA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 73–86

Article | 01-December-2015

VEHICLE MODEL RECOGNITION BASED ON USING IMAGE PROCESSING AND WAVELET ANALYSIS

Today, using intelligent transport systems such as identifying vehicle type for monitoring traffic in urban areas can advantage a lot. In this paper, a new method has been presented to detect vehicle type with only one reference image per class. Our algorithm is based on searching mean gradients and analysing these changes by Daubechies wavelet transformation. Firstly, a feature vector is obtained based on the car boundary changes of the side view image in proposed system. This vector is then

Elyas Abbasi Jennat Abadi, Soheyl Akhlaghi Amiri, Masoud Goharimanesh, Aliakbar Akbari

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2212–2230

Article | 31-December-2020

OPTIMIZATION OF THE DURATION OF EMERGENCY VEHICLE MOVEMENT TO THE PLACE OF FIRE

The article is devoted to the issue of the negative effect of delays in the movement of special rescue vehicles on the effectiveness of their mission. The dependence of the area of fire on the delay of the arrival of firefighters using a fire-rescue vehicle is shown. The cascading graph of route options of special vehicle movement to the place of an emergency call is given. The algorithm of the optimal route choice of the special vehicle motion with given projected delays is offered. Based on

Ivan PASNAK, Artur RENKAS

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 117–124

Research Article | 13-December-2017

GUIDANCE-BASED ON-LINE MOTION PLANNING FOR AUTONOMOUS HIGHWAY OVERTAKING

In the context of intelligent transportation, this paper presents a novel on-line trajectory-generation method for autonomous lane changing. The proposed scheme is guidance based, real-time applicable, and ensures safety and passenger ride comfort. Based on the principles of Rendezvous Guidance, the passing vehicle is guided in real-time to match the position and velocity of a shadow target (i.e., rendezvous with) during the overtaking manoeuvre. The shadow target’s position and velocity are

Usman Ghumman, Faraz Kunwar, Beno Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 549–571

Article | 01-June-2016

SURFACE FOLLOWING WITH AN RGB-D VISION-GUIDED ROBOTIC SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATED AND RAPID VEHICLE INSPECTION

This paper presents the design and integration of a vision-guided robotic system for automated and rapid vehicle inspection. The main goal of this work is to scan and explore regions of interest over an automotive vehicle while a manipulator’s end effector operates in close proximity of the vehicle and safely accommodates its curves and inherent surface obstacles, such as outside mirrors or door handles, in order to perform a series of close inspection tasks. The project is motivated by

Danial Nakhaeinia, Pierre Payeur, Alberto Chávez-Aragón, Ana-Maria Cretu, Robert Laganière, Rizwan Macknojia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 419–447

Article | 03-October-2018

ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS OF CITROEN BERLINGO CONVERTED TO ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Rosen IVANOV, Milen SAPUNDZHIEV, Georgi KADIKYANOV, Gergana STANEVA

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 151–161

Research Article | 21-April-2017

ADVANCED DRIVER SAFETY SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR THE URBAN TYPE VEHICLE

Smart Power Team is currently working on the design of an urban electric vehicle designed to compete in the Shell Eco-marathon. One important aspect of this type of vehicle characteristics is it safety. The project of advanced driver assistance systems has included some proposals of such systems and the concept of their execution. The first concept, BLIS (Blind Spot Information System), is to build a system of informing a driver about vehicles appearing in the blind spot. The system constitutes

Katarzyna JEZIERSKA-KRUPA, Maciej KRYSIAK, Wojciech SKARKA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 137–149

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Impact of the economic crisis on the roadworthiness of vehicles in the Republic of Croatia

The impact of the economic crisis, i.e. the decrease in purchasing power in the Republic of Croatia, has been reflected negatively on the sales of new road vehicles and the maintenance plan of used road vehicles. A comparison of the results of technical inspections on vehicle roadworthiness has indicated a slight increase in unroadworthy vehicles, with a tendency for this to increase. Unroadworthiness and the average age of vehicles amounting to 12.18 years prompt for thinking about road safety

Stipe BILIĆ, Ana-Mari JANKOVIĆ, Martina LJUBIĆ HINIĆ

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 83–90

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Novel Approach To Improve Vehicle Speed Estimation Using Smartphone’s INS/GPS Sensors

