A Bayesian analysis of complete multiple breaks in a panel autoregressive (CMB-PAR(1)) time series model

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Statistics in Transition New Series

Polish Statistical Association

Central Statistical Office of Poland

Subject: Economics, Statistics & Probability

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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 5 (December 2020) > List of articles

A Bayesian analysis of complete multiple breaks in a panel autoregressive (CMB-PAR(1)) time series model

Varun Agiwal / Jitendra Kumar / Dahud Kehinde Shangodoyin

Keywords : panel autoregressive model, structural break, MCMC, posterior probability

Citation Information : Statistics in Transition New Series. Volume 21, Issue 5, Pages 133-149, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/stattrans-2020-059

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 28-March-2018 / Accepted: 04-May-2020 / Published Online: 20-December-2020

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ABSTRACT

Most economic time series, such as GDP, real exchange rate and banking series are irregular by nature as they may be affected by a variety of discrepancies, including political changes, policy reforms, import-export market instability, etc. When such changes entail serious consequences for time series modelling, various researchers manage this problem by applying a structural break. Thus, the aim of this paper is to develop a generalised structural break time series model. The paper discusses a panel autoregressive model with multiple breaks present in all parameters, i.e. in the autoregressive coefficient and mean and error variance, which is a generalisation of various sub-models. The Bayesian approach is applied to estimate the model parameters and to obtain the highest posterior density interval. Strong evidence is observed to support the Bayes estimator and then it is compared with the maximum likelihood estimator. A simulation experiment is conducted and an empirical application on the SARRC association’s GDP per capita time series is used to illustrate the performance of the proposed model. This model is also extended to a temporary shift model.

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