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Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics, Transportation, Transportation Science & Technology


eISSN: 2300-861X



VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 (June 2018) > List of articles


Barbara Kulesz * / Andrzej Sikora / Adam Zielonka

Keywords : ant-colony optimization, traction voltage, tram traction, voltage transformation, tap changer, distorted voltage, voltage unbalance, multi-winding transformer

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 133-144, DOI:

License : (BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 29-June-2016 / Accepted: 05-June-2018 / Published Online: 31-July-2018



In this paper, the problem related to transformation of ac voltage into DC voltage used in tram supply is considered. A variable component is always present in rectified voltage. Pulsation of rectified voltage is influenced by different factors. In a 12-pulse system, where two secondary transformer windings are used (one delta-connected and the other star-connected), an additional factor increasing the pulsation is the unbalance of the output voltages at these windings. Tap changer may be used and its setting is optimized here by applying the ant-colony algorithm. Different supply voltage variants have been considered. It is demonstrated that pulsation may be reduced by even 25%.


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