In recent times, number of researchers have investigated vehicle tracking applications by fusing the measurements done by accelerometers, as part of inertial navigation system (INS), and GPS (Global Positioning System). However, the sensors in recreational devices like mobile phone have limitations in measurement accuracy and reliability. Usually, sudden changes in vehicle speed are not always captured well by GPS. Accelerometers, on the other hand, suffer from multiple noise sources. In this

Arijit Chowdhury, Tapas Chakravarty, P. Balamuralidhar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 10-April-2018

An Efficient Density-Based Clustering Algorithm for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem

The capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) is one of the most challenging problems in the optimization of distribution. Most approaches can solve case studies involving less than 100 nodes to optimality, but time-consuming. To overcome the limitation, this paper presents a novel two-phase heuristic approach for the capacitated vehicle routing problem. Phase I aims to identifying sets of cost-effective feasible clusters through an improved density-based clustering algorithm. Phase II assigns

Jiashan Zhang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 161–165

Article | 04-November-2019

EFFECTS OF RAIL-WHEEL PARAMETERS ON VERTICAL VIBRATIONS OF VEHICLES USING A VEHICLE–TRACK-COUPLED MODEL

This paper presents an insight into mathematical analysis of dynamic models of the vehicle–track system. After identification of its advantages and disadvantages, an improved three-dimensional "vehicle–track" system of a mathematical model is presented. It not only assesses the influence of realistic track irregularities but also on all elements of the railway structure: rail, rail pads, sleepers, ballasts, and subballast parameters on the wagon’s movement smoothness

Stasys STEIŠŪNAS, Gintautas BUREIKA, Mykola GORBUNOV

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 27–40

Article | 25-November-2017

ANALYSIS OF DYNAMICS OF AMETRO VEHICLEMODEL WITH DIFFERENTIALWHEELSETS

Summary. The operating conditions of light rail vehicles (trams, metro vehicles) are predominantly different compared with those of passenger or freight trains. The increased number of low-radii curves has a negative effect on wheel–rail interaction. The general design of light rail vehicle running gear is inherited from passenger trains and adapted to different loads. However, conventional solutions of a running gear may not provide smooth low-radius curve negotiation in all

Rafał MELNIK, Bogdan SOWIŃSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 113–124

Research Article | 30-March-2017

ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE USE OF VOLUME-DELAY FUNCTIONS IN THE PLANNING MODULE OF THE TRISTAR SYSTEM

Summary. Travel time is a measure commonly used for traffic flow modelling and traffic control. It also helps to evaluate the quality of traffic control systems in urban areas. Traffic control systems that use traffic models to predict changes and disruptions in vehicle flows have to use vehicle speed-prediction models. Travel time estimation studies the effects of traffic volumes on a street section at an average speed. The TRISTAR Integrated Transport Management System, currently being

Jacek OSKARBSKI, Kazimierz JAMROZ, Leszek SMOLAREK, Marcin ZAWISZA, Karol ŻARSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 39–50

Article | 15-March-2021

VEHICLE CYCLE HIERARCHIZATION MODEL TO DETERMINE THE ORDER OF BATTERY ELECTRIC BUS DEPLOYMENT IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT

Battery electric buses (BEBs) are gaining ground in public transport, and the next decade is likely to witness a further increase in the numbers of these vehicles. The core problem of the BEB deployment process in public transport lies in how to deal with the technical limitations of this technology (primarily, a limited range of a bus). This paper outlines the model of vehicle cycle hierarchization dedicated to municipal transport planners and transit companies. The model is based on a

Krzysztof KRAWIEC

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 99–112

Article | 05-September-2020

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FUEL CELLS ELECTRIC VEHICLES

In recent years, regarding the influence of the production processes and vehicles on the environment, new technical solutions for reducing air pollutions have been studied and developed. One of the new constructions is fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). The production and running conditions of the vehicles are specific in different countries. Hence, a study of these conditions and fuel production process is needed. In this paper, a study of the FCEV efficiency, at different producing

Ivan EVTIMOV, Rosen IVANOV, Hristo STANCHEV, Georgi KADIKYANOV, Gergana STANEVA

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 153–166

Research Article | 21-April-2017

CRASH SAFETY OF A TYPICAL BAY TABLE IN A RAILWAY VEHICLE

Increasingly, urban and high speed trains are incorporating tables (workstations) as common railway vehicle interior furniture because passengers prefer seating by bay tables. Among table design characteristics, the most challenging is meeting crashworthiness requirements. Past accident data and sled test results have shown that in the event of railway vehicle frontal impact, occupants located in the bay seating are exposed to chest and abdominal injuries upon contact with tables resulting from

Emmanuel MATSIKA, Qian PENG

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE SE, 97–110

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Some issues of road emission for passenger cars and light duty vehicles sector in the aspects of environmental protection

The article presents the results of studies and investigations concerning some aspects of exhaust emission and methods of assessment of its influence on the environment. Some issues related to the modelling of emission level and costs of environmental protection have been discussed. The results of investigations concerning vehicle durability have been presented in the context of the need to meet more restrictive emission standards.

Jan FILIPCZYK

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 117–123

Research Article | 02-February-2017

DETAILED ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC BUS VEHICLE RIDE ON URBAN ROADS

Summary. Public transport priority is still a big issue in many cities. Priority measures for street public transport are the key tool to increasing the attractiveness and reliability of public transport systems. This paper contributes to this problem by introducing a detailed analysis of street public transport vehicle ride on urban roads. The ride will be divided into segments with a definition of the potential reason for possible delays. This view is the first step for a future objective

Vojtěch NOVOTNÝ, Dagmar KOČÁRKOVÁ, Ondřej HAVLENA, Martin JACURA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 43–55

Article | 26-March-2020

ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMICS OF VEHICLE MOTION IN CASE OF SUDDEN BRAKING CONNECTED WITH DAMAGE OF THE TIRE

One of the urgent problems to be solved in the analysis of road traffic accidents is the calculation of vehicle speed at the time of sudden braking. This makes it possible to determine the dynamics of further movement of the vehicle and to determine the technical ability of the driver to prevent a traffic collision. The article presents a method employed in calculating the speed of the car at the time of sudden braking and determines the dynamics of movement up to its complete standstill. The

Valery KOVALEV, Igor BLYANKINSHTEIN, Dmitry MOROZOV, Andrew KAZANTSEV

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 15–24

Article | 01-September-2016

A REAL-TIME PEDESTRIAN DETECTION SYSTEM IN STREET SCENE

Pedestrian detection is the key technology in Advanced Driver Assistant System (ADAS).Until recently, pedestrian detection, which is realized as the vehicle equipment, still doesn't have the mature product. So, this thesis proposes a novel pedestrian detection system on board with the E-HOG (Histogram of Gradient) IP (intellectual property), can be used as the real time vehicle equipment. Three contributions are made in this thesis. Firstly, Sobel operator cascaded Uniform Local Binary Pattern

Ai-ying Guo, Mei-hua Xu, Feng Ran, Qi Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1592–1613

Research Article | 02-February-2017

NUMERICAL SYNTHESIS OF THE TRACK ALIGNMENT AND APPLICATIONS. PART II: THE SIMULATION OF THE DYNAMIC 
BEHAVIOUR IN THE RAILWAY VEHICLES

track’s geometric quality. Part II shows the results of the numerical simulations regarding the lateral behaviour of the railway vehicle during the circulation on a tangent track with lateral irregularities, synthesized as in the method herein. These results point out many basic properties of the lateral vibration behaviour of the railway vehicle, a fact that demonstrates the efficiency of the suggested method.

Mădălina DUMITRIU

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 5–16

Article | 07-May-2018

Multiple Vehicle License Plate Location in Complex Background

In order to expand the application range of the intelligent traffic management system, and to solve the problem that the license plate positioning accuracy is low in the changing of the scene. On the basis of the analysis of previous methods advantages and disadvantages, applying deep learning model orientation method is proposed. The image expressed as graph of graph theory. Based on the principle of minimum spanning tree preliminary separate target objects in image of vehicle. Combined with

Yaxin Zhao, Li Zhao, Ya Li

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 62–68

research-article | 30-November-2019

Evaluation of navigation system of a robot designed for greenhouse spraying

and the movement was controlled by a solenoid control valve. The tractor proposed by Iida and Burks (2002) is equipped with ultrasonic sensors and make it possible to estimate the instantaneous distance between the vehicle and three rows of the canopy. They also proved the capabilities of the system consisted of the fuzzy PD controller and the ultrasonic sensor. In other study, analyzed and researched motion control strategies and methods of design for an agricultural robot that acquires

Hossein Mosalanejad, Saeid Minaei, Alimohammad Borghei, Behfar Farzaneh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article | 01-December-2012

DRIVING RESISTANCE FACTOR CALCULATING METHOD FOR PARALLEL-SERIAL HEV

used to evaluate HEV’s driving resistance under different load and road gradient condition. The experiment results show that the maximum relative error of driving resistance factor’s average value between theory calculating and experiment testing is 6.36%, which is found in the large driving resistance working condition that the vehicle load is 305 kg, the road gradient is 5.2495°.

Hailong Guo, Lifu Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 973–986

Research paper | 13-December-2017

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto,5 King’s College Road, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G8, Canada

In this paper we propose a pattern adaptive keypad interface for in-vehicle information system. The keypad interface recommends the estimated input sequence to fit the user’s preference based on individual model of operation pattern. Pattern (shape) of button switches corresponding to the estimated input sequence is actively reformed. Button switches are displayed tactilely and visually. Finger image is shown on the monitor in real-time in order to guide input operation on the tactile input

Sang-Ho Kim, Kosuke Sekiyama, Toshio Fukuda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 572–591

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Automated Traffic Analysis in Aerial Images

In this work an automated traffic analysis in aerial image sequences recorded by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been developed, which provides the trajectories of the vehicles especially during overtaking. Methods of photogrammetry and image processing are used to detect the vehicles and to determine and track their positions. Camera calibration is necessary in order to transform image coordinates into world coordinates.

Tom Hößler, Tom Landgraf

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 02-February-2017

THE POSSIBILITIES OF IMPROVING THE OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VEHICLE GEAR BY THE USE OF CYLINDRICAL
ARCHED TOOTH GEAR DRIVE

Summary. In this article, one of the most promising methods of increasing the operational characteristics of a vehicle gear by the use of cylindrical gear drives with arched teeth is presented. Despite a number of advantages, these gearings are not widely used due to design and manufacture complexity. Possible options of edge cutting machining of cylindrical gearwheel arched teeth are considered. The progressive process technology proposed by the authors combines the

Igor IVANOV, Pavel RUBIN, Alexander TARAPANOV, Nikita KANATNIKOV

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 61–66

Article | 01-June-2016

THREE-STEP REGISTRATION AND MULTI-THREAD PROCESSING BASED IMAGE MOSAIC FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE APPLICATIONS

In the area of image mosaic for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications, the problems of precision and time consumption have drawn many scholars’ attention. To address above two problems, a novel algorithm based on three-step registration and multi-thread processing is proposed in this paper. This method divides the image registration into three steps to improve the precision. Firstly, based on the SIFT features, the fast index mechanism k-d tree and the Euclidean distance are utilized to

Hongguang Li, Wenrui Ding, Yufeng wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 1090–1109

Article | 01-June-2015

DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING BLUETOOTH LOW ENERGY (BLE) FOR CONSTRUCTION NOISE MONITORING

developed to identify the relative advantages of BLE. Experiments using the WSN for vehicle noise identification and sound location have further demonstrated the potential of the system. This paper demonstrates the versatility of a BLE WSNs and the low power consumption that is achievable with BLE devices for noise detection applications.

Josie Hughes, Jize Yan, Kenichi Soga

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1379–1405

Article | 24-November-2017

OPTIMIZATION OF THE POSITION OF THE LOCAL DISTRIBUTION CENTRE OF THE REGIONAL POST LOGISTICS NETWORK

, repairs, fuel costs of the vehicle, etc.) labour costs of the drivers and so on. For this reason, it is important to find such an operational - organizational solutions that can reduce the costs associated with the transportation of postal shipments, resulting in reducing the total cost of postal services. One option to do this is to minimize the length of postal transportation routes. This article presents the approach based on the application of graph theory to optimize existing connections of

Paweł DROŹDZIEL, Monika WIŃSKA, Radovan MADLEŇÁK, Paweł SZUMSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 43–50

Research Article | 01-September-2017

UNMANNED FIRE EXTINGUISHER USING QUADCOPTER

Quadcopters are unmanned Ariel Vehicle (UAV), generally small helicopter that is lifted and propelled by four rotors. Initially they were used as toys, later they gained importance and recent research on multi-copters have received growing attention for military, agriculture, photography, surveillance, news, sports, search/rescue missions and much more. The widespread use of unmanned vehicles and its growing applications in various domains can be attributed to their ability to operate in

M. Manimaraboopathy, H. S. Vivin Christopher, S. Vignesh, P. Tamil selvan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 471–481

Article | 01-September-2015

DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE INFLUENCES ON HOPF BIFURCATION CHARACTERISTICS FOR VEHICLES

This study compares the performance influences for four kinds of tread contour features commonly used in High-Speed trains. The Hopf bifurcation characteristic influencing the dynamic performance for VEHICLE 1 and VEHICLE 2 were analyzed using mathematical matrices models. SIMPACK software was used to create two dynamic models for VEHICLE 1 and VEHICLE 2 for high speed trains equipped with four kinds of treads matched with Chinese 60 rail. Dynamic performance indices for these models were

Haiyan Zhu, Pingbo Wu, Jing Zeng, Guoyao Mai

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1786–1805

Article | 05-September-2020

DECELERATION AND DEFORMATION DURING DYNAMIC LOADING OF MODEL CAR BODY PARTS AFTER POST-ACCIDENT REPAIR

Absorption of impact energy by the passive safety elements of the vehicle body is the basic feature to ensure conditions of safety for the driver and passengers in transport. The parts especially designed for this objective in the self-supporting car body are longitudinals. Their energy-absorbing features are designed in different ways. Evaluation of the degree to which the vehicle (body) ensures safety during a collision is difficult and expensive. Usually, tests under impact conditions are

Damian HADRYŚ, Andrzej KUBIK, Zbigniew STANIK

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 5–16

Article | 01-September-2014

DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION OF STATE PREDICTIVE LQG CONTROLLERS FOR NETWORKED CONTROL SYSTEMS

This paper considers a design problem of controllers for wire-less vehicles in the developed networked control system. The developed system consists of a wire-less vehicle and some computers which configure a computer network. The vehicle is controlled over the computer network. One of the computers is a router which has an active queue management mechanism to keep the queue size constant and to control congestion in the computer network. The dynamics of the vehicle over the computer network

Takehito Azuma

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1201–1220

Research Article | 01-December-2017

A ST X-NUCLEO-BASED TELEMETRY UNIT FOR DETECTION AND WiFi TRANSMISSION OF COMPETITION CAR SENSORS DATA: FIRMWARE DEVELOPMENT, SENSORS TESTING AND REAL-TIME DATA ANALYSIS

Telemetry is a technology that allows remote measurement and transmission of moving car information, allowing to collect a huge amount of data that are interpreted to ensure that car is performing at its optimum. In this research work, by using electronic modules and sensors available at very low costs, a reliable and accurate telemetry system was realized in order to monitor physical and mechanical parameters of a racing vehicle during its motion. Implemented data acquisition and wireless

P. Visconti, B. Sbarro, P. Primiceri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 793–828

Article | 01-December-2016

A DOOR MONITORING SYSTEM FOR SUBWAY CARS BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

The place and performance of wireless sensor networks are rapidly improving in the automotive industry, industrial and environmental monitoring. Uptake of this technology can be used in urban rail vehicle management system. Due to the difficult and time-consuming maintenance of vehicle management, a remote automatic monitoring system is needed. In this paper, it is proposed to design, develop and implement a remote automatic vehicle monitoring system. The complete system architecture includes a

WU Minghu, CHEN Rui, YANG Jie, JIAO Liangbao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 1822–1839

Research Article | 01-March-2017

FEEDBACK EQUALIZER FOR VEHICULAR CHANNEL

In this fast moving world, the number of fatal accidents is increasing day by day and this leads to the requirement of the availability of the traffic condition and road conditions related data to the users. Therefore, to support Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication in high speed mobility condition, it is required to have reliable and secure of communication. Here, the performance of multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) system as a combination of nonlinear decision feedback receiver (DFE

Samarendra Nath Sur, Rabindranath Bera, Bansibadan Maji

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 50–68

Article | 25-March-2018

THE IMPACT OF PRIMARY SUSPENSION STIFFNESS OF 2-AXLE BOGIE OF MKIII PASSENGER CAR ON ITS DYNAMICAL BEHAVIOUR

This article presents results of the study on the impact of stiffness in vehicle primary suspension for lateral direction kzy and longitudinal direction kzx. The study was carried out for 2-axle bogie of MKIII passenger car. The problem was solved by numerical tests performed with the simulation software for dynamics of vehicle-track system. Performed study consisted in varying both stiffness types through change of their values from 0.001 to 1000 times as compared to nominal value.

Krzysztof ZBOINSKI, Milena GOLOFIT-STAWINSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 135–146

research-article | 23-April-2019

AGE OF A PASSENGER CAR AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ACCIDENTS WITH FATALITIES IN POLAND

12 078 79 314 539 Polish Road Safety Observatory data indicates that drivers of passenger car caused most of the accidents with fatalities and they were mostly the accident’s victims (46.8%). Due to high risk of life loss in or by a passenger car, this means of transport has been chosen for analysis to find out whether the age of a vehicle influences the road safety. The analysis was carried out with data on the number of accidents and fatalities related to passenger cars between 2014 and

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 105–113

Research Article | 13-December-2017

A WAVELET-BASED BRIDGE WEIGH-IN-MOTION SYSTEM

Bridge Weigh-in-Motion systems can be used to estimate vehicle parameters such as velocity, axle loads, or the distance between axles without affecting the traffic. These parameters and the classification of vehicles are necessary to determine vehicle overload and hence may help to reduce risks for road users and road infrastructure and allow optimized planning of maintenance work. The Bridge Weigh-in-Motion system developed is based on a crack displacement sensor with intelligent data

B. Lechner, M. Lieschnegg, O. Mariani, M. Pircher, A. Fuchs

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 573–591

research-article | 23-April-2019

PRELIMINARY STUDIES OF VERTICAL ACCELERATION OF A PASSENGER CAR PASSING THROUGH THE SPEED BUMP FOR VARIOUS DRIVING SPEEDS

harmonizing systems. The article focuses on the suspension of the vehicle. In passenger cars, it performs primarily the function of mitigating shocks, which arise in the results of passing over irregularities in the surface - in this case, on the thresholds of slowing down. The article focuses on the construction of a phenomenological car suspension model with an accompanying biomechanical model of the human being giving the opportunity to study the interaction between the vibrating surface which is the

Tomasz HANISZEWSKI, Agata MICHTA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 23–34

Article | 04-November-2019

PARALLEL COMPUTATIONS AND CO-SIMULATION IN UNIVERSAL MECHANISM SOFTWARE. PART I: ALGORITHMS AND IMPLEMENTATION

Parallel computations speed up simulation of multibody system dynamics, in particular, dynamics of railway vehicles and trains. It is important for reduction of required time at the stage of new railway vehicle design, for increase of complexity of studied problems and for real-time applications. We consider realization of parallel computations in Universal Mechanism software in three different areas: simulation of rail vehicle and train dynamics, evaluation of wheel profile wear and multi

Dmitry POGORELOV, Alexander RODIKOV, Roman KOVALEV

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 163–175

short-communication | 05-December-2019

Differentially Marked IncP-1β R751 Plasmids for Cloning via Recombineering and Conjugation

. 2013). In this report, we demonstrate the first-time use of an IncP-1β plasmid (R751) as a gene capture vehicle via the FRT-Capture technique. Recombineering-based approaches such as FRT Capture and other techniques allow the convenient cloning and/or manipulation of large DNA fragments using PCR and associated insertional/recombination steps (Wilson and Nickerson 2006; Narayanan and Chen 2011; Zeng, Zang, et al. 2017; Zeng, Hao, et al. 2017; Graf et al. 2018; Zeng et al. 2018). The development of

ASHVEEN BAINS, JAMES W. WILSON

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 559–563

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Solving a problem of establishing a connection between post offices in the area of a city

Biljana GRGUROVIC, Slavica STRBAC, Jelena MILUTINOVIC, Mirjana POPOVIC

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 17–22

Article | 03-November-2017

UHF RFID METAL TAG APPLYING TO LICENSE PLATE USING METAL SHIELDING AND WATERTIGHT METHODS

This paper describes a design for RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tag using license plate attached the vehicle bumper in 900 MHz band. The implemented metal tag for a license plate is applied metal shielding method, watertight method of RFID tag, and metal corrosion protection method using silk screen technique. Moreover, its range of the fabricated tag antenna that the license plate and the vehicle bumper were fixed by volt and nut was observed 8.2m. This measured readable range showed

Gi-Hyun Hwang, Kyoung-Hwan Cha, Sachin Bhardwaj, Dae-Seok Lee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 549–563

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Solar energised transport solution and customer preferences and opinions about alternative fuel Vehicles – the case of slovenia

economical available PV modules and secondly the customer preferences and opinions about alternative low emission vehicles. Present estimates indicate that for the prevailing solar climate of Celje – a medium-sized Slovenian town – the cost would be only 2.11€ cents/kWh of generated solar electricity. Other results have also revealed that the most relevant factor for purchasing low emission vehicle is total vehicle price.

Matjaž KNEZ, Marjan STERNAD

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 17–28

Article | 01-December-2015

AMN-PSO METHOD FOR JAMMING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE NETWORK

ZHANG Yu, LIU Feng, HAN Jie

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2042–2064

Article | 25-November-2017

QUANTILE ANALYSIS OF THE OPERATING COSTS OF THE PUBLIC TRANSPORT FLEET

Summary. The aim of this paper is to develop a quantile method of cost analysis allowing identification of the most cost-generating malfunctions occurring in a fleet of public transport vehicles. The exemplification of this method has been performed for a fleet of a specified type of trams. The idea behind the quantile method of public transport vehicle operating cost analysis is the reversing of the accumulated function of costs, for the determination of which a cost database from a given

Karol ANDRZEJCZAK, Jarosław SELECH

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 103–111

Article | 07-May-2018

Research and Implementation of the Key Technology of UAV Aerial Image Transmission

With the maturity of UAV technology, especially the cost of the four rotor unmanned aerial vehicle is decreasing, the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) will be a trend in the future. At the same time, because ZigBee has the characteristics of low cost, low speed and short transmission distance, we use ZigBee to achieve the transmission of image files between UAV and ground receiving system computers. This paper introduces the system design and software program module hardware node design, the first

Fan Yijun, Lai Yufeng

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 75–79

Article | 30-November-2018

Design of a Vibration Detection Terminal

I. INTRODUCTION In the national defense and military affairs, the detection of passing vehicles in a specific area is of great significance for understanding each other’s dynamics. The monitoring of bridge vibration can be more convenient to monitor vehicle dynamics. Considering the concealment, destructiveness and inconvenience of construction, this terminal uses wireless communication, battery power supply and micro-power design. Common wireless communication methods include Bluetooth

Guoshao Chen, Fei Xu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 65–72

Article | 18-June-2020

COLLISION MODEL SIMPLIFICATIONS IN THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS WITH THE SDC METHOD

The number of motor vehicles in the European Union (EU) is constantly increasing, which is causing an increase in the traffic volume. This, in turn, boosts the economic development of the EU member states. However, an increase in traffic volume leads to road collisions and accidents, which lead to high repair costs. Some accident victims report fake vehicle damage to extort money for repairs. There are criminal groups that stage accidents for this purpose; thus, these claims are very difficult

Piotr ALEKSANDROWICZ

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 33–44

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Passenger accumulator fed railcars in regional railway traffic

Radovan DOLEČEK, Ondřej ČERNÝ, Ladislav MLYNAŘÍK, Petr SÝKORA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 99–107

Article | 18-March-2018

INCREASING REDUCTION OF CO2 EMISSION IN HYBRID VEHICLES

Zbigniew ŁUKASIK, Jacek KOZYRA, Aldona KUŚMIŃSKA-FIJAŁKOWSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE SE, 87–94

Report | 19-March-2020

Consortium for Blood Group Genes (CBGG): 2008 report

The Consortium for Blood Group Genes is a worldwide organization whose goal is to have a vehicle to interact, establish guidelines, operate a proficiency program, and provide education for laboratories involved in DNA and RNA testing for the prediction of blood group, platelet, and neutrophil antigens.

Gregory Denomme, Connie Westhoff, Lilian Maria de Castilho, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 75–78

Article | 01-April-2020

Consortium for Blood Group Genes (CBGG): 2007 report

The Consortium for Blood Group Genes is a worldwide organization whose goal is to have a vehicle to interact, establish guidelines, operate a proficiency program, and provide education for laboratories involved in DNA and RNA testing for the prediction of blood group, platelet, and neutrophil antigens.

Marion E. Reid, Connie Westhoff, Gregory Denomme, Lilian Maria de Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 4, 165–168

Research Article | 02-February-2017

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF RAILWAYS BOLSTER-BEAM UNDER COMMERCIAL OPERATION CONDITIONS: OVER-TRACTION AND
OVER-BRAKING

Summary. The conditions for the operation of railway systems are closely related to the increase of the commercial demand; as a consequence, the performance of the structural elements of railways changes. The present paper focuses on a study of the structural behaviour of bolster-beams under commercial operation conditions of railway systems, specifically in the dynamic conditions generated in events of over-traction and over-braking on the vehicle running. The proposed

Ronald M. MARTINOD, German R. BETANCUR, Jorge L. RESTREPO, Leonel F. CASTAÑEDA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 67–77

Research Article | 20-February-2013

Traffic Signal Control for Urban Trunk Road Based on Wireless Sensor Network and Intelligent Algorithm

Based on the analysis for the present research on controlling urban trunk road, a intelligent control method for urban trunk road based on wireless sensor and fuzzy neural network was proposed. In this method, we took two layers of WSN structure. The first one was data collecting layer, which consisted of traffic information collecting nodes and sink nodes. Data collecting layer was responsible for collecting vehicle information at single crossing, transmitted to the second layer after data

Peng Xiaohong, Mo Zhi, Liao Riyao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 352–367

Article | 15-March-2021

DRIVER PERFORMANCE THROUGH THE YELLOW PHASE USING VIDEO CAMERAS AT URBAN SIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS

The main objective of this research is to examine the influencing parameters of driver performance through the yellow phase at urban signalized intersections with and without red-light running (RLR) cameras. Data were collected to include the intersection type, vehicle type, turning movement type, whether the vehicle position is in a platoon or not, presence of RLR cameras, green light flash devices, pedestrians, and pavement markings. A total of 2168 driver observations were extracted. Only

Bara’ W. AL-MISTAREHI, Ahmad H. ALOMARI, Mohammed T. OBAIDAT, Areen A. AL-JAMMAL

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 51–64

Research Article | 13-December-2017

NUCLEAR QUADRUPOLE RESONANCE FOR EXPLOSIVE DETECTION

A Nuclear quadrupole resonance detector has been developed. This detector targets to RDX, a high explosive inside an anti-personnel landmine, buried up to 15 cm deep. This detector works well outside an electromagnetically shielded room. It was also mounted an anti-mine vehicle and remotely controlled mine detection is demonstrated in public.

Hideo Itozaki, Go Ota

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 705–715

research-article | 30-November-2020

Salvia divinorum increases alcohol intake and tonic immobility whilst decreasing food intake in Wistar rats

Animals Male Wistar rats (21 days old) (N=48) were obtained from the vivarium of the Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas of the Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Mexico). Animals were randomly divided into six groups (n=8) as follows: control, with standard lab chow diet and tap water, and injected vehicle (AN-VEH), alcohol-naive, with standard lab chow diet and tap water, plus S. divinorum extract injection (ANSDE), alcohol-naive, with standard lab chow diet and tap water, plus Sal-A injection

Priscila Vázquez-León, Ulises Arenas-Martínez, Dafne Córdova-Maqueda, Tomás Fregoso-Aguilar, Eduardo Ramírez-San Juan, Abraham Miranda-Páez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 34–42

Article | 01-March-2015

THE BENDING MODE CONTROL METHOD OF AFS SYSTEM BASED ON PREVIEW CONTROL

Due to the time-lag of both the mechanical transmission and controller area network (CAN) bus transmission of the Adaptive Front Lighting System (AFS), the actual bending angle of AFS invariably lags behind the steering-wheel angle,which not only makes the real-time response speed of the AFS system slow, but also makes the system stability and the active safety of the vehicle poor. To solve the problem, firstly, the geometrical relations among safety braking distance and the rate of steering

Li Lifu, Yang Mingjun, Zhang Jinyong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 637–657

Article | 15-March-2021

ASSESSMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE ON THE RELIABILITY AND AVAILABILITY INDEXES OF DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES

the rail vehicle that affect the downtime and mean availability most significantly. Specialized software including Weibull++, BlockSim, and MiniTab aided calculations were used to illustrate the application of the results of a modernization project involving a 6Dg diesel locomotive, carried out in cooperation with the biggest Polish rail carrier. The applicability of the proposed tools has been verified on the example of a selected sample of 75 diesel locomotives employing data on their use and

Maciej SZKODA, Grzegorz KACZOR, Robert PILCH, Maksymilian SMOLNIK, Zbigniew KONIECZEK

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 5–18

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Modular Multi-Channel GPS Environmental Logger

In this paper, an experimental methodology for the modular multi-channel GPS environmental logger is presented, and the preliminary real route test is demonstrated. The paper concentrates on methods used for transmitting real time data from electrochemical analyser and GPS unit into Graphical User Interface. Test was made in environmental conditions and route of the vehicle was plotted on the map with the data from emission analyser. All results are presented and concluded.

P. Kot, J.D. Cullen, M. Al Jader, A. Shaw, A. Mason, A. Al-Shamma’a, T. Cockcroft, S. Jackson, M. Cleave

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-December-2016

ROAD DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION AND DEGREE ASSESSMENT BASED ON UGV

J. H. Song, H. W. Gao, Y. J. Liu, Y. Yu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2069–2087

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